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Liberty Tree

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					The story of
 the U.S.
Constitution
               Liberty Tree
     Liberty Tree
          U.S. Constitution
   Continental
    Congress        Articles of
                  Confederation
Town Hall
Meetings       House of
               Burgesses
Fundamental
 Orders of     Mayflower
Connecticut     Compact

Magna Carta      English Bill of
                     Rights
                  At the
               Constitutional
             Convention, the
            delegates created
Structure     a new plan for
   and           the U.S.
 Function    government that
              focused on two
                  things.
Structure is the framework of
       our government.
  What do you notice about
  the structure of a tree?


branches                             limbs



                                 leaves
           tree bark



                   root system
The government structure has
      three branches.




                Legislative


                            Executive




                 Judicial
                               Legislative
                                Branch:
                               Structure
                        Senate
                         Bicameral = made
                           of•2 per state
                              two houses
                             •6-year terms
                        House of Representatives
                             •based on population
                             •2-year terms


Elected by the people
        Executive
         Branch:
        Structure

•President (4-year term)
•Vice-President
•Cabinet Members
•Appointees
     Executive Branch:Structure
                      Structure
   Vice-                       Secretary of
 President     President
                                  State




Dick Cheney   George W. Bush     Colin Powell
         Judicial
         Branch:
        Structure


•U. S. Supreme Court
   (life-terms)
•District Courts
(appointed)
•County and Local Courts
(elected)
What is the function of a tree?

 home                           provides
  for                           shade
 some
animals




          holds soil in place
The preamble to the Constitution
tells the function or WHAT the
government does for the people.
    •  ensure                     •provide for the
     domestic                     common defense
    tranquility

• promote the                         •   establish
general welfare                           justice

        •secure   the blessings of liberty to
         ourselves, and our   posterity
      Legislative Branch:
            Function
•Makes laws

Idea may become a and
People discuss ideas
Bill becomes a law if
tell representatives in
bill (proposedboth houses
approved by law)
Congress
in House ofby the
and signed
President
Representatives or
Senate
                            U.S. Congress
•Elected by the people
     Executive Branch:
         Function

•Ensures that the
 laws are carried
       out

•Elected by the
   people and
electoral college
     system
                    The White House
           Judicial Branch:
               Function
•Interprets the laws (decides if laws are fair)
•Tries civil and criminal cases in lower courts


 •Nine justices on U.S.
     Supreme Court

•Appointed by President
and approved by Congress

                               Supreme Court
   Each branch checks and
balances the other branches.




Congress                Supreme
            President    Court
Checks and Balances
   Judicial branch can declare
      Legislative branch can
      a law unconstitutional
 Legislative branch can remove
    overridebranch makesveto
Legislativebranch can veto laws
Executive      presidential law
      judges from office
          with a 2/3 vote
   Executive branch appoints
    Supreme Court justices

Legislative branch has to approve
 the appointment of the justices
Legislative branch
can remove president
from office

House of Representatives
brings charges against the
President (impeach)


Senate holds a trial and
2/3 vote needed to
remove President from
office
The U.S. Constitution
has seven articles that
 explain the structure
  and function of the
     government.
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
Article 4: Relations Among States
Article 5: Amending the Constitution
Article 6: National Supremacy
Article 7: Ratification
 The structure
and function of
our government
 are based on
  seven basic
   principles.
Seven Basic Principles of
    the Constitution
          Federalism
        Republicanism
      Individual rights
     Checks and balances
      Popular sovereignty
    Separation of powers
  Limited powers of government
 Since King George III
had unlimited power, the
  writers of the U.S.
Constitution wanted “we
the people” to put limits
  on the government.
The Constitution outlined
   exactly what the
 government could do.
Separation of powers
divides the operation
  of government into
three equal branches.
“Popular” means people..

 “Sovereignty” comes
from “sovereign” which
     means ruler.

Popular sovereignty =
 In other words…
    people choose
Popular sovereignty is
 the belief that the
people hold the final
     authority in
     government.
Each branch of
the government
   checks and
  balances, or
 monitors, the
 power of the
    other two
    branches.
     Individual rights are the basic
      liberties and rights that are
        guaranteed in the first 10
    amendments to the Constitution,
         the Bill of Rights. These
                   Examples
        individual rights have been
Freedom of speech        Freedom of press
      extended through subsequent
                         Right to a trial by
Freedom of religion to the Constitution.
    amendments
                         jury
       Republicanism is a philosophy of
          limited government in which
       elected representatives serve at
             the will of the people.

                     Examples
State legislatures              Congress
 Federalism is the division and
sharing of powers between the
state and national government.

       State Powers
        National Powers
   •provide for education
     •maintain armed forces
   •conduct elections
     •coin money
   •provide public safety
     •declare war
   •regulate trade in
     •make foreign policy
   state
 Powers Shared by National and
      State Governments
•raise taxes
•administer criminal justice
•provide for public welfare
•charter banks
•borrow money
                   Rooted in these
                   seven principles,
                      the U.S.
                   Constitution has
                    endured since
                        1787.
   This living document protects the
rights of the individuals by limiting the
       power of the government.
               Visual Metaphor:
   How is the U.S. government like a tricycle?
Handle bars = Constitution




     Platform = Separation of powers
  Label the parts of the tricycle
     with these other words.

   The People             President
Executive Branch          Congress
Legislative Branch     Supreme Court
 Judicial Branch     Checks and Balances
     The foundation of our
government and the supreme law
          of the land

				
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posted:9/15/2012
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