Graduation Rate by r5ryMgN

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 12

									                              Section 2

          Graduation
           Drop out
     Post-School Outcomes

    2009-10 Report Card and AYP w/targets          2010-11 Report Card and AYP w/targets
   Four-year cohort graduation rate = 65%,
   NCES graduation rate for 2008-09 = 68.1%        Four-year cohort graduation rate =
   An average of 2007-08 and 2008-09 NCES           65%
    graduation rate equal to or greater than        Five-year rate = 70%
    68.1%.
                                               Cohort: 4 yr -first-time ninth graders in
                                               2006-07
Cohort: first-time ninth graders in 2005-06
                                               Cohort: 5 yr -first-time ninth graders in
                                               2005-06




                                                                                           1
NOTES:
____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________




____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________
                                                                           2
Graduation Reporting 2010-2011

In the 2009-10 school year, districts were allowed to meet AYP by one of three methods. This
will NOT be the case for the 2010-11 school year. Producing both the old modified NCES rate
and the new cohort rate allows school and districts to compare the old and new methodologies
and to better track long-term changes in their graduation rates.

While students who take longer than four years to graduate are not included as graduates in the
four-year cohort graduation rate, next year, ODE will produce both a 4-year rate and a 5-year
rate and schools and districts may meet AYP with either cohort. These rates may serve to
better reflect the success schools have had with certain groups of students, such as students
with disabilities, English language learners, students whose education was interrupted, and
those students participating in Expanded Options programs.


     2009-10 Report Card and AYP w/targets                2010-11 Report Card and AYP w/targets
   Four-year cohort graduation rate = 65%,
   NCES graduation rate for 2008-09 = 68.1%             Four-year cohort graduation rate = 65%
   An average of 2007-08 and 2008-09 NCES               Five-year rate = 70%
    graduation rate equal to or greater than 68.1%.
                                                      Cohort: 4 yr -first-time ninth graders in 2006-07
Cohort: first-time ninth graders in 2005-06
                                                      Cohort: 5 yr -first-time ninth graders in 2005-06

The Graduation rate for students with disabilities is directly comparable to all students, and to
students without disabilities. The cohort graduation rate is calculated as the number of regular
diplomas received within 4 years divided by the number of students in the adjusted cohort. The
adjusted cohort includes all first-time ninth graders in 2005-2006 plus students who transfer into
the school minus students who transfer out. To be rated on graduation, a school must have
grade 12 in 2008-2009 and at least 40 in its adjusted cohort. A student is identified as special
education if they are flagged as special education in any one of the four years.

Summary of statewide 2008-09 4-year Cohort Graduation Rates

                   Adjusted Cohort from       Graduates with a Regular      Cohort Graduation Rate
                    2005-06 to 2008-09          High School Diploma                  (%)
All students              50,700                      33,557                        66.2%
Special
                           6,931                       2,941                          42.4%
Education
Not Special
                           43,769                     30,616                          70.0%
Education
Source:
http://www.ode.state.or.us/wma/data/schoolanddistrict/students/docs/summarycohortgrad0809.doc


While students who take longer than four years to graduate are not included as graduates in the
four-year cohort graduation rate, Next year, ODE will produce both a 4-year rate and a 5-year
rate and schools and districts may meet AYP if they meet the graduation target for the 4-year
rate (65%) or the 5-year rate (70%). These rates may serve to better reflect the success
schools have had with certain groups of students, such as students with disabilities, English
language learners, students whose education was interrupted, and those students participating
in Expanded Options programs



                                                                                                          3
Definitions and formulas – Graduation

What is the Four-year Cohort Graduation Rate?
The four-year cohort graduation rate is the percentage of students in a cohort, adjusted for
transfers into and out of the school, district, or state, that graduate with a regular high school
diploma within four years of entering high school.
As an example, in April 2010, ODE reported on the graduation rate for the cohort of students
who entered high school in 2005-06; these are the students who were expected to graduate
in the 2008-09. The graduation rate for this cohort will be defined as:

                                             Number of students in the adjusted cohort that earn
                                                 regular high school diplomas by August 2009
Four year cohort graduation rate =              -------------------------------------------------------
                                               The number of first-time 9th graders in 2005-06,
                                                                 Adjusted for transfers in and out

Note that the numerator includes only regular high school diplomas earned in four years or
less. Students earning adult high school diplomas, modified diplomas, extended diplomas,
general educational development (GED) certificates, or other high school credentials will be
included in the adjusted cohort (i.e., the denominator), but will not be included in the count of
regular high school diplomas (i.e., the numerator).

