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The perfect PAST TENSE

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					THE PERFECT TENSE

   To be able to use verbs in the perfect tense
    with avoir
Past Tense in English

   When we talk about something we’ve done
    or something that has happened, we use a
    past tense:
    –   I played tennis on Saturday.
    –   We watched a film.
    –   He has eaten the biscuits.
    –   They have finished their homework.
Past Tense in English

   We can talk about the past using the present
    tense of the verb to have and the past
    participle of the verb. For example:
    –   He has eaten the biscuits.
    –   They have finished their homework.
   We can also say:
    –   He ate the biscuits.
    –   They finished their homework.
Perfect Tense in French

   The perfect tense in French is also formed
    using the present tense of avoir (to have)
    and the past participle of the verb:
    –   Il a mangé les biscuits.
   The French sentence is the equivalent of
    both:
    –   He has eaten the biscuits.
    –   He ate the biscuits.
Forming the Perfect Tense

   To form the perfect tense, you need to know
    two things:
    –   The present tense of avoir
    –   How to form the past participle of a verb
Present tense of avoir

   J’ai             I have
   Tu as            You (singular) have
   Il/Elle a        He/She has
   Nous avons       We have
   Vous avez        You (plural) have
   Ils/Elles ont    They have

Avoir is called an auxiliary (helpful) verb because it
“helps” form the perfect tense.
Test yourself!

   You have already learnt the pattern of the
    verb avoir in French 1.
   Let’s review it!
J’

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
J’

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Nous

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Nous

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Il

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Il

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Elles

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Elles

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Tu

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Tu

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Vous

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Vous

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Mon copain

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Mon copain

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a       mon copain =
d.   avons   my friend =
e.   avez    il (he)
f.   ont
Mes parents

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Mes parents

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a        mes parents =
d.   avons    my parents =
e.   avez     ils (they)
f.   ont
Alain et toi

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Alain et toi

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a         Alain et toi =
d.   avons     Alain and you =
e.   avez      vous (you, pl)
f.   ont
Ma cousine et moi

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a
d.   avons
e.   avez
f.   ont
Ma cousine et moi

a.   ai
b.   as
c.   a       ma cousine et moi =
d.   avons   my cousin and me =
e.   avez    nous (we)
f.   ont
How to form the past participle

   English past participles often end in –ed:
    played, danced, watched…
   In French, verbs form their past participles in
    different ways:
    –   jouer  joué
    –   finir  fini
    –   attendre  attendu
How to form the past participle

   For –er verbs, take off –er and add –é
   For –ir verbs, take off –ir and add –i
   For –re verbs, take off –re and add –u
Parler

   Which is the correct   a.   parler
    past participle?       b.   parli
                           c.   parlé
                           d.   parle
Parler

   Which is the correct   a.   parler
    past participle?       b.   parli
                           c.   parlé
                           d.   parle

                           For –er verbs, take off –er
                           and add –é
Manger

   Which is the correct   a.   manges
    past participle?       b.   mangé
                           c.   manger
                           d.   mangu
Manger

   Which is the correct   a.   manges
    past participle?       b.   mangé
                           c.   manger
                           d.   mangu

                           For –er verbs, take off –er
                           and add –é
Dormir

   Which is the correct   a.   dormi
    past participle?       b.   dormis
                           c.   dormé
                           d.   dormer
Dormir

   Which is the correct   a.   dormi
    past participle?       b.   dormis
                           c.   dormé
                           d.   dormer
Vendre

   Which is the correct   a.   vendi
    past participle?       b.   vendre
                           c.   vendé
                           d.   vendu
Vendre

   Which is the correct   a.   vendi
    past participle?       b.   vendre
                           c.   vendé
                           d.   vendu
Danser

   Which is the correct   a.   dansé
    past participle?       b.   danser
                           c.   danse
                           d.   dansent
Danser

   Which is the correct   a.   dansé
    past participle?       b.   danser
                           c.   danse
                           d.   dansent

                           For –er verbs, take off –er
                           and add –é
Perdre

   Which is the correct   a.   perde
    past participle?       b.   perdi
                           c.   perdé
                           d.   perdu
Perdre

   Which is the correct   a.   perde
    past participle?       b.   perdi
                           c.   perdé
                           d.   perdu
Choisir

