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Early Man

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					EARLY MAN
MARY AND LOUIS
LEAKEY

• Louis B. Leakey and his
  wife, Mary Nicol Leakey
  discovered the world’s
  earliest known human.
• Leakey’s spent much of
  their time researching at
  Olduvai Gorge in East
  Africa.
• 1959 Mary Leakey
  uncovered the skull of
  Australopithecus. This skull
  is of the earliest human and
  is 1.75 million years old.
BEFORE HISTORY
ARCHAEOLOGY AND
ANTHROPOLOGY
• The period before history-
  prehistory- is the period for which
  we have no written records. We
  know about prehistory from
  archaeological and biological
  information.
• Archaeology studies the structure
  of past societies by analyzing the
  artifacts. The artifacts are tools,
  household items, weapons,
  buildings, artworks, religious
  figures, etc.
• Anthropology focuses more on
  culture by studying artifacts and
  human remains-human fossils.
DATING ARTIFACTS AND
FOSSILS

• One valuable dating method is
  radiocarbon dating. This
  method dates accurately up to
  50,000 years old.
• Thermoluminescence
  measures accurately up to
  200,000 years old.
• Biological methods such as
  DNA and blood molecule
  analyses also give us
  information about the
  societies of prehistory.
AUSTRALOPITHECUS

• Existed 3 to 4 million years
  ago
• First full skeleton to be found
  intact. Nicknamed Lucy.
• Discovered by Donald
  Johansen and Tom Gray.
• Lucy had a brain the size of an
  orange
• Lived under tree and ate
  berries
• Died at age of 20.
• She walked hunched over on
  her hands and feet.
• Discovered in
  Eastern/Southern Africa
• Hominids: Creatures that
  walk upright
HOMO ERECTUS

• Known as Upright Man
• Second Phase
• Fire was invented
• Existed 1.5 million years ago
• Tools were invented
• Lived in hut made out of
  sticks.
• Homo Erectus left Africa
  and moved to Europe and
  Asia.
• Nomads: live in an area
  until all plant and animal
  life are eaten.
NEANDERTHALS

• Third Stage of Early Man
• First discovered in the
  Neanderthal River Valley,
  Germany
• Short and Stocky
• Had arthritis
• Wooly Mammoth
• Used Stone Tools
• First to bury their dead
• Made clothing out of
  animal skin
• Lived in Caves
CRO MAGNON
MODERN MAN
• Neanderthals died out
  20,000 BC due to fighting
  amongst each other.
• Cro Magnon was the
  early phase of Modern
  Man what we are today.
• Bow and Arrow invented
• Cave Drawings used to
  communicate.
• All races and ethnicities
  of people today are
  Modern Man.
PALEOLITHIC WAY OF LIFE

• Paleolithic Age is the
  time between 2.5 million
  to 10,000 years BC.
• Referred to as Old Stone
  Age
• Nomads
• Hunters and Gatherers
• Invention of the spear
  and bow and arrow for
  hunters
TOOLS
• This was considered
  technology to Early Humans
• Created during Homo Erectus.
• Flint was a hard stone used to
  chip away parts of another
  stone to create an edge.
• Over time, tools became
  smaller
• Bone needles were created to
  make nets, clothes, baskets,
  etc.
• Tools were used to kill
  animals, cut plants, dig roots,
  and build simple shelters.
ROLES OF MEN AND
WOMEN

• Women stayed close to
  camp to take care of the
  family.
• Gathered nuts, berries, and
  grain
• Men hunted large animals.
• Women and men were
  equal and both worked
  together to make decisions.
CREATING ART

• Lascaux, France was
  the site of over 300
  cave painting
  discovered in 1994.
• Believed to have been
  painted from 25,000 to
  12, 000 BC.
• Animals painted were
  lions, oxen, owls, and
  panthers.

				
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posted:9/16/2012
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