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									MOTIVATION

  Presented to:
Education 12 Class
What is Motivation?
• It is a process in which the individual’s
  attention and interest are aroused and
  directed toward definite tasks.
• Elliot et al. (1996) defines motivation as
  consisting of three interrelated
  components:
                  1. goal
                  2. personal agency beliefs
                  3. emotions
                                               2
What is Motivation?
• Motivation means complexes of internal
  conditions which serve to direct the
  organism toward specific goals (Ruch).
• Motivation is something that incites the
  organism to action or that sustains and
  gives direction once the organism has
                been aroused (Hilgard)
What is Motivation?

• Motivation may be defined as behavior
  instigated by needs within the individual
  and directed toward goals that can satisfy
  the needs.
• Motivation may be regarded as explanation
  for action which influences behavior in
  many ways.
What is Motivation?
• Synonyms of motivation (Morgan)
     Wants           Goals

     Strivings       Aspiration

     Desires         Drive

     Needs           Wish

     Motives         Aims
• Its root word is MOTIVE.
Motives are known to have three important
  functions in behavior:
1. Motives are energizing.
2. Motives have a directing function.
3. Motives have a selecting function.
Motivation arouses, sustains, directs, and
 integrates behavior.
Motivation as Differentiated from
Motive and Incentive
MOTIVATION is a process.
MOTIVE
  – Disposition, tendency, desire, or aspiration
  – Drive or impulse, attitude that arouses interest
  – Within the individual, has a definite goal to
    achieve
Motivation as Differentiated from
Motive and Incentive
INCENTIVE
  – External benefit or reward of some kind
    derived from an activity
  – Social approval, good grades, honors,
    scholarships, medals
Classification of Motives

1. Biological and Physiological Drives
  – Innate/ inborn stimuli
2. Psychological Drives
  – Social drives which are acquired, learned or
    derived
3. Creativity or Self-actualization Drives
  – General/ unconscious drives or motives
Self-actualization is the desire to do
something exceptional for the good of
humanity.
Types of Motivation
1. Intrinsic motivation is the desire to do
   something for the joy of doing it, learning
   it, or other intangible result.
2. Extrinsic motivation is the desire to do
   something because of the promise or
   hope of a tangible result.
Factors that Affect Motivation
1. Anxiety
   Sources of Anxiety:
   a. Teachers
   b. Examinations
   c. Peer relations
   d. Achievement settings
   e. Like or dislike or subjects
Types of Anxiety:
a. Situational anxiety
b. Neurotic/ trait anxiety
Factors that Affect Motivation
2. Attitude
Factors that Affect Motivation
3. Locus of control
     INTERNAL                   EXTERNAL

     Alert                      Less attentive

     Competent                  Erratic in performance

     Able to resist influence   Influenced by status

     Domineering                Influenced by peers

     Achievement oriented       Controlled by others

     Independent                Low confidence in abilities

     Self-confident             Random in reactions

     Skillful                   Erratic in performance
Factors that Affect Motivation
4. Learned helplessness
Importance of Motivation
1. To stimulate and facilitate learning
   activity.
2. Direct activities towards the achievement
   of a goal.
3. Controls and directs human behavior.
4. Inculcates spiritual and moral values in
   the minds of the young.
5. Gives satisfaction and happiness to the
   individual.
 Motivational Cycle


              3RD STAGE
                                           1ST STAGE
    Satisfaction of the individual
                                              Need
           Tension vanishes
                                             Motive
 Stability or equilibrium takes place
                                          Tension/Stress
HOMEOSTASIS- absence of tension




                           2ND STAGE
                         Motive (satisfied)
                         Goal (achieved)
The two major factors in school achievement
 are intelligence and motivation, and the
 latter is more important
                    -- Turney
That motivation is the control factor in every
 learning process.
               -- Book
Thought and action occur largely in the
 service of wants, interest, and attitudes
 and are stimulated and guided by them.
         -- Thorndike
Man works for an object. Remove the
 object, and you reduce him to inaction.
                   -- Rizal
Educational Implication

1. Since motivation is a strong driving force
   to behavior, people need to be well
   motivated.
2. Teachers and parents should motivate
   children to behave well.
3. Teachers should motivate the lessons
                so that children will learn.
Educational Implication
4. Arousing interest in the subject matter is
   the best motivation.
5. Grades, audio-visual aids, rewards, and
   praise are incentives with positive
   valence.
6. Incentives may be used to reinforce
   motivation.
7. Teachers also need to be motivated so
   that they will perform their jobs
   effectively.

								
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