1, 899 NOVEMBER 10, 2001
Pyongyang Ready to Sign Pyongyang Slams U.S.
Anti-Terrorism Conventions Religious Report
“We have made every possible effort to Hubbard on November 8 welcomed The United States is not a judge of reli- in the past.”
combat world terrorism. As part of it we Pyongyangs recent announcement to join the gious issues, nor can its law be an inter- The Korean Catholics Association in its
have decided to sign the ‘International Con- U.N. conventions against terrorism. “We national standard—Pyongyang harshly November 7 statement said: “The U.S. is
vention for the Suppression of the Financ- welcome this step.” “There is more North condemned a U.S. State Department’s re- admonishing other countries over religious
ing of Terrorism,’ an important instrument Korea can do. This is an opportunity for all cent “annual report on international reli- matters as if it were a ‘judge of religious
of international anti-terrorism struggle. We countries to join the large family of nations gious freedom—2001,” in which the DPRK issues’.” “It is none other than the U.S. that
have also decided to accede to the ‘Inter- who have chosen to stand up against ter- is listed among the countries abusing reli- threatens the destiny of holy religion itself,
national Convention Against the Taking of rorism,” the ambassador said in a speech gious freedom. The condemnations by resorting to high-handed acts in various
Hostages.” A spokesman for the Foreign to a group of South Korean legislators. Pyongyang started with a statement by a parts of the world.”
Ministry of the DPRK was quoted by the Pyongyang’s recent move apparently rep- spokesman for the Foreign Ministry on Earlier, “Rodong Sinmun,” organ of the
Korean Central News Agency on Novem- resents part of its efforts to improve its ties October 30, and were followed in a row by Workers’ Party of Korea, carried a singed
ber 3 as saying. Reiterating that Pyongyang with Washington which is especially fo- the country’s religious organizations. commentary on November 5, recalling the
is opposed to all forms of terrorism and to cused on terrorism in the wake of the Sep- historical fact that the U.S. had destroyed
whatever aid to it, the spokesman added: tember 11 attacks on the U.S. However, In its statement of November 3, the Ko- churches and all other religious facilities
“This means that the DPRK has basically Pyongyang has expressed an explicit criti- rean Religious Believers Council slammed and brutally murdered numerous believers
acceded to all the major existing interna- cism of U.S. retaliation against Afghanistan the U.S. for its “unreasonable act of ground- during the last war in Korea, said: “Years
tional anti-terrorism conventions. We will for causing a mass killing of innocent Af- lessly attacking the DPRK religionists about ago, the U.S. police fired at a residential
make consistent efforts to fight terrorism ghans and a “vicious circle between retali- their sacred life in a bid to achieve a sinis- quarter of members of a religious clan in
in the future, too.” ation and terrorism.” It also expressed dis- ter political aim, regarding it as an unbear- Philadelphia and set their houses on fire and
The dramatic decision on the part of pleasure and concern with the increased able insult to the religious organizations.” burnt 11 women and children for the rea-
Pyongyang had been reportedly delivered alert state of the South Korean armed forces Branding the U.S. act as part of its anti- son that they asserted their religious belief
to the visiting European Union delegation and police and the reinforcement of U.S. Pyongyang campaign, the Council reminded that the American civilization destroyed the
led by Patrick Van Haute, director of the Air Force stationed in South Korea under Washington of the facts that six years ago spiritual basis of human beings.” “Right
Department for Asian Affairs of the For- the pretext of “filling up the vacuum.” the Chairman of the Central Committee of after the shocking attacks on the U.S. on
eign Ministry of Belgium who chairs the Pyongyang’s signing of the anti-terrorism the Korean Catholics Association had paid September 11,” it continued, “the U.S.
EU. conventions is reported scheduled to take an official visit to the U.S. and met with right-wing reactionary forces lost no time
“We have heard confirmation from the place in November in New York. The Bush President Bill Clinton and that U.S. reli- in attacking and destroying the houses, vil-
European delegation that North Korea in- administration, however, is asking for more gious leader Rev. Billy Graham had also lages and establishments of Muslims in the
dicated to them its intention to ratify the “steps” to be taken by Pyongyang before visited the DPRK several times and held U.S. Worse still, the U.S. is killing many
U.N. International Convention for the Sup- removing the latter from a list of “terror- joint masses in a free atmosphere together innocent Muslims in Afghanistan with mis-
pression of the Financing of Terrorism,” ism-sponsoring nations.” The State Depart- with Korean religionists. sile strikes and air raids.” “As the U.S.
