African Academy of Sciences

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					African Academy of Sciences
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The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) is an Africa-wide scientists
organisation. It serves firstly to honour African scientists who have become               African Academy of Sciences
internationally renowned through their efforts in their respective fields, and
secondly to encourage the development of the research and technology base
throughout Africa.
The idea of founding the organisation was raised at a meeting of the Third World
Academy of Sciences 1985 in Trieste, Italy.In 1986 33 scientists from across
Africa founded AAS and elected Thomas Resley Odhiambo as first President The
meeting at which the Academy was inaugurated was held on 3–6 June 1986 in
Nairobi, Kenya, during the International Conference on Drought, Desertification         Formation       1985
and Food Deficit in Africa.[1] The mandate of the Academy includes mobilization         Headquarters    Nairobi, Kenya
and strengthening of the African scientific community, publication and                  Region served   Africa
dissemination of scientific materials, research development and policy and
                                                                                        President       Ahmadou Lamine Ndiaye
capacity building in science and technology. [2]
At first the Academy was largely unfunded and run by volunteers. Between 1993
and 1996 Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Rockefeller Foundation helped the organization establish efficient
institutional and financial systems. [3] In May 2005 the Kenyan government gave official recognition to the academy and
authorized construction of its headquarters on a 2 hectares (4.9 acres) site that it owns near the center of Nairobi. A US$5
million endowment from the Nigerian government was used to cover the cost of construction.[2] As of 2011 the AAS had 162
fellows in 28 African countries. Nigeria had over 25 fellows followed by Kenya with 16 and Egypt with 14. [4]
On 28 February 2011 Ahmadou Lamine Ndiaye of Senegal was appointed President of the AAS for a three-year term. He
was the first francophone to hold this position since the AAS was founded. Ndiaye said he wanted to rejuvenate the AAS, and
felt that conditions were favorable. He aimed to open up centers of excellence on the continent where French and English
speakers could work on joint research programs. [5]

   1. ^ "AAS History: Laying the foundation"   . AAS. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
   2. ^ ab David Dickson (13 May 2005). "Kenya boosts outlook for African Academy of Sciences" . SciDev. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
   3. ^ "AAS History: Inauguration and establishment: Phase 1 (1985–1988)" . AAS. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
   4. ^ "ODAS: The Fellowship Members" . AAS. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
   5. ^ Boubacar Kante (8 March 2011). "Ahmadou Lamine Ndiaye veut décloisonner les centres d’excellence du continent"   . Agence
      de Presse Sénégalaise. Retrieved 2011-12-02.

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