American History Study Guide Theme: Modern Democracy in the Global Era- Opportunities and Challenges Core Questions: What role have the six elements of geography played in the development of American Society? How and why did the United States develop into an economically, culturally, and politically developed nation? To what extent have the ideals of democracy and freedom influenced U.S. history? How can Americans overcome the violence and conflicts of the past to achieve unity and foster opportunities for all citizens? To what extend has Florida’s history mirrored the United States’ history? In what ways is Florida history unique? Unit 1 Unit Question What makes a democratic nation? Time Frame Block: 8 periods Traditional: 12 periods Key Concepts 1) The interactions of early European explorers and colonists with Native Americans influenced patterns of colonial settlement. 2) Revolution-era ideals provided the basis for competing interpretations of American national identity. 3) The Constitution established the first republic in the modern world and endures because it is a “living” document. Additional Goals Reading maps and timelines Interpreting primary sources and political cartoons Unit Performance Assessment Students will write a persuasive essay assessing the extent to which the Constitution has enabled the United States to live up to the revolutionary ideals on which it was founded. Unit 2 Unit Question How can a diverse nation maintain unity? Time Frame Block: 10-11 periods Traditional: 16 periods Key Concepts 1) The formation of factions within the Washington administration led to the creation of America’s first political parties. 2) The desire to settle in the West led to opportunities for European Americans and the destruction of Native American cultures. 3) The United States divided along sectional lines prior to the Civil War. 4) American Society fractured into conflict and violence during the Civil War and Reconstruction. Additional Goals Analyzing primary sources and political cartoons Using charts, tables, and graphs Assessing events from multiple perspectives Participating in role pay and simulations Unit Performance Assessment Students will create a series of visual representations that portray various events and developments that affected national unity prior to and during the Civil War. Visual representations should also assess the extent to which national unity was reestablished as a result of Reconstruction. Unit 3 Unit Question What is the proper role of government? Time Frame Block: 10-11 periods Traditional: 16 periods Key Concepts 1) Many factors enabled and fueled industrial growth in the United States, which had positive and negative effects on American society. 2) Although reformers worked to correct the worst abuses of big business and government, progressive presidents made limited political and economic reforms. 3) Women, African Americans, and other marginalized groups attempted to secure and/or expand their rights and opportunities. 4) The federal government increased America’s power by following imperialist policies. Additional Goals Analyzing primary/secondary sources and political cartoons Fact versus opinion Unit Performance Assessment Students will create a campaign for an early 20th-century political party that includes a platform outlining its domestic and foreign policy goals. Unit 4 Unit Question Why do some nations play large roles in world affairs? Time Frame Block: 8 periods Traditional: 12 periods Key Concepts 1) The United States’ entry into World War I played a critical role in ending this prolonged and bloody conflict. 2) World War I created new opportunities for the underrepresented, while attacks on the civil liberties of immigrants and political dissidents increased. 3) The United States returned to isolation at the end of World War I, and at the terms of peace set for another international conflict. Additional Goals Debating foreign policy Analyzing negotiations and primary sources Unit Performance Assessment Students will participate in a post-World War I debate between American internationalists and isolationists. Unit 5 Unit Question How do times of hardship and change test a nation and its people? Time Frame Block: 13-14 periods Traditional: 20 periods Key Concepts 1) The 1920’s were marked by economic prosperity, an increasing cultural divide between urban and rural dwellers, and a rebirth of African American culture. 2) The Great Depression created unprecedented hardship for Americans. 3) The New Deal dramatically changed the relationship between the American government and its citizens. 4) Allied military successes helped secure victory in Europe, while victory in the Pacific was achieved through America’s controversial use of nuclear weapons. 5) Americans at home played a vital role in the course of World War II. Additional Goals Interpreting charts, tables, and graphs Engaging in debate/discussion Interpreting primary sources Analyzing maps Unit Performance Assessment Students will work in small groups to create a graphic novel about a fictitious family that chronicles the impact of, and responses to, the major events and developments of the period on their lives. Unit 6 Unit Question What is the best way to organize society? Time Frame Block: 8 periods Traditional: 12 periods Key Concepts 1) After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union began a rivalry that dominated international relations for nearly 50 years. 2) With the onset of the Cold War, Americans faced intense pressure to support the U.S. government. 3) The United States and Soviet Union competed for the allegiance of emerging nations. Additional Goals Analyzing maps and primary sources Engaging in simulations Interpreting timelines Analyzing case studies Unit Performance Assessment Students will design a museum exhibit of artifacts that portray the origins and major events of the Cold War as well as an analysis of the Cold War’s impact on American society to answer the Unit Question, What is the best way to organize society? Unit 7 Unit Question In what ways do freedom and fairness come into conflict? Time Frame Block: 8 periods Traditional: 12 periods Key Concepts 1) After World War II, unprecedented economic growth provided many Americans with expanded economic opportunities, but also created a larger divide between the rich and the poor. 2) The civil rights movement attempted to eliminate the legal barriers that limited the rights of African Americans as well as the social practices that affected their social status. 3) The civil rights movement made great strides in achieving equality for African Americans and set the stage for women and other dispossessed groups to secure their rights. Additional Goals Analyzing art as social commentary Interpreting primary/secondary sources Engaging in public speaking Consensus building Promoting activism Unit Performance Assessment Students will create a multimedia presentation that identifies and analyzes the conditions that led to the civil rights movement and evaluates the various goals and tactics of its key participants. Unit 8 Unit Question Whose country is this? Time Frame Block: 10-11 periods Traditional: 16 periods Key Concepts 1) The Vietnam War increased existing divisions in American society. 2) Reform movements in the 1960’s and 1970’s were inspired by and modeled after the civil rights movement. 3) In the 1960’s, the desire for change amongst adolescent baby boomers affected many existing cultural and political institutions. 4) Watergate profoundly impacted Americans’ trust in their government and its leaders. Additional Goals Promoting activism and citizenship Increasing community involvement Unit Performance Assessment Students will create thematic timelines that identify and describe the events and developments that brought political and social changes to the United States during the 1960’s and 1970’s and analyze how these events and developments were interrelated. Unit 9 Unit Question What does the future hold? Time Frame Block: 13-14 periods Traditional: 20 periods Key Concepts 1) Presidents in the 1980’s cut government spending on social programs. 2) Conservative political leaders advocated increased military engagement with communist governments. 3) Economic expansion, major technological changes, and the rising power of special-interest groups characterized the 1990’s. 4) In the early years of the 21st century, globalization has increased opportunity and anxiety in American society. 5) The events of September 11, 2001, focused U.S. attention on issues of global and national security, including how to respond to terrorism. Additional Goals Utilizing GIS maps Analyzing cast studies Interpreting current events and political cartoons Engaging in debate/discussion Reading social commentary in art Unit Performance Assessment Students will create an educational pamphlet which identifies the major domestic and foreign policy challenges the United States faces as it moves into the 21st century and assess the nation’s ability to address them.
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