Basic Combative POI

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					                                                Basic Combatives
                                              071J0146 / Version 1.00
                                                  15 JUNE 2010

SECTION I.       ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

All Courses        Course Number                        Version         Course Title
Including This     11B10 OSUT                           B               Infantryman (DRAFT)
Lesson             11B10 OSUT (ST)                      B               Infantryman (DRAFT)
                   11B10 OSUT (ST2)                     B               Infantryman (DRAFT)
                   11C10 OSUT                           B               Indirect Fire Infantryman (DRAFT)
                   11C10 OSUT (ST)                      B               Indirect Fire Infantryman (DRAFT)
                   11C10 OSUT (ST2)                     B               Indirect Fire Infantryman (DRAFT)

Task(s)            Task Number                        Task Title
Taught(*) or
Supported

Reinforced         Task Number                         Task Title
Task(s)            071-000-0006                        React to Man-to-Man Contact

Academic          The academic hours required to teach this lesson are as follows:
Hours
                                                  Resident
                                               Hours/Methods
                                               3 hrs 10 mins          / Conference/Demonstration
                                                      5 mins          / Lecture
                                                      5 mins          / Lecture
                                               3 hrs 20 mins          / Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
                                               4 hrs 10 mins          / Practical Exercise (Performance)
                  Test                         0 hrs
                  Test Review                  0 hrs

                      Total Hours:            11 hrs

Test Lesson                                                 Hours                      Lesson No.
Number
                                  Testing
                           (to include test review)                                    N/A

Prerequisite       Lesson Number                       Lesson Title
Lesson(s)         None

Clearance         Security Level: Unclassified
Access            Requirements: There are no clearance or access requirements for the lesson.

Foreign           FD6. This product/publication has been reviewed by the product developers in
Disclosure        coordination with the United States Army Infantry School (USAIS) foreign
Restrictions      disclosure authority. This product is releasable to students from foreign countries
                  on a case-by-case basis.

References                                                                                                  Additional
                  Number                       Title                                   Date                Information
                  FM 3-25.150                  Combatives                        01 Apr 2009
                  FM 5-19                      Composite Risk                    21 Aug 2006
                                               Management
Student Study     None




                                                                1
Assignments

Instructor        None
Requirements
Additional                                                                      Stu
Support           Name                                                         Ratio      Qty             Man Hours
Personnel         Additional Instructors and/or Drill Sergeants (Enlisted)                     8         10 hrs
Requirements
                  Bus Driver (Civilian)                                                        5           1 hr
                  Combat Lifesaver (Enlisted)                                                  1          6 hrs
                  Combative Level 3/4 Certified Instructor (Enlisted)                          1          4 hrs 25 mins
                  Driver, LMTV (Enlisted)                                                      1          2 hrs

Equipment         Id                                                          Stu      Instr
Required          Name                                                       Ratio     Ratio       Spt       Qty       Exp
for Instruction   2310-01-090-7709                                           1:40                  Yes             0   No
                  BUS, MOTOR
                  2320-01-090-7834                                           1:200                 Yes             0   No
                  TRUCK, CARRYALL
                  2320-01-090-7893                                           1:200                 Yes             0   No
                  Pickup Full Size, 4X4
                  2320-01-090-7905                                           1:200                 Yes             0   No
                  TRUCK, STAKE
                  2330-00-141-8049                                           1:200                 Yes             0   No
                  TRAILER, TANK
                  4110-01-485-3548                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  CHEST, ICE STORAGE
                  5820-01-243-4960                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  RADIO 10 CHANNEL, PO
                  6515-01-363-4495                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  THERMOMETER, CLINICAL, HUMAN
                  6530-00-783-7905                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  LITTER, FOLDING, RIGID POLE
                  6530-01-162-2117                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  PACK ICE INSTANT 6S
                  6530-01-260-1222                                           1:50                  Yes             0   No
                  RESCUE AND TRANSPORT SYSTEM, PATI
                  6530-01-444-5476                                            1:4                  Yes             0   Yes
                  PAD, COOLING, CHEMICAL
                  6545-01-532-3674                                           1:50                  Yes             0   Yes
                  MES COMBAT LIFESAVER VERSION 2005
                  6645-00-899-1235                                            1:4                  Yes             0   No
                  STOPWATCH
                  6665-01-381-3023                                           1:200                 Yes             0   Yes
                  WET BULB-GLOBE TEMPERATURE KIT
                  7210-00-081-1417                                           2:50                  Yes             0   No
                  SHEET, BED
                  7240-00-089-3827                                           4:50                  Yes             0   No
                  CAN, WATER, MILITARY
                  7330-00-781-3859                                           2:50                  Yes             0   No
                  JUG, INSULATED
                  8960-01-430-4378                                           1:10                  Yes             0   Yes
                  ICE
                  *TASC-303-TBD-01                                           4:50                  No              0   No
                  PUGIL STICK



                                                         2
                 *TASC-303-TBD-02                                      4:50              No            0    No
                 CHEST PROTECTOR (PUGIL TNG)
                 *TASC-303-TBD-03                                      4:50              No            0    No
                 PROTECTIVE CUP, GROIN, FOR PUGIL TNG
                 *TASC-303-TBD-08                                      4:50              No            0    No
                 GLOVES, PADDED (LACROSSE), FOR PUGIL
                 TNG
                 *TASC-303-TBD-11                                      4:50              Yes           0    No
                 HELMET, FOOTBALL, W/MASK FOR PUGIL TNG
                 Z702                                                   2:1              Yes           0    No
                 GRAPPLING MAT
                 * Before Id indicates a TADSS
                 Instructor Materials: None
Materials
Required         Student Materials: None

Classroom,       GEN INST BLDG, 3550 SF, 200 PN
Training Area,   PARADE/DRILL FIELD, 15 AC
and Range
Requirements

Ammunition                                                                        Stu          Instr       Spt
Requirements     Id     Name                                            Exp      Ratio         Ratio       Qty
                 None
Instructional    NOTE: Before presenting this lesson, instructors must thoroughly prepare by studying this
Guidance               lesson and identified reference material.
                 NOTE: An approved training environment should provide 165 sq ft of training
                 area per buddy team. When training in-doors it is recommended not to wear
                 footgear. When training outdoors it is recommended to wear footgear such as
                 physical training shoes.



Proponent        Name                        Rank         Position                              Date
Lesson Plan
Approvals        Larsen, Matthew             GS-12        Director Combative
                 Walthes, James              GS-13        Director/DTD




                                                      3
SECTION II.   INTRODUCTION


              Method of Instruction: Lecture
              Instructor to Student Ratio is: 1:200
              Time of Instruction: 5 mins
              Media: Lecture

Motivator      “Very few people have ever been killed with the bayonet or saber, but the
               fear of having their guts explored with cold steel in the hands of battle-
               maddened men has won many a fight.”

                                                                           Patton

               The essence off a warrior is the willingness to close with the enemy. The
               average Soldier, if trained to use only the firepower of his personnel weapon, loses
               effectiveness in a combat situation in which his weapon fails to fire, he runs out of
               ammunition, or close combat prohibits effective fire. With knowledge of hand-to-
               hand fighting techniques and confidence in the system developed through training,
               the Soldier is capable of closing with and destroying the enemy. Hand-to-hand
               training develops a spirit of aggressiveness in the individual Soldier and instills the
               will to fight. It is also an excellent physical conditioner and body strengthener.

               We teach hand-to-hand combat for several reasons:

                   a. Excellent physical conditioner and body strengthener.

                   b. Builds a spirit of aggressiveness in the individual soldier and instills the will
                   to fight.

                   c. Instills a feeling of confidence in the individual's ability and in the ability of
                   his fellow Soldiers.

                   d. Teaches the Soldier a technique to fight or defend if unarmed and
                   confronted with an unarmed opponent.

                   e. Provides the soldier with a basis for properly executing hand-to-hand
                   combat when he goes on to his unit.

Terminal       NOTE: Inform the students of the following Terminal Learning Objective requirements.
Learning
Objective      At the completion of this lesson, you [the student] will:


               Action:           Demonstrate Basic Tactical Combative Techniques.

               Conditions:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                                 in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                                 ACUs and appropriate footgear, an M4/M16-Series rifle and
                                 protective headgear.