said a U.S. State Department spokesman. ment has never made public its list of de- On November 5, the Korean Christian army, police, and CIA campaign against
“We would welcome and encourage North mands, which obviously include the expul- Federation issued a statement which said: Muslims is beset with crisis,” the statement
Korean cooperation in international efforts sion of former hijackers of Japanese Red “The U.S. styling itself a Christian country went on to say, “the U.S. is attacking the
to combat terrorism,” Reuters quoted him Army from Pyongyang. But it is the busi- committed thrice-cursed war crimes against DPRK and other countries over religious
as saying. ness to be settled between Pyongyang and humanity and Christianity. It savagely issues so as to get rid of world-wide pre-
U.S. ambassador to Seoul Thomas Tokyo, not the U.S.’s. bombed more than 1,900 churches, cathe- cautions against it. However, nobody be-
drals and temples and killed in cold blood lieves it.” “It is the U.S. who should stand
hundreds of thousands of Korean religion- trial for abusing religion,” it said.
ists including Christians during the past In the meantime, China also dismissed on
Korean War.” October 30 the U.S. report as a “distortion
DPRK Delegates Active in UN In his November 6 statement, a spokes-
man for the Central Committee of the Ko-
of the facts” and a “groundless accusation”
against Beijing. Warning Washington that
rean Buddhist Federation, pointed to the bilateral ties would suffer unless Washing-
facts that the U.S. not only bombed hun- ton were to “stop interfering in China’s in-
Brisk activities by North Korean diplo- arms race in space. Ant it should discon- dreds of Buddhist temples and massacred ternal affairs,” a spokesman for the Foreign
mats have been seen in a series of meet- tinue such attempts as to violate develop- tens of Buddhist believers during the Ko- Ministry told reporters. “We wish to ex-
ings of the United Nations and its bodies. ing countries’ right to independent space rean War but also is now killing Muslims in press our strong indignation and resolute
The following are experts from speeches development by raising an unreasonable and Afghanistan, and stated: “It is preposterous opposition.” “The United States is not en-
they made at their recent meetings on dif- far-fetched theory. for the U.S. to sling mud at the DPRK over titled to issue any international freedom re-
ferent themes and agenda: We hold that the Legal Committee of the its religious issue.” “The U.S. must apolo- port or to make irresponsible accusations
Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer gize for murdering many Korean Buddhists or point its fingers at other countries.”
On “International Cooperation in Space should pay deep attention to taking
the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space” measures for the prevention of space mili- a sincere attitude toward the issue of liqui- opment and protection of children.
(Fourth Committee meeting of the 56th tarization. dating Japan’s past crimes by making an All countries should pay great attention
UN General Assembly--October 22, The DPRK will further accelerate its official apology and state compensation to to the work of promoting harmony in fami-
New York) space development for the nation’s eco- the victims of the “comfort women for the lies and social stability. And state invest-
nomic progress and strive to promote tech- army.” ments in the work for children should be
If the space is to be made a peaceful one nical cooperation and exchange with other For the solution of the issue of women, increased to preferentially solve the prob-
conducive to promoting the welfare of man- countries. it is also necessary to eradicate poverty and lems related to their upbringing and educa-
kind, arbitrary practices, exclusive posses- provide material conditions to them to en- tion and establish a system to ensure all the
sion, selectivity and double standards On “Women’s Progress” able them to enjoy their rights. rights of children.
should be rejected in the development of (Third Committee meeting of the 56th The DPRK government will join the in- The DPRK government will continue to
the space so that all countries can take part UN General Assembly--October 22, ternational community in the efforts to find provide the children with better living and
in that work in an equitable and free man- New York) a full solution to the women’s issues and educational conditions and thus fully dis-
ner. thus contribute to humankind’s progress and charge its national and international duty to
To decisively prevent the militarization Every country should shape a policy to development. build a better world for the children.
of space and provide a guarantee for its protect its women’s rights and interests ac-
peaceful use at present has become a press- cording to its specific conditions and pro- On “Promotion and Protection of On “Environment and Sustainable
ing issue, the solution of which brooks no vide for their participation in different as- the Rights of Children” Development”
moment’s delay. pects of social life according to their (Third Committee meeting of the 56th (Second Committee meeting of the 56th
The United States has clamored about wishes. UN General Assembly-- October 29, UN General Assembly--October 29,
“missile threat” from the DPRK to make a It is important for the UN and other in- New York) New York)
pretext for the establishment of a missile ternational arenas to respect women’s sta-
defense system in outer space. Such a deed tus and respect their say so that they may Japan is now seeking to inculcate a dis- The present trend toward “globalization”
can never be tolerated. make significant contributions to global torted interpretation of history in children. broadens a gap between developed and de-
The DPRK’s missile program is of a to- peace and development. The Japanese authorities should stop their veloping countries. Unstable production and
tally peaceful nature and it poses no threat What is particularly important is to eradi- moves to tamper with history at once and consumption, forced upon the developing
to anybody. Preventing space militarization cate all forms of discrimination against educate children in Japan to have a correct nations by the developed countries, is a
is a serious matter that is related to ensur- women, further strengthen legal and insti- understanding of its history and contribute major root cause of worldwide environmen-
ing peace on our planet and guaranteeing tutional mechanisms for them and create an to building a peaceful and prosperous, new tal destruction.
