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Andreas Krieger (born Heidi Krieger on 20 July 1966 in Berlin) is a former
German shot putter, who competed as a woman on the East German athletics team
at SC Dynamo Berlin. Like many prominent East German athletes at the time, 
Krieger was systematically and unknowingly doped with anabolic steroids.
1 Athletics career
2 Effects of doping
3 Personal life
6 See also
At the 1986 European Championships in Athletics, Krieger won the gold medal in
the shot put event after putting the shot at 21.10 m (65 ft 6 in). Krieger retired in
Effects of doping Heidi Krieger, now Andreas Krieger,
competing at the 1986 European
Krieger was systematically doped with steroids from the age of 16 onward. Championships
According to Werner Franke and Brigitte Berendonk's 1991 book, Doping: From
Research to Deceit, Krieger took almost 2,600 milligrams of steroids in 1986 alone
—nearly 1,000 milligrams more than Ben Johnson took during the 1988 Summer Olympics.
As early as the age of 18, Krieger began developing male characteristics. Eventually, years of doping left her with many
masculine traits. By 1997, Krieger underwent sex reassignment surgery and changed his name to Andreas.  Krieger had
"felt out of place and longed in some vague way to be a boy" even before receiving hormonal treatments, and said in a 2004
New York Times interview that he was "glad that he became a man". But he was also upset that receiving hormones without
his consent deprived him of the right to "find out for myself which sex I wanted to be."
Krieger gave evidence at the trial of Manfred Ewald, leader of the East German sports program and president of the East
German Olympic committee and Manfred Hoeppner, East German medical director in Berlin in 2000. He testified that the
drugs he had been given had contributed to his transsexuality.  Both Ewald and Hoepner were convicted of
accessory to the intentional bodily harm of athletes, including minors.
Krieger was forced to retire in part due to experiencing severe pain from lifting massive amounts of weight while on steroids.
Even today, he has severe pain in his hips and thighs, and can only withstand mild exertion.
The "Heidi Krieger Medal" (German: Heidi-Krieger-Medaille), named after Krieger, is now awarded annually to Germans who
combat doping. Krieger's gold medal from 1986 forms part of the trophy.
Krieger is married to former East German swimmer Ute Krause, who was also a victim of massive doping by East German
The PBS series Secrets of the Dead also featured Krieger in an episode covering the doping of East German athletes by
the East German government covered-up by the Stasi.
In 2008 Ukrainian filmmakers released the documentary "Doping. Factory of Champions" based on Krieger's story.
1. ^ Harding, Luke (1 November 2005). "Forgotten victims of East German doping take their battle to court" . London: The Guardian.
Retrieved 11 March 2008.
2. ^ Longman, Jere (26 January 2004). "DRUG TESTING; East German Steroids' Toll: 'They Killed Heidi'" . The New York Times.
3. ^ Longman, Jere (26 January 2004). "DRUG TESTING; East German Steroids' Toll: 'They Killed Heidi'" . The New York Times.
* From gold medal to sex change (Namibian.com.na)[dead link]
E. German Olympic Dopers Guilty (wired.com)
Wonder Girls and Steroids
See the documentary "Doping. Factory of Champions"
Doping in East Germany
V · T· E· European Champions in Women's Shot Put
1938: Hermine Schröder (GER) · 1946: Tatyana Sevryokova (URS) · 1950: Anna Andreyeva (URS) · 1954: Galina Zybina (URS) ·
1958: Marianne Werner (FRG) · 1962: Tamara Press (URS) · 1966: Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) · 1969: Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) ·
1971: Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) · 1974: Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) · 1978: Ilona Slupianek (GDR) · 1982: Ilona Slupianek (GDR) ·
1986: Heidi Krieger (GDR) · 1990: Astrid Kumbernuss (GDR) · 1994: Vita Pavlysh (UKR) · 1998: Vita Pavlysh (UKR) ·
2002: Irina Korzhanenko (RUS) · 2006: Natallia Mikhnevich (BLR) · 2010: Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR) · 2012: Nadine Kleinert (GER) ·
via Andreas Krieger