Cozumel Mexico

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					   Welcome to Cozumel Mexico
                   Food                       Mayan Ruins




                                     hotels
Where it is on
the map and
  weather




                                                 Things to do



                 Ways to get there
Chicken
                                                Shrimp Salsa




          Mexican Wedding   Tropical Smoothie
              Cookies             Recipe
                                                                  Directions:
                                                       Drain the water from the can of corn.
Ingredients:                                           Preheat the olive oil in a fry pan over
2 to 3 tomatoes, diced                              medium high heat. Add the corn and sauté
1/3 cup diced red or yellow bell pepper             until corn looks roasted with brown spots.
                                                     About 3 to 5 minutes. Remove from heat
1 clove garlic, minced                                                and cool.
6 - 8 oz. cooked baby shrimp                        Chop the tomato, bell pepper, garlic, onion,
1/3 cup red onion, finely chopped                   cucumber, and cilantro leaves and add to a
1/2 cup cucumber, peeled, seeded and chopped                            bowl.
1 cup canned corn, drained, sauted in olive oil      Add the chipotle salsa, shrimp, lime juice
2 Tbs. olive oil                                     and salt and mix well. Add the corn when
                                                          cool and the avocado. Mix gently.
1 avocado, cut into small chunks                    Now is the time to taste it to see if you need
1 Tbs. fresh lime juice                                  to add more salt or chipotle salsa.
2/3 cup chipotle roasted salsa, or more to taste.    Refrigerate 1 hour before serving. Makes
Some like it hot!                                               approximately 3 cups.
1/2 cup cilantro leaves, chopped                          Shrimp salsa can be served with
salt to taste                                        quesadillas, tacos, fajitas or just by itself
                                                                     with chips.
                                                      This is the perfect Mexican appetizer. It
                                                     goes great with Mexican food or even on
                                                        top of a green salad --very versatile.
                                                      I know you will enjoy this south-of-the
                                                                   border delight.
  Ingredients                                         Directions

1. 1 cup butter                   In a medium bowl, cream the butter and sugar. Stir in
                                 vanilla and water. Add the flour and almonds, mix until
2. 1/2 cup confectioners’
                                           blended. Cover and chill for 3 hours.
sugar
                                              Preheat oven to 325 degrees.
3. 2 teaspoons vanilla extract      Shape dough into balls or crescents. Place on an
                                      unprepared cookie sheet and bake for 15 to 20
4. 2 cups all purpose flour
                                   minutes in the preheated oven. Remove from pan to
5. 1 cup chopped almonds            cool on wire racks. When cookies are cool, roll in
                                 confectioners' sugar. Store at room temperature in an
6. 2 teaspoons water
                                                    airtight container.
7. 1/2 cup white sugar
        Ingredients                                   Directions

1.   Tablespoon olive oil                  1. Cut chicken breasts into 1 inch pieces and spread
                                           over bottom of crock pot.
2.   1/4 cup sliced almonds
3.   Minced garlic cloves                  2. Mix remaining ingredients in a large bowl and
                                           pour over chicken.
4.   4 boneless skinless chicken breasts
5.   1 1/2 cups salsa                      3. Cook on "high" in crock-pot for 1 hour.

6.   1/4 cup dried currant                 4. Turn crock-pot to low and cook 6-8 hours.
7.   1 teaspoon cumin
                                           5. Serve over rice, pasta or in soft tortillas.
8.   1 teaspoon cinnamon
9.   1 tablespoon honey                    6. Freezes well.

