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Name: ____________ Block:____________ Date: ____________ Introduction to the Literary Period Encounters andFoundations to 1800 As you read…collect key ideas Introduction: 1. United States is a land of immigrants. 3. It was 500 years ago when explorers set foot on US land. 4. Europeans were not the first. Indeans were first here. Some 2. We will learn about European Settlement, came over willingly, others forced over as slaves. Puritans, rationalism Forming New Relationships 1. 1st interactions between Europeans and American 3. Europeans depended on Indians for survival skills. Indians inolved trading. 4. Europeans provided textiles and tools to the Native Indians. 2. Colonies were established 5. Population of Indians when Europeans arrived in New England was 70,000 to 100,000. Battling New Diseases 1. The arrival of Europeans had a deadly impact on 3. Against the odds, some Native Americans survived were Indians as Europeans brought deadly diseases. driven off their land. 2. One disease, smallpox, killed over entire 4. Major settlements grew up around the old Native American villages. settlements. Explorers’ Writings 1. First detailed European observations were 3. Cabeza de Vaca landed on west coast of Florida 36 years recordedin Spanish and French explorers of the after Columbus sighted a fire on the beach of San Salvador. 15th and 16th century. 2. Christopher Columbus, Francisco Vasquez de 4. Cabeza de Vaca was lost for 8 years, however, he wrote Coronado and other explores described Americas about his journey through what is now Texas talking about in letters, journals and books, emphasizing the the habits of the American Indians including what they ate, resources, peacefulness and hospitality of the how they housed themselves and what their religious beliefs Indians, and the promise of unlimited wealth in were. order to get funding. Puritan Legacy 1. Puritans are a group of Protestant groups that wanted to purify the Church of England. 3. Many Puritans sufferred persecution in England by being jailed and whipped. 2. For the Puritans, religion was a persona, inner experience and that the government or clergy did 4. A group that had left England and went to Holland feared not act as an intermediary between the individual losing their identity as English Protestants set sail for the and God. New World in 1620 with the hope of building a new society patterned after God’s word. Puritans Beliers: Sinners All? 3. The Puritan doubt revolved around if you were saved (the elect) or one of the damned (the unregenerate). 1. Puritans had doubts about themselves because of Adam and Eve’s disobedience. 4. It was not knownwhich you were, except by your outward behavior. American Puritans came to value self-reliance, 2. Puritans believed God sent his son Jesus Christ to industriousness, temperance and simplicity. save certain people. Puritan Politics: Government by Contract 1. Puritans believed a covenant, opr contract, 3. However, Puritans believed the saintly elected should have existed between God and humanity. great influence on governemtn, their views tended to be undemocratic. 2. Puritans helped build foundation of American 4. The Salem, Massachusettes witchcraft hysteria resulted consitutional democracy as they believed people partly in fear that the community’s moral foundation was should freely enter into an agreement concering threatened. their government. The Bible in America 3. Puritans placed great emphasis on Education because ability 1. Puritans read the Bible as a story of the creation, to understand theological debates from the bible was fall, wanderings and rescue of the human race. important. 2. Puritans were trained to see life as a pilgrimage 4. Harvard College founded in 1636 initially to train Puritan or journey to salvation. ministers. 5. Diaries and histories were important forms of Puritan literature. The Age of Reason: Thinkerers and Experimenters: 1. Age of Reason, or the Enlightenement, begain in 3. Great English Rationalist was Sir Isaac Newton and he Europe with philosophers and scientists of the formulated the laws of gravity and motion. He compared 17th and 18th centuriers who called themselves God to a clockmaker. rationalists. 4. In the Americas, there was an interest in scientific tinkering 2. Rationalism is the belief that human beings can or experimenting thriving in the colonies. arrive at truth by using reason instead of the relying on theauthority of the past, on religious faith or on intuition. The Smallpox Plague: 3. Although he was attacked, Mather was able to inoculate 300 people, of which only 6 died while more than 6000 not 1. Puritan Minister Cotton Mather was the first here inoculated saw 850 people die. of Americ’as scientific exploration with his 4. Mather’s experiement revealed that a practical approach to interest in naturalscience and medicine. social change and scientific research was necessary in 2. Mather sought cures for diseases,a and heard of America. the inoculation for smallpox that a Turkish physician developed. Deism: Are People Basically Good? 3. Deists believed in everyone could be perfect through the use 1. Rationalists believed God made it possible for all of reason. people at all times to discover natural laws 4. The Declaration of Independence is based on rationalist through their God given power of reason. This assumptions about the relationship between people, God and outlook was called deism. natural law. 2. Deists believed the universe was orderly and good. Self-Made Americans 3. The masterpiece of the American Age of Reason is The 1. Most literature in the American Colonies was Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin. rooted in reality. 4. The Autobiography discussed the development of the self- 2. Most literature was in anage of pamphlets made American and has been a model story told over and because it was to serve practical or political ends. over again.
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