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U.S. History Test: Colonies to the United States of America PART 1: The English Colonies 1. This area was known for having long growing seasons and good soil. As such, there were large plantations with lots of slaves brought here to help with cash crops such as tobacco. Finally, the first permanent English settlement in the New World was located here. 2. Which of the following best describes the New England Colonies? 3. The Mayflower Compact could be best described as 4. The lasting importance of the Great Awakening was that: 5. According to the Enlightenment thinker John Locke and his idea of the Social Contract, government exists for which of the following reasons? PART 2: Problems on the frontier 6. Colonists crossed the Appalachian Mountains to settle in the Ohio River Valley because: 7. As a result of the colonists moving into the Ohio River Valley to the west of the Appalachian Mountains, which war began? 8. Why did the British government issue the Proclamation of 1763? 9. After the war on the frontier was over, Parliament passed a series of taxes: PART 3: EVENTS LEADING TO THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR 10. Colonists upset about Parliament taxing them might have said all of the following EXCEPT: 11. After the Townshend Acts were in place, arguing between the colonists and British soldiers led to violence during what famous event? 12. Who were the “Sons of Liberty”? 13. The Coercive/Intolerable Acts were issued by the English Parliament after what event in the colonies? 14. After the Intolerable Acts closed the Boston Harbor, the First Continental Congress met to: 15. Why was the phrase “no taxation without representation” so important to the colonists fighting in the Revolutionary War? 16. After the First Continental Congress sent King George the Declaration of Rights, Redcoats were sent to the colonies and Concord specifically to take the colonists’: PART 4: The Revolutionary War 17. On the night of April 18, 1775, a force of 700 Redcoats left Boston in search of a major weapons storehouse rumored to be located where? 18. The first major battle of the Revolutionary War was the _____________________. 19. Which action would a Loyalist have been LEAST likely to take during the Revolutionary War? 20. Common Sense ,written by Thomas Paine, argued that: 21. What effect did Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense have on colonial leaders? 22. Why might the ideas in Thomas Paine’s Common Sense have been considered bold at the time? 23. In the Declaration of Independence, it states (or talks about) “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” 24. According to the above passage, where does mankind get their basic/natural rights to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness? “When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another…a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes (of the separation)” 25. Which summary sentence below best fits the above passage from the Declaration of Independence? 26. During the Revolutionary War, the British: 27. The main advantage that the patriots had in the war was that: 28. Why was the Patriot’s victory at the Battle of Saratoga so important to the Americans? 29. The British General Cornwallis was surrounded and forced to surrender (give up) at the Battle of ________________, which ended the Revolutionary War. 30. Which of these was NOT a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1783?
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