the future of humankind. international environment for combating world. It is very important for the developed
The U.S. should immediately stop the violence against women. It is very important to provide a sound
MD establishment that may spark off an The Japanese government should show social environment for the existence, devel- (Continued on page 2)
(2) NOVEMBER 10, 2001
UN Activities ence of Food and Agricultural Organi-
zation --November 5, Rome)
(Continued from page 1)
DPRK FM Denounces Japan’s countries to take real action for the imme-
diate effectuation and implementation of the
Many successes have been made in FAO
activities to achieve food security over the
Approval of “Anti-Terrorism Law” “Kyoto Protocol” which is intended for pre-
venting global warming.
last two years since its 30th conference. The
DPRK government considers it an impor-
As Step for Overseas Aggression We are concerned that the unilateral and
irresponsible decision made by some coun-
tant policy to steadily develop agriculture
and solve the food problem by its own ef-
tries to subordinate this worldwide matter forts and has exerted enormous efforts for
related to the future of humankind to their its implementation.
PYONGYANG, November 6 (KCNA) -- retaliatory military attack on Afghanistan economic interests. Due attention should be The drive of the Korean people to solve
A spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Min- as a golden chance to put its old ambition paid to the prompt effectuation of the pro- the food problem has been intensified in
istry issued a statement today as regards into practice. As the first step for its real- tocol and its implementation. cooperation with FAO and other interna-
Japan’s adoption and effectuation of “anti- ization, it hastily fabricated this law to al- We hold that for the solution of the glo- tional organizations.
terrorism special law” on November 2. The low the overseas dispatch of the SDF. bal environmental issue, developed coun- In the last two years, FAO has contrib-
statement said: Japan’s undisguised moves to launch tries should widen the scale of bilateral and uted to realizing international food aid by
The law allows Japan to dispatch its overseas expansion and become a military multilateral cooperation in transferring sending its crop assessment mission to the
“Self-Defense Forces” (SDF) overseas un- power are arousing deep apprehension and funds and technology to developing coun- DPRK every year to acquaint itself with the
der the pretext of assisting the U.S. in its resentment of many Asian countries and the tries and in investment in them. damage done by continued natural disasters
anti-terrorism war now under way. rest of the world. Strong protests are ring- The DPRK has attached importance to and with the food situation and inform the
According to the law, Japan will no ing out not only from Japan but from among protecting the environment in its economic international community of its assessment.
longer be restricted by the Constitution the world public. activities and all spheres of social life. It It is also helping the DPRK develop ag-
which renounces a war and bans the exer- These reckless moves of Japan can never will faithfully carry out its plan for national riculture by realizing regular aid through
cise of the right of collective self-defense, be tolerated. activities for the environment and develop- the special food security program and the
the article that should be strictly observed Our people are following Japan’s milita- ment and more positively join in the inter- program for technical cooperation.
by a defeated nation in world war II, but rist moves for expansion with high vigilance national efforts for the implementation of The DPRK government underscores the
will be allowed to dispatch the SDF world- and keeping themselves fully ready to “Protocol 21.” importance of FAO’s function and role in
wide. counter them. improving the world’s food and agriculture
This indicates that Japan has finally em- Japan is rushing headlong toward milita- On Food Problem situation.
barked upon the road of realizing its wild rist expansion instead of drawing a lesson (Minister of Agriculture, 31st confer-
ambition for overseas expansion of which from its crime-woven past. But it will meet
it has dreamt for over 50 years since its strong resistance of the Korean people and performed “Flying Girls,” displaying their
defeat. other Asian people and face a more miser- latest air stunts.
Japan has regarded the large-scale at- able end than what it sustained in the past.
“Golden Lion Prize” The highest prize of the festival “Golden
tacks on the U.S. and the subsequent U.S. Awarded to DPRK Aerial Lion Prize” was awarded to it.
The piece won world-wide fame as a
Acrobatic Piece wonderful masterpiece full of bravery, bold-
ness, joy and optimism.
PYONGYANG, November 7 (KCNA) -- “Bronze Lion Prizes” were awarded to
Training of IT Specialists The 8th Wuqiao International Acrobatics
Festival of China was held from Oct. 27 to
acrobatics “Balance Plastic Etude on Rope”
and jugglery “Trick with Pigeons” of the
In Full Swing Nov. 4. Acrobats of the Pyongyang Circus Pyongyang Circus.
