Safety and Security

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					                    Safety and Security




By: Matthew Kuehl
   Every detention facility must have a good
    overall program for ensuring security. The
    objectives of such a program are the same in
    every facility, no matter what the size of the
    detention facility or the mode of supervision of
    inmates. The basic goals of security include:
       To ensure the safety of inmates , staff and the public
       To maintain order and control; and
       To prevent escapes
Three Considerations

   Advance Preparation
       Time management
   Mental Preparedness
   Physical Preparedness
Effective facility security is achieved through
implementation of accepted correctional
principles and procedures in such areas as:
   Searching residents
   Using keys and locking systems correctly
   Conducting security checks
   Searching cells, cellblocks and other areas of the
    facility
   Counting residents
   Controlling weapons
   Controlling tools and utensils
   Using surveillance equipment
However, these procedures are only part of
good security. The other part involves good,
ongoing supervision of residents and
establishment of a positive climate. If these are
present, then there will likely be fewer problems
with residents and thus fewer problems related
to safety and security.
ELEMENTS OF GOOD SUPERVISION

   Ongoing observation of residents and
    resident activities by staff members;

   Good, ongoing communication between staff
    members and residents;
   Good, ongoing communication between staff
    members on all shifts and between officers
    and the supervisory team; and
   Good documentation and report writing.
     A GENERALLY POSITIVE FACILITY CLIMATE
      HAS THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS
   Clean, sanitary living conditions;
   Good food, in sufficient quantities;
   Adequate, timely medical and health care;
   Equal and fair enforcement of rules and
    regulations;
   Adequate opportunity for visits;
   Availability of programs;
   Knowledge by residents that they can talk to
    staff members, and that they will be listened to.
Knowledge

   Department Policy and Procedure
   Your Partner
       Strengths
       Weaknesses
   Resident
   Facility
   Continuum of Force
Your Partner is Essential for

   Safety
       Partnering reduces the odds of being attacked
   A witness
   A sounding board
“Thebrain is the primary
 weapon, all else is
 supplemental”

   John Steinbeck
The Essential Tools

   Presence – uniform, grooming, stance
   Knowledge – policies and procedures
   Training Retention
   Communication Skills – Staff to Resident and Staff
    to Staff
       Verbal
       Non-verbal
       Para verbal – how you say what you say
       Proximal space
   Principals Of Subject Control
States of Awareness

   White – totally unaware of your surroundings
   Yellow – relaxed but alert
   Orange – state of general alarm – analyze:
    avoidance/defensive tactics
   Red – the problem has occurred – defensive
    tactics
   Black – blind panic
Mental Pitfalls

   “We’ve always had a good relationship”
   “He’s okay, I know him”
   “I can handle him”
   “She’s been here before and was no
    problem”
   “There're only kids”
Three Possible Responses to Threat

   Over-Reaction
   Under-Reaction
   Appropriate Reaction
Remember…

   Always expect the unexpected
   Stay focused
   Take charge of the situation – Don’t let the
    situation take charge of you!
Why Physical Fitness?

   Your own health – Stress reduction
   Personal satisfaction
   Regular exercise increases your reaction
    time by 15% and increases your motor skills
   Confidence / control
   Increased ability to perform job functions
Assuming Compliance
Will Get You Hurt!

				
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posted:9/16/2012
language:English
pages:17