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Vasco da Gama By: Carly Petruzzo and Kelsey Guertin Vasco da Gama’s Life • Da Gama was born in Sines, Portugal in 1469. • His real name was Dom Vasco da Gama • He was the son of a governor. • Vasco da Gama was educated as a nobleman and served in the court of King Joao II. • Da Gama served as a navel officer. • In 1492 he commanded a defense of Portuguese colonies from the french. Before the Voyage • Da Gama and his crew got together four ships before they set out on their voyage. • Da Gama sailed on the flagship, Sao Gabriel. • His brother, Paulo, was the commander of one of the four ships the Sao Rafael. • The two other ships were the Berrio and the Starship. • Most of the men that worked on ships were convicts. The first Voyage • He set out on July 8, 1497 from Lisbon, Portugal. • De Gama went around the Cape of Good Hope on November 22 and sailed north • He made various stops such as, Mombassa, Mozambique, Malindi, Kenya, and Quilmana. • Next, he sailed along the east coast of Africa where conflicts between the Portuguese and Muslims arose because they already established the trading centers. • Then, he left Malindi and Ahamd Ibn Majid (a famous Arab pilot) accompanied him all the way to India. Arriving in Calicut, India • Da Gama finally arrived in Calicut, India on May 20, 1498. • Calicut was the main trading market of precious stones, pearls, and spices. • When the Portuguese first arrived they were well received and accepted by the Hindu rulers. • While Da Gama was there he was taken to a Hindu Temple for a great ceremony. • The Portuguese goods that had been accepted in Africa were not suitable for the prestigious Indian market. • And finally when Da Gama wanted to leave the Zamorin told him that he had to pay tax and leave the Portuguese goods in form of collateral. • Da Gama was furious about this and on August 29, 1498 Da Gama and his crew left with all of there belongings and 5 hostages. Arriving in Lisbon • In September 1499 Da Gama and his crew arrived in Lisbon Portugal. • On their way to Lisbon, it took longer than expected because many of the crew members died from disease. • When he arrived back to Lisbon he arrived to a great celebration for himself because he was looked at as a hero. His second expedition • He went out on his second expedition on February 12, 1502 • Before he set out he got ready for an encounter with the Muslim traders. • He set out with 20 well armed ships • During his run in with the Muslims, he killed many innocent Indians and Muslims. • The Portuguese took over his ship and took all of the important merchandise. • After that the Muslims locked 380 passengers on their ship and set it on fire. • It took 4 days for the ship to sink killing all men, women and children. The final trip to India • During his final voyage to India, Da Game got sick and past away on December 24, 1524 • Vasco’s remains were taken back to Portugal, where he was buried in the chapel where he had prayed before his first voyage.
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