10. 1/4 cup water
      Ingredients                          Directions
1. 1/2 cup canned mandarin    Add all the ingredients to a blender and mix on
orange segments, drained      high until smooth. Pour into a 12 oz glass and
2. 1 banana                   garnish with a pineapple spear and a drink
3. 1/3 cup canned or fresh    umbrella.
pineapple, cut into chunks
4. 1 cup plain or sweetened
yogurt
5. 5 ice cubes
Cozumel Mexico is the
biggest island in Mexico,
located on the Yucatan
Peninsula (East side of
México, in the Caribbean)
with an extension of 392
square km, 28 miles long
and 10 miles wide. It is
separated from the
Yucatan Peninsula by the
Yucatan channel which is
12 miles wide. Cozumel is
located on 20° 31' lat N
and 86° 56' long W.
                     Average Weather
  Weather in Cozumel is most of the year hot. With a subtropical climate the
  average temperature is about 27°C - 80°F, and because Cozumel is
  surrounded by water the climate is always humid often around 90%. But we
  can say normally all year long you will be able to find sunny days with the
  usually warm waters.


Monthly Averages for Cozumel, Mexico


           Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Avg High   82    84    85    87    86    87    87    89    87    86    83       82


Avg Low    68    68    68    72    73    74    74    74    74    73    71       68

Temperatures in °F
                                     San Gervasio
                   In terms of importance in the Mayan culture, Cozumel's San Gervasio Ruins are a more
significant site than Tulum. Tulum was simply a coastal "watchpost" if you will where as San Gervasio contains
the temple built to honor the goddess X'cel. Experience first hand the mysteries of Mayan culture here at the
largest archeological site on the island. A strategic location from both a commercial and political point of view,
San Gervasio was also a sacred place for the Maya women.

                 Xcel is the Mayan goddess of fertility and rain. In ancient times, every Mayan woman was
expected, at least once in her lifetime, to make the journey to Cozumel from the mainland to make offerings to
X'cel for her family's fertility and crop sustenance. Inhabited from 200AD to the Spanish conquest, San Gervasio
was the sanctuary of the Goddess X'chel as well as an important commercial, political and cultural center.
Engravings at the site relate to events all over the Mayan world.
    Ways to get to Cozumel

  An average, none stop, plane
ticket from DFW to CZM is $196.
           Average prices for a cruise


Interior        Ocean View       Balcony       Suites



    $279.00            $319.00             —     $619.00


    $289.00            $329.00             —     $629.00
    $309.00            $349.00             —     $649.00

    $319.00            $359.00             —     $659.00
 4 stare hotels

3 ½ stare hotels
         Cozumel Palace All Inclusive
                                          Riu Palace Mexico All Inclusive
                                              Dreams Puerto Aventuras
                                              Resort & Spa All Inclusive
                                            Playacar Palace All Inclusive




                                        Occidental Grand Cozumel All Inclusive


  InterContinental Presidente
     Cozumel Resort & Spa
 Riu Palace Riviera Maya All
          Inclusive

   Porto Playa Condo Hotel

Hacienda Vista Real Resort & Spa
                      Cozumel Palace All Inclusive


Location. The Cozumel Palace rises along the Caribbean coastline in Cozumel,
Mexico. This resort is located eight kilometers from Cozumel International Airport.

Hotel Features. On-site dining includes International/Italian cuisine served at
Turquesa. The art of Asian cooking is presented at MoMoNoHaNa, while Mexican
cuisine is prepared at Bugambilias. Live music is performed at the lobby bar, and
Flamingos Bar provides poolside convenience. A 24-hour front desk offers fax and
photocopying services, and multi-function space accommodates corporate and
social events. Wireless Internet access is available throughout the hotel. Two
outdoor pools include an infinity pool, and a pool with a swim-up bar and a
children's section. A playground and a Kids' Club for children ages 4-12 entertain
the younger set. The concierge can arrange fishing excursions or snorkeling and
diving expeditions to Palancar Reef. Land-based recreation includes a fitness
center with cardio and weight-training equipment.

