When the Saints go Riding In: Santeria in Cuba and U.S. Harry Lefever The article begins with a scholarly disagreement. Which? What is the author’s basic contention about santeria? When did African slavery begin in Cuba and when did it end? According to Curtin (the most reliable historian of the slave trade), how many slaves were brought to the Americas? To Cuba? To the U.S.? Acc. to Lefever, how did syncretism occur? What are the three sources of Santeria? What is the role of the medium in Kardec spiritualism? Who was the Supreme Being in Yoruba tradition? How does he differ from the God o the Abrahamic religions. What was the main role of the orisha? Who are the orisha of illness, mental clarity, iron, death, thunder, the ocean? What are their Catholic Saint counterparts? What are the specialists of Santeria called? Which ones are all males? What is used in divinatory rituals? How is a necklace used in divination. What special memory tasks does the specialist have? What is the role of food offerings in santeria? What do the orisha consume? What is done with the blood of the animals? What is the symbolic meaning of stones. Describe the bembe and its role. What is the function of the music? What is the function of possession? What metaphor is used to describe the relation between the orisha and the person possessed? What political movement triggered off an expansion of Santeria in the U.S. Who are the Seven African Powers? Where did they emerge as the principal orisha? What changes are occurring in Santeria in the environment of the U.S.? What has become more common in the U.S.? Why has spirit possession become less common in the U.S.? What is the Church of the Lukimi Babalu Aye ? What are examples of growing conservatism in U.S. based Santeria? Read the analysis of the “counterhegemonic” dimensions of African religion and Santeria. What is the Signifying Monkey? What Orisha is he associated with? What is the “fantasy role” of the trickster in African American culture? Apter is quoted in a very perceptive statement that challenges the “camouflage” theory of syncretism. What does Apter say about the Catholic elements in Afro-Caribbean religion?
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