Hackwill ACT Police Response to Family Violence by UpAhK8Gj

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									23 October 2003   Innovation Conference, Canberra
                        Police Response to
                         Family Violence
                        Data from ACT Policing

                  Therese Hackwill
                  Research Officer
                  Crime Prevention
                  (Acknowledgement: Ingrid Johnson, Tania Bierzonski-Burczyk)


23 October 2003                Innovation Conference, Canberra
                     ACT Policing database
            • Relationships defined under the Protection

                  Orders Act 2001 - inclusive of extended family,

                  married or defacto relationships.

            • Incidents arising from dispute and requiring the

                  use of police resources.


23 October 2003               Innovation Conference, Canberra
                            Data collection
            • Manual extraction from the police incident

                  recording system (PROMIS).

            • SPSS used for data entry.

            • SPSS, Excel and SAS used for data analysis.




23 October 2003              Innovation Conference, Canberra
                           Data collection
                  01 July 2001 to 30 June 2002

            • 3 618 incidents – 11.3 per 1 000 population.

            • 8 061 persons directly involved.

            • 2 485 (69%) incidents had identifiable aggressor.




23 October 2003             Innovation Conference, Canberra
                            Role by sex
            Role            Male                Female      Total


            Aggressor     1990 (79%)          539 (21%)     2529


            Victim        744 (26%)          2151 (74%)     2905


            Participant   1318 (50%)         1304 (50%)     2627


            Total         4052 (50%)         3994 (50%)     8061

23 October 2003           Innovation Conference, Canberra
                                  Role by sex
                  100%
                   90%
                   80%
                   70%
                   60%                                         Female
                   50%
                   40%                                         Male
                   30%
                   20%
                   10%
                    0%
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23 October 2003              Innovation Conference, Canberra
                  Description of incidents
            • Verbal only – 1 345 (37.2%)

            • Verbal and physical – 1 108 (30.6%)

            • Property damage/objects thrown – 362 (10.0%)

            • Refuse to leave – 225 (6.2%)

            • Phone/letter/e-mail – 212 (5.9%)

            • Custody/access issues – 132 (3.6%)

23 October 2003           Innovation Conference, Canberra
                         Description of incidents
               Female aggressors                                            Male aggressors

                            7%                                                 7%
                       9%                                              7%
                                             26%                                               25%
                                                                  2%

                  8%                                            9%

                  6%

                                                                12%
                   12%

                                      32%                                                38%



             Verbal only                                               Custody/access issues
             Verbal and physical                                       Phone/letter/e-mail
             Property damage/object thrown                             Other
             Refuse to leave
23 October 2003                         Innovation Conference, Canberra
                       Outcome of incident
            • Formal action includes arrest, summons,

                  VATAC, caution, First Instance Warrant, Fresh

                  charge, EPO, …

            • Informal action includes referrals to DVCS,

                  Family Services, Relationships Australia, …


23 October 2003               Innovation Conference, Canberra
                   Description and Outcome
              Incident description                                    Incident outcome

                  6% 6%                                                 13%
                                                                                    18%
              4%                                                      1%
             6%                 37%                                9%
                                                                                          11%
            10%


                                                                      31%             17%
                     31%


   Verbal only             Verbal and physical          Criminal action           Other formal action
   Property damage         Refuse to leave              Separation and referral   Separation only
   Custody/access issues   Phone/letter/e-mail          Referral only             Insufficient evidence
   Other                                                No offence disclosed



23 October 2003                     Innovation Conference, Canberra
                                 Outcome
            • 2 438 of incidents (67%) had no offence disclosed.

            • Insufficient evidence in 4.6% of incidents (165).

            • Formal action taken in 1 016 incidents (28%).




23 October 2003            Innovation Conference, Canberra
                                 Criminal action
                  500   455

                  400
                  300
                  200
                                  51                63        56
                  100                                                 33
                                            5                                 5
                   0
                                  Summons




                                                                              Other
                                            VATAC




                                                                     charge
                                                    Caution
                        Arrest




                                                              FIWT

23 October 2003                  Innovation Conference, Canberra      Fresh
                                     Offences
                  668 incidents (18.5% of all incidents) involved
                  offences (1 573 offences recorded).

            • Most frequent offences:

             Common assault – 501 (32% of all offences)

             Breach order – 292 (19% of all offences)

             Property damage – 188 (12% of all offences)

23 October 2003                Innovation Conference, Canberra
                                 Referrals
            1 606 referrals were made to external agencies.

            • DVCS attended 310 incidents.

            • MHCT attended 211 incidents.

            • Family Services attended 81 incidents.

            • 137 notifications to Family Services.



23 October 2003            Innovation Conference, Canberra
                               Relationships
                  2 925 relationships in 2 485 incidents with aggressors
                  Spouse on ex                                   867 (29.6%)

                  Spouse on spouse                               752 (25.7%)

                  Adult child on parent                          315 (10.8%)

                  Parent on child                                289 (9.9%)

                  Child on parent                                211 (7.2%)

                  Siblings                                       170 (5.8%)

                  Adult on ex-parent-in-law                      54 (1.8%)
23 October 2003                Innovation Conference, Canberra
                       Weapons, injuries and
                            alcohol
            • 633 incidents (17%) resulted in injury – 714

                  persons injured.

            • 333 persons (4% of persons) used weapons.

            • 774 incidents (21%) with persons affected by

                  alcohol – 1001 persons had consumed alcohol.


23 October 2003               Innovation Conference, Canberra
                        Weapons, injuries and
                             alcohol
                  600          516
                  500
                  400
                  300                           196
                  200
                  100                                              27
                                                                                  2
                    0




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23 October 2003                       Innovation Conference, Canberra
                           Children involved
            • Children present in 1 238 incidents (34%).

            • 1 726 children.

            • 320 child victims (11% of all victims, 32% of

                  children) – 280 incidents (8% of all incidents).

            • 184 child aggressors (7% of all aggressors, 11%

                  of children).
23 October 2003                   Innovation Conference, Canberra
                         Children as victims
            • 320 child victims (11% of all victims).

            • 280 incidents involved child victims (8% of all
                  incidents).

            • 168 incidents involved children as victims in
                  “verbal and physical” altercations.



23 October 2003                 Innovation Conference, Canberra
                           Child aggressors
                  183 incidents involved child aggressors

            • Victim most commonly parent (71%).

            • 16% of victims were siblings.

            • Verbal and physical – 79 incidents (43% of 183).

            • Verbal only – 54 (29%).



23 October 2003                Innovation Conference, Canberra
                           Child aggressors
            Criminal action taken in 37 incidents.

            • 23 resulted in arrest.

            • Less likely to involve alcohol or injuries, more
                  likely to involve weapons.




23 October 2003               Innovation Conference, Canberra
                         Female aggressors
            • 515 of 3618 incidents (15%) involved female

                  aggressors

            • Less likely to involve physical assault, more

                  likely to be custody/access issues




23 October 2003                Innovation Conference, Canberra
                            Any questions?
                  Therese Hackwill
                  Research Officer
                  Crime Prevention
                  ACT Policing – Australian Federal Police
                  Therese.Hackwill@afp.gov.au




23 October 2003               Innovation Conference, Canberra
23 October 2003   Innovation Conference, Canberra

								
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