Government by Mu1sKkV



         Mr. Asif Ali Zardari, President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan

       PPP Co-Chairman Asif Ali Zardari was born on July 26, 1955 in a
prominent Baloch family from Sindh. He is the son of veteran politician Mr.
Hakim Ali Zardari. On his maternal side he is the great-grandson of Khan Bahadur
Hassanally Effendi, the founder of the first educational institution for Muslims in
Sindh. The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was among
the prominent students to graduate from the Sindh Madressah.

      Mr Zardari received his primary education at the Karachi Grammar School
and his secondary education at Cadet College Petaro. He pursued his further
education in London where he studied Business.

      He was married to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto in 1987 and was
widowed on December 27, 2007 when Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was
assassinated in a terrorist attack in Rawalpindi. Ms Bhutto was PPP Chairperson
from 1979 until her assassination and was twice elected Prime Minister of
Pakistan. They have three children, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, born in 1988,
Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari, born in 1990 and Aseefa Bhutto Zardari, born in 1993.

       Mr Zardari served as a Member of the National Assembly twice (1990-93
and 1993-96), as Federal Minister for the Environment (1993-1996) and as Federal
Minister for Investment (1995-96). He was the principal architect of the Benazir
Bhutto government's efforts to transform Pakistan's energy power sector by
encouraging major investment opportunities in power generation. He was also the
initiator of the Iran-Pakistan natural gas pipeline project.

      Mr Zardari was elected Senator in 1997 and served in that capacity until the
dissolution of the Senate following the military coup of 1999. He was elected Co-
Chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party in January 2008 following the
assassination of Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto.

     Mr. Zardari's political career spans two decades spent working closely with
Shaheed Benazir Bhutto. During this period he helped formulate policies that
expanded the freedom of the media, revolutionized telecommunications and
opened Pakistan for foreign direct investment. During Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir
Bhutto's first term in office CNN and BBC were allowed broadcasting rights in
Pakistan and mobile telephone services introduced at Mr Zardari's initiative.
During her second term in office, in addition to the independent power producers
(IPPs) being allowed in, Mr Zardari encouraged the introduction of FM radio in the
private sector.

       Mr Zardari was targeted by anti-democratic forces for vilification and
persecution and bore the hardship with fortitude. He spent eleven and a half years
in prison in conditions often unacceptable by human rights standards, without any
charge ever being proven against him. He won election as MNA and as senator
while in prison. Despite many offers from the government of the time to leave
Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) or to go abroad under a negotiated political exit, he
remained committed to Party goals and continued his fight for justice and the
return of a democratically elected civilian leadership.

       Mr. Zardari was asked by the Central Executive Committee (CEC) of the
Pakistan People’s Party through unanimous vote to serve as Chairman of the Party
after the assassination of Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto. Although he was
elected unopposed, he nominated his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari for that role and
decided to work as Co-Chairman of the PPP. After Ms. Bhutto's death he has
remained in the frontlines of shaping a national consensus at the federal level
through the politics of reconciliation initiated by Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir

       Under Mr. Zardari's leadership of the Party, the PPP's candidate for Prime
Minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani was first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan
unopposed and subsequently endorsed by a unanimous vote of confidence of the
Parliament. This was a singular and unprecedented event in Pakistan's political

        Mr. Zardari also spearheaded the appointment of Dr. Fehmida Mirza as the
first female Speaker of Pakistan's National Assembly, and continues to support the
empowerment of women and minorities in all government policy making.Today,
the PPP government has coalition governments in all of Pakistan's four provinces.

      Most recently the PPP taking measured and orchestiated political steps,
under Mr. Zardari's leadership, removed General (retd) Pervez Musharraf, the
unconstitutional President of Pakistan, from office in a historic move, through a
series of complex negotiations and political diplomacy. Mr. Zardari united
Pakistan's major political parties and this unprecedented act was accomplished
without any violence.

      Mr. Zardari was elected President of Pakistan with an overwhelming
majority in the presidential election held on September 6, 2008.