               Standards:        The Soldier will correctly demonstrate the following finishing
                                 techniques in accordance with the checklist in this lesson plan:

                                      a. Fight for Dominant Clinch Position




                                                      4
       b. Stand up in base

   c. Establish dominant body positions

   d. Escaping from the mount with the trap and roll

   e. Pass the guard

       f. Achieving the mount from side control

   g. Escaping from the mount with the shrimp escape

       h. Arm push and roll to rear mount

       i.   Escape the rear mount

   j. Employ Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring for dominant
position)

   k. Rear naked choke

   l. Cross collar choke

   m. Bent arm-bar

  n. Straight-arm bar

  o. Scissor sweep

  p. Sweep from the attempted straight-arm bar

  q. Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring with submissions)

  r. Achieve the Clinch

  s. Front Takedown to the Mount

  t. Rear Takedown to the Mount

  u. Standing Guillotine Choke

  v. Knee strikes

  w. Defend Knee strikes

  x. Defend against knee strikes with takedowns

  y. Engage Enemy with Rifle in Hand-to-hand Combat

  z.        Engage With Bayonet / Combat Knife or Side Arm

  aa. Basic Combative Test

  bb. Knees from side control




                     5
Safety         Safety is of the utmost importance in any training environment. During the training
Requirements   process, commanders will utilize the 5-step Composite Risk Management process
               to determine the safest and most complete method to train. Every precaution will
               be taken during the conduct of training.

               Safety is everyone's responsibility to recognize, mitigate and report hazardous
               conditions.

               Note: The instructor will brief the students on the unit/facility SOP for classroom
               contingencies i.e. what door will be used to exit the classroom, rally points, severe
               weather, etc.

               Safety must be paramount in the complex outdoor environment. During the training
               process, commanders will utilize the 5-step Composite Risk Management process
               to determine the safest and most complete method to train. Every precaution will
               be taken while replicating realistic battlefield conditions.

               Safety is everyone's responsibility to recognize, mitigate and report hazardous
               conditions.

               Note: The instructor will brief the unit/site SOP and Composite Risk Management
               Worksheet for all potential contingencies encountered during that training
               period/event i.e. severe weather, fire, evacuation and rally points etc.

               To prevent injuries, the instructor must consider the following safety precautions
               before conducting combatives training.
                   a. Supervise all practical work closely and constantly. Never leave a group
                   unsupervised.
                   b. Familiarize the Soldiers with each maneuver by a complete explanation and
                   demonstration before they attempt the moves.
                   c. Do not allow the Soldiers to get ahead of the instruction.
                   d. Ensure the training partner offers resistance, but allows the maneuver to be
                   freely executed during the learning stages and while perfecting the techniques.
                   e. Ensure there is adequate space between Soldiers during all practical work,
                   for example, allow at least an 8-foot square for each pair of Soldiers.
                   f. Ensure that Soldiers empty their pockets, and remove their jewelry, and
                   identification tags before training.
                   g. Stress that only simulated strikes to vital points, such as the head, neck, and
                   groin area are to be executed. Soldiers may use light blows to other vulnerable
                   areas; however, they must exercise caution at all times.
                   h. Ensure that Soldiers understand the use of both physical tapping and verbal
                   signals to indicate to the partner when to stop the pressure in grappling and
                   choking techniques.
                   i. Make sure Soldiers warm up and stretch properly before practical work.
                   j. Teach and practice falls before conducting throws.
                   k. Ensure that the Soldier to be disarmed does not place his finger in the
                   trigger guard during rifle and bayonet disarming.
                   l. Make sure Soldiers keep scabbards on knives and bayonets firmly attached
                   to rifles while learning bayonet disarming methods.



                                                  6
                     m. Use bayonet scabbards or rubber knives during knife disarming training.


Risk             Low
Assessment
Level

Environmental    NOTE: It is the responsibility of all Soldiers and DA civilians to protect the environment from
Considerations   damage.
                 Units/installations will prepare an environmental risk assessment using the before,
                 during, and after checklist and the risk assessment matrices contained in The Unit
                 Leader's Handbook for Environmental Stewardship (TC-5-400, Chapter 5). The
                 checklist should be supplemented locally using state and local environmental
                 regulations applicable to your area.

Evaluation       The student must demonstrate knowledge of the terminal learning objective.

Instructional
Lead-In          The average Soldier, if trained only in the use of his basic weapon, loses his
                 effectiveness if his weapon fails to fire or if he should lose or break it. There are
                 many situations on the modern battlefield where the use of deadly force may not
                 be appropriate. With knowledge of hand-to-hand combat, confidence and
                 aggressiveness to fight, an individual is still able to attack his opponent.




                                                       7
SECTION III.    PRESENTATION


NOTE:     Inform the students of the Enabling Learning Objective requirements.
A.        ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE

           ACTION:            Fight for Dominant Clinch Position
           CONDITIONS:        Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                              in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                              ACU's and appropriate footgear.

           STANDARDS:         The Soldier will correctly demonstrated the following Clinch
                              Fighting Techniques:

                                  a. Pummeling for double under hooks
                                b. Swimming for neck control
                                 c. Fighting for dominant clinch position
                                 d. Fighting in the clinch with strikes
                                 e. Achieve the takedown in the clinch with strikes



1.        Learning Step / Activity 1. Fighting for Dominant Clinch Position
                 Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

          1. Lead-in to Stand-up Fighting.

          Stand-up fighting

          Stand-up fighting: In order to control the action during the standing portion of a fight,
          you must understand the elements of stand-up fighting. There are three elements of
          stand-up fighting. They are Range, Angle and Level. The fighter who controls these
          elements will be able to control what techniques are effective in the fight. In this
          course we will address the first two elements of Range and Angle and then learn
          some of the dominant Clinch positions that will enable you to strike your opponent,
          take him to the ground, or avoid being taken to the ground.

          Range: The basic ranges of close Combat are Projectile Weapon Range, Striking
          Range and Grappling Range.

                  Projectile Weapon Range is outside of the opponents reach. At this range, as
          long as it is maintained, the only effective attacks are with projectile weapons.

                  Striking Range is the range from which striking attacks are possible. It begins
          from arms length or, in the case of contact weapons, at the length of the weapon.

                  Grappling Range begins when you are too close for effective striking. This
          range is also called the Clinch.

          When forced to fight most people will attempt to win by striking their opponent with
          their fists. This is referred to as the universal fight plan. Almost everyone has it with or


                                                       8
without training. The good news for us is that this plan takes mutual consent. If we do
not stay at striking range, they cannot defeat us with that plan. As an example, when
a coward runs from a fight, they are avoiding striking range by running from the fight.
A different way to control a striker is to pass through striking range into grappling
range so that there isn’t enough space for effective strikes. This is called Achieving
the Clinch.

While achieving the clinch you must assume a good fighting position in order to avoid
taking damage that may end the fight before you get inside. Once you have a good
fighting stance, at an opportune time, you should crash through your opponent’s
attempts to strike you. It is important to understand that you will be hit. You simply
want to take the strikes where your body can absorb them without taking damage for
instance on the arms and the top of your head instead of the chin or face. You should
drive until your head is on the opponent’s chest and keep it there until you can turn
the Angle. You’re arms should be hooked, with a thumb less grip, over his arms.
From this position you can “roll” with attempts to strike, using your elbows to block
punches.

Angle: When you have closed to grappling range you have effectively stopped your
opponent from striking effectively however the fight is still neutral. In other words
either fighter could still dominate by controlling the Angle and position.

2. Demonstrate Dominant Clinch Positions.

NOTE: Execution (the instructor explains and demonstrates).

          (1) During Clinch Fighting, to control your opponent for both takedowns and
strikes it is necessary to establish dominant position in much the same way as when
ground fighting.

         (2) The most basic Clinch position is the Seat Belt Clinch. This should
normally be the goal when closing with an enemy. It allows for both strong takedowns
and strikes. In order to do this position, after having closed the range, you should turn
your head to one side and move your arm over one of his and pull it into your armpit,
grasping it at the elbow. At the same time, you should step around the other side and
clear his arm by driving your elbow up into his arm pit. Once you have turned the
angle, you should secure your position by grasping him around the waist, continuing
to control his far side arm and moving your hips away from him to avoid his attempts
to take you down.

