The Middle Ages by NaFkEnF

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									               Herbs & Pottage
   Often the true taste of their
    meat, salted and used
    throughout the year, was
    masked by the addition of
    herbs, leftover breads, and
    vegetables. Some vegetables,
    such as cabbages, leeks, and
    onions became known as
    "pot-herbs." This pottage was
    a staple of the peasant diet
     The Kitchens of Manor Houses
   The kitchens of manor
    houses and castles had
    big fireplaces where
    meat, even large oxen,
    could be roasted on
    spits. These kitchens
    were usually in
    separate buildings, to
    minimize the threat of
    fire.
              Sources of Meat
   Pantries were hung
    with birds and beasts,
    including swans,
    blackbirds, ducks,
    pigeons, rabbits,
    mutton, venison, and
    wild boar. Many of
    these animals were
    caught on hunts.
       Woolen & Linen Clothing
   Most people in the
    Middles Ages wore
    woolen clothing, with
    undergarments made
    of linen. Brighter
    colors, better
    materials, and a
    longer jacket length
    were usually signs of
    greater wealth.
           Clothing of the Wealthy
   The clothing of the
    aristocracy and wealthy
    merchants tended to be
    elaborate and changed
    according to the dictates of
    fashion. Towards the end of
    the Middle Ages, men of
    the wealthy classes sported
    hose and a jacket, often
    with pleating or skirting, or
    a tunic with a surcoat.
             Women’s Clothing
   Women wore flowing
    gowns and elaborate
    headwear, ranging from
    headdresses shaped like
    hearts or butterflies to tall
    steeple caps and Italian
    turbans.
                 Monk’s Clothing
   Most of the holy orders wore long
    woolen habits in emulation of
    Roman clothing. One could tell
    the order by the color of the habit:
    the Benedictines wore black; the
    Cistercians and Dominicans,
    undyed wool or white, and the
    Franciscans, brown. St. Benedict
    stated that a monk's clothes should
    be plain but comfortable and they
    were allowed to wear linen coifs
    to keep their heads warm.
               Nun’s Clothing
   The Poor Clare Sisters, an
    order of Franciscan nuns, had
    to petition the Pope in order to
    be permitted to wear woolen
    socks.

								
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