                                                                      Jr. Suite with Jetted Tub-All Inclusive
                                                                 A Jr. Suite would cost you $318 a night and to stay there
                                                                 for a week would cost you $2226, that’s for a Family of 4.
            Occidental Grand Cozumel All Inclusive

Location. Embraced by tropical flora
                                            Hotel Features. The hotel boasts nine restaurants and bars, including fine
and fauna, the Occidental Grand
                                            dining at Los Olivios where recessed ceilings and bas-reliefs add
Cozumel faces a marine park on
                                            architectural interest to the Mediterranean-inspired setting. The open-air La
Cozumel, Mexico's southwest coast, less
                                            Hacienda restaurant serves buffet lunches and Mexican-cuisine à la carte
than 17 kilometers from downtown San
                                            dinners. La Mision is an air-conditioned disco bar that remains open after
Miguel.
                                            midnight. This property caters to corporate groups by offering business
                                            services, high-speed Internet access and conference space. A "quiet pool"
                                            lies in the resort's center while an activities pool overlooks the beach. Non-
                                            motorized water craft, snorkeling and scuba equipment are provided by the
                                            resort, and a dive shop offers instruction and reef, sunken ship and night
                                            dives. An air-conditioned health-and-beauty spa features massages, body .




                                                                                              Family of 4 Royal Club
                           A family of 4 in a Super Saver                                      Luxury-All Inclusive
                                     Price per night $135                                         Price per night $329
     Park Royal Cozumel All Inclusive


        Melia Cozumel All Inclusive


         Riu Yucatan All Inclusive


 Gran Porto Real Resort & Spa All Inclusive


The Reef Playacar All Inclusive Beach Resort


      Shangri-La Caribe Village Resort


          Riu Tequila All Inclusive


           El Cid La Ceiba Beach



Wyndham Cozumel Resort & Spa All Inclusive
                           Culture & Festivals
                                        El Grito
         Every midnight of September 15, the locals of Cozumel gather in Plaza Central
to re-enact the event when Miguel Hidalgo ignited the spirit of the oppressed natives to
rise up against the Spaniards with the shout of "Mexicanos, Viva Mexico!" The event is
 followed by spectacular fireworks, all-night music and dance until the sun breaks over
    the horizontal sky. The following day is a national holiday celebrating the fight for
                                      independence.

                                  Dia de los Santos Reyes
         Instead of Santa Claus, Mexico's Christmas icons are the Three Kings, and the
date for exchanging the presents is January 6 instead of December 25. Neighborhood
       parties fill every street throughout the city, children gather to show off their
 presents. The special sweet cake is served, and whoever gets the tiny figure of the
  baby Jesus hidden in the cake will have to throw a party for everyone sharing the
             cake. There is also music and a carnival in the Plaza Central.

                             Dia de la Bandera de Mexico
          February 24th is the holiday in honor of the Mexican flag when banners of red,
 green and white with the Mexican emblem at the center are seen fluttering throughout
the city. Parade, special ceremony and a party conclude the fiesta in the Plaza Central
                           Culture & Festivals

                                       Carnaval
         Te pre-Lent celebration of Carnaval is huge in Cozumel just like in every other
 city in Mexico. The island is famous for its five-day long party that involves dances,
parades, loud music and bright wardrobes which waft through every corner of the city.

                                  Dia de la Candelaria
          Dia de la Candelaria is held in recognition of the end of winter and the coming
of spring. This celebration is the final holiday party of the Christmas season where the
  locals dance through the streets before entering the church to receive a blessing of
  candles and seeds. After the blessing, family and friends gather at the home of the
             person who found the doll during the Three Kings celebration.

                               Dia de la Constitucion
        The official national holiday to commemorate Mexico's constitution is marked
  by parades leading to the Plaza Central in San Miguel, complete with music and
dance. Every establishment is closed on this holiday and family and friends gather for
                           dinner and quality time together.
                            Culture & Festivals
                                      Cultural values
The culture of Mexico reflects the complexity of Mexico's history through the blending of
pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican civilizations and the culture of Spain during its 300 years of
     colonization. The dominant feature of Mexican culture is social hierarchy and the
   strength of a unified family as can be seen from its surprisingly low divorce rate. An
extended family where several relatives live in the same area or even the same house is
 not unusual, and it's not uncommon to see the grown-up children who are single to still
  live with their parents even though they are in the thirties. Loyalty within the family is
 absolute, the father is the ruler whereas the mother is the heart of the family. In recent
  years, these stereotypes have begun to break down as they have been influenced by
                          the US especially in the Northern states.

