By: Tessa Flack & Anna Beth Peters This PowerPoint covers: Earth’s Biomes Flora and Fauna of the biomes Temperatures of the biomes Vocabulary Biome: a complex ecosystem characterized specific plants and animals Flora: the plants of a particular region Fauna: the animals of a given area • Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. It is noted for its frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation ,and short growing seasons. • Fauna: caribou, polar and grizzly bears and penguins • Flora: several wildflowers and many types of moss About how much water do you think is covering Earth ? The answer is ¾ . The marine biome consists of all the salty waters of the seas and oceans. It also includes all the smaller water bodies like seas, gulfs and bays. The marine biome has fish , reptiles and mammals such as: 1.) tuna, marlins, cod , angelfish , and sharks 2.)turtles and iguanas 3.)dolphins and whales Freshwater • The Freshwater Biome accounts for one fifth of the area of the Earth and provides half of the drinking water of the world, and nearly ninety percent of the world's bathwater. Rivers ,lakes ponds ,and streams are freshwater. • Flora: algae and freshwater seaweed • Fauna: fish- general fresh water fish • other- frogs and turtles Food Chain • This in an example of an aquatic food chain. Estuary • An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows into the ocean, mixing with the salty sea water. Although influenced by the tides, estuaries are protected from the full force of ocean waves, winds, and storms. • Forest Biomes represent the largest and most complex ecosystems. They contain a wide assortment of trees, plants, and animals which vary depending on the zone's climates. Deserts cover about 1/5 of the Earth's land surface. Hot and Dry Deserts are warm throughout the fall and spring seasons and very hot during the summer. Most deserts don't have very many plants. They do have some plants though. The only animals they have that can survive have the ability to burrow under ground. This is because they would not be able to live in the hot sun and heat. They only come out in the night when it is a little . cooler. Some well known examples of animals are armadillos, snakes, . scorpions , and lizards. Some examples of plants are cacti , and wildflowers. • The largest of the land biomes is the boreal, or Taiga biome. Taiga biomes can be found in areas with shorter, warm summers and long, cold winters; there are Taiga Biomes in Europe, Asia, Siberia, and North-America. Animal life in the boreal forest consists mainly of birds and mammals, such as deer, wolves, bears, and very few reptiles. Plant life consists of various types of trees. The chaparral biome is found in a little bit of most of the continents. It has various types of terrain. In the chaparral biome is very hot and dry. The temperature, in the winter is very mild. Then in the summer, it is so hot and dry at that fires and droughts are very common. Fauna: foxes , wolves and many birds Flora: trees and bushes (as shown below) • Grassland biomes are large, rolling terrains grasses, flowers and herbs. There are two different types of grasslands; tall-grass, which are humid and very wet, and short-grass, which are dry, with hotter summers and colder winters than the tall-grass prairie. • Plants: various grasses such as: ryegrass, foxtail, wild oats, and purple needle grass • Animals: bison, geese ,wolves and many types of insects Rainforest Fauna Elephants Lions and tigers (oh my!) Many types of birds Snakes Monkeys And many , many more Rainforest Flora Vines (over 2,500 types) Coconut trees Bamboo Various flowers TREES!!!!!!!! Interesting Rainforest Facts Scientists estimate that more than half of all the world's plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth's oxygen. The tropical rainforest is a forest of tall trees in a climate of year round warmth. Two medicines obtained from a rainforest plant known as the Madagascar periwinkle, now extinct in the wild due to deforestation of the Madagascar rainforest, have increased the chances of survival for children with leukemia from 10% to 80%. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth's oxygen. Biomes Rain forest Grassland Forest Desert Chaparral Tundra Taiga References • Google Search • www.blueplanetbiomes.org We hope you enjoyed it!!!
Pages to are hidden for
"Earth�s Biomes"Please download to view full document