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Occupational Inheritance and Occupational Choices Medicine

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Occupational Inheritance and Occupational Choices Medicine Powered By Docstoc
					 Occupational Inheritance
and Occupational Choices:
 Medicine, Teaching and
      Other Careers
    Fiona Devine, University of
         Manchester, UK
                 Introduction
Class Analysis
* The debate on changing levels of analysis
* Disaggregation and issues of gender

The Study
* Comparative UK/US study of middle-class reproduction
* British doctors and teachers

The Paper
* Class theory and empirical research
* Medics and teachers and their children
Class reproduction and levels of
            analysis
 Grusky’s contribution to the class debate
       - challenging long-standing methodological conventions

 Grusky’s call for disaggregation
      -class reproduction at the level of occupations and
  occupational inheritance

 Goldthorpe’s critique of Grusky
       - neglect of macro issues, study of class structures and
  patterns and trends in social mobility

 Goldthorpe’s acknowledgement
       - complement to conventional class analysis and potential
  insights into class reproduction
Class reproduction and levels of
            analysis
 The virtues of methodological pluralism

        - exploring cultural dimensions of classes and occupations

        - link to the sociology of professions and social closure

        - desirability of occupations and bringing status back in

        - linking class and family processes following Crompton’s lead


 What about issues of gender?
      - Gender segregation of labour market

      - Gendered nature of desirability of occupations
        Researching class and
       occupational reproduction
 Draw on comparative UK/US study of class middle-class
   reproduction (Devine 2004, 2008)

 Focus on British doctors and teachers and their childre as examples
   of male and female professions

 Tracing the background of British medics and their families:
   occupational inheritance and beyond

 Tracing the background of British medics and their families:
   occupational inheritance and beyond

 Exploration of occupational inheritance, occupational choices and
   the desirability of occupations from parents to children
        Table 1.1 The Sample of British and American
                        Interviewees


   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Interviewees                                     Number of Children
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   British Doctors                          12
   British Partners                         12                                 33

 British Teachers                          12
 British Partners                           9                                 28

   American Physicians                     12
   American Partners                        9                                 27

   American Educators                      12
   American Partners                        8                                 28

   Total                                    86                               116
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Medicine and other careers
 The education of medics’ children: overwhelmingly
  private and single sex

 Occupational inheritance and sons: talking about the
  intrinsic rewards of medicine

 Occupational inheritance and daughter(s): the pride of
  following in footsteps

 Accountancy, law and management: the other `good’ top
  jobs: high incomes and good prospects
   Medicine and other careers
 Daughters and teaching careers: for the less academically inclined?

 To push or not push medicine?: Creating the conditions for aspiring
   medics (sons)

 To push or not push medicine?: Creating the conditions for aspiring
   medics (daughters)

 Young aspirations for medicine: expressions of interest at an early
   age!

 A good profession for sons and daughters: medicine as a well paid
   occupation with gendered advantages
  Teaching and other careers
 The education of teachers children: examples of
  private/state, single sex/mixed

 Ambivalent occupational inheritance: the low
  pay and long hours of teaching

 Medicine and law again! promoted by school for
  high-achieving girls

 Other professional careers: accountancy as
  another favourite once again
   Teaching and other careers
 Young men: the less academically inclined still spurn teaching

 Changing aspirations for daughters: teaching is not inevitable and
   many other options are available

 Careers in the hospitality industry where good pay and promotion
   prospects are to be found

 Media careers: wide array of options in camera work, production and
   so forth for young men

 Modern Apprenticeships and careers: the importance of life-long
   learning in the pursuit of promotion and better pay
                Conclusion

There are many virtues to disaggregation for
  explaining class reproduction

Reminds us of issues of occupational inheritance,
 choices and the desirability of occupations

The gendered dimensions of these issues is
  crucial for understanding gender inequalities too

				
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