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Public Health Role for Pharmacists

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									   Public Health- Seattle & King County
      Pharmacy Leadership Summit
              Thursday, May 20th, 2010
                10:00 AM – 3:00 PM



    Public Health Roles for
         Pharmacists

           Andy Stergachis, PhD, RPh,
School of Public Health, University of Washington
 Pharmacists are one of the nation’s most
accessible and trusted health professionals

• ~2,300 public health pharmacists work in public health
  agencies1 (~ 500,000 public health workers in US)
• Opportunities (and Needs):
   – Pharmacists located in virtually every community
   – Few LHD employ pharmacists, yet medicines are
     among the most important interventions for health
     maintenance and promotion


            1Public   Health Workforce Enumeration (2000)
•   Immunization programs
•   Emergency preparedness and response
•   Contraceptive services
•   Prevention & control of diseases & injuries



                        J Am Pharm Assn. 2006;46:311-14
               Activities & Services Provided by
                WA Local Health Departments




www.naccho.org/topics/infrastructure/profile/resources/2008report/statereports.cfm
                   Activities & Services
  Provided Less Frequently in Washington: Opportunities?
                             compared Nationally




www.naccho.org/topics/infrastructure/profile/resources/2008report/statereports.cfm
    What Does Public Health Do?

   Prevents epidemics and the spread of disease
   Protects against environmental hazards
   Prevents injuries
   Promotes and encourages healthy behaviors
   Responds to disasters and assists communities in recovery
   Assures the quality and accessibility of health services
Emergencies Will Happen, Will You Be Ready? King County
 Emergency Preparedness & Response:
 So What Are the Roles for Pharmacists?

1.   Planning and Policy
2.   Detection and Reporting of Events
3.   Communication
4.   Emergency Response
5.   Personal Preparedness
    Medicines of particular interest
High-priority agents include organisms that
   pose a risk because they:

•   can be easily disseminated or
    transmitted from person to person;
•   result in high mortality rates and have
    the potential for major public health
    impact;
•   might cause public panic and social
    disruption; and
•   require special action for public health
    preparedness
                 Your Role?
• Your role in an emergency will depend upon:
   – The type of event
   – The role of defined in “any” existing plans
   – Your skills, knowledge, availability
• Could include:
   – Pharmaceutical distribution
   – Immunizations / Mass prophylaxis
   – Adverse event reporting
   – Communications
• Through workplace and/or Public Health Reserve
  Corps
• Personal preparedness
• Business continuity
      Know where to get accurate,
         reliable information
• For emergencies that affect your community, consult (in
  this order):
   – Local Health Dept
   – State Health Dept
   – CDC/WHO

• For other situations, consult highest level public
  health/medical organization involved

• When part of a responder team, follow team guidelines
     Useful Web Resources

•   http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health
•   www.doh.wa.gov
•   www.cdc.gov
•   www.who.int

Public Health Reserve Corps:
  www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/preparedness/ph
  reservecorps
Thank You. Questions?

      Andy Stergachis, PhD, RPh
      Professor of Epidemiology & Global Health
           Adjunct Professor of Pharmacy
                  stergach@uw.edu

								
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