Kim Chaek University of Technology
Interview with Chong Gwang Chon
Chief in charge of Academic Studies at
Kim Chaek University of Technology
A. Kim Jong Il has so far visited our uni-
versity five times to give us advice.
Recently he visited our university on
Sept. 19 and looked around our facilities.
He advised that our scientific study
should be improved to a world level, up-
grading the quality of education suitable for
new information industry.
Q. What is the future task of your uni-
A. Kim Chaek University of Technology
was founded in 1948. Fifty thousand stu-
dents are studying now at the university in
The DPRK’s hopeful engineers and scientists have been turned out from Kim Graduates are playing important roles to
Chaek University of Technoloogy. Chang Gwang Chon normalize production in every field of eco-
nomic construction and to carry out a total
For the future development of science develop educational systems in the univer- Q. What role does Kim Chaek Univer- improvement of technology.
and technology, the DPRK is now making sity by founding an electronic library to pro- sity of Technology play? Our university has been doing academic
efforts to train capable persons to be en- vide information on computers and by es- exchanges with neighboring countries such
gaged in the IT revolution. tablishing new major subjects suitable for A. As a university specializing in science as China.
Under the guidance of Kim Jong Il, north the development of science and technology. and technology, we have promoted our Having cooperative relations with foreign
Korea has launched new education courses The Computer Engineering Department work mainly to train much people who will universities, our university holds academic
since April this year to help students im- of Kim Chaek University of Technology has contribute to the construction of a power- meetings regularly. It is planned to increase
prove their computer skills. been training engineers who will contribute ful nation and engage in the studies to solve opportunities to hold exchange meetings
The DPRK decided at the Fourth Ses- to the future development of information problems in economic construction. with foreign universities such as universi-
sion of the Tenth Supreme People’s Assem- technology. Teachers and students are united to up- ties in Europe.
bly held in April that it would increase na- The department has been making studies grade their total education to a world level. Our university has so far developed vari-
tional investments in science and technol- concerning the development of a Korean Our university has continued studies for ous kinds of computer programs and has
ogy, and improve research conditions for version of Linux. modernization of production activities and acquired reputation at program competition
scientists and engineers to enable them to “Kim Jong Il warned us that the U.S. students have supported factories in their meetings held in the world.
make their best in research activities. would continue to increase its riches unless production, introducing new technology for Our university will turn out able engineers
Especially, Kim Chaek University of we should create our own OS, adding we productivity enhancement. who will lead in the future information in-
Technology has been drawing attention for would become a slave if we should follow dustry.
training computer specialists. the U.S,” said Ryu Sun Chol, Dean of the Q. What did Kim Jong Il advise to the
On September 19, Kim Jong Il gave field Engineering Department of the university.
guidance to the university and advised it to He continued, "I think a special team should ment have so far been based on Windows, For the modernization of factories related
train people to lead in information indus- be formed to promote a national campaign but it will change its educational programs to economic construction, students in the
try. for OS development." to attach more importance to the Linux OS department have been engaged in field
Since then, media in the DPRK includ- Our first step is to create an original OS and increase Linux-based subjects. work, playing an important role in operat-
ing Rodong Sinmun have started to report in the DPRK. The computer engineering department is ing, developing and repairing computers as
present condition in the university, introduc- In the past, the computer engineering planning to introduce state-of-the-art tech- their extracurricular work.
ing the details of its research work, such department of the university developed pro- nology, and to modernize computer facili- Now that computers are introduced in
as the result of recent research and educa- grams designed for Windows only, but it is ties related to economic construction. every factory and office, their opportunity
tion. developing programs for the Linux OS at The present task imposed on the depart- to contribute to computerization in the
According to reports by media, the the same time. ment is to upgrade its voice recognition DPRK will be increased.
DPRK has been promoting a campaign to Most of the subjects taught at the depart- technology to a world level.
NOVEMBER 10, 2001 (3)
electric power at this very moment, there-
fore, will deprive the U.S. of its major bar-
“Energy Assistance to North Depends on U.S.”: gaining chip with Pyongyang.