       President Asif Ali Zardari is also Vice President of the Socialist
International, the worldwide organization of social-democratic, socialist and labour
parties which brings together 170 political parties and organizations from all
continents. The Socialist International held its 23rd Congress in Athens, Greece
from 30 June to 2 July 2008 with close to 700 representatives from 150 parties and
organizations of 120 countries attending. The President of Pakistan (at that time
invited in his capacity as Co-Chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party) was elected
as a vice-president of the Socialist International at that meeting.
   Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani , Prime Minister, Islamic Republic of Pakistan

      At the age of 56, Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani took oath of the office of the
Prime Minister of Pakistan on March 25, 2008 as the country’s 22nd Prime

       Born on June 9, 1952 in Karachi, Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani received his
early education at St. Mary’s Convent School and La Salle High School, Multan.
After completing his higher school he joined Forman Christian College, Lahore
from where he completed his intermediate level studies. He graduated from the
renowned Government College, Lahore and got his Masters degree in Journalism
from the Punjab University.

      Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani began his political career in 1978 as member of
Central Working Committee of a leading political party PML. He served as Federal
Minister for Housing and Works and later for Railways between 1985 and 1986. In
1988 he joined the Pakistan People’s Party and became a Minister in the federal
cabinet with the portfolios of Tourism and later Housing and Works till 1990. He
took oath of the office of Minister for Local Government and Rural Development
in 1993 during the interim government. He was elected as Speaker of the National
Assembly of Pakistan in 1993 and held this responsibility up to 1997.

       Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani hails from an influential and spiritual family of
Multan which enjoyed respect and recognition in the area since 1921. His father
Makhudum Alamdar Hussain Gilani was a leading politician of Multan who played
a significant role in Pakistan Movement. He was one of the signatories of the
Pakistan resolution in 1940. Makhudum Alamdar Hussain Gilani was a member of
Feroz Khan Noon’s Cabinet in 1953 in Punjab and 1958 at the Federal level. He
was known for his social work and greatly contributed in establishing educational
institutions in Multan.
       Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani is known for being polite yet firm in his dealings.
It was for the same reason that he remained imprisoned for five years. He was
released from Adiala jail on October 7, 2006. During the period of his
incarceration he wrote a book titled ‘Chah-e-Yousuf se Sada’ (Cry from the
Yousuf’s Well). He has an ear for music, reads poetry and has a desire to serve the
have-nots of his motherland.

      Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani has widely traveled across the world in various
capacities. He led Pakistani delegations to a number of international conferences.
As Federal Minister for Tourism, he attended the World Tourism Organization’s
meeting held in Paris, France in 1989. He also attended a meeting of Pakistan
Association of Travel Agents held in New Delhi, the same year.

      As Speaker National Assembly of Pakistan, Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani led
Pakistani parliamentarians’ delegations to several Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
Conferences that include; the 91st Conference held in Paris in 1994, the 92nd
Conference held in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1995, the 94th Conference held in
Bucharest, Romania in 1995, the 95th Conference held in Istanbul Turkey in 1996.
He addressed the United Nations on the occasion of its Golden Jubilee celebrations
arranged by IPU. Earlier in 1987, as a young member of Parliamentary Delegation,
he participated in the 87th meeting of the IPU held in Cameron.

       Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani actively participated in the Commonwealth
activities. He attended the Conferences of the Speakers/Presiding Officers of the
Commonwealth countries held in Papua New Guinea in 1994, in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia in 1995, in Bali, Indonesia in 1995 and in Nicosia, Cyprus in 1996. He
also visited United Kingdom to participate in the 50 years celebrations of the end
of 2nd World War by Commonwealth, where he also had a meeting with the
Speaker, House of Commons.

