Modeling an Ecosystem Science Diorama Project by R96gPf3z

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									   Modeling an Ecosystem Science
           Diorama Project
 Project Due: Monday, January 30,
                 2012




Georgia Performance Life Science Standards:
S4L1. Students will describe the roles of organisms and the flow of energy within an ecosystem.
              a. Identify the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a community.
              b. Demonstrate the flow of energy through a food web/food chain beginning with sunlight and including producers,
                   consumers, and decomposers.
              c. Predict how changes in the environment would affect a community (ecosystem) of organisms.
              d. Predict effects on a population if some of the plants or animals in the community are scarce or if there are too many.
S4L2. Students will identify factors that affect the survival or extinction of organisms such as adaptation, variation of behaviors
        (hibernation), and external features (camouflage and protection).
              a. Identify external features of organisms that allow them to survive or reproduce better than organisms that do not have these
                   features (for example: camouflage, use of hibernation, protection, etc.).
              b. Identify factors that may have led to the extinction of some organisms.

Directions:
1. Determine the type of ecosystem you would like to create. Some options to consider are rain forest, coral reefs,
grasslands, deserts, tundra, ocean, rocky shore, grassland / prairie, pond, woodlands, swamp. These are only a
few examples; you may decide to do a different ecosystem. When you have chosen an ecosystem you will need to
                         The bottom slip should be cut off and turned in to Mrs.
inform Mrs. Roose of your decision.
Roose by Friday, January 6, 2012.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------
The ecosystem that I decided to focus on for my Modeling an Ecosystem Diorama
Project is ____________________________________________. I am going to
use my science textbook, resources from the library, and possibly the internet to
obtain facts about my ecosystem. I am also going to use my time wisely and do a
little of the project at a time so that I can make a quality project that does not
become too overwhelming. Sign this note after discussing this project with your
parents and how you plan to do this diorama project and have it turned in on time.
___________________________                                       _______________________
(Your Signature)                                                  (Parent’s Signature)




2. Do some research as to what plants and animals live in the ecosystem.
How do they interact with each other (in other words, who eats who!)?
Find an animal that uses camouflage adaptations to protect itself.
Find a living organism that hibernates as an instinct to get ready for winter.
It is important to understand how energy movement between living things (food chains, food webs, energy
pyramids).

3. Research to find one type of decomposer that lives in your ecosystem.

4. Use resources to identify a living thing that is endangered in your ecosystem AND a living organism that is now
extinct from your ecosystem.

5. Turn an empty box on its side so you can see into the box. This will be the stage for your display. Depending on
what organisms you include in your ecosystem you may need a large box or something as small as a shoe box.

6. Start by drawing or creating the landscape.
Suggestions….
   - paint the inside of the shoebox to make the background
   -color in paper and cut it out to stick into the model box
   -glue down pieces of construction paper, tissue paper, or fabric

5. Next create replicas of the plants and animals within the ecosystem. You can make plants out of construction
paper, pipe cleaners, magazine pictures, or computer printouts. Make animals out of sculpted clay, hand drawings,
or cut pictures out of magazines and computer printouts.
   - Cut plants and animals out and stick them onto the background as they would interact.
   - On the model you could draw arrows to show the interaction.
   - You may decide to hang some of the creatures from the roof of the box with fishing line or string.

6. Arrange the materials in the diorama as desired to create your 3-D ecosystem display.

7. Consider using real elements to put into the diorama. Real grass clippings look great within a diorama about the
rainforest, as does sand in a desert diorama.

8. Fill out the details about your ecosystem on the following forms.
EACH ITEM THAT IS ON THE FORM MUST BE REPRESENTED IN YOUR
DIORAMA.
       Modeling an Ecosystem Science
           Diorama Project Form
           (200 possible points)
   Name: ______________________
1. (5 pts.)The ecosystem modeled in my diorama is the
      ___________________________.

2. (10 pts.)Describe what the climate is like in your ecosystem.
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

3. (15 pts.) List 3 producers that are in your ecosystem.
a. ___________________________________
b. ___________________________________
c. ___________________________________

4. (40 pts.) List 5 consumers that are in your ecosystem. After listing them, write
what TYPE of consumer they are (herbivore, carnivore, or omnivore).
a. ____________________________________         _______________________________
b. ____________________________________         _______________________________
c. ____________________________________         _______________________________
d. ____________________________________         _______________________________
e. ____________________________________         _______________________________

5. (5 pts.) List one decomposer that feeds on wastes and on the remains of the
dead plants and animals in your ecosystem.
a. ____________________________________

6. (20 pts.) Draw, label, AND COLOR one food chain that exists in your
ecosystem. Remember that every food chain begins with a producer! Your food
web MUST contain 4 living organisms. INCLUDE ARROWS!
7. (50 pts.) Draw, label, AND COLOR one food web that exists in your ecosystem. Your food web
MUST contain 10 living organisms. Make sure that you did research and found proof that what the
organisms are eating is correct. INCLUDE ARROWS!
8. (15 pts.) Describe all the effects to your ecosystem if there was a decrease in
the number of plants.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

9. (5pts.) What are the four basic needs of ALL LIVING THINGS?
a. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
c. _______________________________________
d. _______________________________________

10. (10 pts.) What living thing in your ecosystem has a camouflage/mimicry
adaptation?
a. ________________________________________
How does camouflage/mimicry help this living thing?
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

11. (10 pts.) What animal in your ecosystem hibernates or migrates?
_________________
Why does it have the instinct to hibernate or migrate?
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

12. (10 pts.) What living thing in your ecosystem is listed as an endangered
species?
a. _______________________________________
Why is it in danger of becoming extinct?
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
13. (5 pts.) What living thing is now extinct from your ecosystem? (SHOULD
NOT BE IN YOUR DIORAMA)
a. _________________________________________

								
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