                                        Genderism
  Mexico is a country where a distinction between the roles of men and women are still
    observed despite the feminist movement in the past. It is normal for women to be
    opened the doors for and have their meals paid by men even though they are just
friends. What could be irksome for female travellers are the men's piropos (supposedly
    compliments) with sexual overtone in big cities. The best way to respond to such
   situation is to avoid eye contact and ignore any compliments altogether. Generally,
  there is rarely any problem the further you are from the cities especially in indigenous
                                           areas.
                           Culture & Festivals
                                         Homosexuality
              Homosexuality is theoretically legal in Mexico as there are no federal laws
prohibiting such practice. Nevertheless, President Fox's right-wing party, PAN, has been
  running anti-gay campaigns through the closing of gay bars in Monterrey and passing
     and ordinance against "abnormal sexual behavior" in Guadalajara. Religion and
       machiso are still the rule of the day, but attitudes are changing, and there are a
 substantial number of gay groups and publications in Mexico. Gay bars and clubs can
    be found in the major resorts and US border towns such as Monterrey, Guadalajara,
                                     Veracruz and Oaxaca.
                                            Language
             Spanish is Mexico's official and predominant language. Of some 100 million
 first-language speakers, Mexico has the largest population of Spanish-speakers in the
world. In addition, there are approximately 62 living languages which are spoken among
      the small population of Indian descent. Nevertheless, some of these languages
  (Nahuatl, Maya, Zopoteco o Diidzaj...just to name a few) have lent words that are not
   found in the Spanish of Spain or the rest of Latin America. Such words can be found
 primarily in the names of common plants and animals. Even some English words such
       as tomato, chocolate, avocado and coyote are used in the Mexican Spanish as
 well. Although English is widely spoken in tourist areas, some attempt to communicate
            in Spanish will provide you a much greater rapport and help from the
     locals. Additionally, the Mexicans also speak relatively slowly compared with the
                                           Spaniards.
                     Some basic Spanish words & phrases



                                  Spanish                English               Spanish
        English
Yes, No                  Si, No                  Open, Closed           Abierto/a, Cerrado/a
Please, Thank you        Por favor, Gracias      With, Without          Con, Sin
Where?, When?            Donde?, Cuando?         Good, Bad              Buen(o)/a, Mal(o)/a
What?, How much?         Que? Cuanto?            Big, Small             Gran(de), Pegueno/a
Hello, Good bye          Hola!, Adios            Good morning           Buenos dias
Good afternoon/night     Buenas tardes/noches    How do you do?         Que tal?
See you later            Hasta luego             Sorry                  Lo Siento/disculpeme
Excuse me                Conpermiso/perdon       How are you?           Como esta (usted)?
Not at all, you're
                         De nada                 I (don't) understand   (No) Entiendo
welcome
Do you speak English?    Habla (usted) ingles?
                           Culture & Festivals
                                          Music
           The most famous regional music of Mexico is Mariachi. The Mariachi music
      originated in the western state of Jalisco, and the term started to gain a wide
 recognition as well as a developing popularity from 1852 onward. It became known as
  the national music of Mexico after the 1910 Mexican Revolution. The introduction of
    the Mariachi music in the United States in the 1970s by performer such as Linda
         Ronstadt also contributed to the growing trend of Mexican music there.

                                 Business etiquette
         In Mexico, it is important to established cordial relationships in order to do
      business. Haste and confrontations are not valued and will not get you
anywhere. Often meetings start a bit later than the scheduled time, but you should be
        patient and always show respect toward your colleaques in public.

