Floriculture Exam 1990 Region by XWNj40k

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									                                                                                                                     Test # 212
                                       District FFA Floriculture Contest
                                          General Knowledge Section
                                                     1990
Directions: Select the best answer for each question and mark your selection on the separate answer sheet provided. Black out
completely the letter that corresponds to the best answer for each question using a #2 pencil.

1.   Common colors of poinsettias include all the following except...
     A. pink.                   B. white.                    C. light blue.              D. marble (pink & white).

2.   Which of the following growing media ingredients is becoming less commonly used in greenhouse crop production?
     A. peat moss               B. topsoil                  C. vermiculite           D. perlite

3.   Which of the following is the most commonly used greenery for floral designs?
     A. Leatherleaf fern         B. Helleri holly         C. Yaupon holly                D. Canna foliage

4.   What is the purpose of the plastic covered sphagnum moss on the plant
     pictured in Figure 1?
     A. simple layering         B. serpentine layering
     C. compound layering       D. air layering

5.   A bag of 10-15-20 fertilizer contains___________.
     A. 15% Nitrogen, 20% Phosphorus, 10% Potassium
     B. 20% Nitrogen, 15% Potassium, 10% Phosphorus
     C. 20% Potassium, 15% Nitrogen, 10% Phosphorus
     D. 15% Phosphorus, 10% Nitrogen, 20% Potassium

6.   It takes about _____ days to force a crop of Easter lilies.
     A. 230                       B. 87
     C. 74                        D. 120
                                                                                 Figure 1
7.   Which of the following crops is not usually propagated by seed?
     A. Marigold                B. Florist chrysanthemum
     C. Begonia                 D. Geranium

8.   The best germination temperature for most bedding plant seed is about ____ degrees.
     A. 70                      B. 80                      C. 55                       D. 85

9.   Amy selected a standard pot to pot the azaleas but her horticulture teacher said azaleas are shallow rooted and that she
     should use a(n) ________ pot.
     A. azalea                  B. peat                    C. plastic                   D. square

10. Several kinds of insects may be found on horticultural crops. Of those listed below, which is the most destructive?
    A. house flies              B. praying mantis            C. white flies              D. lady bugs

11. Most seed germinate best if given bottom heat. Most growers use a _____ to supply bottom heat to seeds.
    A. gas-fired heater         B. heating mat             C. bio-therm heater       D. steam line

12. "Forcing mums" refers to...
    A. the propagation of mums.
    B. pressuring customers to buy mums.
    C. providing conditions that cause mums to grow and bloom on a schedule.
    D. providing optimum conditions for chrysanthemums to root.
                                                                  1990 District Floriculture Contest Test # 212 Page 2 of 2

13. Which group of colors used together in a floral design would be considered monochromatic color?
    A. yellow, red, blue       B. light red, red, dark red
    C. red, blue, pink         D. all the above

14. Figure 1 illustrates the different stages of development in
    ________.
    A. Fungus Gnats              B. White Flies
    C. Mealy Bugs                D. Aphids

15. A good mixture for sterilizing walks, benches, etc. in the
    greenhouse is ...
    A. a solution of Peter's 20-20-20.
    B. 1 part Malathion mixed with 9 parts water.
    C. 1 part Chlorox to 9 parts water.
    D. a 1% Chlorox solution.                                        Figure 2
16. The ___________ is the female part of the flower.
    A. anther                 B. stamen
    C. petal                  D. pistil

17. If an item is regularly priced $42, but is marked 35% off,
    what is the total price after 6% sales tax is added?
    A. $31.96                      B. $28.94              C. $28.32                         D. $22.65

18. A pesticide with the ________________ on its label is not as hazardous as chemicals with the other signal words or
    symbols listed below.
    A. signal word "caution"                           B. signal word "warning"
    C. signal word "danger"                            D. "skull and crossbones" symbol

19. Which of the following is not a type of asexual reproduction?
    A. grafting                 B. layering                 C. seeding                      D. tissue culture

20. The process of mechanically injuring seed to make them germinate easier and quicker is called...
    A. scarification.          B. stratification.         C. solarization.            D. photosynthesis.

