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Acute care

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									Acute care
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury
or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.[1][2] In medical terms, care for acute
health conditions is the opposite from chronic care, or longer term care.
Acute care services are generally delivered by teams of health care professionals from a range of medical and surgical
specialties. Acute care may require a stay in a hospital emergency department, ambulatory surgery center, urgent care centre
or other short-term stay facility, along with the assistance of diagnostic services, surgery, or follow-up outpatient care in the
community. [2] Hospital-based acute inpatient care typically has the goal of discharging patients as soon as they are deemed
healthy and stable. [3] Acute care settings include but are not limited to: emergency department, intensive care, coronary care,
cardiology, neonatal intensive care, and many general areas where the patient could become acutely unwell and require
stabilization and transfer to another higher dependency unit for further treatment.

               Contents
 1 Current issues in acute care
     1.1 Australia
     1.2 United States
 2 See also
 3 References


Current issues in acute care

Australia
The 2008 "Final Report of the Special Commission of Inquiry into Acute Care Services in NSW Public Hospitals", known as
The Garling Report, documented a series of high profile medical controversies in the New South Wales public hospital
system, and issued over one hundred recommendations that stimulated considerable discussion and controversy.[4]

United States
An important aspect of the current health care crisis in the US is the result of the growing need for acute care despite a
decrease in the number of facilities which provide that care. This mismatch has resulted from the dramatic increase in the
number of patients who are uninsured or underinsured, and therefore unable to pay for services rendered. Those patients
often turn to emergency departments for their primary care needs. That has resulted in overcrowding and made it increasingly
difficult to focus adequate resources on those patients who present with true emergencies. [citation needed]

See also
   Acute Care of at-Risk Newborns
   Acute medicine
   Health care
       Secondary care
       Reason for encounter

References
   1. ^ "News You Can Use: Health Care Glossary"      . ABC News. October 13, 2006. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
   2. ^   ab
          Alberta Health Services. Acute care. Accessed 3 August 2011.
   3. ^ Canadian Institute for Health Information. Acute care. Accessed 3 August 2011.
   4. ^ Garling, Peter. Final Report of the Special Commission of Inquiry into Acute Care Services in NSW Public Hospitals   ,
         November 2008. Accessed 3 August 2011.

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