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Aethiopian Sea

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					Aethiopian Sea
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aethiopian Sea (Æthiopicum Mare in Latin) was the name given to
the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean in classical geographical
works from ancient times to the 19th century. This name has little to
do with modern Ethiopia and is presently obsolete.

    Contents
 1 History
 2 See also
 3 References
 4 External links


History
Ancient Greek historians Diodorus and Palaephatus mention that the
Gorgons lived in the Gorgades, islands in the Aethiopian Sea. The              Map showing the Aethiopian Sea in the Gulf of Guinea
main island was called Cerna and, according to Henry T. Riley, these                  area. Drawn by James Rennell, 1799.
islands may correspond to Cape Verde.[1]
In the 16th century maps the name of the Northern Atlantic Ocean is Sinus Occidentalis, while the central Atlantic, southwest
of present-day Liberia, appears as Sinus Atlanticus and the Southern Atlantic as Mare Aethiopicum.[2] John Seller in his Atlas
Maritimus divided the Atlantic Ocean in two parts by means of the equator. He called the northern portion of the Atlantic "Mar
del Nort" and the southern part "Oceanus Æthiopicus". Edward Wright [disambiguation needed] (1683) did not label the North
Atlantic at all but called the portion south of the equator the "Aethiopian Sea". The same name is used in "A New Map of the
World" (1703) by John Thornton [disambiguation needed] .[3]

Botanist William Albert Setchell (1864–1943) gives this name to the sea around certain islands close to Antarctica.[4]

See also
   Ethiopia (mythology)
   Gorgons

References
   1. ^ Ovid, The Metamorphoses, commented by Henry T. Riley ISBN 978-1-4209-3395-6
   2. ^ Georg Heinrich von Boguslawski, Handbuch der Ozeanographie, 1907.
   3. ^ Ian K. Steele, The English Atlantic, 1675-1740: An Exploration of Communication and Community, Oxford, ISBN 978-0-19-
      503968-9
   4. ^ Studies of South African Phaeophyceae. I. Ecklonia maxima

External links
   Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961
   Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material - Do oceano dos clássicos aos mares dos impérios: transformações
   cartográficas do Atlântico sul
   "Tekeli-li" or Hollow Earth Lives: A Bibliography of Antarctic Fiction
   Pomponius Mela, de Chorographia Liber Primus


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