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Agree to disagree

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									Agree to disagree
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The term "agree to disagree" or "agreeing to disagree" is a phrase in English
                                                                                             Look up agree to disagree in
referring to the resolution of a conflict (usually a debate or quarrel) whereby all
                                                                                             Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
parties tolerate but do not accept the opposing position(s). It generally occurs when
all sides recognise that further conflict would be unnecessary, ineffective or
otherwise undesirable. They may also remain on amicable terms while continuing to disagree about the unresolved issues.
The phrase "agree to disagree" first appeared in print in 1770 when, at the death of George Whitefield, John Wesley wrote a
memorial sermon which acknowledged, but downplayed, the two men's doctrinal differences:
   "There are many doctrines of a less essential nature ... In these we may think and let think; we may 'agree to disagree.'
   But, meantime, let us hold fast the essentials..." [1]
Wesley was the first to put the phrase 'agree to disagree' in print.[2]

The phrase "agree to differ" appeared in 1785; [2] its advantage over "agree to disagree" is that it does not pose an apparent
logical contradiction. Game theorist and mathematician Robert Aumann argues that two people with common prior probability
cannot agree to disagree. [3] However, the issues of agreement and disagreement are about separate concerns. Hence, the
phrase is not actually a contradiction, when the implied parts are inserted: "agree [in principle] to disagree [about other
issues]". The wording can be considered as a form of elliptical phrase, where the omitted portions, as two separate concerns,
will help to clarify the intended meaning of the short phrase. The agreement is a long-term strategy, as a shared viewpoint of
the opposing sides, to leave the disagreement, about the other issues, as an unresolved matter.
Economist Frank J. Fabozzi argues that it is not rational for investors to agree to disagree; they must work toward consensus,
even if they have different information. For financial investments, Fabozzi posits that an investor's overconfidence in his
abilities (irrationality) can lead to "agreeing to disagree"—the investor thinks he is smarter than others.[4]
A related phrase, normally reserved for informal and temporary arrangements in political affairs, is the Latin phrase "modus
vivendi" (literally, "way of living"), and it is used in the same manner as "agree to disagree". However, it can be viewed as a
thought-terminating cliché in certain circumstances.

See also
   Aumann's agreement theorem
   Conflict resolution
   Consensus
   Peaceful coexistence
   Cultural pluralism
   Value pluralism
   Pluralism (political philosophy)
   Pluralism (epistemology)
   Modus vivendi

References
   1. ^ Global Ministries, The United Methodist Church. Sermons. On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield, page 2.        Retrieved
      on 20 April 2009.
   2. ^ a b The Phrase Finder. Agree to disagree.     Retrieved on 20 April 2009.
   3. ^ Aumann, Robert J. Agreeing to disagree, Institute for Mathematical Studies in the Social Sciences, Stanford University, 1975.
      Retrieved on 20 April 2009.
   4. ^ Fabozzi, Frank J. (2004). Short selling: strategies, risks, and rewards   . Frank J. Fabozzi series. 137. John Wiley and Sons.
      p. 186. ISBN 0-471-66020-5.
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