How is the four-year cohort rate different from previously reported graduation
rates?
Prior to the Class of 2009, the graduation rate calculation that Oregon produced was based
on a single year of data and reported as the number of graduates in a school year divided by
the number of graduate plus the number of dropouts.

Key differences between the old graduation rate and the new cohort rate are as follows:
    The four-year cohort graduation rate includes modified diplomas, extended diplomas,
        GEDs, and Adult High School diplomas in its calculation, but these students are
        included in the rate as non-graduates; the old graduation rate did not include these
        other outcomes in its calculation.
    The four-year cohort graduation rate looks at a single cohort of students and follows
        their progress over four school years; the old rate used only a single year of data on
        graduates and dropouts.
    Students who graduate in three years or less will have their graduation “banked.”
        Their graduation will be reported in the year in which their cohort is expected to
        graduate.
    The four-year cohort graduation rate takes into account students who transfer in and
        who transfer out of a particular school; the old rate was looked at a single year of data
        and it did not reflect changes in enrollment over time.
    The new rate is a measure of graduation within four years; the old rate had no time
        limit for student to complete their diploma.

What about students who take longer than four years to graduate?
While students who take longer than four years to graduate are not included as graduates in
the four-year cohort graduation rate, Next year, ODE will produce both a 4-year rate and a 5-
year rate and schools and districts may meet AYP if they meet the graduation target for the
4-year rate (65%) or the 5-year rate (70%). These rates may serve to better reflect the
success schools have had with certain groups of students, such as students with disabilities,


                                                                                                          4
English language learners, students whose education was interrupted, and those students
participating in Expanded Options programs.


How are special education students identified in the 4 year Cohort Rate?
All students who have been identified as Students with Disabilities at any time during the four
years will be reported as special education in the cohort graduation rate.

Student with Disabilities – As described in ORS 581-015-2000, a student who requires special
education because of: autism; communication disorders; deafblindness; emotional disturbances;
hearing impairments, including deafness; mental retardation; orthopedic impairments; other
health impairments; specific learning disabilities; traumatic brain injuries; or visual impairments,
including blindness. Students with disabilities must have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).

How were graduation rates calculated before the cohort method, using the NCES
formula?
In the past, Oregon’s graduation rate calculations were based on the National Center for
Education Statistics (NCES) formula. The federally approved NCES rate was calculated by
dividing the number of graduates with a regular diploma that year by the sum of the number of
graduates with a regular diploma and the number of students who dropped out that year, grades
9‐12. It was a one‐year snapshot and did not follow a group or “cohort” of students through their
high school career.

                                                 Number of regular diplomas earned in 2008‐09
Oregon’s NCES grad rate =                         -------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Number of regular diplomas + dropouts in 2008‐09

In the NCES model, students who receive a modified diploma, GED, adult high school diploma
or alternative certificate are not included in the calculation and therefore do not impact a
school’s graduation rate. In the cohort model, per federal requirements, these students are
counted as non-graduates and are included in the calculation, thus lowering the graduation rate.
An additional difference s that the NCES rate looked at all graduates in a given year, regardless
of how long the student had been in school. The current cohort model looks at students who
graduate within four years. Students who take more than four years are not counted as
graduates in this model, another reason why the cohort rate is lower than the NCES rate.
The modified National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) graduation rate, is approved by
the U.S. Department of Education for use in adequate yearly progress reports, and will be
reported during the transition to the cohort rate. Producing both the old modified NCES rate and
the new cohort rate allows school and districts to compare the old and new methodologies and
to better track long-term changes in their graduation rates.




                                                                                                             5
NOTES:_________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________




____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                           6
Drop out Reporting 2010-2011
The drop out rate methodology will remain the same in 2010-11 as it was in 2009-10, using the
single year NCES rate measurement. The state does not set a target for drop out rate, so the
target set by the special education stakeholders group is used for federal reporting and the
district target.

Definition of Dropout – a dropout is an individual who:
Has enrolled for the current school year, or was enrolled in the previous school year and did
not attend during the current school year; and
Has not received a regular, modified, extended or adult high school diploma;
Has not received a GED certificate; and
Has withdrawn from school.