A well-informed source pointed to the
fact that the main advocates of replacement
President Kim Faces Pressures from Conservatives and Bush of LWRs with thermal power plants are
U.S. businesses concerned:
“The initial idea of thermal power plants
South Korean President Kim Dae Jung’s North with electric power any time soon. U.S. Threatens Seoul to Scrap the Project was suggested by U.S. companies con-
reconciliatory policy toward Pyongyang Another reason against the energy assis- cerned during the 1994 Geneva talks be-
has been faced with growing challenges tance cited by the conservatives is based Another huge obstacle lying in the way tween Pyongyang and Washington. They
from both domestic forces such as the con- on what they call a “fruitless aid” to the of the project is the United States. A former complained that they would not benefit
servative opposition Grand National Party North. A trump card for the conservatives, high-ranking Korean government official from the provision of two nuclear reactors
and the high-handed Bush administration. the “fruitless-aid-to-the-North” theory is made a shocking comment. He said: of a South Korean standard to North Ko-
The issue of Seoul’s energy assistance to intended to obstruct an inter-Korean eco- “Ninety percent of CIA agents based in rea. They are still pressuring their govern-
the North is the case in point. The follow- nomic cooperation process, let alone the South Korea are committed to the affairs ment to adopt the idea of including U.S.
ing are excerpts from an article on this project of power supply to the North. of inter-Korean relations. In fact, they have thermal power plant manufacturers in a plan
controversial issue which appeared in the A spokesman for the opposition Grand kept themselves perfectly informed as to to provide 2 million KW(e) to North Ko-
South Korean monthly “Minjok-21”(No- National Party commented on a North Ko- what is happening to the South-North rela- rea.”
vember issue): rean official request for energy assistance tionship. All information is in their hands, In the meantime, Selig Harrison, a senior
in December last as follows: “Our economy which includes even the moves of those fellow at the Century Foundation, pointed
At the 5th inter-Korean ministerial talks is on the brink of bankruptcy and our people who returned from the North. Those who to another reason why Washington opposes
held from September 15 to 18 in Seoul, are losing their fighting spirit. The situa- are working with the North should be aware Seoul’s energy assistance to North Korea.
North Korean chief delegate Kim Ryong tion being such, how can our government of this reality. You had better not do what President Bush’s June 6 statement stressed
Song in his prepared speech called on the impose on our taxpayers a bill to pay for the U.S. says No.” that improved implementation of the
South side to supply the North with elec- such useless and fruitless support to the The U.S. government is now strongly Agreed Framework through an early
tricity as part of South-North economic North as energy assistance?” Another mem- opposed to Seoul’s energy assistance to nuclear inspections should be a “precondi-
cooperation. This issue was raised again by ber of the party, however, refuted: “The North Korea. This position of the U.S.’s has tion” to improved Washington-Pyongyang
the North seven months after the first work- ‘fruitless aid to the North’ theory is noth- been confirmed by an article which Chung relations. The U.S. views, Harrison said,
ing-level talks held in early February. How- ing but an old-fashioned argument lacking Se Hyun, former Deputy Unification Min- that South Korean energy assistance to
ever, the ministerial talks failed to reach an in the thoughtfulness about the future of the ister and currently a special advisor to the North Korea will help improve its energy
agreement. Korean people.” He cited a German case in National Information Service, contributed situation and make U.S. calls for early
In spite of some differences between the which West Germany gave billions of dol- to the June issue of “Far Eastern Affairs” nuclear inspections difficult to conduct.
two sides in conducting prior investigations lars to East Germany in the process of na- released by the Research Institute for Far The Seoul government, however, does
into the energy situation in the North, the tional unification. “However, no West Ger- Eastern Affairs at the Kyongnam Univer- not agree to this argument. For, no evidence
Seoul government was said to have started man politician called it ‘wasteful’,” he said sity. He said in the article: “We received a has been found that North Korea has
elaborating this project in accordance with and went on: “Last year our government request from the North (as regards energy breached the Agreed Framework calling for
a decision made by the related organs. provided to the North 500,000 tons of foods assistance) and the South side was ready freezed nuclear facilities, and the agree-
However, there are a lot of hurdles to be worth 105 billion won, whereas our finan- to start consultation with the North in this ment does not oblige Pyongyang to accept
cleared before the proposed energy supply cial contribution to the U.S. forces in Ko- regard. However, inter-Korean negotiations IAEA’s inspections until one of the two
is realized. rea as a host nation was more than five have been suspended at the request of the nuclear reactors is completed.
times that amount--600 billion won. An an- U.S.” The said source also says: “To ask
Conservatives’ Challenges nual national budget for imports of weap- In his address to a seminar in Seoul on Pyongyang to accept inspections first in
onry from the U.S. exceeds five trillion October 9, Joel Wit from the Brookings return for provision of alternative thermal
First of all, the conservative forces’ op- won. This is a major impediment to eco- Institution warned that the Seoul govern- power plants to it, does not hold water at
position to the project must be overcome. nomic recovery in South Korea,” he added. ment may continue its “coordinated” sun- all.” “This logic is by no means acceptable
The prime reason for their opposition is Together with the “fruitless aid” theory, shine policy unless it goes beyond the “lim- to Pyongyang. Unless Washington employs
technical difficulties in energy assistance. a “political color” theory constitutes the its” set by Washington. The “limits” meant coercive means,” he added.
