The challenges and opportunities of
Deputy Administrator Therese McMillan
Federal Transit Administration
March 1, 2010
Next Authorization: Why Measuring
Performance Will Be Key
• Demonstrate accountability
• Measure progress
• Respond to flexible, multiple mode
Measuring Performance Requires
Answering Key Questions
• How many measures?
• Quantitative or qualitative?
• Outcomes and/or outputs?
• Fixed threshold or directional?
• Incentives or penalties?
A Single Measure
Does Not Capture The Whole Story
Former New Starts
Funding Decision Rule
The Multiple Measure Approach
Provides a More Robust Assessment
Current New Starts
Funding Decision Rule
Economic Mobility Environmental Operating Cost Land Non-Section Capital Operating
Development Improvements Benefits Efficiencies Effectiveness Use 5309 Share Finances Finances
(20%) (20%) (10%) (10%) (20%) (20%) (20%) (50%) (30%)
Example: FTA’s “STIC” Program is Based
Each factor plays into
how much funding a
transit agency receives.
Example: US DOT TIGER Grants
• Projects selected based upon long-term
State of Good Repair
Example: Partnership for Sustainable Communities
Sustainable Communities Partnership:
Goal: Transportation Goal: Economic Goal: Leverage Federal
Choices Competitiveness Investment
Increase in transit, walk, bike Shared elements in regional
Percent of employment within a ¼
share of trips transportation, housing, water,
mile of high capacity transit
Change in vehicle miles traveled services and air quality plans tied to local
per capita comprehensive land use or capital
Percent of new homes built within Increase in residential units within
a ½ mile of high capacity transit or close to major employment
centers Dollars of private sector
service investment within 1/2 mile of high
Goal: Equitable Affordable Goal: Support Existing Goal: Value
Housing Communities Communities
Increased supply of affordable Share of new residential and Decrease in transportation-related
homes and rental units within a ½ commercial construction on CO2, PM NOx VOC emissions per
mile of high capacity transit previously developed parcels capita
Decrease in impervious surface Increase in acres of public
Decrease in household
per capita recreation and park land per
Percent of low income households
within a 30 minute transit
commute of major employment
Sustainable Communities Measures
Highlights Data Challenges
• Does the data currently exist?
• What is the quality and reliability?
• Who collects and through what
• How much burden is data collection?
• Are there unintended consequences?
Wrap Up: Now What?
• Performance-based programs are
coming (are already here!)
• Data questions need to be addressed
• Implementation tactics need to be