The Factory System
By Mikael Khachatryan & Mike
What are factories?
• Factory- A plant consisting of one of more
building with facilities and equipment for
• The first evidence of
factories dated back to
12th century Rome,
China, and the Middle
• They did not become
popularized in Europe
until the late 18th
Spread of Industry
• The factories were developed because the machinery was too
large to fit in the small buildings that were used in the past.
• Factories were convenient places where all of the elements of a
manufacturing process could be housed.
• This reduced the cost of producing goods and the time used to
make the goods. Hence, factories brought efficiency to
• Successful factories began to develop in:
– The Americas
• The first European
factory was established
in Birmingham. It was
established in 1761.
Spread to the Americas
• Samuel Slater stole the plans to
the European factories and brought
them to America to improve on
• Everyone in the factory was employed by the
factory owner. Employees were played by the
number of hours they worked or the number
of products they produced.
• Factory owners set wages based on the cost of
• People died of sanitation problems in the work environment.
• Lowered cost of production of goods.
• Production was more efficient and easier.
• Standard of living was improved.
• Provided many people with jobs, even though it put many artisans and
craftsmen out of work.
• Factories are still used this very day, and they are the most popular form of
production of goods nowadays.
• Increased business and changed the organization of business.
• Benefits: productivity and efficiency
increased, provided jobs for many
people, was cheaper to produce goods,
could mass produce goods, all
equipment was in one facility, still
successfully used today, and factories
did not require an education to work in
• Consequences: people died
because of the poor health conditions of
the factories, many chose not to receive
an education and rather work at a
factory, and decreased number of
• The Factory Act- Number of Acts passed by
parliament that limit the number of hours
children and women can work
• Child Labor Laws- laws passed by congress
that limit the time of day, type of job, and
hours a child can work per day
Rules and Regulations of the
• Workers must arrive promptly for work
• Breaks and meals could only be taken at
• If a worker wants to leave the factory, they
must get permission first
• Missing work for any reason or breaking any
rules can result in a fine, a pay cut or loss of
• "Factory." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 26 Apr.
2011. Web. 9 May 2011. <http://
• "Factory Acts." 1902 Encyclopedia (Encyclopaedia
Britannica, 9th and 10th Editions). 2005.
Web. 9 May 2011.