As defined in the ORS 339.505, dropout does not include: a student who has transferred to
another educational system or institution that leads to graduation; a student who is deceased; a
student who is participating in home school, private school, approved public or private education
program, alternative education program, or hospital education program; a student who is
residing in a Department of Human Services facility, a shelter care program, or in a juvenile
detention facility; a student who is enrolled in a foreign exchange program; a student who is
temporarily absent from school because of suspension, a family emergency, or severe health or
medical problems; or a student who has received a GED certificate.

Is the NCES drop out rate related to the 4 year cohort rate?
No. The federal government requires states to use the same NCES one‐year drop out
calculation for accountability purposes. A dropout is defined as a student who withdrew from
school and did not graduate or transfer to another diploma granting school. The NCES dropout
rate is not related to the cohort rate. The dropout rate is not the inverse of the graduation rate.
The definition for a dropout differs from a non‐graduate and therefore the rates are not
compatible. To be excluded from the dropout rate a student can still be enrolled after 4 years,
receive a GED, or finish high school with an adult high school diploma or alternative certificate.
None of these conditions are allowed in the cohort graduation rate.

                            NCES single year Method        4 Year Cohort Graduation Rate
                                 DROP OUT                         NON-GRADUATE
                                                       Definition of Non-Graduates:
                           Definition of Drop Out: a
Are the students who                                    Completers who finish school
                           student who withdrew from
leave before finishing                                    without a regular diploma (such as
                           school and did not graduate
school comparable in                                      GED)
                           or transfer to another
the two methods? NO                                     and Non-Completers (such as
                           diploma granting school.
                                                          dropouts)

                           July 1 – June 30, single        4 years, at any time since entering as
Time period
                           year                            a freshman (2006-07 for 08-09)


The one-year statewide dropout rate calculation is made by dividing the number of dropouts (for
grades 9-12) by the number of students reported on the October 1 Membership (Enrollment)
Data Collection for grades 9-12. The decimal that results from this calculation is multiplied by
100 to get the dropout rate.




                                                                                                    7
  NCES Drop Out Calculation: All students and Students with Disabilities


                                                   2008-09
                                                                                             % drop
   NCES Drop Out                                                                              out
                                #Enroll      #Grad           #DO           %Grad

             All Students        885          173             13             93.0            14.7%

Students with Disabilities       127           6               1             85.7             7.9%

                                                                                           4.6%
         Drop out Target
                                                                                           or less

  Source: Sample District AYP report



  Definitions and formulas – Drop out
  The one-year statewide dropout rate calculation is made by dividing the number of dropouts
  (for grades 9-12) by the number of students reported on the October 1 Membership
  (Enrollment) Data Collection for grades 9-12. The decimal that results from this calculation is
  multiplied by 100 to get the dropout rate.

                                                              Number of Dropouts for Grades 9-12
  NCES Oregon Statewide Dropout Rate Calculation                ---------------------------------------------
                                                             October 1 Enrollment for Grades 9-12

  October 1 Enrollment is the head count of students in membership (enrolled) as of October 1.
  This head count includes:
         • 5th-year seniors (shown as 12th graders)
         • Students placed in an alternative program, regardless of where the student attends.

  For more information, or to view dropout rates for the past 10 years, access the following
  webpage: http://www.ode.state.or.us/search/page/?id=1




                                                                                                                8
POST SCHOOL OUTCOMES REPORTING STUDENTS INTERVIEWED IN 2010
Significant changes were required in the definitions and measurements for Indicator 14 for
2009-2010 data collection one year after students from 2008-09 left school. The questionnaire,
timelines, and definitions of the reporting categories were changed. The current definition is
compared to the previous definition in the following section. For reporting of results for
interviews conducted in the spring of 2010, the following definitions and measurements are in
affect.

Percent of youth who are no longer in secondary school, had IEPs in effect at the time they left
school, and were:
   A. Enrolled in higher education within one year of leaving high school.
   B. Enrolled in higher education or competitively employed within one year of leaving high
       school.
   C. Enrolled in higher education or in some other postsecondary education or training; or
       competitively employed or in some other employment within one year of leaving high
       school.

While the measurements and definitions changed, the response rate and measuring the
representativeness of the completed interviews against the population of leavers remain the
same. New targets for this indicator will be set after the final verification of the data later this
fall.

