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8-30 Guided Notes Alliteration by ajizai


									Name:________________________________________         Block:________________________


___________________ the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.

      Example: Wordsworth: And sings a solitary song/That whistles in the wind.

The matching or repetition of consonants is called alliteration, or the repeating of
the same letter (__________________) at the beginning of words following each
other immediately or at short intervals. A famous example is to be found in the two
lines by Tennyson:
             The moan of doves in immemorial elms,
             And murmuring of innumerable bees.

The ancient poets often used alliteration instead of rhyme in their poetry. We call
this “_____________________________.” Like rhyming, the use of alliteration
makes a poem easier to remember. It also creates a ___________________ when
spoken aloud. The epic poem of Beowulf is distinguished by its heavy use of
alliteration. There are many examples of alliteration in Beowulf, often three
examples in every line. Here is a selection of Beowulf in “Old English.” Even
without knowing the meaning of the words, we can still “hear” the alliteration.
Please underline the letters in the passage below that create the alliterative effect:

      Hwæt! We Gardena in geardagum,
      þeodcyninga, þrym gefrunon,
      hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon.
      Oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum,
      monegum mægþum, meodosetla ofteah,
      egsode eorlas. Syððan ærest wearð
      feasceaft funden, he þæs frofre gebad . . .

In our translation of Beowulf, there may not be three examples of alliteration per
every line. Still, there are many examples. Below are a few lines from Beowulf
translated that use alliteration. Underline the letters in the passage below that
create the alliterative effect:
      Now Beowulf bode in the burg of the Geats.
      Cunningly creeping, a spectral stalker
      Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle
      He had often haunted Hrothgar's house
      How glutted with gore he would guzzle his fill

Other than establishing a rhythm and helping to remember a text, alliteration can
also ___________________ ___________________ in the text. Look at the
two examples below:

Susan slipped away from the scene like a slithering snake.
He broke his bones with a bash on the head.

In the first example, the use of the “s” sound, which itself sounds “slippery,”
________________ __________ ________________ that Susan is actually
moving like a snake.

In the second example, the harsher “b” sound creates the sense of breaking bones
and the violent “bashing” of his head.

In reading our last chapter, we will keep an eye out for the use of
______________________ and how it creates ___________________ in the text.

Answer the following questions:
   What style of poetry uses alliteration rather than rhyme?

    List three effects that the use of alliteration creates in poetry.



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