21. Which of these soils has the greatest water holding capacity?
    A. sandy loam                B. loam                     C. sand                        D. clay

22. Amy has 5,000 ten-inch hanging baskets to fill with soil to grow ferns this spring. How much will her per-unit cost of soil
    be if each bag of soil costs $14 and each bag will fill 35 ten-inch baskets?
    A. $1599.99                   B. $1608.00                   C. $0.40                 D. $2.50

23. Which soil pH listed below is acidic?
    A. 5.0                      B. 6.4                        C. 6.9                        D. all the above

24. Common methods of measuring light are ______________.
    A. chroma and footcandle    B.                   lux and footcandle
    C. lux and chroma                                D. kilobytes and volts

25. Which of the following is a correctly written scientific name?
    A. Sansevieria trifasciata                                 B. sansevieria Trifasciata
    C. Sansevieria Trifasciata       D.                        Sansevieria trifasciata
                                       District FFA Nursery/Landscape Contest                                        Test # 211
                                              General Knowledge Section
                                                                1990

Directions: Select the best answer for each question and mark your selection on the separate answer sheet provided. Black out
completely the letter that corresponds to the best answer for each question using a #2 pencil.

1.   Common colors of azaleas include all the following except...
     A. red.                    B. white.                   C. blue.                     D. pink.

2.   With the recent popularity of Integrated Pest Management, the current trend is to use ______ in nursery crop production.
     A. less pesticides           B. more topsoil          C. more pesticides             D. less fertilizer

3.   Which of the following plants is noted for a spectacular display of color in the spring?
     A. Azalea                   B. Helleri holly             C. Yaupon holly               D. Crape Myrtle

4.   Figure 1 illustrates the different stages of development in...
     A. Fungus Gnats                B. White Flies
     C. Mealy Bugs                  D. Aphids

5.   A _______ mower is the recommended type of mower for
     Emerald Zoysia.
     A. reel                  B. riding
     C. rotary                D. bush-hog

6.   Which of the following crops is usually propagated by
     seed?                                                             Figure 1
     A. Liriope               B. Hollies
     C. Azaleas               D. Red maples

7.   The best germination temperature for most seed is about
     ____ degrees.
     A. 70                    B. 80
     C. 55                    D. 85

8.   Amy selected a standard pot to pot the azaleas but her horticulture teacher said azaleas are shallow rooted and that she
     should use a(n) ________ pot.
     A. azalea                  B. peat                    C. plastic                   D. square

9.   Several kinds of insects may be found on horticultural crops. Of those listed below, which is the most destructive?
     A. house flies              B. praying mantis            C. white flies              D. lady bugs

10. A bag of 10-15-20 fertilizer contains __________.
    A. 15% Nitrogen, 20% Phosphorus, 10% Potassium
    B. 20% Nitrogen, 15% Potassium, 10% Phosphorus
    C. 20% Potassium, 15% Nitrogen, 10% Phosphorus
    D. 15% Phosphorus, 10% Nitrogen, 20% Potassium

11. Most seed germinate best if given gentle bottom heat. Most growers use a ________ to supply bottom heat to seeds.
    A. gas-fired heater         B. heating mat             C. bio-therm heater       D. steam line
1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 2 of 2




                    Figure 2
                                                          1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 3 of 2

12. What is the purpose of the plastic covered sphagnum moss on the plant pictured in Figure 2?
    A. simple layering           B. serpentine layering
    C. compound layering         D. air layering

13. The best time to prune spring blooming shrubs is...
    A. just after they bloom.
    B. in the late fall.
    C. in the early winter.
    D. in the late summer.

14. A machine that is used to trim grass away from the edge of walks and drives is called a(n) ________.
    A. edger                     B. reel mower
    C. hydroseeder               D. turf-trimmer

15. A pesticide with the ________________ on its label is not as hazardous as chemicals with the other signal words or
    symbols listed below.
    A. signal word "caution"                           B. signal word "warning"
    C. signal word "danger"                            D. "skull and crossbones" symbol

16. The ___________ is the female part of the flower.
    A. anther                 B. stamen                       C. petal                    D. pistil

17. An item is regularly priced $42, but is marked 35% off. What is the total price for this item after 6% sales tax is added?
    A. $31.96                    B. $28.94                  C. $28.32                     D. $22.65

18. Which of the following is not a type of asexual reproduction?
    A. grafting                 B. layering                 C. seeding                    D. tissue culture

19. A good mixture for sterilizing walks, benches, tools, etc. is ...
    A. a solution of Peter's 20-20-20.                        B. 1 part Temik with 9 parts water.
    C. 1 part Chlorox to 9 parts water.                       D. a 1% Chlorox solution.

20. The process of mechanically injuring seed to make them germinate easier and quicker is called...
    A. scarification.          B. stratification.         C. solarization.            D. photosynthesis.