        (3) The Body Lock can be used to strike effectively but is principally dominant
for takedowns and takedown defense. It is achieved when both of your arms are
wrapped around the enemy from the front, under his arms, with your hands locked
together behind his back.

        (4) Inside Control is the most dominant position for striking enemy when your
hands are cupped behind your opponent’s head with your arms inside of his and your
elbows tucked into his chest.

a. Pummeling to double underhooks.
         (1) (Lead-in) Things do not always go as planned when engaged with an
actual enemy. When you have closed the distance to grappling range you will
probably have to fight to gain one of the dominant clinch positions. One of the
fundamental methods of fighting for dominant position is pummeling. It is useful when
trying to gain either the Seat Belt Clinch or the Body Lock.


                                            9
              (2) Starting in a neutral position, where each of you have one underhook and
     one overhook, your head should be on the side of your overhook, Dig the overhook
     arm between your opponent’s arm and your chest in order to get it through his arm pit
     to gain an underhook.

              (3) If your opponent takes the same actions on the opposite side you will be
     able to practice this technique repeatedly.

              (4) This technique can be done cooperatively as a drill to warm-up for other
     fighting activities and to build the habit of establishing dominant clinch position.

              (5) It can also be done competitively as a part of a workout to build physical
     fitness and higher level proficiency.

             (6) When you have achieved double underhooks, grasp your hands together
     to achieve the body lock.

     b. Swimming to Inside Control.

            (1) (Lead-in) Another option is to fight for Inside Control in order to dominate
     your opponent with strikes.

             (2) Start with one Soldier in Inside Control. His training partner brings first one
     hand and then the other from underneath, through the middle, he should turn his
     shoulders with each arm movement to more easily get the inside position, and
     establishes Inside Control himself.

             (3) This exercise can also be done either cooperatively or competitively just
     as with pummeling for underhooks.



2.   Learning Step / Activity 2. Fighting for Dominant Clinch Position Practical Exercise
             Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
       Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
               Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                            Media:    Large Group Instruction

     Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
     between them making corrections and answering their questions.

               (1) Pummeling is sparring for dominant arm position only. In pummeling,
                   Soldiers begin in a neutral position and fight for dominant position (e.g.,
                   double underhooks or neck control).

               (2) No strikes of any kind.

               (3) All pummeling will be done at the standing position, no takedowns.



3.   Learning Step / Activity 3. Fighting in the clinch with strikes Practical Exercise

             Method of Instruction: Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
       Instructor to Student Ratio: 1:12


                                                 10
                   Time of Instruction: 25 mins
                                Media: Large Group Instruction

Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move between them making
corrections and answering their questions.

                   (1) While pummeling for dominant arm position, Soldiers try to create openings in
                       their training partner’s position to land controlled strikes with their knees. This
                       allows Soldiers to better understand the actions involved in creating, exploiting,
                       and defending openings.

                   (2) For best results, this type of sparring should be done lightly and for longer periods
                       of time (twenty minutes or more is common).

                   (3) When throwing knee strikes, fighters must take care to avoid injury to their training
                       partners. All strikes should have no power behind them.

                   (4) Avoid strikes to the groin

                   (5) No knee strikes to the head

                   (6) All pummeling will be done at the standing position, no takedowns.

                       NOTE: Open hands strikes to the head and close fist punches to the body can be
                       added later to help maintain proper fighting posture. All strikes should have no
                       power behind them.



4.       Learning Step / Activity 4. Achieve the takedown in the clinch with strikes Practical
Exercise

                 Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move between them making
corrections and answering their questions.

                   (1) Sparring for takedowns involves sparring from the standing position. This type of
                       training will typically cause Soldiers to take a lower, crouching stance, which
                       makes them vulnerable to knee strikes. Instructors should follow this training with
                       clinch-sparring to reinforce good posture.

                   (2) Sparring for takedowns can and should be conducted both with and without a
                       uniform top. Soldiers must be able to exploit an enemy's clothing, but should not
                       become dependent on it.

                   (3) The clinch with knee strikes to a takedown combines all techniques of the clinch
                       range. When using this technique, Soldiers begin with their arms in a neutral
                       posture and pummel for dominant position, while effecting strikes and takedowns.
                       This type of clinch sparring is the most effective, but requires it a high level of skill
                       and cooperation from both training partners.

                   (4) No knee strikes to the groin or head


                                                     11
                  (5) Open hand strikes to the face and close fist strikes to the body

                  (6) Once a Soldier takes his opponent to the ground and gains a good dominate
                      position both fighters will stand back up and assume fighting from the clinch
                      position.

                      NOTE: Drill with knee pads, groin protection, and torso protector if possible.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

B.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE

         ACTION:           Stand up in base.
         CONDITIONS:       As a member of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                           environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        The Soldier achieves the fighter stance from a sitting position while
                           protecting vital areas from strikes.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Stand up in base.
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   10 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        a. Fighter’s Stance.

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: The fighter’s stance will allow you to assume a posture toward your enemy
        that provides for immediate offense and sustain a coherent defense simultaneously.
        A lazy fighter’s stance gives your opponent opportunities to strike.

                (1) Hold your hands just in front of your cheek bones to protect your head
        and face. Tuck your chin into your chest and look directly beneath your eyebrows
        because strikes to this region can render you unconscious.

                (2) Fists are clenched, but relaxed.

                (3) Elbows are close to your body to defend strikes to your ribs. Your elbows
        can be brought together to block uppercuts and to protect when your enemy swings a
        weapon upward to strike the bottom of your chin.

                (4) Weight is evenly distributed on both feet, with the majority of your weight
        on the balls of your feet, creating a stable base to avoid getting taken down.

              (5) You are light on your feet with knees slightly flexed to allow quick
        movement in any direction.




                                                   12
        WARNING: NEVER bend over at your waist, as this will allow your enemy to strike
        your face with uppercuts.

             b. Stand Up in Base.

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: This is the most basic technique. It allows the fighter to stand back up
        from a sitting position in the presence of an enemy or potential enemy without
        compromising his base making himself vulnerable to attack. The principles of body
        movement inherent in this technique make it so important that leaders should
        reinforce it every time a fighter stands up.

        NOTE: Combatant is sitting upright on their buttocks.

                (1) Sit like a fighter, place your dominant hand behind you on the ground to
        provide a base with the non-dominate leg bent at the knee and the foot posted on the
        ground. The non-dominant arm is bent at the elbow. Place the elbow near the knee
        of the non-dominant leg. Your palm should be facing your opponent in front of your
        head to defend blows.

                 (2) The striking foot of the dominant leg is parallel to the ground and is used
        to kick your enemy to create enough space to stand up.

                (3) Bring the knee of your dominant leg through the same side armpit and
        post the foot to provide a base.

                (4) Assume a fighters stance.

        WARNING: NEVER bend over at your waist, as this will allow your enemy to strike
        your face with uppercuts.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Stand up in base Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   10 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

C.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Establish dominant body positions.
         CONDITIONS:       As a member of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                           environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        The Soldier established the dominant body position through the



                                                   13
                        rear mount using both hooks and opposing thumbs grip;
                        established the mount with feet pointing to the rear and knees on
                        the ground; established side control with control of the opponent's
                        head and hips; and established the guard with feet locked behind
                        the opponent's back.



1.   Learning Step / Activity 1. Establish Dominant body position
            Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
      Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
              Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                           Media:    Large Group Instruction

     NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
     guidance: Before any killing or disabling technique can be applied, the Soldier must
     first gain and maintain dominant body position. The leverage gained from a dominant
     body position allows the fighter to defeat a stronger opponent. Understanding the
     importance of the dominant position is fundamental to becoming a proficient fighter
     because it ties together what would otherwise be a long confusing list of unrelated
     techniques. If a finishing technique is attempted from the dominant position and fails,
     the fighter can simply try again. If, on the other hand, a finishing technique is
     attempted from any other position than the dominant position, and it fails, it will
     usually mean defeat. The dominant body positions will be introduced in order of
     precedence.

         a. Rear Mount.

     NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
     guidance: The back mount is the most dominant body position because it gives you
     the best control of the fight. The position allows you to strike and submit your enemy,
     while your opponent has few offensive options.

             (1) Both fighters will be seated on the ground with the dominant fighter facing
     his opponent's back.

             (2) Both legs should be wrapped around your opponent with the heels
     hooked inside the legs. This will keep your hips tight around the enemy to prevent
     him from working out of the position.

     WARNING: Do not interlock your ankles (this will provide your opponent an
     opportunity for an ankle break).

            (3) Place one arm under an armpit and the other around the neck to control
     the enemy's upper body.

             (4) Clasp your hands together in an opposing thumbs grip to help prevent
     him from tearing at your fingers and breaking your hold to escape.

           (5) Tuck your head down near your overhook side arm. This way, when your
     opponent throws elbows back toward your head, he will not strike your face.

         b. Front Mount.




                                               14
NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
guidance: The mount position is achieved when the dominant fighter is sitting on his
enemy's abdomen or chest with both feet and knees on the ground next to the
opponent's ribs and hips. This affords the dominant fighter an opportunity to strike at
will, as the range is clearly in his favor, and utilizes submissions as he has the
leverage. The fighter on the bottom in the non-dominant body position suffers from a
lack range and must continually defend against submissions from chokes, joint, and
muscle manipulation.

        (1) The non-dominant fighter is lying on his back with his knees bent and
both feet posted on the ground. His elbows are drawn in tight to his sides and are on
the ground to prevent his opponent from riding up into a high mount.

       (2) You are sitting on your opponent's chest or abdomen with both feet and
knees on the ground.

WARNING: Place your toes in line with or inside of your ankles when on top in the
mount to mitigate the risk of injuring your ankles when your opponent attempts to roll
you over.

        (3) Your knees are as high as possible toward your opponent's armpits to
mitigate his ability to arch his hips and break your posture.

          (4) Hold this position loosely to allow your opponent to turn over if he should
try.

        (5) The non-dominant fighter must keep both knees bent and feet posted on
the ground to allow him to arch his hips. His elbows must stay in and on the ground
to keep you from driving your knees toward the armpits. The non-dominant fighter
has to keep his head off the ground, so when struck, damage will be limited.

       c. Guard

NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
guidance: You never want to fight off your back. However, the guard position will
allow you to transition off your back into a more advantageous position. The guard
position allows the bottom fighter to exercise a certain amount of control over the
range by pushing out or pulling in the enemy with his legs and hips. However, while
both fighters can strike each other, the top fighter has the advantage of punching
downward. The bottom fighter enjoys the advantage of being able to submit his
enemy.

       (1) The non-dominant fighter will start off in a kneeling position with both
knees and feet on the ground.

WARNING: Place your toes in line with or inside of your ankles when on top in the
guard position to mitigate the risk of injuring your ankles when your opponent
attempts to sweep you over.

          (2) You are on your back.

         (3) Control your opponent's body by locking your legs around his torso and
controlling his arms at the elbows.

        (4) When you are locked in your opponent's guard, establish a wide base
with your knees, keeping your toes inside of your ankles to prevent breaking them



                                            15
        during a sweep. Place your hands on your opponent's hip flexors, with your elbows
        turned inward and waist straight.

             d. Side Control

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: The side control position is by its nature less dominant. However, it allows
        you to hold the enemy down and inflict enough damage to successfully transition to a
        more dominant position.

                 (1) The non-dominant fighter will be lying belly up on the ground with his
        knees bent and feet posted on the ground. The arm closest to the dominant fighter's
        head will hide his arm under his opponent's armpit. The arm closest to his enemy's
        hips will form a table top placed against_________.

                (2) Put your elbow on the ground between your opponent's ear and shoulder
        (elbow notch) to prevent him from simply pushing you back over his lower body.
        Place your weight down on your enemy, keeping your hips low the entire time.

                (3) Control your enemy's hips by pinching your backside knee and other
        elbow together to prevent him from threading his legs into you to compose guard, or
        turning his hips away from you to tripod to single leg.

                (4) Secure and maintain chest-to-chest contact with your opponent.

               (5) Straighten your leg nearest his head by pushing forward on the toe and
        keeping your knee off the ground. Use this pressure to push your hips down to
        enable better control.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Dominant body position Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

D.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Escaping from the mount with the arm trap and roll (drill 1)
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Escape from the mount with the trap and roll by securing an arm
                           and leg, thrusting hips forward, and rolling into the guard position.



                                                   16
1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Escape the mount (trap and roll) (Drill 1).
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: This technique is applied whenever your opponent has secured the
        dominant mount position and invests his hands or arms into a choke. The non-
        dominant fighter must remain relaxed and remember to fight the position. He must
        not focus all of his energy on attempting to defeat the submission (until he has placed
        himself in a better position).

                (1) Conduct this technique when you are on your back on the ground and
        your enemy is sitting on top of you with both knees and feet on the ground near your
        ribs.

                (2) Keep your elbows in and on the ground, even while your enemy is
        choking you. Raising your arms up will allow your enemy to secure a high mount, or
        worse secure an arm lock.

               (3) Trap one of your opponent's arms: first hand wraps over his wrist with a
        thumbless grip; second hand grabs above the elbow notch with thumb on the outside.

                (4) Take same side foot as the trapped arm and plant it on the ground on the
        outside of opponent's foot.

              (5) Take your opposite side knee and line it up in the center of your
        opponent's spine to avoid the grapevine.

        WARNING: The top fighter must position his toes either in line with or inside of
        ankles during this technique, or his ankles can be severely injured.

               (6) Thrust upward with your hips and roll him over. Secure a good pass the
        guard posture.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Escape the Mount (trap and roll) Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.



                                                   17
E.        ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
           ACTION:           Pass the Guard (drill 1)
           CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team
                             (one Soldier in the guard position), in an approved Combatives
                             training environment, while wearing ACUs and appropriate
                             footgear.

           STANDARDS:        The Soldier will escape by passing his opponents legs and stacking
                             his opponent to achieve side control.



1.        Learning Step / Activity 1. Pass the Guard
                  Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
            Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                    Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                                 Media:    Large Group Instruction

a. Pass the Guard

NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following guidance: Being
locked inside of your enemy's guard does not allow you to finish the fight as quickly or efficiently as when
in a more dominant body position. While locked, your enemy can attack you with strikes, submissions,
and sweeps. When you attempt to strike to submit your opponent from within his guard, this will often set
up these attacks.

         (1) This technique is employed when your opponent is on the ground on his back, but has his
legs wrapped around your torso with his feet interlocked behind you. You as the non-dominant fighter
must get a good pass the guard posture with your knees based out wide on the ground and your toes
either in line with or inside of your ankles. Sit your buttocks low to your heels, keep a straight waist to
avoid having your posture broken, make your elbows tight with your hands reaching down and controlling
your enemy's hips, and keep your chin tucked.

        (2) Establish a good base to prevent being swept.

WARNING: Keep your toes in line with or inside of your ankles to avoid injury to your ankles should you
be swept.

         (3) Take your hands and place them on the outside of your opponent's hip flexors with fingers
pointing out. Your enemy will often attempt to drag both of your arms to one side of your body to submit
you or take your back.

       (4) Turn your fingers inward and drive your hands to your opponent's chin. Place your face in his
sternum, exposing only the top and back of your ballistic helmet to his strikes.

       (5) Follow arms out to cover you enemy’s biceps and roll hands his back to cup them with a
thumbless grip. Never use a thumb grip, as your enemy can attack with a wrist lock.

        (6) Post one foot up and turn hips to create space.

       (7) Release same side grip and drive hand with knife edge through the opening. Also turn head
and eyes in the opposite direction to prevent blows to the face from the arm you no longer have secured.




                                                     18
       (8) Place hand and knee on the ground. Scoot same side leg back at a 45 degree angle,
changing the angle between you and your opponent thus driving your shoulder beneath his knee.

           (9) Grab your opponent's leg just above the hip and pull him onto your lap by straightening your
back.

WARNING: Maintain a good straight posture with your waist to prevent your enemy from choking you
with his legs.

      (10) Step up toward the shoulder with outside leg, knee pushing inward to control your
opponent's.

           (11) Reach same side hand across and secure the collar, thumb on the inside, fingers on the
outside.

