Children Infected and Affected by HIVAIDS by EZSsWy


									Children Infected & Affected by

      HIV/ AIDS

       Youth Advocate Program International
            4545 42nd St. NW, Suite 209
            Washington DC 20016, USA
HIV/AIDS                    What Do You Know?

 What is HIV? What is AIDS?
                                      "Helping kids understand
                                       about AIDS is the most
 How is the disease transmitted?       important thing I do.
                                      Some kids like to pretend
                                      that it's not happening in
                                     the world. By letting them
 In what part of the world is        know what's really going
                                     on, I might save someone's
  HIV/AIDS most prevalent?                        life."
                                          Hydeia L. Broadbent

 Who is vulnerable to contracting
                                        AIDS patient and activist.

HIV/AIDS      Terms to Know
      HIV:     the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a
       retrovirus that attacks the cells of the immune
       system. HIV is transmitted through an exchange of
       bodily fluids (eg. exposure to infected blood,
       during sexual activity with an infected individual,
       by sharing needles). It can also pass from an
       infected mother to her child. HIV is the virus that
       eventually causes AIDS.

      AIDS:      an Acquired Immune Deficiency
       Syndrome diagnosis is made when symptoms that
       indicate the disease (primarily a decrease in the
       number of immune system cells in a person’s
       bloodstream) are identified by a doctor in a HIV-
       positive person.
HIV/AIDS                           Terms to Know

 CRC:     the Convention on the Rights of the
 Child is an international treaty that recognizes
 the human rights of the children, defined as
 persons up to the age of 18 years. It ensure the
 rights to survival, development, protection and
 participation of all children without

 CSEC:      “[Commercial Sexual Exploitation of
 Children] comprises sexual abuse by the adult
 and remuneration in cash or kind to the child or
 a third person or persons. The child is treated as
 a sexual object and as a commercial object.”
 (World Conference Against CSEC)
HIV/AIDS                                                            Basic Facts
 Every minute five people around the world between the ages of 10 and 24
  are infected with HIV.

 There are 2.5 million children under the age of 15 living with the disease

 In Sub-Saharan Africa, the majority of new infections occurs among
  young people between the ages of 15 and 24.

 Of the 3 million who died of AIDS in 2003, 500,000 were children.

 The total number of children orphaned by AIDS – 13.2 million as of 2001
  – is expected to more than double by 2010.
Source: UNAIDS. <> (April 29, 2004).
Source: UNAIDS, “AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2003,” p.3.
Source: UNICEF, “Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis,” p.6 [publication on-line]
        (February 17, 2004).
Source: UNAIDS, “AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2003,” p.3.
Source: UN Special Session on HIV/AIDS. “Fact Sheet.” 2001.
HIV/AIDS               Where are Children affected by HIV/AIDS?

  Source: UNAIDS/WHO
HIV/AIDS                              Why do children have HIV/AIDS?

 Most children under 15 who have HIV/AIDS are infected
  through their infected mothers – that is, through mother child
      this occurs during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding after birth.

 Sexual activity (the main route of disease transmission) starts
  in adolescence for most people worldwide.
      Young people who are uninformed about HIV/AIDS transmission risk
       becoming infected.

 Poverty, lack of education, lack of medical
  resources, and the commercial sexual
  exploitation of children also help spread
  HIV/AIDS among children worldwide.
HIV/AIDS            Which children are most affected?

     Adolescent girls and young women are at a
      disproportionately high risk of contracting
          Girls are physiologically more vulnerable to infection.
          Gender-based inequities mean “girls and women are
           more likely to be poor and powerless,” hence are more
           vulnerable to sexual exploitation and HIV/AIDS
          Violence against girls in the form of forced or coerced
           sex, or CSEC also increase their chances of becoming

     Children who live on the streets.

     Children who inject drugs.
HIV/AIDS                             How are children affected?

 Children with HIV/AIDS have weaker immune
  systems and are more susceptible to other

 Children with HIV/AIDS may be stigmatized
  and/ or rejected from their families and
      this discrimination fosters ignorance about
       HIV/AIDS and stigma against testing for, treating
       the disease. This in turn makes it difficult to
       prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.

 Children are orphaned when their parents die
  from HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS                          What is being done to help?

 NGOs and governments are working together to educate the
  public about HIV/AIDS and to direct individuals to clinics that
  offer free HIV testing.

 Researchers continue their efforts to find better treatments to
  help those with AIDS – and ultimately, a cure.
      however, new medicines are often too expensive for poor countries.
      intellectual property rights also block the production of more
       affordable, generic medicines.

 Some governments have increased funding and adopted
  legislation that help children with AIDS.
HIV/AIDS                                    Recap and Discussion
                                         How can HIV/AIDS be transmitted? How
“Care for us and accept us – we           do children contract HIV?
 are all human beings. We are
 normal. We have hands. We
have feet. We can walk, we can           Who is most vulnerable?
  talk, we have needs just live
everyone else – don’t be afraid          How can you prevent yourself from
  of us – we are all the same!”           contracting HIV?
            Nkosi Johnson
   13th International AIDS Conference    How do you think people would react if
                                          you had HIV/AIDS?

                                         What are the stigmas attached to

                                         What could organizations and governments
                                          do to help AIDS orphans?
HIV/AIDS                           What Can You Do?

Educate yourself about HIV/AIDS.

Contact local, state, and national
  politicians for support for HIV/AIDS.
    Write letters asking for their opinion on

Talk to your parents about HIV/AIDS.
    Educate the adults in your life!

Advocate for HIV/AIDS awareness!
    Begin a social awareness/human rights club.
HIV/AIDS                      For More Information                            UNAIDS              

Center for Disease Control          UNICEF               

AIDS Alliance for Children, Youth   Youth Advocate Program
& Families                          International     
Population Services International

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