    Example of reporting, using incomplete follow up interview results for 2010

                            2008 interviews          2009 interviews         2010 interviews
Leavers                         2006-07                  2007-08                 2008-09
Response Rate:                    70%                     74%                 Currently 45%
                                                     All categories
                             All categories
Representative?                                   except drop out and
                            except drop out
                                                         minority
                                                                            3 measurements
                            1 measurement            1 measurement          A, A+B, A+B+C
Engagement:
                                73%                      76%                   Currently
                                                                            31%, 58%, 66%
State Target(s):                  74%                      76%              To Be Determined

The 2010 collection remains open until September 30, only incomplete results available.




                                                                                                       9
      Post School Outcomes Data collection closes September 30, 2010. Results will be verified
      and available by the end of December. Each category is mutually exclusive. Leavers will
      be counted in one of the outcome categories hierarchically. A student working while
      attending a University will only be counted in the Higher Education category, even thought
      he/she may be competitively employed as well. Likewise, ‘leavers’ who are not enrolled in
      either part or full time higher education, but who are competitively employed, should only be
      reported under Competitive Employment, even if they happen to be enrolled in some other
      postsecondary education or training program.


      Preliminary look at Results Table, spring 2010 Follow up Interviews
                                    HIGHER     COMPETITIVE    OTH EDUC        OTH         NOT
                                                                                                  TOTAL
                                   EDUCATION   EMPLOYMENT    OR TRAINING   EMPLOYMENT   ENGAGED
All interviews
Priority 1-2
                               Breakdown of Outcomes by Subgroup
Method of Exit
              Regular Diploma
              Modified Diploma
Extend diploma/Cetif / MaxAge
                       Drop out
Race / Ethnicity
               American Indian
                           Asian
                           Black
                       Hispanic
                           White
Disability
           Specific Learning Dis
         Emotional Disturbance
            Mental Retardation
                         Autism
      Communication Disorder
              Other Health Imp
                  Low Incidence
Gender
                           Male
                        Female




                                                                                                          10
Definitions and formulas – Post School Outcomes

Post School Outcomes Data collection closes September 30, 2010. Results will be verified and
available by the end of December. Each category is mutually exclusive. Leavers will be
counted in one of the categories hierarchically. A student working while attending a University
will only be counted in the Higher Education category, even thought he/she may be
competitively employed too. Likewise, ‘leavers’ who are not enrolled in either part or full time
higher education, but who are competitively employed, should only be reported under
Competitive Employment, even if they happen to be enrolled in some other postsecondary
education or training program.

                          2009 interviews                             2010 interviews
                        Postsecondary school                          Higher Education
                 Coursework at any college,            Youth who have been enrolled on a full- or
                 university, community college,        part-time basis in a community college (2-
Education        trade school, distance learning,      year program) or college/ university (4- or
                 or vocational training school in      more year program) for at least one complete
                 which enrollment is part-time or      term , at anytime in the year since leaving
                 full-time. Includes Job Corp          high school:
                 Work in the competitive labor
                 market performed on a full-time
                 or part-time basis in an integrated
                                                       Youth who have worked for pay at or above
                 setting, and for which an
                                                       the minimum wage in a setting with others
                 individual is compensated at or
                                                       who are nondisabled for a period of 20 hours
Competitive      above the minimum wage, but
                                                       a week for at least 90 days at any time in the
Employment       not less than the customary wage
                                                       year since leaving high school. This includes
                 and level of benefits paid by the
                                                       military employment.
                 employer for the same or similar
                 work done by individuals who
                 are not disabled. Includes
                 military service
                 Postsecondary Education and
Both                                                   Not Used
                 Competitive Employment
                                                       Youth who have been enrolled on a full- or
                                                       part-time basis for at least 1 complete term at
                                                       any time in the year since leaving high school
                                                       in an education or training program: (e.g., Job
                                                       Corps, adult education, workforce
other
                                                       development program, vocational technical
postsecondary
                                                       school which is less than a two year
education or
              Not used                                 program).
training, and
other
                                                       Youth who have worked for pay or been self-
employment
                                                       employed for a period of at least 90 days at
                                                       any time in the year since leaving high
                                                       school. This includes working in a family
                                                       business (e.g., farm, store, fishing, ranching,
                                                       catering services, etc.).

Engagement       One measurement, in any category      Three separate measurements and targets




                                                                                                 11
NOTES:
____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________




____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________
                                                                          12

								
To top