                                        The name
           Mexico is named after its capital city whose name comes from the Aztec city
Mexico - Tenochtitlan that preceeded it. The Mexi part of the name is from Mexitli which
 is the name of the war god, whose name was derived from metzli (the moon), and xictli
(navel) and thus mean "navel" (probably implying 'child') of the moon. So, Mexico is the
                              best of the people of Mexitli.
                             Culture & Festivals

                                                  Art
        Mexico is known worldwide for its folk art traditions which are derived from a
combination of indigenous and Spanish crafts. The most prominent Mexican handicrafts
 are the clay pottery made in the valley of Oaxaca and the bird and animal figures made
    in the valley of Tomala. Other Mexican emblems include the colorfully embroidered
  cotton garments, cotton or wool shawls and outer garments, and colorful baskets and
      rugs. Today, Mexican art has emerged from being a mere imitation of European
     traditions prior to the Spanish revolution and has developed into a unique cultural
     representation of the Mexican culture. The mural and canvas paintings as well as
photography have become an embodiment of social and cultural expression which never
                      fail to invoke impression from international viewers.
                                                Sport
  Facilities for golf, tennis, sailing, surfing, scuba diving and deep-sea fishing, as well as
 riding and hunting are provided at all the big resorts. Sport fishing is especially popular
 in Baja California and the resorts along the Pacific coast. Diving and snorkeling can be
 undertaken around the Caribbean, with world-famous dive sites at Cozumel and on the
 reefs further south. The Pacific coast is becoming a center for surfing, with the popular
 spots being Baja California and on the Oaxaca coast. Caving is still a minority sport for
which Mexico has become a major center since the limestone caverns in the country are
     spectacular and can be explored by experienced cavers, potholers or spelunkers.
                              Cozumel People


      The majority (60%) of Mexicans today are Mestizos - the descendants of mixed indigenous
   Amerindian and Spanish ancestry. An estimate of unmixed Native American peoples numbers
  around 30% of the population. Most of these indigenous people speak Mexican rather than their
   indigenous language as a result of the ongoing government's policy to implement cultural and
    linguistic assimilation. There are various indigenous minorities in Mexico, such as the Nahua,
  Tarasca, Mixtec, Tarahumara, and the Yaqui. A large number of these peoples live in the central
            and southern regions of Mexico whereas only a small number live in the north.
 Only a small number of Mexicans are of unmixed European descent. These European-descended
Mexicans were historically referred to as Creoles, and their ancestors came from Spain, French and
German during the Mexican Empire and Porfirio Diaz periods. During the 1930s Mexico embraced
  a large number of Spanish refugees who fled the Spanish Civil War as well as other immigrants
    from Poland and Russia whose members included the Ashkenazic Jews. The rest of Mexican
                 population includes a substantial number of the Lebanese and Asians.
 The population of Mexico has risen steadily since the 1960s, and has slowed down only recently
   due to a high number of Mexicans migrating abroad. Mexico City is by far the largest and most
 crowded city in the country, following by Guadalajara and Monterrey. Cities on the border with the
     US such as Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, and Matamoros have been experiencing rapid growth in
  population recently as they are the sites of maquiladoras employed to produce goods for export.
                          Safety and Health

                                            Crimes
Crimes in Mexico usually occur in big cities such as Mexico City, Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez,
 Nuevo Laredo, and the state of Sinaloa, and are statistically on the rise. Although the
  incidents of violent crimes and sexual violations are not rare in this country, travellers
   can take standard precautions to prevent any unpleasant mishaps and to make their
 stay in Mexico more enjoyable. The commonly reported crimes in Mexico involve taxi
   theft, armed theft, metro theft, pick pocketing, purse snatching, credit-card fraud and
ATM robbery. Advice: always guard your belongings at all time while traveling in Mexico,
  regardless of the means of transportation you use or which part of the country you're
 staying. And if you need to withdraw money out of the ATM machine, do it during busy
hour so that you're not subject to robbery right after you've cashed out your money. The
 often dreaded political unrest in Mexico usually occur in the southern states of Oaxaca
and Chiapas, but it does not harm travellers as much as being a cause of frustration and
 an inconvenience to the trip, as long as travellers do not venture near the center of the
                                       demonstrations.
                          Safety and Health

                                     Health risks
 Several areas of Mexico has a high altitude, and consequently travellers who are not
used to such elevation may need a period of physical adjustment. Reactions such as a
   lack of energy, shortness of breath, headache and insomnia are normal. Some
  precautions such as drinking plenty of water help lessening the side effect of such
  adjustment. Travellers who have heart problems or are planning to stay in Mexico
       longer than six weeks may need to consult their doctor before traveling.