         (12) Drive knee to the ground toward his ear to prevent the overhead sweep and come around to
get perpendicular with him. Post on your trail foot driving his hips upward and keeping them in place with
his hips resting on your trail knee.

           (13) Transition your other hand to the center of the waistband.

           (14) Stack your enemy up, pushing his knees straight over his head until you break the grip of his
legs.

WARNING: Maintain tight body contact when transitioning from the guard to side control to limit your
opponent's ability to compose guard.

           (15) Let your opponent's legs go past your head and assume good side control.

2.           Learning Step / Activity 2. Pass the Guard Practical Exercise
                    Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
              Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                      Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                                   Media:    Large Group Instruction

Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move between them making
corrections and answering their questions.

CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

F.           ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
              ACTION:          Achieving the mount from side control (drill 1)
              CONDITIONS:      Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team
                               (one Soldier in the guard position), in an approved Combatives
                               training environment, while wearing ACUs and appropriate
                               footgear.

              STANDARDS:       The Soldier will achieve the mount from side control.



1.           Learning Step / Activity 1. Achieve the Mount from Side Control
                   Method of Instruction: Conference/Demonstration



                                                       19
          Instructor to Student Ratio: 1:12
                  Time of Instruction: 15 mins
                               Media: Large Group Instruction


        a. Achieve the Mount from Side Control

        Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following guidance:
        More effective strikes and submissions can be landed from the mount or rear mount
        positions than side control.

                (1) This technique is performed to transition from side control to the mount
        when your opponent is flat on his back with his knees bent and feet posted on the
        ground.

                 (2) Take the hand closest to his leg and move it to the back side to control
        his hips.

                (3) Be aware of his knees and look down to prevent knee strikes.

                (4) Sit facing his legs and place your bottom knee against the hip. Then
        spread your legs out to avoid being taken over backwards were your enemy to arch
        into you.

                (5) The hand that was securing the hip now controls the legs. Push or pull
        his knees all the way to ground to avoid allowing your opponent to secure half guard.
        Step your back leg up and over the top, to the mounted position.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Achieve the Mount Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.


G.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Escaping from the mount with the shrimp escape (drill 3)
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        The Soldier will escape from the mount with the shrimp escape by
                           creating space, “shrimping” to both sides and securing the guard.



                                                   20
1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Escape the Mount, Shrimp to the Guard (shrimp escape).
               Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
         Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                 Time of Instruction:   10 mins
                              Media:    Large Group Instruction

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: Often when you attempt the Arm Trap and Roll to escape the mounted
        position as in drill number one, your opponent will post his leg out to prevent being
        rolled in that direction. This creates space under that leg that will allow you to shrimp
        a leg free to trap that leg.

                (1) This technique is used when you are flat on your back with your knees
        bent and feet posted on the ground. Your opponent is mounted on top of you.
        However, he has posted one leg out to prevent the arm trap and roll mount escape.

                  (2) Using the space he created by posting his leg, prop the leg up with your
        elbow and turn to your side facing his posted leg with that side leg flat. Move your
        hips away with pressure from the posted foot and shrimp your knee underneath his
        leg until it comes out.

        WARNING: Use your elbow to prop up the posted leg, instead of your hand, to avoid
        the straight arm lock.

               (3) Turn to your other hip and loop your leg in a windshield wiper motion,
        hooking his leg to prevent him from reestablishing the mount.

                (4) Take both hands and push your opponent's hip away, bring your other
        knee out from between your opponent's legs, put your weight on your posted foot,
        turn your body and face the other way using the same windshield wiper technique,
        then reestablish your guard.

        NOTE: Teach as a 3-step movement: One leg flat; one leg up; shoulder on mat
        (pivot point). Push with "up" or top leg, pivoting on the shoulder. Instructor will
        ensure that every Soldier can execute correctly before moving on to the Elbow
        Escape with a partner.


NOTE:   Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.

2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Shrimp Drill Practical Exercise
               Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
         Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                 Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                              Media:    Large Group Instruction

        1. Shrimp, Practical Exercise

          a. The PE for the shrimp will begin with all students lined up on one side of the
        mat.




                                                   21
           b. The first rank will get on their back.

           c. They will shrimp across the mat

           d. Continue until all students have completed the exercise

        Note: Teach as a (3) step movement: (1) leg flat (1) leg up Shoulder on mat (pivot
        point), Push with "up" or top leg, pivoting on the shoulder. Instructor will insure that
        every student can execute correctly before moving on to the Elbow Escape with a
        partner.


NOTE:   Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.


CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

H.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Employ the arm push and roll to the rear mount (drill 2).
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Achieve the rear mount using the arm push and roll by ratcheting
                           the bottom fighter to his stomach.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ the arm push and roll to the rear mount.
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Arm Push and Roll to the Rear Mount

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: The Arm Push and Roll to the Rear Mount can be used to turn your
        opponent from his back to his stomach, giving you a better opportunity to employ
        strikes and submissions.

               (1) You are mounted on your opponent and are attempting to strike, when
        the opponent gives you a standard block to avoid your strikes.

                (2) Target the top arm, the one closest to the top of the head, by driving one
        hand on the back of the elbow, and one hand on the wrist both with thumbless grips
        to push that top arm across his body in the direction of the hand, and then capture it
        with your chest.

        WARNING: During drilling or sparing with a training partner it is important for the
        bottom fighter to be mindful of where the hand and wrist of the trapped arm are
        located to prevent injury. It is recommended that Soldiers form a fist with the hand of
        the trapped arm.




                                                       22
                  (3) Once you capture the arm, release the grip of the hand on the elbow and
        drive it under the neck to secure your opponent's wrist with a thumbless grip. The
        hand that was on the wrist will go to his elbow. Change your posture to make room
        so that your opponent can roll.

                (4) Use the power of your body and push him with your chest (making sure
        you do not go too far over center) using ratchets motion until his elbow stops him from
        going any further.

                (5) Take your weight off of him and fold his arms underneath him while
        pushing him forward on top of it. Then sit up, push to straighten your arms with your
        hands in the back of collar, and locate your feet near his hips.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ the arm push and roll to the rear mount-Practical Exercise.
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   30 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

I.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Escape the rear mount (drill 2).
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        The Soldier will escape from the rear mount by turning into his
                           opponent, scraping his legs off and achieving the mount.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Escape the rear mount.
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Introduce Escape the Rear Mount

        NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
        guidance: Anytime your opponent has your back, you are in a very bad position. You
        must defend attacks while escaping the position in a timely manner. It is imperative
        to remain calm, and although it is counterintuitive, turn your body into your enemy
        rather than away from him.



                                                   23
        NOTE: During the initial block of instruction, the fighters will be sitting upright on
        their buttocks.

                  (1) When your opponent has broken your base and is postured on your back,
        after he puts his hooks in, you will place one hand over your head with the bicep very
        tight to the side of your head the hand covering your ear, palm facing in, the other
        hand will go to the arm pit, palm facing out.
                  (2) Once your opponent reaches in, the hand under the arm pit secures the
        wrist of your opponent and pushes it away, with your other arm, wrap around it
        making a figure four.

                (3) Place your back on the mat on the underhook side. Once your body
        weight is on that arm you can let go and start to get to your shoulders to the ground.

        WARNING: Do not put your back on the overhook side.

                 (4) Push your hips away from your opponent's legs, one hand on his hip, and
        the other on his knee, to prevent him from achieving the mount. Go through his legs
        until your hips clear his legs. Your inside leg should come through and go on the
        ground. Your knee should be toward his armpit, while your foot hooks the groin area.
        Your opposite leg will come through the middle and your foot will hook the back of his
        knee.

                (5) Top hand reaches into far side collar, bottom hand post on ground.

                (6) Roll into and gain the mount.

        NOTE: When executing drill #2, Soldiers will use the "Quick Roll" to escape the rear
        mount.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Escape the rear mount Practical Exercise.
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

J.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Employ Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring for dominant
                           position).
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's, appropriate footgear, and mouth guard.




                                                    24
      STANDARDS:         Achieve dominant body position while sparring with a fully resistant
                         opponent within 2 minutes.



