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					Uses for Elements in the Carbon Family
Some Interesting Facts

Members of the Carbon Family
• • • • •
Carbon Silicon Germanium Tin Lead

What do they have in common?
SOME FAMILY… • Some are metals, some are nonmetals, and some are metalloids • Lead is poisonous, but carbon is essential to life • The all look really different BUT… • They all have 4 valence electrons. • They react in similar ratios with oxygen and other elements. • They can form up to 4 bonds – more than any other family!!

Carbon
• Carbon is found in
every living creature. • Elemental carbon can be black (graphite), or hard and beautiful (diamonds). • Building block of fossil fuels (gasoline and oil) • Basis of organic chemistry

Silicon
• Important semiconductor used in computer chips, solar cells, and transistors. • Second most plentiful element in the earth’s crust. • SiO2 is the main ingredient in glass.

Germanium
• Important for its
semiconductor properties. • One of few substances that expand when frozen. • Can be recovered from refining zinc ores or from the gases of coal combustion.

Lead
• Extensively used in
plumbing. • Used to be added to gasoline to prevent engine knocking. • Used to block radiation – very dense
metal

• Neurotoxin – may have
contributed to fall of the Roman empire.

Tin
• Once used to make
disposable cans, now cheaper aluminum cans are coated inside with tin. • Has been known for centuries and used for it’s relative nonreactivity.


				
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posted:10/11/2009
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