From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The American-180 is a submachine gun developed in the 1960s
which fires .22 LR cartridges from a pan magazine. The concept
began with the Casull Model 290 that used a flat pan magazine
similar to designs widely used prior to World War II. Only 80 Casull
M290s were built and the weapon was expensive to produce. The
American-180 is an improved version. Type Submachine gun
A semi-automatic only variant called the American SAR 180/275 is still Place of origin United States
produced on a custom basis by E&L Manufacturing of Riddle, Austria
Oregon. Production history
Designer Richard Casull
Contents Manufacturer Voere
1 Operation Illinois Arms Company, Inc.
2 See also American Arms International
3 References Variants Short barrel version
4 External links Semi-automatic-only version
Operation Weight 2.6 kg (5.7 lb) empty
4.5 kg (10 lb) loaded with 177-
The weapon operates through a conventional blowback mechanism. It
uses an open bolt with a flat pan magazine. It fires at a relatively high
Length 900 mm (35.5 in)
rate of fire of around 1,200 RPM. The American-180 was purchased
Barrel length 470 mm (18.5 in)
mostly by private parties prior to the American ban on production of
machine guns for the US civilian market. The A180 was adopted by 229 mm (9 in) (short barrel)
the Utah Department of Corrections to arm prison guards.
Cartridge .22 LR
Despite the relatively low power of the .22 LR round, testing .22 Short Magnum
demonstrated that automatic fire could penetrate even concrete and Action blowback, open bolt
bulletproof vests from cumulative damage. However, the target would Rate of fire 1200 round/min
have to remain still for an improbable amount of time to allow the Feed system 165, 177, 220, or 275 round
cumulative damage to amass in the same area to achieve this. detachable pan magazine
Sights Fixed open sights, Factory-installed
See also laser sights
Neal submachine gun, a 5 barrel machine gun developed during the 1940s.
1. ^ http://www.elmfg.com/am180/accessor/sar180.html
2. ^ "The American 180" . Machine Gun News. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
3. ^ Mendenhall, Monty (March 1998). "Cheap Thrills—22 Rimfire Machine Guns". Small Arms Review.
Modern Firearms: American-180 submachine gun