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									Global Environmental Trends:
  Population and Human Well-Being

        World Resources Institute
         http://www.wri.org/wri/
Global Population Continues to Rise
                        10
                         9
                         8
Population (billions)




                         7
                         6
                         5
                         4
                         3
                         2
                         1
                         0
                         1950   1960   1970   1980   1990   2000     2010   2020   2030   2040   2050

                                  Africa                           Asia and Oceania
                                  Europe                           Latin America and Caribbean
                                  North America

                                                                                                       WORLD
                                                                                                    RESOURCES
                                                                                                     INSTITUTE
Stabilization Remains a Challenge
                                      4
Stabilization Ratio (births/deaths)




                                      3
   (1 = no population growth)




                                      2


                                      1


                                      0
                                          1950                          2000                              2050

                                      Developing   Developed   Africa          Asia   South and Central America

                                                                                                                     WORLD
                                                                                                                  RESOURCES
                                                                                                                   INSTITUTE
Different Assumptions,
Different Projections
                              12

                              10
World Population (billions)




                               8

                               6

                               4

                               2

                               0
                                   1950   1960   1970    1980   1990   2000   2010     2020   2030   2040

                                                   Low          Medium          High

                                                                                                               WORLD
                                                                                                            RESOURCES
                                                                                                             INSTITUTE
Fertility Declines, Real and Projected
                               7                                            Developing

                               6                                            Developed
(2.1 = no population growth)




                                                                            Africa
    Children per Woman




                               5                                            Asia

                                                                            South and Central
                               4                                            America

                               3

                               2

                               1
                                   1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
                                                                                                   WORLD
                                                                                                RESOURCES
                                                                                                 INSTITUTE
Rapid Growth in Low Income
Economies
                            10
GDP Growth Rate (percent)




                             8
                             6
                             4
                             2
                             0
                            -2
                            -4
                            -6
                                 71

                                      73

                                           75

                                                  77

                                                       79

                                                             81

                                                                  83

                                                                       85

                                                                            87

                                                                                  89

                                                                                       91

                                                                                            93

                                                                                                 95
                                 19

                                      19

                                           19

                                                 19

                                                       19

                                                             19

                                                                  19

                                                                       19

                                                                            19

                                                                                  19

                                                                                       19

                                                                                            19

                                                                                                 19
                                 World          Low Income        Middle Income        High Income

                                                                                                         WORLD
                                                                                                      RESOURCES
                                                                                                       INSTITUTE
The Number of Poor Continues to
Grow
                                    1,400
   (millions in absolute poverty)



                                    1,200
                                    1,000
                                     800
                                     600
                                     400
                                     200
                                       0
                                            East Asia    Latin    Middle South Asia Sub-     Total
                                                        America    East            Saharan
                                                                                    Africa

                                                         1987       1990        1993

                                                                                                        WORLD
                                                                                                     RESOURCES
                                                                                                      INSTITUTE
Growing Disparities in Incomes
among Regions
(per capita income in constant international dollars)




                                                        25,000

                                                        20,000

                                                        15,000

                                                        10,000

                                                         5,000

                                                            0
                                                                 1970         1975     1980       1985          1990
                                                                        Africa       Asia            Latin America
                                                                        W. Europe    N. America
                                                                                                                          WORLD
                                                                                                                       RESOURCES
                                                                                                                        INSTITUTE
Urban Growth Spurt Continues
                        10
                         9
                         8
Population (billions)




                         7
                         6
                         5
                         4
                         3
                         2
                         1
                         0
                             1950           1975       2000                 2025
                                    Rural Developed      Urban Developed
                                    Rural Developing     Urban Developing

                                                                                      WORLD
                                                                                   RESOURCES
                                                                                    INSTITUTE
Africa and Asia are Urbanizing
Fastest
              100
               90       1970   2000   2025
               80
               70
               60
  (percent)




               50
               40
               30
               20
               10
                0
                    Africa     Asia   Central   Europe    North   South
                                      America            America America

                                                                              WORLD
                                                                           RESOURCES
                                                                            INSTITUTE
People on the Move
                                                                                                     971
                                       1000                              739
Net Number of Migrants (thousands)




                                                                                                                       404
                                        500                                                                340
                                                                                                                 111
                                                                   -41         102
                                                           -1366
                                           0          -9
                                                -63                                           -85

                                       -500                                            -392


                                      -1000

                                      -1500
                                                Africa       Asia        Europe         Latin        North       Oceania
                                                                                     America and    America
                                                                                      Carribean
                                     Number (thousands)
                                     Rate (per 100,000 population)
                                                                                                                                WORLD
                                                                                                                             RESOURCES
                                                                                                                              INSTITUTE
Progress Toward Democracy
                                                          10
  Democratically Elected Governments by Region, 1960-94




                                                           8
                                                           6
                                                           4
                                                           2
                                                           0
                                                          -2
                                                          -4
                                                          -6
                                                          -8
                                                                    1962 1965 1968 1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992
                                                               OECD                                Latin America
                                                               South and East Asia and Pacific     Sub-saharan Africa
                                                               Eastern Europe and Central Asia     Middle East and North Africa
                                                                                                                                     WORLD
                                                                                                                                  RESOURCES
                                                                                                                                   INSTITUTE
More Children Are Attending School
              100
               80       1980      1990     1994

               60
  (percent)




               40
               20
                0
                    World      Africa     Latin     Asia   Europe Oceania
                                         America
                                         and the
                                        Carribean

                                                                               WORLD
                                                                            RESOURCES
                                                                             INSTITUTE
More Adults Can Read

                                        100           1980       1985   1990     1995
  (percentage of people older than 15




                                         90
                                         80
                                         70
           who are literate)




                                         60
                                         50
                                         40
                                         30
                                         20
                                         10
                                          0
                                              World     Africa        Latin      Asia   Europe   Oceania
                                                                   America and
                                                                    Caribbean

                                                                                                              WORLD
                                                                                                           RESOURCES
                                                                                                            INSTITUTE

								
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