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18_sayigh_en

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									ALI SAYIGH

  Ali Sayigh is professor at University of
  Hertfordshire, Chairman and founder of
  World Renewable Energy Congress and
  Network since 1990, Fellows of several
  institutions, and organizer of many
  national and international conferences in
  RE Published and edited more than 20-
  books and 300 articles in various journals.
  Editor in chief of Renewable Energy
  Journal since 1990.




          RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
    RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE
     DEVELOPING COUNTRIES


                          Ali Sayigh
       Chairman of World Renewable Energy Congress
                  Director General of WREN
            P O Box 362, Brighton BN2 1YH, UK
              T: 0273 625 643, F: 0273 625 768
        asayigh@netcomuk.co.uk, www.wrenuk.co.uk



RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                  Contents


• Climate change and our action
• Energy - electricity and population
• Poverty and wealth
• Renewable energy in some developing countries
• Cooperation with different vision




                          RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
          The Tragedy of our Environment
Country     No. of Cars   Barrel of Oil /day                Car/1000P
USA           170 M           44X106                           500

Germany        50 M           12.9X106                         710

UK             39 M           10.0X106                         653

France         38 M           9.8X106                          633

India           6M            0.83X106                         0.0067

China           20 M          5.15X10                          0.0154
                             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Carbon Dioxide Emission Worse 10 Countries 2002

        COUNTRY           Million Metric
                               tons

    USA                 1568
    China               908.1
    Russia              415.2
    Japan               321.7
    India               279.9
    Germany             228.6
    Canada              161.4
    UK                  150.8
    South Korea         122.9
    Italy               122.4 ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                         RENEWABLE
World Lights at Night




           RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Human Development Index VS Energy
     Consumption per capita
                                                                                                                              USA
                                 1
                                                                                            France     Sw eden
                                                                                Japan                                         Canada
                                                                                                      Australia
Human Development Index (HDI)

                                0.9                                        Italy
                                                                                            Germany
                                                       Argentina                                             Russian Federation
                                                                                   U.K.
                                                                         Korea
                                0.8                  Brazil     Maxico

                                0.7       Srilanka
                                                China
                                0.6            Indonesia
                                                Egypt
                                0.5        Maldives

                                          Kenya
                                0.4        Pakistan
                                           India
                                            Nigeria
                                0.3       Bangladesh
                                          Nepal
                                          Bhutan
                                0.2
                                      0        1000           2000   3000         4000       5000       6000      7000       8000
                                           Energy consumption per capita (Kgs of oil equivalent)

                                                                                        RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Sea of People




       RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Malawian Village




        RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
How Long Can we accept this




              RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
   Al-Mua’d
Building-Bahrain
                   RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Philippine


                            Hydro


             Summary of Hydropower Plants:

             21 existing large-hydro plants wit h an
             aggregate capacity of 3,253.13 MW

             52 existing mini-hydro plants with an
             aggregate capacity of 89.07 MW

             61 existing micro-hydro plants with an
             aggregate capacity of 0.56 MW

             Total Hydro Capacity: 3,342.76 MW




             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
             Geothermal Resources
Installed capacity of 1,931 MW
World’s largest user for power generation (25% of power mix)
Potential of 1,200 MW more




                                   RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Iran Community Solar Water Heating




                   RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Vietnam’s Electricity Sector: An Overview (5)



                                       Year

                    2004       2005            2010            2020
 Generation (TWh)   46.84       53.5            98.0           228.0


 Sale (TWh)         39.70       45.7            84.5           202.5


 Capacity (MW)      11,360    12,135          24,447          42,000


 Peak (MW)          8,350      9,512          17,002          37,721


                             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                Renewable energy
               Current & potential (1)
Overview

    Potential (tech.).
           1600-2000 MW Small Hydropower
           300 -400 MW biomass power
           200 -340 MW geothermal power
           200 -500 MW wind power
           And others (solar PV/solar heat, biogas)


    Some pilot projects & programs have been undertaken.
    Power generation by RE resources is still very insignificant.