1.   Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ Combatives Fighting techniques.
            Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
      Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
              Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                           Media:    Large Group Instruction

     GRAPPLING SAFETY BRIEF

     NOTE: Instructors must brief each Soldier on what actions are appropriate, what are
     illegal, and what repercussions will apply if rules are broken.

     NOTE: Remind Soldier to remain professional at all times and to fight with the
     sparring ethic in mind; that is, to spar as hard as they could if they were to roll five
     days a week. Also remind Soldiers that every Soldier in their class is on the same
     team, and that nine man squads beat seven man squads.

          a. All standard rules apply.

          b. Tapping procedures will be adhered to.

            (1) Soldiers will tap when in pain, when they feel they are about to go
     unconscious, or when an effective joint lock is being applied.

              (2) Soldiers should attempt to tap vigorously on their opponent when the
     above conditions apply. If a student cannot tap on their opponent, they should Tap on
     either themselves or the mat.

             (3) In the event that a student is unable to tap, they should verbally submit,
     exclaiming, “Tap Tap Tap”.

              (4) Once an opponent taps, Soldiers will immediately stop what they are
     doing.

              (5) Soldiers should not tap to escape an uncomfortable position.

          c. Soldiers may not stand up unless to pass the guard.

         d. Soldiers may not pick an opponent up and slam him on the mat. This includes
     when in their opponent's guard.

          e. No finger chokes are allowed.

          f. Soldiers may not apply any sort of small joint manipulation. This includes wrist
     locks and the bending of fingers.

          g. All joint manipulation will be applied with slow steady pressure.




                                                 25
              h. When grabbing the hand, Soldiers will grab either the whole hand or at least
        four fingers.

             i. No leg attacks of any kind are allowed in the level I Course.

             j. No striking is permitted.

             k. No pressure points will be applied

             l. No fish hooking will be permitted.

             m. Soldiers will at NO time grab their opponent’s genitals.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring for dominant position)
        Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:      Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:      1:12
                  Time of Instruction:      30 mins
                               Media:       Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

K.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:            Employ the Rear Naked Choke
         CONDITIONS:        As a member of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                            environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:         Correctly use the rear naked choke on your opponent’s neck
                            forcing him to submit while avoiding hits / strikes from your
                            opponent.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ the Rear Naked Choke
                Method of Instruction:      Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:      1:12
                  Time of Instruction:      15 mins
                               Media:       Large Group Instruction

        Employ the Rear-naked Choke (on knees and then from the rear mount)

                (1) Take your bicep put it along one side of your opponent’s neck; take your
        forearm and roll it around to the other side of neck, his chin will line up with your
        elbow.




                                                      26
                (2) Tighten choke up and grab your shoulder or arm.

                (3) Opposite hand goes behind the head as if your combing his hair back.

                (4) Tuck your head in to avoid getting hit.

                (5) Roll your shoulders back, push chest forward and finish the choke.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ the Rear Naked Choke Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   30 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

L.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Employ the Cross Collar Choke
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Correctly use the cross collar choke on your opponent using his
                           collar to force him to submit and proper form.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ the Cross Collar Choke
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Employ the Cross-collar Choke from the knees, the mount and the guard

                 (1) Open his collar with the weak hand to make room to fit your fingers in,
        insert your fingers in the inside and the thumb on the outside

                (2) Relax your arm so you can reach behind his neck and grasp his collar,
        second hand goes under the first arm, same grip fingers on the inside, thumb on the
        outside, reach all the way back until it meets the other hand.

               (3) Turn wrist so your palms face you, pull him in to you expand your chest
        and rotate shoulders back and take your elbows to your side.




                                                   27
                (4) Post head forward on ground

                (5) Done from either the mount or the guard




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ the Cross Collar Choke Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   30 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

M.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Employ the Bent Arm Bar
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Correctly use the bent-arm bar on your opponent forcing him to
                           submit.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ the Bent Arm Bar
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   10 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Employ the Bent-arm Bar (mount and side control)

                (1) Your opponent gives you the parallel (Boxing) block

                 (2) Take both hands, thumbs along side of your hands, with thumb less
        grips, drive his wrist and elbow to the ground, your elbow will go to the elbow notch

                 (3) Your head will go on the back of your hand, to protect your face from
        strikes; your other hand will go under his elbow and grab your own wrist with thumb
        less grip

               (4) Drag the back of his hand towards his waistline and lift his elbow back
        and break his shoulder




                                                   28
2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ the Bent Arm Bar Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

N.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Employ the Straight Arm Bar
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:             a. Execute the Straight-arm bar from the mount

                                b. Execute the Straight-arm bar from the guard



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ the Straight Arm Bar from the Guard
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

            a. Straight-arm bar from the Mount


                (1) When you are mounted on your opponent and he pushes you away giving
                    you straight arms, decide which arm you are going to break.

                (2) Isolate that arm by placing your opposite side hand in your opponent
                    chest, between his arms. Targeting the unaffected arm, press down on
                    your opponent from getting off the flat of his back.

                (3) Loop your same side arm around the targeted arm and place that hand in
                    the middle of your opponent chest, applying greater pressure.

                (4) Raise your feet in a very low squat so not to allow your opponent to
                    escape.

                (5) Turn your body 90 degrees to face the targeted arm. Continue to keep his
                    low and pressure on your opponent while turning to prevent escape.

                (6) Bring the foot nearest to your opponent head around his face, and plant it
                    in the crook of his neck on the opposite side of the targeted arm.



                                                   29
                 (7) Slide your hips down the targeted arm, keeping your buttocks tight to your
                     opponent shoulder. Remember to isolate your opponent’s elbow joint by
                     trapping only the bicep/ triceps region between your legs. Control
                     opponent’s wrist with a thumb grip with opponent’s thumb skyward.


          b. Straight-arm bar from the Guard

            (1) When you have your opponent in your guard and he gives you straight
     arms, decide which arm you are going to break.

              (2) Reach up and secure his arm at the elbow or above it, with a beer can
     grip with the opposite hand, palm facing you dig underneath that leg, and grab the
     back of his thigh.

                 (3) Open your guard, bring your legs up, and curl your back to limit the
     friction.

              (4) Pull with the hand that is on the back of the thigh to spin, bring your head
     to his knee place the leg over his head and grab it with your leg pull him down, pinch
     your heels to your butt and knees together.

              (5) The hand that was behind his thigh comes out and secures the same
     wrist that you have secured at the elbow with a thumb grip.

                 (6) Pull down with your calf and push up with your hips to break his arm.




2.   Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ the Straight Arm Bar from the Mount and the Guard Practical
     Exercise
            Method of Instruction:       Practical Exercise (Performance)
      Instructor to Student Ratio:       1:12
              Time of Instruction:       20 mins
                           Media:        Large Group Instruction

     Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
     between them making corrections and answering their questions.



3.   Learning Step / Activity 3. Employ the Straight Arm Bar from the Mount and the Guard Drill
            Method of Instruction:       Practical Exercise (Performance)
      Instructor to Student Ratio:       1:12
              Time of Instruction:       20 mins
                           Media:        Large Group Instruction

                  (1)                    Straight arm-bar from the mount drill will be performed with one
                        Soldier lying on his back presenting straight arms to his opponent. The Soldier
                        conducting the drill will form a “T” with his hands on his opponents chest and in
                        one motion pop up and execute the straight arm bar by swinging his leg over the
                        opponents head and rolling to his back. He’ll then scissor his legs going back to
                        the mounted position to perform the same technique to the opposite arm. This is a
                        continuous drill to help the Soldier put all the steps into one fluent motion.


                                                    30
                  (2)                     Straight arm-bar from the guard drill will be performed with one
                        Soldier inside the guard presenting straight arms to his opponent. Soldier
                        conducting the drill will reach up and secure his arm at the elbow or above it, with
                        a beer can grip with the opposite hand, palm facing you dig underneath that leg,
                        and grab the back of his thigh. He’ll open his guard to bring his legs up, and curl
                        his back to limit the friction and wrap his legs around the head and upper back.
                        He’ll secure the position by curling his legs and pinching his legs together. Soldier
                        will return to the start position and perform the same technique to the opposite
                        arm. This is a continuous drill to help the Soldier put all the steps into one fluent
                        motion.


CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO. With practical exercise

O.       ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
          ACTION:             Employ the Scissors Sweep (drill 3)
          CONDITIONS:         Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                              in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                              ACU's and appropriate footgear.

          STANDARDS:          Employ the Scissors Sweep by placing one shin on opponent's
                              stomach, blocking his knees with the opposite leg, scissoring and
                              gaining the mount.



1.       Learning Step / Activity 1. Scissor Sweep
                Method of Instruction:    Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:    1:12
                  Time of Instruction:    20 mins
                               Media:     Large Group Instruction

         Scissors Sweep.

         NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following
         guidance: This sweep can be employed whenever your enemy attempts to pass by
         posting one leg, as in the guard pass from Drill 1.

                  (1) Your opponent is attempting to pass your guard as you control his arms
         at the elbows.

                 (2) When he posts one of his legs to create space, relax your guard and
         keep your knees tight. Hang your calf on the enemy's posted leg and post on your
         opposite shoulder to swing your butt out toward his posted leg. Drive that leg across
         his waist like a belt, then hook the foot at his waist with your knee low. Your other side
         leg goes flat on the ground to trap the non-posted leg.

         WARNING: The fighter in the non-dominant position about to be swept must ensure
         that he keeps his toes in line with or inside of his ankles to prevent injury.

                 (3) Reach across your body and secure the collar on the opposite side of his
         posted leg, maintaining control of the arm on the side you intend to sweep.




                                                     31
                 (4) Extend your body to take him off his base and make a scissoring motion
         with your legs to sweep him over and come up in mount.

                  (5) If your opponent attempts to prevent the sweep by posting his sweep side
         arm, release the elbow and bring your hand down to sweep the posted arm in the
         direction of the fingers.




2.       Learning Step / Activity 2. Scissor Sweep Practical exercise
                 Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   25 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

         Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
         between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING:

P.       ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
           ACTION:          Sweep from the attempted Straight Arm-bar (drill 3)
           CONDITIONS:      Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                            in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                            ACU's and appropriate footgear.

           STANDARDS:       Employ the Sweep from the attempted Straight Arm-bar by
                            swinging the leg that was supposed to hook the opponent’s head in
                            a big circle away from the opponent’s body and then tucking the leg
                            to come up to the Mount.



1.       Learning Step / Activity 1. Sweep from the attempted Straight Arm-bar
                 Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

Sweep from the attempted Straight Arm-bar.

NOTE: Instructor will introduce the technique to be trained and give the following guidance: This sweep
can be employed whenever your enemy tucks his head preventing you from getting the straight arm-bar
from the guard.

              (1) When you attempt to apply the straight arm-bar from the guard your opponent will tuck
his head to avoid the arm-bar.




                                                    32
               (2) With the hand that is behind your opponents thigh, pull his knee as close to your head
as possible in order to position your body perpendicular to your opponent. Do not release control of
previously targeted arm.

           (3) Swing the leg that was suppose to hook your opponent head in a big circle, originating from
your head following a path to your opponent’s far-side leg.

                (4) With the leg that is hooked under your opponent’s armpit, push towards his head so
that you will roll right up into the mount. Use the momentum from the leg that is swinging in a circle to
sweep your opponent. Insure to tuck your leg to prevent it from being trapped under your opponent’s
body.

WARNING: The fighter in the non-dominant position about to be swept must ensure that he keeps his
toes in line with or inside of his ankles to prevent injury.


Q.        ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
           ACTION:            Employ Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring with submissions).
           CONDITIONS:        Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                              in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                              ACU's, appropriate footgear, and mouth guard.



           STANDARDS:         Achieve dominant body position while sparring for submission with
                              a fully resistant opponent within 5 minutes.



1.        Learning Step / Activity 1. Employ Combatives Fighting techniques.
                  Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
            Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                    Time of Instruction:   60 mins
                                 Media:    Large Group Instruction

          GRAPPLING SAFETY BRIEF

          NOTE: Instructors must brief each Soldier on what actions are appropriate, what are
          illegal, and what repercussions will apply if rules are broken.

          NOTE: Remind Soldier to remain professional at all times and to fight with the
          sparring ethic in mind; that is, to spar as hard as they could if they were to roll five
          days a week. Also remind Soldiers that every Soldier in their class is on the same
          team, and that nine man squads beat seven man squads.

               a. All standard rules apply.

               b. Tapping procedures will be adhered to.

                 (1) Soldiers will tap when in pain, when they feel they are about to go
          unconscious, or when an effective joint lock is being applied.

                   (2) Soldiers should attempt to tap vigorously on their opponent when the
          above conditions apply. If a student cannot tap on their opponent, they should Tap on
          either themselves or the mat.


                                                      33
                (3) In the event that a student is unable to tap, they should verbally submit,
        exclaiming, “Tap Tap Tap”.

                 (4) Once an opponent taps, Soldiers will immediately stop what they are
        doing.

                 (5) Soldiers should not tap to escape an uncomfortable position.

             c. Soldiers may not stand up unless to pass the guard.

            d. Soldiers may not pick an opponent up and slam him on the mat. This includes
        when in their opponent's guard.

             e. No finger chokes are allowed.

             f. Soldiers may not apply any sort of small joint manipulation. This includes wrist
        locks and the bending of fingers.

             g. All joint manipulation will be applied with slow steady pressure.

              h. When grabbing the hand, Soldiers will grab either the whole hand or at least
        four fingers.

             i. No leg attacks of any kind are allowed in the level I Course.

             j. No striking is permitted.

             k. No pressure points will be applied

             l. No fish hooking will be permitted.

             m. Soldiers will at NO time grab their opponent’s genitals.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Employ Ground Fighting Techniques (sparring with submissions)
        Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:      Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:      1:12
                  Time of Instruction:      60 mins
                               Media:       Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

R.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:            Achieve the Clinch drills and practical exercise
         CONDITIONS:        Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,



                                                      34
                        in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                        ACU's and appropriate footgear.

      STANDARDS:        The Soldier applies practical exercise to help gain confidence
                        in their ability to achieve the clinch

1.   Refer to Achieve the Clinch SOP and Annex A provided at the Fort Benning Combatives
     website @
     https://www.infantry.army.mil/combatives/content/admin/achievetheclinchSOP27feb2006.doc.

S.   ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
      ACTION:           Front Takedown to the Mount
      CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                        in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                        ACU's and appropriate footgear.

      STANDARDS:        The Soldier succeeds in taking his opponent to the ground and
                        then mounts his opponent.



1.   Learning Step / Activity 1. Front Takedown to the Mount
            Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
      Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
              Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                           Media:    Large Group Instruction

     Front Takedown to the Mount

            (1) Step around to the front of him so you can drive off that leg (just like
     pushing a tackling dummy).

            (2) Release your grip on the elbow and reach around to the small of his back
     (one hand on the other both facing down).

             (3) Pull in to him with your hands and at the same time you’re driving with the
     back leg, step past him, that will make his back arch over.

             (4) Now he’s about to fall, release your grip push your hip against him and
     ride him over to the mount position.




2.   Learning Step / Activity 2. Front Takedown to the Mount Practical Exercise
            Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
      Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
              Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                           Media:    Large Group Instruction

     Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
     between them making corrections and answering their questions.


                                                35
CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

T.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Rear Takedown to the Mount
         CONDITIONS:       As a member of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                           environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        The Soldier succeeds in taking his opponent to the ground and
                           then mounts his opponent.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Rear Takedown
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Rear Takedown

                (1) Sometimes when you achieve the clinch you will end up behind him.

                (2) Establish an opposing thumb grip around his waist, and place your head
        in the small of your opponents back.

                (3) Step around the side so your foot is perpendicular to his creating a T with
        your foot.

                (4) With your other foot you scrape the back of the calf and create another T
        with your foot and his.

                (5) Sit down on the opposite heel (butt low) to take him down.

                 (6) Release your grip as your opponent falls to the ground and roll right on
        top of him in mount.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Rear Takedown Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




                                                   36
CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

U.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Standing Guillotine Choke
         CONDITIONS:       As a member of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                           environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Correctly use the guillotine choke on your opponent forcing him to
                           submit using proper form.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Standing Guillotine Choke
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   10 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Standing Guillotine Choke

                (1) Your opponent shoots in on you and presents his neck to you.