   Which is the correct   a.   choisi
    past participle?       b.   choisis
                           c.   choisu
                           d.   choisé
Choisir

   Which is the correct   a.   choisi
    past participle?       b.   choisis
                           c.   choisu
                           d.   choisé
Répondre

   Which is the correct   a.   répondre
    past participle?       b.   répondu
                           c.   répondi
                           d.   répondé
Répondre

   Which is the correct   a.   répondre
    past participle?       b.   répondu
                           c.   répondi
                           d.   répondé
Visiter

   Which is the correct   a.   visiter
    past participle?       b.   visites
                           c.   visité
                           d.   visitu
Visiter

   Which is the correct   a.   visiter
    past participle?       b.   visites
                           c.   visité
                           d.   visitu

                           For –er verbs, take off –er
                           and add –é
Inviter

   Which is the correct   a.   invité
    past participle?       b.   invite
                           c.   inviter
                           d.   invitez
Summary

   To form the perfect tense, you put together
    –   The correct part of avoir in the present tense
        and
    –   The past participle of the verb you are using
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    J’ai mangé une pizza.
    I have eaten/I ate a pizza.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    J’ai mangé une pizza.
    I have eaten/I ate a pizza.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Il a attendu le bus.
    He has waited/He waited for
    the bus.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Il a attendu le bus.
    He has waited/He waited for
    the bus.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Tu as fini tes devoirs?
    You have finished/Did you
    finish your homework?
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    As-tu fini tes devoirs?
    Have you finished/Did you
    finish your homework?
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Il a préparé le dîner.
    He has prepared/He prepared
    dinner.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Il a préparé le dîner.
    He has prepared/He prepared
    dinner.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Nous avons dansé.
    We have danced/We danced.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Nous avons dansé.
    We have danced/We danced.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Vous avez skié en Suisse.
    You have skied/You skied
    in Switzerland.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Vous avez skié en Suisse.
    You have skied/You skied
    in Switzerland.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Elles ont joué au football.
    They have played/They played
    football.
Examples

   Can you spot the two components in this
    sentence?

    Elles ont joué au football.
    They have played/They played
    football.
Test yourself!

   Je (chanter) au   a.   J’ai chanté
    karaoké.          b.   J’as chanté
                      c.   J’avoir chanté
                      d.   J’a chanté
Test yourself!

   Je (chanter) au   a.   J’ai chanté
    karaoké.          b.   J’as chanté
                      c.   J’avoir chanté
                      d.   J’a chanté
Test yourself!

   Tu (promener) le chien.   a.   Tu as promener
                              b.   Tu as promene
                              c.   Tu as promenu
                              d.   Tu as promené
Test yourself!

   Tu (promener) le chien.   a.   Tu as promener
                              b.   Tu as promene
                              c.   Tu as promenu
                              d.   Tu as promené
Test yourself!

   Il (dormir) à l’hôtel.   a.   Il a dormé
                             b.   Il a dormi
                             c.   Il a dormu
                             d.   Il a dormir
Test yourself!

   Il (dormir) à l’hôtel.   a.   Il a dormé
                             b.   Il a dormi
                             c.   Il a dormu
                             d.   Il a dormir
Test yourself!

   Nous (surfer) à la   a.   Nous avez surfé
    neige.               b.   Nous avoir surfé
                         c.   Nous ont surfé
                         d.   Nous avons surfé
Test yourself!

   Nous (surfer) à la   a.   Nous avez surfé
    neige.               b.   Nous avoir surfé
                         c.   Nous ont surfé
                         d.   Nous avons surfé
Test yourself!

   Vous (réviser) pour le   a.   Vous avez réviser
    test de géographie.      b.   Vous avez révise
                             c.   Vous avez révisé
                             d.   Vous avez révisu
Test yourself!

   Vous (réviser) pour le   a.   Vous avez réviser
    test de géographie.      b.   Vous avez révise
                             c.   Vous avez révisé
                             d.   Vous avez révisu
Test yourself!

   Elles (réussir) les   a.   Elles avez réussi
    examens.              b.   Elles avons réussi
                          c.   Elles ont réussi
                          d.   Elles avoir réussi
Test yourself!

   Elles (réussir) les   a.   Elles avez réussi
    examens.              b.   Elles avons réussi
                          c.   Elles ont réussi
                          d.   Elles avoir réussi

				
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