                                      Water in Mexico
   The warning against drinking tap water in Mexico is often over-exaggerated, but if a
stomach upset occurs, most cases respond to medicines like Imodium or Pepto-Bismol if
   you need a fast stop-gap. Otherwise it's best to let your body rid infection of its own
 accord which should pass away within 24-48 hours, meanwhile it's best to replace your
   body fluid with rehydration salts such as Dioralyte or Electrosol, or mix it yourself by
        dissolving a teaspoon of salt and three spoons of sugar in a liter of water.
                         Safety and Health
                                          Sunstroke
 Caution against the burning Mexican sun is needed as even the overcast sky can burn
   sunbathers badly in only 20 minutes. It is recommended to avoid overexposure by
     applying on high SPF+ sunscreen and avoid the strongest sun hours (noon to
       2pm). Also, drink lots of water and keep to the shades as much as possible.
In any case, travellers who are planning to go outdoor or camping overnight should carry
      the following accessories as precaution to counter any unexpected nuisance:
                                       antiseptic cream
                                        insect repellent
               hydrocortisone/calamine lotion or any of the ointment/cream
                            that relieves the itch of insect bites
                                     plasters/band aids
                                   water sterilization tablets
                             lint/gauze and sealed bandanges
                                         knee supports
                                 a course of flagyl antibiotics
                                       Imodium/Lomotil
                                     Paracetamol/aspirin
                              multivitamin and mineral tablets
                                     rehydration sachets
                         Safety and Health
                                         Restrooms
      Restrooms in Mexico are generally known as banos (literally bathrooms) or as
 excusados or sanitarios. The most common signs are Damas (Ladies) and Caballeros
 (Gentlemen), though you may find the more confusing Senoras (Women) and Senores
(Men) or even the symbols of Moon (Women) and Sun (Men). In general, you can most
 certainly find restrooms at several markets and train stations where they require you to
     pay a couple of pesos in order to use their inadequately equipped and quite dirty
     restrooms. It's better you go into a restaurant, buy a little something and use its
restrooms. In any case, it's recommended to carry toilet paper at all times as often than
                          not this item is not there when needed.
                                     Medical assistance
 Mexico's farmacia, displayed by a green cross and the Farmacia sign can be found for
      minor medical problems. Pharmacists generally speak some English and are
                                knowledgeable and helpful.
 There are also a state- or Red Cross-run health center (centro de salud) in every sized
   town where treatment is free if you encounter more serious complaints. In addition,
 travellers should be able to request for a recommendation of English-speaking doctors
         from their government's consulates as well as from the hotels and tourist
  offices. Doctors and hospitals in Mexico usually expect immediate cash payment for
 health services, and travellers should keep in mind that standards of medical practices
                              vary from one town to the next.
                History of Mexico

