Grade 10 Provincial Exam Study Guide
What to study:
A: All words from your list of Examinable Terms
Terminology from Short Story and Poetry Units
Notes on Additional Terms
B: How to Read a Short Story
C: How to Read Poetry
D: Essay Format Notes
E: Emotion/Personality Vocabulary Sheet
Use the resources above to answer the following questions:
A: Terminology (Provide the Term)
(these are only some of the terms, make sure you study the rest)
1. The highest point of action in a story is called ___________________________________
2. The first event that gets the actions moving in a story is called ____________________________________
3. The main character in a story is the _______________________________
4. A character that changes is called ___________________________ whereas one who doesn’t change is called
5. When the author gives the reader a hint of what is to come it’s called ____________________________________
6. A character that has opposite qualities from the main character is called __________________________
7. A narrator who can see into the thoughts of all characters is called __________________________________________
8. A narrator who tells a story using “I” is called ________________ person point of view.
9. The time and place of story is the _________________________________
10. The overall message or lesson in a story is the ________________________________
1. My cousin is a race car is an example of _____________________________________
2. A poem is broken up by ________________________ which are separated by spaces.
3. A 14 line poem with _______ syllable lines and a set rhyme scheme is a ________________________________
4. When a writer uses detailed description to appeal to the 5 senses it’s called ______________________________
5. Words that sound like what they are is called ______________________ example is ‘buzz,’ ‘bark,’ ‘whisper’
6. Comparing two ____________________________ things using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ is called a _________________________
7. The ____________________________________ is the person speaking in the poem
8. Saying something is much less than what it is, is called an _____________________________________
9. A wild exaggeration is a _________________________________________
10. When something represents something else it’s a _______________________________________
1. Placing two opposite words side by side example: Jumbo Shrimp ____________________________________
2. Words used specifically by a group of people ____________________________
3. A play is also called a ______________________
4. An essay that is used to convince its readers is called an _______________________________ essay
5. When a character in a play speaks directly to the audience, it’s called an _____________________________
6. When a writer shows their own opinion in their writing they have a ______________________________
7. When items are listed in order of time, it’s called ________________________________ order.
8. Plays come in both ______________________________ and ___________________________ one is light and happy and the other
is sad and dark.
9. Casual language that is not slang, but is a more accepted type of speech is called ____________________________________
10. A form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or
position so as to benefit oneself is called _______________________________________________
B: How to Read a Short Story (Fill in the Blanks)
1. Look at the story’s ______________. What might this story be about?
2. Use and develop your ___________________ ________________________ about this subject. If the title is “The Lesson,”
ask yourself what kind of lessons there are, what lessons you have learned, and so on.
3. Establish a ________________ for reading this story.
4. ____________ yourself. Flip through the story to see how long it is. Take a look at the opening sentences of
different paragraphs, and skim through the opening paragraph; this will give you a sense of where the story is set,
how difficult the language is, and how long you should need to read the story.
1. Identify the _________ _________________________ By “main” I mean those characters that make the story happen or
to whom important things happen. Get to know what they are like by asking such questions as “What does this
character want more than anything else––and why?”
2. Identify the __________ or the situation. What happens?
3. Pay attention to the ____________; or the time and place of a story.
4. Consider the story’s _________ _____ _______. Think about why the author chose to tell the story through this
person’s point of view instead of a different character; why in the past instead of the present; in the first instead
of the third person.
5. Pay attention to the ___________ _____ _________. Some short story writers will make ten years pass by simply
beginning the next paragraph, “Ten years later....” Look for any words that signal time passed. Sometimes writers
will also use extra space between paragraphs to signal the passing of time.
6. Find the main ___________________. Every short story has some conflict, some tension or element of suspense in it.
Eventually something has to give. This is the moment when the character or the story suddenly changes direction
or feels or acts differently than before.
7. Remember why _______ ________ ______________ this story.
1. Read first to _________________...then to ________________. When you finish the story, check to be sure you understand
what happened. Ask: WHO did WHAT to WHOM? If you can answer these questions correctly, move on to the next
level: WHY? Why, for example, did the character in the story lie?
2. Return to the ______________. Go back to the title and think about how it relates to the story now that you have
read it. What does the title refer to? Does the title have more than one possible meaning?
C: How to Read Poetry (Multiple Choice)
1. How many times should you read a poem for full understanding?
a) 0 c) 2
b) 1 d)3 (or more)
2. Concentrate on the ___________ of the poem. It is the feeling that comes over you when you read it.
a) mood c) speaker
b) emotion d)setting
3. Look for any poetic devices. They will help you find….
a) characters c) meaning, tone, and effect
b) setting d) metaphors and similes
4. Identify the person talking in the poem to see from their point of view. They are the called the
a) talker c) poet
5. Try to put the poem in your own _________________ by paraphrasing or summarizing.
a) thoughts c)brain
b) papers d) words
6. Find the theme of the poem, which is…
a) the central message c) the main idea
b) the lesson d) all of the above
D: Essay Format Notes (Fill in the Blanks)
An essay consists of a minimum of _____________ paragraphs, but can be longer. The first paragraph is the
______________________________________. It must contain a hook to get the readers’ ___________________________________. It
must also contain a ______________________________ statement which is a statement that combines a topic and an
____________________________. The second paragraph contains the _____________________________ point or argument with
evidence or opinions to support it. The third and fourth paragraphs contain more points with support. You may
add more points or body paragraphs if you desire. The final paragraph is the ____________________________ and must
summarize the ideas from your essay without sounding too __________________________________.
7 Tips for Essay Writing:
1. Come up with a creative and unique _______________________________.
2. Take some risk with word choice. Use more complicated _____________ than ‘good’ or ‘bad’
3. Do not use ____ or me statements, instead, state it as a fact.
4. Do not use the word ______, instead, use _______.
5. Avoid all _________________________, abbreviations, and ___________________________. “cool” “btw” “don’t”
6. Make sure you vary the length of your __________________________________
7. Start with an interesting opening _______________________________
Bonus: Make sure you put titles of short stories, articles, and ________________ in quotations, and titles of
______________ should be underlined.
E: Emotion/Personality Vocabulary Sheet
1. Biased ________ A. loyal
2. Complacent ________ B. satisfied
3. Condescending ________ C. extreme/strong
4. Confrontational ________ D. aware of surroundings/pays attention
5. Content ________ E. to approach a problem face to face
6. Critical ________ F. not wanting to do something
7. Determined ________ G. senses are off kilter
8. Devoted ________ H. alone
9. Disoriented ________ I. flexible/can bounce back
10. Indifferent ________ J. doesn’t matter to/affect the person
11. Inquisitive ________ K. happy/satisfied
12. Intense ________ L. pessimistic/questioning
13. Isolated ________ M. sad
14. Melancholic ________ N. judgemental
15. Patriotic ________ O. not letting something get in your way
16. Perceptive ________ P. not going to give up
17. Reluctant ________ Q. proud of one’s country
18. Resilient ________ R. to talk down to someone
19. Sceptical ________ S. based on one’s opinion
20. Undeterred ________ T. curious/questioning
Final Tips to help you on your Test!
1. You have 3 hours to write it, so relax! Most people do not use the entire time.
2. Answer ALL multiple choice questions. Don’t leave any blanks; you might as well take a guess if you don’t know.
3. Make sure you take time to proofread your written work and double check your multiple choice answers.