Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Creating the next

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Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Creating the next Powered By Docstoc
					                        Transportation
                            Policy and
                         Performance:
                 The challenges and opportunities of
                       performance-based programs

Deputy Administrator Therese McMillan
Federal Transit Administration

March 1, 2010
                                                       1
 Next Authorization: Why Measuring
      Performance Will Be Key

• Demonstrate accountability
• Measure progress

• Respond to flexible, multiple mode
  funding environment




                                       2
  Measuring Performance Requires
     Answering Key Questions

• How many measures?

• Quantitative or qualitative?

• Outcomes and/or outputs?

• Fixed threshold or directional?

• Incentives or penalties?


                                    3
                      A Single Measure
              Does Not Capture The Whole Story

         Former New Starts
        Funding Decision Rule
                                                                    Summary Rating



                                    Project Justification
                                                                                                     Financial Rating
                                           Rating


                                                                             XOther
                                                                             Factors




  X
 Economic
Development
   (20%)        X
                Mobility
              Improvements
                  (20%)         X
                             Environmental
                               Benefits
                                 (10%)        X
                                             Operating

                                                (10%)
                                                              _ X
                                                              Cost
                                             Efficiencies Effectiveness
                                                              (20%)
                                                                          Land
                                                                           Use
                                                                          (20%)
                                                                                       Non-Section
                                                                                       5309 Share
                                                                                         (20%)
                                                                                                          Capital
                                                                                                         Finances
                                                                                                           (50%)
                                                                                                                    Operating
                                                                                                                    Finances
                                                                                                                      (30%)
                                                           100 %




                                                                                                                            4
           The Multiple Measure Approach
         Provides a More Robust Assessment

         Current New Starts
        Funding Decision Rule
                                                                    Summary Rating



                                    Project Justification
                                                                                                     Financial Rating
                                           Rating
                                                                              Other
                                                                             Factors



 Economic       Mobility     Environmental   Operating        Cost        Land         Non-Section        Capital   Operating
Development   Improvements     Benefits      Efficiencies Effectiveness    Use         5309 Share        Finances   Finances
   (20%)          (20%)          (10%)          (10%)         (20%)       (20%)          (20%)             (50%)      (30%)




                                                                                                                            5
Example: FTA’s “STIC” Program is Based
           on Performance

Each factor plays into
how much funding a
transit agency receives.




                                         6
   Example: US DOT TIGER Grants
• Projects selected based upon long-term
  outcomes
   State of Good Repair
   Economic Competitiveness
   Livability
   Sustainability
   Safety



                                           7
Example: Partnership for Sustainable Communities




                   Guiding
                  Principles




                                               8
   Sustainable Communities Partnership:
              Potential Ideas
Goal: Transportation                Goal: Economic                         Goal: Leverage Federal
      Choices                             Competitiveness                        Investment
Increase in transit, walk, bike                                            Shared elements in regional
                                    Percent of employment within a ¼
share of trips                                                             transportation, housing, water,
                                    mile of high capacity transit
Change in vehicle miles traveled    services                               and air quality plans tied to local
per capita                                                                 comprehensive land use or capital
                                                                           improvement plans
Percent of new homes built within   Increase in residential units within
a ½ mile of high capacity transit   or close to major employment
                                    centers                                Dollars of private sector
service                                                                    investment within 1/2 mile of high
                                                                           capacity transit


Goal: Equitable Affordable          Goal: Support Existing                 Goal: Value
        Housing                           Communities                            Communities
Increased supply of affordable      Share of new residential and           Decrease in transportation-related
homes and rental units within a ½   commercial construction on             CO2, PM NOx VOC emissions per
mile of high capacity transit       previously developed parcels           capita
service
                                    Decrease in impervious surface         Increase in acres of public
Decrease in household
                                    per capita                             recreation and park land per
transportation costs
                                                                           capita
Percent of low income households
within a 30 minute transit
commute of major employment
centers                                                                                                          9
 Sustainable Communities Measures
     Highlights Data Challenges

• Does the data currently exist?
• What is the quality and reliability?
• Who collects and through what
  mechanism?
• How much burden is data collection?
• Are there unintended consequences?



                                         10
        Wrap Up: Now What?

• Performance-based programs are
  coming (are already here!)
• Data questions need to be addressed
• Implementation tactics need to be
  determined
• Questions/comments?



                                        11

				
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