21. Which of these soils has the greatest water holding capacity?
    A. sandy loam                B. loam                     C. sand                      D. clay

22. Amy has 5,000 one gallon pots to fill with soil to grow azaleas. How much will her per-unit cost of soil be if each bag of
    soil costs $14 and each bag will fill 35 pots?
    A. $1599.99                 B. $1608.00                 C. $0.40                 D. $2.50

23. Which soil pH listed below is acidic?
    A. 5.0                      B. 6.4                        C. 6.9                      D. all the above

24. Which grass below cannot be propagated by seed?
    A. Tiftway Bermuda        B. Common Bermuda               C. Centipede                D. Ryegrass

25. Which of the following is a correctly written scientific name?
    A. Acer rubrum               B. acer Rubrum                C. Acer Rubrum             D. Acer rubrum
                                                           1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 4 of 2


9.   Which of the following would not make a good growing mix for horticultural crops?
     A. 50% peat and 50% vermiculite
     B. 50% peat, 25% vermiculite, and 25% perlite
     C. 25% sand, 10% clay, 50% topsoil, 15% vermiculite
     D. 50% peat, 40% vermiculite and 10% sand

26. To be sure you receive the plant you want, be sure to state the _________ when ordering.
    A. genus                    B. cultivar                   C. species D.            all the above

28. Michael wanted to hand pollinate a lily with a shorter growing variety. His agriculture teacher reminded him that he must
    remove the _____ from the lily that is to serve as the _____.
    A. anthers, female         B. stigma, female
    C. anthers, male           D. stigma, female

29. If a soil has been leached then...
    A. accumulated fertilizer salts have been washed through the soil.
    B. nutrients have been washed away.
    C. a great deal of water has been allowed to drain through the soil.
    D. all the above.

30. Which plant below is not matched with a term that describes its life cycle?
    A. perennial               - daylily
    B. biennial                - cabbage
    C. annual                  - begonia
    D. perennial               - marigold

31. Chose the plant below that can tolerate and often is pruned back as
    pictured in Figure 1?
    a. Red Tip Photinia
    B. Glossy Ligustrum
    C. Privet Hedge
    D. all the above

32. Phototropism refers to ...
    A. plants dying from too much light.
    B. how much light a plant uses within a period of time.
    C. the bending of plants toward a more intense light.
    D. photographing plants.

33. The best time of year to prune in the manner shown in Figure 1 is...
    a. Spring
    B. Early Fall
    C. Summer
    D. Late Summer

34. Which plant listed below could not with-stand the type pruning shown in Figure 1?
    A. Mugo Pine
    B. Pin Oak
    C. Dogwood
    D. none of the above could.

35. A term generally used to describe the illustration in Figure 2 is the _______ of the insect.
    A. life cycle                   B.                        life movement
                                                            1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 5 of 2

     C. circular pattern               D.                       sequential circle

36. The foliage plant product pictured in Figure 3 is often referred to as a...
    A. totem pole.               B. Christmas cane.
    C. climbing suzie.           D. potted viner.

37. Which choice below
    correctly identifies the
    three bench styles as
    shown in Figure 4?
    a. 1 - cross-benching          B. 1 - pennesular
    2 - longitudinal                  2 - cross-benching
    3 - pennesular                    3 - longitudinal

     C. 1 - longitudinal               D.                       1 - weave-style
     2 - pennesular                    2 - cross-benching       3 - weave-style              3 - longitudinal

38. Of the bench styles
    pictured in Figure 3,
    which provides the
    greatest amount of
    bench space (the 3                                                                     greenhouses are the same size)?
    A. style 1                     B. style 2
    C. style 3                     D. they all have equal space

39. In figure 4, what is the percent of floor area utilized by the benches in style 1?
    A. 70%                        B. 78%
    C. 65%                        D. 60%

40. The best selling flowering bedding plant in 1989 (nation-wide) was...
    A. begonias.                 B. impatiens.
    C. petunias.                 D. geraniums.

41. Watering greenhouse plants early in the day helps control _________ among other things.
    A. CO2 depletion           B. botrytis
    C. fungus gnats            D. iron chlorosis

42. When you are arranging flowers and find a carnation with a split calyx you should...
    A. glue it.                b. save it for a long stem arrangement.
    C. wax it.                 d. tape it or use it for feathering.