      As the leader of parliamentary delegations, Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani
attended the 1st Conference of SAARC Countries’ Speakers in New Delhi and the
1st PAK-PAC meeting in Las Vegas. In the same capacity, he also visited Egypt,
Jordan, Syria, Nepal, Maldives, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Australia, Papua New
Guinea and Hungary. The other countries where he represented the country
include; Hong Kong, Singapore, Netherlands, Macao, Burma, Thailand, Greece,
Japan, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and UAE. He participated in Climate - the Change
Conference held in Manila, Philippines in 1996. He also undertook a study visit to
Johannesburg, South Africa, organized by National Democratic Institute (NDI) on
accountability system in 1997.
       As part of the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto’s entourage, Syed Yousaf
Raza Gilani visited several countries, which include Peoples Republic of China,
India, Turkmenistan and Turkey. He represented Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto in the
annual International Convention of Social Democratic Party in Copenhagen,
Denmark in 1990, and later the same year in Italy. He also hosted and presided
over the first ever international Conference of Women Parliamentarians, held in
Islamabad in 1995.

Federal Ministers

• Makhdoom Amin Fahim - Commerce
• Dr. Arbab Alamgir Khan - Communications
• Pir Aftab Shah Jilani - Culture
• Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar - Defence
• Abdul Qayyum Khan Jatoi - Defence Production
• Hameed Ullah Jan Afridi - Environment
• Sardar Aseff Ahmed Ali - Education
• Dr.Abdul Hafeez Sheikh- Finance, Revenue, Economic Affairs, Statistics & P&D
• Makhdoom Shah Mehmood Qureshi - Foreign Affairs
• Nazar Muhammad Gondal - Food and Agriculture
• Makhdoom Shahabuddin - Health
• Rehmatullah Kakar - Housing and Works
• Syed Mumtaz Alam Gillani - Human Rights
• Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani- Industries and Production
• A.Rehman Malik - Interior
• Qamar Zaman Kaira - Information and Broadcasting
• Mian Raza Rabbani- Inter Provincial Coordination
• Mian Manzoor Ahmed Wattoo - Kashmir Affairs & Northern Areas
• Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah - Labour and Manpower
• Dr. Zaheeruddin Babar Awan - Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs
• Humayun Aziz Kurd - Livestock and Dairy Development
• -------------------------- Local Government and Rural Development
• Shahbaz Bhatti - Minorities
• Arbab Muhammad Zahir - Narcotics Control
• Dr. Muhammad Farooq Sattar - Overseas Pakistanis
• Dr.Firdous Ashiq Awan - Population Welfare
• Mir Israrullah Zehri - Postal Services
• Syed Naveed Qamar - Petroleum and Natural Resouces
• Waqar Ahmed Khan - Privatization
• Haji Ghulam Ahmed Bilour - Railways
• Syed Hamid Saeed Kazmi - Religious Affairs
• Samina Khalid Ghurki - Social Welfare and Special Education
• Muhammad Azam Khan Swati - Science and Technology
• Ejaz Hussain Jakhrani - Sports
• Lal Muhammad Khan - Special Initiatives
• Najmuddin Khan - States and Frontier Regions
• Rana Muhammad Farooq Saeed Khan - Textile Industry
• Atta-ur-Rehman - Tourism
• Raja Pervaiz Ashraf - Water and Power
• Shahid Hussain Bhutto - Youth Affairs
• Noorul Haq Qadari - Zakat and Ushr

Ministers of State

• Chaudhry Imtiaz Safdar Waraich - Communication
• Sardar Salim Haider Khan - Defence Production
• Ghulam Farid Kathia - Education
• Hina Rabbani Khar - Finance and Economic Affairs
• Rafique Ahmed Jamali - Food and Agriculture
• Nawabzada Malik Amad Khan - Foreign Affairs
• Mohammad Tariq Anis - Housing and Works
• Dr.Ayat Ullah Durrani - Industries and Production
• Syed Sumsam Ali S. Bukhari - Information and Broadcasting
• Tasneem Ahmed Qureshi - Interior
• Abdul Raziq - Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas
• Masood Abbas - Local Government and Rural Development
• Ms.Mehreen Anwar Raja - Parliamentary Affairs
• Sardar Nabeel Ahmed Gabol - Ports and Shipping
• Muhammad Jadam Mangrio - Livestock, Dairy Development
• Muhammad Afzal Sandhu - Railways
• Ms.Shugafta Jumani - Religious Affairs

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