Poison Prevention - PowerPoint

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Poison Prevention - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					Protecting Yourself, Workers
 and Family from Pesticide
         Poisonings
         What is a Pesticide?

   Insecticides
   Rodenticides
   Fungicides
   Herbicides
        Purchasing Pesticides


   Read the label!
   Follow directions exactly
   Look for EPA registration number
   Obtain Material Safety Data Sheet
       Material Safety Data Sheets
                 (MSDS)
   Chemical identity        Health hazards

   Hazards                  Safe handling

   Chemical & physical      Spill control
    make-up
                             Appropriate use
   Fire/explosive data
            MSDS Availability

   Supplier of chemical/pesticide
   Manufacturer
       Phone number on labels
   On-line
                        Toxicity
   Amount of pesticide needed to cause harm
   Risks can be minor or lethal
   Chemical absorption rates vary by points of
    entry:
       Dermal (skin)
       oral (mouth)
       eyes
               Absorption Rates
            (compared to forearm)
Body Part              Absorption rate
Scalp                  3.7
Forehead               4.2
Ear Canal              5.4
Abdomen                2.1
Forearm                1.0
Palm                   1.3
Scrotal area           11.8
Ball of foot           1.6
                    Acute Toxicity
   Measurement of potential harm
   Toxicity classifications
       Class I: Danger – Poison! (in red)
            Highly toxic
       Class II: Warning
            Moderately toxic
       Class III and IV: Caution
            Slightly toxic or relatively non-toxic
              Chronic Toxicity
   Danger of repeated exposure
       Birth defects
       Nervous disorders
       Tumors


   Cholinesterase inhibition
       Confusion of nervous system
          Protective Equipment

   Read label to determine protection
   Consider nature of work performed
   Consider points of entry
       Dermal, oral, eyes
          Protective Equipment

   Always wear                 Moderate to severe
       Long-sleeved shirt       toxicity requires
                                   Rubber gloves
       Full-length pants
                                   Rubber boots
       Splash goggles
                                   Chemical

                                    cartridge
                                    respirator
             Mixing Pesticides
   Follow directions carefully
       Learn formulations
       Use only recommended amount
       Use only on site listed
       Do not use heavy containers
       Use appropriate measuring tools
           Mixing Pesticides

   Keep hands away from face
   Pour liquids on a flat surface
   Open powders with scissors
   Do not put your hands in pesticides!
           Mixing Pesticides

   Mix in well ventilated area
   Check weather conditions
   Close all containers when finished
          Loading Pesticides

   Select job appropriate equipment
   Back toward the wind
   Use anti-siphoning device
   Fill tank with water first
   Add pesticides away from water source
   Load pesticides in field
           Applying Pesticides
   Set appropriate delivery rate
   Use recommended speed
   Check sprayer
       Loose connections
       Worn hoses
       Clogged equipment
            Applying Pesticides
   Observe weather
       Spraying is prohibited on windy days!
       Don’t apply in heavy rain

   Re-entry
       Don’t enter sprayed areas until safe
       Post warnings around treated areas
       Know pre-harvest interval
              Cleaning Up

   Pressure wash all containers
   Keep cleaning supplies accessible
Thoroughly Clean Equipment

   Spray with detergent and water
   Rinse tank, hose, nozzle
   Flush with clean water
   Store tank upside down
           Sanitize Clothing
   Wash gloves
   Wash clothing separate from family
    laundry
   Take a shower immediately
   Throw away heavily contaminated
    clothing
       Safe Disposal

 Pesticides
 Containers

 Rinse water
           Storing Pesticides
   Well ventilated, dry area
   Keep storage area locked
   Use appropriate signage
   Keep in original container
   Don’t keep excess on hand
   Don’t store with livestock or with feed
   Don’t store with protective equipment
            Pesticide Poisoning
   Know symptoms of poisoning from
    products used
   Post emergency numbers by phone
       Poison control
       Physician
       Hospital
   Always keep labels & MSDS handy!

				
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