They are making an issue of the instability other side of the same coin. A typical illus- Seoul’s whatever energy support to North In his “Berlin statement” in March last
of voltage and frequencies in the North, in tration in this regard can be found in a Korea, because, he explicitly stated, it may year, President Kim Dae Jung pledged him-
particular, saying that a direct link between speech on October 11 delivered by a GNP harm the 1994 Agreed Framework between self to render economic assistance to the
the two electric systems may cause trouble member at a National Assembly session, North Korea and the U.S. North. His commitment was intended to
in the South’s. However, according to South which said: “The Kim Dae Jung government enable North Korea to improve its infra-
Korean experts in this field, such a techni- is in the vanguard of a drive to help North Why Does Washington Oppose It? structures including electric power supply,
cal problem can be addressed when “high Korea strengthen its system, by basing it- which also remains a very important factor
voltage direct current (HVDC)” technology self on a pro-Pyongyang stance.” The Bush administration is trying to affecting Chairman Kim Jong Il’s return
is used, which has already been applied to Critics point to the backdrop to this po- evade U.S. responsibility for the long-de- visit to Seoul.
power supply to the Cheju Island. A source litical development, saying that argu- layed completion of LWRs by amending the Now, Kim Dae Jung is facing a decision.
of “Korea Electric Power Corporation ments of this sort represent the conserva- 1994 Agreed Framework so that the pro- He should independently address the mat-
(KEPCO)” said that South Korea has the tives’ fear and concern that their own par- posed two LWRs may be replaced with one ter of energy assistance by taking over the
HVDC technology, and that if relevant tisan interests may be harmed or lost as or two thermal power plants. Washington right to negotiation in this regard from
equipment and devices are imported from things go in favor of a South-North recon- fears, as Chung Se Hyun put it, whatsoever Washington, with a view to promoting in-
foreign companies such as “Asea Brown ciliation. Seoul’s commitment to give Pyongyang ter-Korean cooperation.
Boveri (ABB),” South Korea can supply the
forced labor camp, and killed during the cording to him, the Korean kids enrolled in
Japanese colonial days. The following are the facility had been assigned such hard
excerpts from the article contributed by work as making wooden lunch boxes and
Mrs. Chang Dae Song who is currently liv- chopsticks with saws and planes under the
“Orphans’ Homes” Were Terrible ing in the Central District of Pyongyang: pretext of “public welfare.” Besides, the
Korean orphans there had been forced to
Labor Camps for Korean Kids: Before Korea was freed from Imperial
Japan, I was living in Shinuiju City (border
work as long as 15 hours a day without be-
ing fed properly.
Another Japanese War Crime Revealed city with China). A little away from the city,
there was a brickyard managed by a Japa- Strange Injections
nese named Nakamura. Standing behind the
brickyard was a “charity school” which was Strange enough, the Korean children
said to have been built by Nakamura’s wife there were given a weekly regular
for the purpose of "taking care of poor “checkup” as well as an “injection” by a
Korean orphans." A signboard hanging on nurse. When they were having the injection,
it was “Daiwa-juku,” which meant “a grand they just put their arms in a hole in the wall
harmonious house.” Nonetheless, this name so that they could not see it. Jin Ho said
was given by the Japanese to conceal their that they did not know what it was all about,
true colors. and that after they had the injection they
got dizzy, and some of them fell uncon-
Forced Labor for 15 Hours a Day scious.
