Alguronic acid

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					Alguronic acid
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Alguronic acid is the tradename created for a undetermined mix of polysaccharides produced by microalgae clogging filters
in algae cultures. The tradename has been coined by Solazyme. The indeterminate mix of chemicals is claimed to function to
protect the microalgae, and has been processed and formulated in a range of products. [1][2] In 2011, the acid was introduced
to the market as an active ingredient in a commercial product called Algenist anti-aging skincare formulas. [3]
Alguronic acid is not a technical name referring to a single polysaccharide, but a mix of algae extracts claimed to have anti-
aging benefits for the skin.

                  Contents
 1 Scientific Testing
 2 Protection from Environmental Damage
 3 Footnotes
 4 References


Scientific Testing
When tested by commercial laboratories, alguronic acid showed significant results in several skin benefit and anti-aging
parameters, both independently and compared to other well-known anti-aging ingredients. [4] The funding for these third party
laboratories is not disclosed. The acid, an heterogeneous mix of polysaccharides, will vary in composition depending on the
growth conditions of the mixed algae cultures; the individual structures of the components of this mix has not been
established.
Alguronic acid is not naturally present in human skin, should not be affected by skin enzymes, and is unlikely to be used by
the skin. Conversely, hyaluronic acid is distributed throughout the body, is naturally produced in the skin, and, based on its
ability to retain moisture, plays a major role in tissue structure and repair. In testing done by commercial laboratories,
alguronic acid was found to inhibit production of hyaluronic-acid-degrading enzymes by up to 67%.[5] . The relevance of this
inhibition in vitro to skin physiology is unknown.

Protection from Environmental Damage
Skin is continuously bombarded with damaging pollutants (smoke, particles, noise, etc.) and is aged by exposure to UV light.
This manifests itself as premature aging of the skin. All these stressors damage the skin. The manufacturer of Algenist hopes
that the decrease in DNA cross-linking, which is seen in commercial laboratories testing of alguronic acid used on a living
skin model, may indicate the potential of the material to ameliorate skin damage caused by environmental insult.[5]

Footnotes
   1.   ^ Carolyne Zinko (2011-03-27). "Algenist uses Solazyme microalgae for anti-aging" . Sfgate.com. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
   2.   ^ http://www.trademarks411.com/marks/85040648-alguronic-acid
   3.   ^ Catherine Saint Louis (2011-03-23). "Trolling the Oceans to Combat Aging" . The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
   4.   ^ Ariel Schwartz (2011-03-07). "How an Algae Biofuel Company Ended Up in the Cosmetics Business" . Fast Company.
        Retrieved 2011-04-01.
   5. ^ a b Society of Cosmetic Chemists Annual Scientific Meeting and Technology Showcase. Anthony Day, Ph.D., Harrison Dillon,
      Ph.D., et al. ‘’SUSTAINABLE SKIN PROTECTIVE EXO-POLYSACCHARIDES FROM MARINE MICRO-ALGAE’’. 2008

References
T. Tannin-Spitz et al., J. App. Phycol., V17, p205, 2005. M. Huleihel et ai., App. Spectroscopy., V57, p390, 2003. M. Matsui et
al., App. Biochem. and Biotechnol., VI04, p13, 2003. E. Eteshola et al., Acta Polym., V45, p549, 2005.
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