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Notes Encounters and Foundations to 1800 by XWNj40k


									                                                                                                             Name: ____________
                                                                                                              Date: ____________
                                                Introduction to the Literary Period
                                               Encounters andFoundations to 1800

                                 As you read…collect key ideas
     1. United States is a land of immigrants.                  3.   It was 500 years ago when explorers set foot on US land.

                                                                4.    Europeans were not the first. Indeans were first here. Some
    2.   We will learn about European Settlement,                    came over willingly, others forced over as slaves.
        Puritans, rationalism
Forming New Relationships
    1. 1st interactions between Europeans and American          3.   Europeans depended on Indians for survival skills.
        Indians inolved trading.                                4.   Europeans provided textiles and tools to the Native Indians.
    2. Colonies were established                                5.   Population of Indians when Europeans arrived in New
                                                                     England was 70,000 to 100,000.
Battling New Diseases
    1. The arrival of Europeans had a deadly impact on          3.   Against the odds, some Native Americans survived were
         Indians as Europeans brought deadly diseases.               driven off their land.

    2.   One disease, smallpox, killed over entire              4.   Major settlements grew up around the old Native American
        villages.                                                    settlements.
Explorers’ Writings
    1. First detailed European observations were                3.    Cabeza de Vaca landed on west coast of Florida 36 years
        recordedin Spanish and French explorers of the               after Columbus sighted a fire on the beach of San Salvador.
        15th and 16th century.

    2.   Christopher Columbus, Francisco Vasquez de             4.    Cabeza de Vaca was lost for 8 years, however, he wrote
         Coronado and other explores described Americas              about his journey through what is now Texas talking about
         in letters, journals and books, emphasizing the             the habits of the American Indians including what they ate,
         resources, peacefulness and hospitality of the              how they housed themselves and what their religious beliefs
         Indians, and the promise of unlimited wealth in             were.
         order to get funding.
Puritan Legacy
    1. Puritans are a group of Protestant groups that
         wanted to purify the Church of England.                3.    Many Puritans sufferred persecution in England by being
                                                                     jailed and whipped.
    2.    For the Puritans, religion was a persona, inner
         experience and that the government or clergy did       4.    A group that had left England and went to Holland feared
         not act as an intermediary between the individual           losing their identity as English Protestants set sail for the
         and God.                                                    New World in 1620 with the hope of building a new society
                                                                     patterned after God’s word.
Puritans Beliers: Sinners All?                                  3.    The Puritan doubt revolved around if you were saved (the
                                                                     elect) or one of the damned (the unregenerate).
    1.   Puritans had doubts about themselves because of
         Adam and Eve’s disobedience.                           4.    It was not knownwhich you were, except by your outward
                                                                     behavior. American Puritans came to value self-reliance,
    2.   Puritans believed God sent his son Jesus Christ to          industriousness, temperance and simplicity.
         save certain people.
Puritan Politics: Government by Contract
    1. Puritans believed a covenant, opr contract,              3.    However, Puritans believed the saintly elected should have
         existed between God and humanity.                           great influence on governemtn, their views tended to be
    2.    Puritans helped build foundation of American          4.    The Salem, Massachusettes witchcraft hysteria resulted
         consitutional democracy as they believed people             partly in fear that the community’s moral foundation was
         should freely enter into an agreement concering             threatened.
         their government.
The Bible in America
                                                                3.    Puritans placed great emphasis on Education because ability
    1.    Puritans read the Bible as a story of the creation,        to understand theological debates from the bible was
         fall, wanderings and rescue of the human race.              important.
    2.    Puritans were trained to see life as a pilgrimage     4.   Harvard College founded in 1636 initially to train Puritan
         or journey to salvation.                                    ministers.
                                                                5.   Diaries and histories were important forms of Puritan
The Age of Reason: Thinkerers and Experimenters:

    1.  Age of Reason, or the Enlightenement, begain in         3.    Great English Rationalist was Sir Isaac Newton and he
       Europe with philosophers and scientists of the                formulated the laws of gravity and motion. He compared
       17th and 18th centuriers who called themselves                God to a clockmaker.
       rationalists.                                            4.   In the Americas, there was an interest in scientific tinkering
    2. Rationalism is the belief that human beings can               or experimenting thriving in the colonies.
       arrive at truth by using reason instead of the
       relying on theauthority of the past, on religious
       faith or on intuition.
The Smallpox Plague:                                            3.    Although he was attacked, Mather was able to inoculate 300
                                                                     people, of which only 6 died while more than 6000 not
    1.   Puritan Minister Cotton Mather was the first here           inoculated saw 850 people die.
        of Americ’as scientific exploration with his            4.   Mather’s experiement revealed that a practical approach to
        interest in naturalscience and medicine.                     social change and scientific research was necessary in
     2. Mather sought cures for diseases,a and heard of              America.
        the inoculation for smallpox that a Turkish
        physician developed.
Deism: Are People Basically Good?                               3.    Deists believed in everyone could be perfect through the use
     1. Rationalists believed God made it possible for all           of reason.
        people at all times to discover natural laws            4.   The Declaration of Independence is based on rationalist
        through their God given power of reason. This                assumptions about the relationship between people, God and
        outlook was called deism.                                    natural law.
     2. Deists believed the universe was orderly and
Self-Made Americans                                             3.    The masterpiece of the American Age of Reason is The
     1. Most literature in the American Colonies was                 Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin.
        rooted in reality.                                      4.   The Autobiography discussed the development of the self-
     2. Most literature was in anage of pamphlets                    made American and has been a model story told over and
        because it was to serve practical or political ends.         over again.

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