Jin Ho was forcibly taken to the terrible
It was in early winter in 1939 that a fire facility again later on. I went to see Jin Ho
broke out in the brickyard which killed the at the “Daiwa-juku” but in vain. He had
father of a friend of mine called Jin Ho. been taken away to somewhere by a Japa-
And afterwards, his ailing mother also died nese in charge of “health and welfare.” Sev-
because of hard work. Then a Japanese eral days later, I visited there again to find
came to Jin Ho and took him to the “Daiwa- him, when a Korean woman working at the
juku,” saying that an orphan should be taken dining room told me, weeping, all that was
care of by someone else. taking place there. Her story went like this:
The villagers, who had been concerned In fact, the “Daiwa-juku” was no other
about the lonely poor kid, were even “re- than a labor camp of Korean orphans who
lieved of worry” to see him put under the had lost their parents and a “camp of
care of whomsoever anyway. Since they death.” Nakamura and his wife worked the
Photo shows Korean youngmen who are forced into forced labor by Japan. had not been aware of the true intention of Korean kids hard and mercilessly to feather
the Japanese. their nest. Furthermore, they went the
“Rodong Sinmun,” organ of the Work- woman about a story of Korean kids who One day, Jin Ho ran away from the length of taking the blood of the orphans
ers’ Party of Korea, carried in its Novem- had been kept in an “orphans’ home” built “Daiwa-juku.” To my surprise, however, he
ber 2 issue a memoir written by a Korean by Japanese which was nothing but a was skinny, and looked deathly pale. Ac- (Continued on page 4)
(4) NOVEMBER 10, 2001
“DPRK Still Needs Food Aid DPRK Moving into Karate with
Despite Best Harvest in Six Years” Eyes on World Stage
WFP Press Release on DPRK By Cho Il
October 26, 2001
The World Food Program, the United rennial droughts and floods, critical short-
Nations frontline agency in the fight ages of fertiliser, agro-chemicals and farm
against global hunger, issued on October machinery persist, and there is little scope
26 a press report on the recent food situa- for expanding the cultivable area beyond
tion in the DPRK. A full text of the report its present level of some two million hect-
is as follows: ares.
Notwithstanding the significant recovery
ROME - The Democratic People’s Re- this year, “domestic production will fall
public of Korea is likely to record its best well below the minimum food needs and the
harvest for six years, but with domestic country will again have to depend on sub-
food production still well below consump- stantial external food assistance next year
tion requirements, the country will again as its capacity to import commercially re-
need substantial external assistance in 2002, mains highly constrained,” the report said.
two United Nations agencies said today. Estimating total cereal utilization needs
Favourable weather during the main in 2001/02 at 5.01 million tonnes, it there-
growing season, bigger budgetary alloca- fore projected a deficit of 1.47 million
tions for agriculture, greater use of farm tonnes (down from 2.2 million tonnes in
machinery and increased supplies of do- 2000/01). “With commercial imports antici-
nated fertiliser should enable DPRK to pro- pated at 100,000 tonnes, 1.37 million tonnes Cho Il, second from right, attends the 5th Asian Karate-Do Federation repre-
duce some 3.54 million tonnes of cereals in will need to be covered by food aid and senting his fatherland.
2001/02 (including rice in milled terms and concessional food imports.”
potatoes in cereal equivalent (2001/02), up On the basis of vulnerability assessments The DPRK Karate-Do Federation had born in the Korean Peninsula
38 percent on the previous year’s harvest the report recommended that about 610,000 become a member of the AKF, Asia Karate- A Karate player who played important
and its highest output since 1995/96, ac- tonnes of food aid, including 525,000 tonnes Do Federation, at its 5th congress held in role to assist in Rikidozan’s activity ap-
cording to a report by the UN Food and of cereals and 85,000 tonnes of other food Malaysia on Oct. 31. Cho Il, Vice Presi- peared in the drama. His name was Kang
Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the items be mobilised for population groups dent of the Karate Association of Koreans Chang Su, head of the Karate-Do Kendokai
World Food Programme (WFP). deemed to be most at risk: small children, in Japan, who had participated in the con- and, who taught Rikidozan Karate skills.
Relatively good and well-distributed rain- pregnant and nursing women, and the eld- gress representing the DPRK, contributed As Rikidozan and Kang Chang Su are
fall from mid-June to end-August benefited erly - especially in urban areas. It said bi- a report on the background to its joining getting popular among Korean people
the main 2001 crops, overcoming the ad- lateral aid and concessional food imports the AKF and a recent situation of Karate though the TV program, Karate is attract-
verse effects of a prolonged spring drought, should meet the balance. training in the DPRK. ing popular attention because of them.
experts from the Rome-based agencies who “The uncovered deficit is large and must Although Karate was founded in Japan,
undertook an assessment mission to the be viewed very seriously. It needs to be Contributing to Korea’s there are a lot of Karate schools and rules
country from 25 September to 5 October emphasised that unless the international Reunification with Karate in the world.
concluded. community responds positively and substan- It has been thought that holding interna-
Rice production was forecast to reach tially, millions of people of DPR Korea, The AKF, an organization affiliated to the tional matches with one set of rules is dif-
1.34 million tonnes (milled basis) in 2001, including large number of children, old World Karate-do Federation, has thirty-four ficult for Karate.
22 percent more than last year, and the people, pregnant women and lactating countries in its membership such as Japan As Karate is getting popular in the world,
maize harvest projected to rise by 42 per- mothers will face hunger over prolonged and south Korea. On the occasion of the however, there are moves to make it an
cent to 1.48 million tonnes. periods with severe consequences for their 5th congress, the DPRK and China newly official event of the Olympics.
