Cow Facts Some Physical Facts: A. Cows are ruminants. This means they chew cud. Cud is regurgitated partially digested food. Cows chew the cud for up to 8 hours a day. B. Cows DO NOT have 4 stomachs, they have four digestive compartments: rumen, reticulum, omasum & abomasum. C. Cows drink a bathtub full of water every day. D. Cows have 32 teeth. E. An average cow will produce ~10 tonnes of manure in a year. F. Cows produce up to 50kg saliva every day. G. Cows produce 200 litres of methane every day. H. Cows can’t vomit. I. No two cows have the same spot pattern. J. Cows can walk upstairs but not down. (cant bend their knees). K. Cows can see in colour. L. Cows can detect odours up to 5 miles away. M. Cows can live on average up to 25 years. N. The world’s oldest cow ‘Big Bertha’ died at the age of 48 in 1993. Some Milk Facts: O. A good milk cow can produce 60 litres of milk a day and 15,000 litres a year. That equates to filling the molasses tank at the far side of the roundhouse every month. P. Cows produce 90% of the worlds milk supply. Rest is produced from goats, sheep and buffalo. Q. A cow is pregnant for roughly 9½ months. R. A cow does not produce milk until she has produced his first calf. A Little History: S. Cows were first domesticated over 5000 years ago. T. The Sanskrit word for war translates as ‘desire for cows’. U. Old Cows in India have their own nursing homes. (sacred to the Hindu religion.) Common Breeds of Cow: Holstein (milk) Hereford (beef) Jersey (milk) Aberdeen Angus (beef) Charolais (beef) Simmental (beef) Dexter (beef & milk) Some Definitions: Bull: Male Entire Cow. Cow: Mature Female Cow (with at least one calf.) Fully grown weighs 550 kg. Calf: Young Cow. Calves are weaned 7-8 months. Heifer: Young Female Cow (before first calf.) Bullock: Castrated Male Cow. Fully grown weighs 700-750 kg. Herd: Group of Cattle. Beef Cattle go for slaughter at 18 months to 2 years.
Pages to are hidden for
"Cow Facts"Please download to view full document