                                    RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                 Renewable energy
Small Hydropower
                Current & potential (2)
                                          A. Tech. potential:

                                             0.1 – 10 MW: 480 sites
                                             (738 MW)
                                             0.05 – 0.1 MW: 2500 sites
                                             (150MW)

                                             0.05 – 0.1 MW: 1 million

                                             sites (100MW)

                                            B. Installed:
                                             Total: 121 MW
                                             In Which: 50% less than
                                             500 W/station


                          RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                                                                        DATE
No.         NAME       PICTURE   POPULATION     COST ($)     POWER
                                                                        END


      Proyecto
2     Hidroeléctrico                9,800       1,300,000    400 kW      2005
      SANTIAGO




      Proyecto
3     Hidroeléctrico               22,000        4,905,732   4 MW        2006
      CHORRILLOS




      Proyecto
5     Hidroeléctrico                8,000       1,600,000    1 MW        2007
      MIRA




      Proyecto
6     Hidroeléctrico                4,740       1,300,000    1 MW        2007
      HUAPAMALA

                                   RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
           NAME           PICTURE   POPULATION    COST ($)      POWER     DATE
                                                                          END

 TAMBO VIEJO
Proyecto Hidroeléctrico                 300        120,000.00   120 kW      2006


Proyecto Hidroléctrico

    GUAMANÍ                             120         120,000     120 kW      2006



Proyecto Hidroléctrico
    EL CASTIGO                          200         120,000     100 kW      2006


 Proyecto Hidroléctrico
                                        150         75,000      75 kW       2006
           SALINAS


Proyecto Hidroléctrico
    MONTALVO                            300         45,000      75 kW       2006

Proyecto Hidroléctrico

    TAISHA                             1,000        400,000     460 kw      2006


                                       RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Solar Cooking in India




            RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Air Heaters




      RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
    Status of Renewable Energy Technologies in India
                   (as on 31.03.2005)
S.N   Source / System                                        Status

1     Biogas Plants (No.)                                    3.81 million

2     Improved Chullha (No.)                                 35 million

3     (a) Biomass Power                                      400 MW

4     Solar Photovolatic                                     191 MW (Equivalent)


      I) Solar (12,02,000 systems Lantern)                   6.4 MW
      ii) Home Lighting                                      12.4 MW
      iii) Street Light                                      3.95 MW
      iv) SPV Power Plants                                   5.05 MW
      v) Solar Photovoltaic Pumps                            10.35 MW
      vi) Telecommunication                                  17 MW
      vii) Others                                            30.85 MW
      Viii) SPV Products Exported                            105 MW




                                             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
      Status of Renewable Energy Technologies in India
                     (as on 31.03.2005)

No.      Source / System                   Status

1        Solar Water Heating Systems       1.0 Million Sq.m
                                           Collector area

2        Solar Cookers                     57500Nos

3        Wind Power                        3595MW

4        Small Hydro Power                 (up to 25 MW)
                                           1705 MW

5        Hybrid Systems                    385 KW




                                       RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
400
kW Mini
Hydro in
Malaysia




           RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Solar Energy in
    CHINA




        RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Solar Thermal Share of the Market




                  RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Productions

Photovoltaic production
   • Solar module

Solar thermal production
   • all-glass vacuum tube
   • Compact solar water
     heaters
   • Split solar collector
   • Solar lawn lamps
   • Solar garden lamps
   • Solar road lamps




                             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Cheng du




    RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Shan xi




    RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Solar Street Lamps




         RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
             Gaize 80kW




                   Cuoqin 50kW




Bange 70kW   RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Zhen zhou




    RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Prof Soontorn in Thailand




             RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
Egypt Wind Farm




                  RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
              Wind Power Installation in 2004 MW
Country or Group of Coiubtries                              Quantity MW
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
India                                                                   2120
China                                                                   566
Rest of Asia                                                            19
Latin America                                                           166
Middle East                                                             170
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Developing Countries                                              3041
        Developed Countries                                             36393


       Photovoltaic Shipment in 2004 Cell/Module
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Developing Countries                                                    140
            Developed Country                                           940


                                                    RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
 Why Should Developing
Countries invest heavily in
  Renewable Energy?




              RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
              REASONS

• Sun intensity and duration greater
• Urgent need for energy for development
• Cannot afford to buy oil
• They can be major exporters of Renewable
  Energy like China and India
• Energy security




                     RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION
                                        You
Thank




        RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR EUROPE - RESEARCH IN ACTION

								
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