The overall 3.54 million tonne estimate health and welfare,” the joint report says. joined in the federation. Against the backdrop of increased popu-
for 2001/02 includes yet-to-be-planted win- “The crucial food aid safety net needs to Karate has been popular in north Korea lar attention to Karate and world trends re-
ter/spring wheat, barley and potato crops be maintained until sustainable food secu- since three years ago. lated to it, the DPRK launched the DPRK
that in recent years accounted for 10-15 per rity is achieved through the recovery of the Now, the DPRK is making effort to train Karate-Do Federation in 1999, and started
cent of the country’s annual output. “The economy and the rehabilitation of the agri- able players with an eye to participating in full-scale activities to popularize it and to
production estimate may need to be revised culture sector, for which substantial inter- future international competitions, in which train hopeful players representing the coun-
once the harvest outcome of these crops is national assistance will be needed,” the re- the DPRK can newly take part thanks to its try.
known,” the FAO/WFP report noted. port concluded. affiliation to the AKF this time.
But it pointed out that in addition to pe- Commissioned by the federation to rep- Aiming to Become Top Asian
resent the DPRK, An Tae Bom, vice direc- Karate Country
tor of the Karate Association of Koreans in
Japan and I had participated in the congress. It is known in the world that there are
The AKF welcomed the fact that north many strong fighters in the DPRK, such as
Roundup of Major Events about DPRK and south Korea jointly got affiliated to the
federation, saying, “We can contribute to
Taekon-Do players and Judoists. But Ka-
rate fighters in the DPRK also have strong
Korea’s reunification through Karate.” potentials.
During the congress, the south Korean Powerful players are selected from vari-
October delegation and we exchanged future plans
and a prospect for holding exchange meet-
ous parts of the country.
Despite the lack of trainers and related
ings and realizing a united team of Korea training materials, the DPRK is training
4 - 5 -- North and south Korea held in- in international matches. players step-by-step, preparing its own
ter-Korean authorities’ talks on promotion 15 -- Vietnamese government economic I realized that Karate would make an training menus including weight lifting, run-
of tourism of Mt. Kumgang. delegation, led by Mai Van Dau, Vice-min- important contribution in the future. ning and Karate skill acquisition.
ister of Trade, visited the DPRK. There are a large number of Korean Ka- A training camp has been regularly or-
10 - 12 -- The Committee for Peaceful rate players in Japan. ganized every two months, gathering play-
Reunification of Fatherland (CPRF) issued 27 - 30 -- The EU delegation, led by The affiliation this time to the AKF will ers from various parts of the country.
a statement, which said that north Korea Patrick Van Haute, Director of the Depart- lead to open the doors of Karate to those Korean Karate players in Japan also con-
postponed the 4th round of reunions of ment for Asian Affairs of Foreign Ministry Koreans who want to participate in inter- tribute to the popularization of Karate in
separated families and the exchange of a of Belgium, visited the DPRK to discuss national competitions representing their fa- the DPRK, by engaging in training Karate
Taekwon-do exhibition team because south the issue of the development of the rela- therland. players and sending training materials from
Korea had been put on an “emergency tions between the DPRK and the EU. Now, we are looking for promising play- Japan.
alert.” ers suitable as DPRK representatives. I am Eight men and seven women are now re-
sure that the affiliation this time has given ceiving special training, aiming to partici-
Japan’s War Crime what they called a “quarantine,” which, in a great encouragement to Korean Karate pate in next year’s Asian Games.
actuality, meant a remote crematory. When players in the world. The players are constantly improving
(Continued from page 4) they were burnt and reduced to ashes, they their skills. Especially, women players are
to sell, by making them believe that they were still alive albeit extremely exhausted Popular TV Drama on said to be already on a top level.
were receiving “a preventive shot.” and disabled after having been worked hard Legendary Pro-wrestler Following Kye Sun Hui, a Judoist and
One day, Nakamura and his wife, a man by the Japanese. Chong Song Ok, a marathon runner, Korean
in charge of welfare and a nurse gathered Such a story is not confined to Jin Ho Years ago, a TV drama entitled “Man of Karate players are training themselves to
in their office room to hold secret counsel, and the fifteen other boys. I came to know the Nation” got popular in the DPRK. acquire fame in the world in Karate, too.
and on the following day they created a dis- later that in many other places the same It was a story of Rikidozan, a Korean pro- It will not be so long before the DPRK
turbance by saying that an epidemic was tragedy befell a lot of other Korean chil- wrestler who had captured the hearts of players will make their debut on the inter-
prevalent in the facility. Then, they took 16 dren. Japanese people in the 1950s. national arena.
children including Jin Ho at midnight to It is widely known that Rikidozan was