Decreasing Border Delays through
Elimination of Trade Barriers
Jan Forest, USAID
Mark Stomski, MBSP Advisor
Reha Uran, SECI Turkpro
SEE Regional Market Opportunity Forum
November 1-3, 2006
Stability Pact Trade
Stability Pact Trade Working Group
• SEE countries, EC, WTO, bilateral governments
• 2001: MoU on Trade Policy and Facilitation.
• 2005: agreement to consolidate bilateral FTAs
into a single FTA.
• 2006: 32 bilateral free trade agreements.
• April 2006: SEE Prime Ministers meeting –
enlargement and amendment of the Central
European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA).
• Four rounds of negotiation between June 2006
and October 2006, chaired by the SP.
• November 9 2006: Agreement to be initialled.
• December 19 2006: Agreement to be signed at
CEFTA Summit of Prime Ministers in Bucharest.
• January 2007: EU Accession of Romania and
• July 2007: Entry into force – replacing bilateral
Key Features of CEFTA
• Modern, ambitious and inclusive FTA.
• Liberalization of industrial goods by 2008 and further
liberalization of agricultural goods.
• Harmonization of trade rules and procedures.
• Reduction of Technical Barriers to Trade.
• Common system of rules of origin.
• New areas: Trade in services, intellectual property,
• Strengthened dispute settlement mechanism and
strengthened institutional support framework.
SPTWG activities regarding elimination
of non-tariff barriers in SEE
▪ Meeting of focal points in Bucharest October 31-
– Introductions and communication network.
– Inter-ministry cooperation.
– NTB programs in region.
– Content of annual NTB reports.
• Next meeting in March 2007:
– Finalize 2007 reports.
– Address specific NTB.
– Discuss transition to CEFTA committee.
SPTWG has identified the following NTBs
as having the highest impact in SEE:
• Burdensome customs procedures.
• Transport constraints.
• Product regulations and standards.
• Visa policies.
• Other (includes tax rate differences, import
licensing, import quotas, special import levies).