43. Which of the plants below is commonly mowed to the ground when it looks ragged (usually after a hard winter)?
    A. liriope                  B. blue rug juniper
    C. tulips                   D. all the above

44. Tracy was studying propagation in her horticulture class so was interested when she saw her father propagating an Azalea.
    He bent an azalea limb to the ground, scraped it with a knife, then buried the wounded section in the soil and put a brick
    on it to hold it down. This type propagation is commonly referred to as...
    A. air layering.              B. limb layering.
    C. simple layering.           D. ground propagation.

45. Monica was out of gasoline for the lawn mower so she started to use the fuel for the weedeater and chainsaw, but Heather
    told her not to because the weed eater and chainsaw use...
    a. diesel fuel.
                                                            1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 6 of 2

     b. higher octane fuel.
     C. lower octane fuel.
     D. use an oil/gasoline mixture.

46. Which of the questions below is illegal for an employer to ask a prospective employee on a job application or in an
    interview?
    A. What is your religion.
    B. What is your sexual preference?
    C. What is your race?
    D. all the above

47. The horticulture industry has recently come under strict guidelines from government agencies regarding employees and
    chemicals in the workplace. This law(s) are generally referred to as the _________________ laws.
    A. "right to know"
    B. "chemigation"
    C. "chemical knowledge"
    D. "chemical affect"

48. The "right-to know" laws require that employers have __________ on file for the safe use of chemicals.
    A. material-safety-data-sheets (MSDS)
    B. chemical-safety-sheets (CSS)
    C. right-to-know-sheets (RTKS)
    D. none of the above

49. Lawn colorants are sometimes sprayed on turfgrasses during their dormant period. Which grass is least likely to be
    sprayed with a colorant?
    A. Bermuda               B. Zoysia
    C. Centipede             D. Fescue


51. Common colors of chrysanthemums include all the following except...
    A. light yellow           B. white
    C. light blue             D. bronze

52. Which choice below correctly identifies all the shapes of
    chrysanthemums in Figure 5?
    A. 1 - spider
    2 - cushion
    3 - daisy

     B. 1 - spider
     2 - standard
     3 - daisy

     C. 1 - spider
     2 - cushion
     3 - standard

     D. 1 - spider
     2 - cushion
     3 - spray

53. Rather than spray chemicals at the first sign of pests, some
    horticulturists are using a relative new system of pest control called...
                                                          1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 7 of 2

     A.   Integrated Pest Management (IPM).
     B.   Segregated Pest Management (SPM).
     C.   System of Biology (SOB).
     D.   Uranium Bombardment (Nuke'um).

                                                                         54. Which of the choices below correctly identifies
                                                                             the seeds pictured in Figure 6?

                                                                                A. 1 - marigold
                                                                                2 - tomatoes
                                                                                3 - begonias

                                                                                B. 1 - marigold
                                                                                2 - poinsettia
                                                                                3 - begonias

                                                                                C. 1 - marigold
                                                                                2 - tomatoes
                                                                                3 - begonias

                                                                                D. 1 - tomato
                                                                                2 - marigold
                                                                                3 - poinsettia

                                                                         55. Jon comes into your garden center in September
                                                                             and wants a bedding plant that will bloom through
     the winter. Which plant below should you sell him?
     A. begonias                 B. petunias                  C. pansies                   D. marigolds

56. What is a good reason to use a sub-contractor while completing a large landscape job?
    A. it reduces your risk
    B. sub-contractors can do the job better than contractors.
    C. sub-contractors use tractors (that's why they have "tractor" in their name).
    D. none of the above.

57. Sometimes landscape contractors are required to put up a fence of fabric around the areas where they disturb the soil to
    prevent erosion. These fences are commonly called...
    a. ground covers.          B. fabric mulch.           C. silt fences.            Dy.

58. The ___________ is the first part of the plant to emerge from the seed.

A.   leaves                       B. root                     C. stem                      D. none of the above

59. The word "Danger" on a pesticide label means...
    A. slightly toxic         B. moderately toxic             C. highly toxic              D. none of the above

60. What is the name of the plant part that connects the leaf to the stem?
    A. petiole                    B. node                      C. stomata                  D. none of the above
61. The toxicity of a pesticide is referred to as:
    A. to how dangerous it is
    B. how much care should be taken when handling it
    C. LD50
    D. all of the above
                                                      1990 District Nursery/Landscape Contest Test # 211 Page 8 of 2

62. What is the space between two nodes on a stem called?
    A. meristem                B. internode               C. petiole             D. none of the above
63. What may be added to the soil to raise the pH?
    A. sulfur                  B. nitrogen                C. lime                D. peatmoss

								
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