Safety and Standards by Vf6Vc1wa

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									Safety and Standards
        Year 10
    Revision Lesson
  QUALITY ASSURANCE                        IDENTIFYING QUALITY CONTROL
 AND QUALITY CONTROL                                  CHECKS


Q.A. means GUARANTEE OF               Q.C. is carried out during manufacture, to
QUALITY. Companies assure             check:
customers that a product is fit for   SIZE, APPEARANCE, FORM, COLOUR,
purpose and HIGH QUALITY.             FLAMMABILITY AND PERFORMANCE.
Documents are produced showing
the systems used to ensure that       Your specifications should contain details of
quality is maintained.                when and how each QC check needs to be
IMPLEMENTING these is the             carried out.
responsibility of EVERYONE working    The best time to identify what QC checks are
in the business. This is called       needed is when you are modelling. At this
TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT.             point you should have a list of questions, eg:
YOU AS DESIGNERS MUST                 •Are seams secure?
FREQUENTLY CHECK THE
QUALITY OF YOUR PRODUCT:              •Is there needle damage?

As its being designed                •Are there missing stitches?

During manufacture                   •Are seams puckered or uneven?

At the end of manufacture            •Are pockets and zips stitched correctly?
                                      •Are components secured?
     EVALUATING
      DESIGNS                          REGULATIONS
You should find out if the         THESE ARE PUT IN PLACE
target market likes your           TO LOOK AFTER CONSUMER
ideas. You could do this by        INTERESTS. TO ENSURE
showing sketches or fabric         THAT PRODUCTS ARE OF A
samples, then get some             GOOD QUALITY AND SAFE
FEEDBACK.                          TO USE.
At this stage, you could also
carry out tests to find suitable
materials. However, only           Regulations are put in
carry out tests if:                place by…
They will help you make           MANUFACTURING
decisions about the end            GROUPS-to provide a code
product, i.e. if they are          of practice for their
relevant.
                                   members.
It is a FAIR TEST, i.e.
various fabrics tested in          The Government, through
exactly the same way under         ACTS OF PARLIAMENT.
the same conditions.e.g.
DON’T WASTE TIME!
TECHNICAL TESTS
TECHNICAL TESTS
      STANDARDS                              LEGISLATION

A STANDARD is an agreed            Below are several examples of
specification that sets out        regulations that are applied to children’s
PRECISE CRITERIA to                textile products:
ensure the reliability and
quality of a product or service.   •Nightwear Safety Regulations, 1985.
                                   •Nightwear Safety (Amendment)
Standards are regulated by         Regulations, 1987.
the BRITISH STANDARDS              •Children’s Clothing Regulations, 1994.
INSTITUTION (BSI). In              •The toy safety Regulations, 1995.
Europe this is done by the         (includes some clothing items, e.g. Bunny
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE                 Slippers).
FOR STANDARDISATION.               •Food Imitation Regulations, 1989 (e.g.
Standards are voluntary.           buttons must not resemble food).
                                   •Code of Practice for the Design and
However, some laws and
                                   Manufacture of Children’s Clothing to
regulations refer to               Promote Mechanical Safety BS7907,
certain standards                  1997.
making them                        •Children’s Clothing (Hood Cord)
compulsory.                        Regulations, 1976.
                                SAFETY STANDARDS

Textile products, and the components in them, have to achieve certain SAFETY
STANDARDS before they can be sold to the public. This means they MUST pass a set
of RIGOROUS TESTS.
For example, under the BS 5867-1:2004 Specification for fabrics for curtains and
drapes, fabrics must pass specific tests for…
Washing, colour fastness (whether they fade), dry cleaning, flammability, dimensional
stability (if they change length or width, during normal use, washing or cleaning) and
wear and tear.
Textiles must also conform to certain labelling requirements.

Manufacturers who meet BSI standards are awarded a KITEMARK. The
BSI KITEMARK shows the consumers that a product has been tested
against nationally recognised standards. The kitemark scheme is an
independent and ongoing assessment process, that ensures standards are
achieved and maintained.

The CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE ‘CE’ SYMBOL is the
manufacturer’s self-declaration that the product MEETS THE
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS from the EU directive to be allowed to be
sold.
        SAFETY OF                             SAFETY OF OTHER
        CHILDREN’S                               PRODUCTS
        PRODUCTS
                                       Any product must be safe and easy for the
                                       TARGET MARKET to use. Below are
PRODUCTS FOR CHILDREN have             some examples of health and safety
many factors that need to be           considerations:
considered, including the following:   Does the product need to withstand
They must not contain materials       extreme temperatures-oven gloves, skiing
that could melt or catch fire.         clothing?

They must not have any parts or       Does the product need to provide
components that could come loose       protection from certain elements-tents, UV
and choke or harm a child.             protective clothing?

Dyes, paints and inks must not        Are there any specific user requirements-if
contain harmful substances or          your product is for the elderly, are
allergens.                             fastenings easy for arthritic hands?

Fastenings must be safe and easy      Is the fabric strong/durable enough for its
to use.                                purpose-does the product need to hold
                                       anything with sharp edges, will it be used
                                       for carrying?
HEALTH AND SAFETY                       HEALTH AND SAFETY IN
IN THE WORKPLACE                          THE CLASSROOM


In industry, a Health and Safety        SAFETY PROCEDURES are
Officer usually carries out a risk      controlled by Government Safety
assessment and then follows these       Laws, European Safety Laws, or
procedures:                             other codes of practice such as:

Creates a safety manual                Health and Safety at Work Act,
                                        1974
Installs safety signs at key points,
next to equipment                       Workplace (Health, Safety and
                                        Welfare) Regulations, 1992
Creates a code of practice for all
users of equipment                      The CONTROL OF
                                        SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO
Outlines what safety wear needs to     HEALTH (COSHH) Regulations,
be used                                 2002, protect employees from the
Ensures that new and existing          hazards of substances used in
employees are fully trained on the      the work place through risk
equipment they will be using            assessment.
     HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE
           CLASSROOM                         Examples of Safety
                                                 Signs...
Safety is very important in the classroom.
There should be SAFETY GUIDELINES
that you will need to follow when using
materials, components and equipment.
A RISK ASSESSMENT must always be
carried out before making a product. That
means…
Identifying the equipment and processes
that are needed
Highlighting which equipment and
processes are POTENTIALLY
HAZARDOUS
Putting a plan in place to remove or
reduce each risk, including…
- SAFETY PROCEDURES for using
equipment
- PROTECTIVE CLOTHING requirements
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