From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Acronychia octandra is a rainforest tree in the citrus family, found in
eastern Australia. It is one of several Australian trees known as
Doughwood. An attractive tree with a spreading crown of relatively large
glossy leaves. The specific epithet octandra refers to the eight stamens in
2.1 Flowers & fruit
Habitat Scientific classification
The habitat is rainforest on fertile volcanic soils. Growing as far south as
the Bellinger River to Nambour in south eastern Queensland. A common (unranked): Angiosperms
species on the McPherson Range, on the border between the states of (unranked): Eudicots
New South Wales and Queensland. (unranked): Rosids
A tree to 30 metres in height  , with a stem diameter of 75 cm. The trunk Genus: Acronychia
is buttressed in larger trees. Bark is a pale greyish brown colour, with
Species: A. octandra
cracks and fissures. Also there are flaky corky scales. Small branches are
green, hairless with noticeable leaf scars.
Leaflets are in threes. Leaflets have no leaf stem. They are 8 to 20 cm
long, oblong-elliptical in shape. Oil dots are easily noticed with a hand
lens. A dark green above, paler below. Somewhat leathery to the touch. Synonyms
The leaf stalk below the three leaflets is 1 to 8 cm long with a turpentine Melicope australasica F.Muell. ex Benth.
like smell, and with raised dots on the stalk. Leaf veins easily seen above Melicope octandra (F.Muell.) Druce
and below the leaf. The midrib is raised on the underside. Euodia octandra F.Muell.
Flowers & fruit
Greenish to white flowers appear on panicles from the leaf axils, in the months of August to January. The fruit is less than 4
mm long with shiny brown seeds, maturing from March to June.
Germination from fresh seeds can occur rapidly, as early as 11 days. However, some seeds may germinate five months after
1. ^ "Acronychia octandra" . PlantNET - NSW Flora Online. Retrieved 2010-09-06.
2. ^ Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 2008, ISBN 978-0-9589436-7-3 page 347
via Acronychia octandra