                              Prehistory
          Mexico is estimated to have been inhabited more than
  20,000 years ago by hunter-gatherer peoples. More complex
cultures started to emerge between 900 and 300 BC and matured
   into great civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Mayan and
Aztec from AD 100 to 900. The Aztecs were the rulers of much of
                         Mexico by about 1200.
                            History of Mexico
                                    Spanish conquest
  Beginning in 1519, the native cultures were invaded and conquered by Spain. Several
  Conquistadores arrived at Mexico, but the most important one was Hernan Cortes who
         entered Mexico in 1519 from a native coastal town which has become today
Veracruz. The relationship between the Aztecs and the European visitors were cordial in
the beginning, but as time wore on war broke out between the two sides which led to the
 triumph of the Spaniards over the Aztec Empire in 1521. Another factor that contributed
     to the weakening of the native people were the Old World diseases imported from
  Europe which had tantamounted to pandemic plagues, killing significant portions of the
native population. This defeat had resulted in the the birth of mestizo as the conquerors
                    took native women and began fusing both cultures.
    The colonial period in which Mexico was known as "Nueva Espana" or "New Spain"
    lasted from 1521 to 1821. However, there had been concerted efforts by the native
   people against the conquerors and the war for independence broke out in 1810. The
   movement was spearheaded by Miguel Hidalgo who was a priest of Spanish descent
  leading the unlikely alliance between the liberales and conservadores. The war lasted
 11 years and finally independence was achieved in 1821. In 1824 "Guadalupe Victoria"
                       became the first president of the new country.
                            History of Mexico
                                 Instability and dictatorship
   Mexico during the period following the independence until the Mexican revolution in
 1911 was largely instable as many presidents came and went. The new country lost a
    huge expanse of northern territories to the United States and there was a growing
tension against the excessive privilege of the Catholic Church. Things began to worsen
   when the civil war or War of Reform broke out between the Conservatives and the
     Liberals in 1858. In the end, victory was achieved by the Liberal and the Liberal
 president Benito Juarez came to power. However, his terms (1858-71) was interrupted
 when the Conservatives tried to institute the monarchy by bringing in a prince from the
 Royal House of Austria with support from the French army. The Mexicans' resentment
    against this French intervention was acute, and eventually the new monarch was
  executed and the republic was restored in 1867. Subsequently, the new Constitution
 was written to confiscate authority from the Catholic Church by prohibiting participation
                    of priests in politics and established civil marriages.
   The time of the Conservatives came when general Porfirio Diaz led a rebell against
       President Juarez and became president himself for the next 30 years (1876-
   1911). Despite his contribution to the improved national infrastructure, the Mexican
people suffered greatly and the width of social division became even more distinct under
 his cruel dictatorship. The great majority of the people was given very low wages and
             lived in poverty while the small groups of investors became rich.
                         History of Mexico


                              Mexican Revolution
  When Diaz held a presidential election in 1910, assured that he would get re-
      elected since he had eliminated all the potential oppositions, the aged
incumbent was surprised to find out that the majority of the votes was swung to
      Francisco Madero who was an academic with a wide base of popular
support. Diaz declared his victory despite the election result which agitated the
people and the state was in uproar. Although Madero was incarcerated away in
 Texas across the northern border, his plan for the republic to take up arms and
fight against the oppressor worked and eventually many groups joined forces to
oust president Diaz. After Diaz resigned, Madero became president but only for
  2 years as he was assassinated in 1913. The next president was Venustiano
 Carranza who introduced a new Constitution which still guides Mexico today.
                            History of Mexico

               Stabilization and the revolution institutionalized
   From 1929 until the end of the 20th century, Mexico was governed by the National
             Mexican Party which later became PRI or Partido Revolucionario
 Institucional. President Calles' campaign to create the Mexican army succeeded and
  some people considered this to be the real end of the Mexican Revolution. The long
  rule of the PRI had enabled the stability of the country as well as the development in
education, economy, politics, society and many other aspects. However, there had also
             been several instances of economic collapse and political unrest.

                Fall of the PRI and the emergence of opposition
  From the mid-1990s several demonstrations and economic crises arose to reveal the
  people's dissatisfaction at the government. After the dubitable 1988 election, the IFE
   (Instituto Electoral - Federal Electoral Institute) was established in the early 90s to
  ensure the transparency of the electoral process. Consequently, PAN's candidate for
the 2000 election (Partido Accion Nacional, National Action Party), Vicente Fox Quesada
 won the federal election. What's more, both chambers of Congress are now composed
    of members of several different parties of all political persuasions. This outcome
              effectively ended the 71 years of uninterrupted rule by the PRI.
                                  Thing to do


      You have many different choices of what you want to do; you can go on
 snorkeling tours, you can sightsee, scuba dive, swim with dolphins, visit the
 Mayan ruins, there is adventure tours, ATV tours, beach breaks, parasailing ,
                and boat tours, and you can deep see fishing.




http://thisiscozumel.com/tours/
http://www.cozumel-tours.com/

				
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