                (2) Channel his head to one of your arm pits slightly sprawl your hips back.

                (3) Take your arm and wrap it around his neck, palm facing your body, your
        other hand reach down and grab your hand again palm facing you.

                (4) Make sure you don’t reach around and grab his arm.

                (5) Cinch up the choke and sit down to place him in your guard.

                (6) Finish the choke by pushing with your legs and pulling with your arms.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Standing Guillotine Choke Practical exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.


V.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE




                                                   37
      ACTION:            Dominate an enemy with Knee Strikes
      CONDITIONS:        Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                         in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                         ACU's and appropriate footgear.

      STANDARDS:         Soldier land effective knee strikes while in a dominant Clinch
                         position.



1.   Learning Step / Activity 1. Dominate an enemy with Knee Strikes
            Method of Instruction:    Conference/Demonstration
      Instructor to Student Ratio:    1:12
              Time of Instruction:    10 mins
                           Media:     Large Group Instruction

     1. Execute the Up Knee.

            (1) (Lead-in) When you have established inside control, one of the more
     devastating attacks you can use is the Up-Knee.

               (2) The up-knee is a rising strike either to the head or torso. It is thrown
     directly to the front after having achieved inside control.

     2. Execute the Round Knee.

              (1) (Lead-in) When you have established inside control your opponent can
     avoid the up-knee by keeping good posture and keeping his hips close to yours. At
     this time you should use the round knee to attack his flanks.

              (2) The round knee is a strike that comes from the side and attacks either the
     ribs or the thighs.

               (3) When attacking the ribs it should be a rising strike but when attacking the
     thighs it should land more horizontally.

              (4) To practice the round knee safely, Soldiers should be taught to land with
     the inside of their thigh when training with a partner.




2.   Learning Step / Activity 2. Dominate an enemy with Knee Strikes Practical Exercise
            Method of Instruction:    Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
      Instructor to Student Ratio:    1:12
              Time of Instruction:    20 mins
                           Media:     Large Group Instruction

     Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
     between them making corrections and answering their questions.




                                                  38
CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.


W.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Defend Against Knee Strikes
         CONDITIONS:       Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                           in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                           ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Soldier effectively defends against knee strikes while fighting for a
                           dominant Clinch position.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Defend Against Knee Strikes
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        1. Defend Against the Up Knee.

                 (1) (Lead-in) If your opponent establishes inside control on you, he may
        choose to attack using the Up-Knee. This can be devastating if you do not defend
        effectively.

               (2) To defend against the Up-Knee it is important to maintain good posture.
        Your head should be up and your hips should be close to the enemy’s.

                (3) You should cant your hips slightly to avoid being kneed in the crotch.

                (4) The longer your enemy controls the position the more at risk you are so
        continue to attempt to improve your position by swimming to inside control.

        2. Defend Against the Round Knee. (Pulling toward the knee)

              (1) (Lead-in) If you have effectively defended against the Up-Knee, your
        enemy may choose to attack using the Round Knee.

                 (2) To defend against the Round Knee you can pull him in a circular motion
        toward the knee he is attempting to strike you with. This will compromise his base and
        he will have to put his leg down to avoid being taken to the ground.

        3. Defend Against the Round Knee. (Pulling away from the knee)

                 (1) (Lead-in) It is sometime difficult to feel which knee the enemy will strike
        with in order pull toward it. The good news is that you can also defend against the
        round knee by pulling him away from the knee.
                 (2) To defend against the Round Knee you can pull him in a circular motion
        away from the knee he is attempting to strike you with. This will compromise his base
        and he will have to put his leg down to avoid being taken to the ground.




                                                  39
2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Defend Against Knee Strikes Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

X.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:            Defend Against Knee Strikes with takedowns
         CONDITIONS:        Given a Combatives training facility, as a member of a buddy team,
                            in an approved Combatives training environment, while wearing
                            ACU's and appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:         Soldier effectively defends against knee strikes while forcing his
                            opponent to the ground



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Defend Against Knee Strikes
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction



        1. Hip check, turn down.

                (1) When used as a defense, the Hip Check is effective in taking the opponent
        off-balance by transitioning all of his weight over the outside of his foot.

                (2) Stop your opponent's attempted knee strike with a Hip Check.

                (3) Turn your opponent in a tight circle away from his striking leg, and pull downward.

        2. Tilt the head

              (1) An opponent must have good posture to strike effectively. To affect his
        opponent’s posture, a fighter can control his opponent’s upper body by tilting his
        head.


                 (2) Assume the Inside Control position. As your opponent's knee strike comes
        in, control his ability to strike by tilting his head.




                                                     40
          3. Pull away from the knee, sweep

                  (1) When in the clinch, an opponent may throw knee strikes. If this occurs, the fighter
                      pulls his opponent away from the strike, steps through, and executes a sweep.

                  (2) Stop your opponent's attempted knee strike by pulling away from his knee.

                  (3) Step through the space between you and the opponent.

                  (4) Execute a sweep with your opposite-side foot.


         4. Pull toward the knee, inside hook
                     (1) If a fighter defends against a knee strike by pulling his opponent toward the strike,
                     he may be able to attack with an inside trip.
                     (2) Stop your opponent's attempted knee strike by pulling away from his knee.
                   (3) Sweep your opponent's posted leg with the back of your calf just as his other leg touches
                   the ground.


2.        Learning Step / Activity 2. Defend Against Knee Strikes Practical Exercise
                 Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   20 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move between them making
corrections and answering their questions.




Y.        ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
           ACTION:            Engage Enemy with Rifle in Hand-to-hand Combat
           CONDITIONS:        During daylight, in a suitable training area, given an M4 / M16-
                              Series rifle, wearing ACU's, appropriate footgear and protective
                              headgear.

           STANDARDS:         When Confronted with an enemy in the Range of hand-to-hand
                              combat, effectively employ your Rifle.



1.        Learning Step / Activity 1. Engage Enemy with Rifle in Hand-to-hand Combat
                 Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
           Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                   Time of Instruction:   30 mins
                                Media:    Large Group Instruction

          1. Muzzle Thump.

          NOTE: Execution (the instructor explains and demonstrates).



                                                      41
        (1) When confronted with non-compliant enemy or potential enemy when just
outside of contact range, a Soldier may direct a short, sharp, forceful strike with the
muzzle of his weapon at the subject’s chest.

       (2) The Soldier should maintain his balance and only become decisively
engaged if he decides to do so or the enemy attacks.

NOTE: Demonstrators execute a Muzzle Thump against a suitable target sufficiently
resilient to avoid damage either the target or the weapon.

2. Head Butt.

      (1) (Lead-in) Frequently in close quarters fighting, an enemy or potential
enemy will attempt to gain control of a Soldiers Rifle by grasping it.

         (2) If the enemy grasps the muzzle of your weapon, push it downward. This
will bring him closer to you. When he is within range, deliver a violent and forceful
head butt with your helmet. You should use the area of your helmet directly above
your temple, as if you had horns.

        (3) Repeat as necessary to break the enemy’s grip on your weapon.

NOTE: OPFOR should wear football style helmet with face mask/shield.

3. Tug of War.

        (1) (Lead-in) Sometimes an enemy will grasp the end of your muzzle in an
             attempt to take control of your weapon.

        (2) One option is to simply step back from your opponent and pull back on
            your weapon away from the enemy. The enemy will be pulled forward if
            he maintains his grasp on the weapon’s muzzle. Consequently, the
            weapon’s muzzle will be pointed directly at the enemy’s stomach area as
            he struggles to maintain his grip.

        (3) When your weapon is pointed at him, fire it.

4. Head Butt and Tug of War.

       (1) (Lead-in) Each of the preceding techniques may not be enough, by
themselves. In this case you can combine them.

         (2) If the enemy grasps the muzzle of your weapon, push it downward. This
will bring him closer to you. When he is within range, deliver a violent and forceful
head butt with your helmet. You should use the area of your helmet directly above
your temple, as if you had horns.

        (3) When the enemy recoils from the blows, step back from your opponent
and pull back on your weapon away from the enemy. The enemy will be pulled
forward and lower in his stance if he maintains his grasp on the weapon’s muzzle.
Consequently, the weapon’s muzzle will be pointed directly at the enemy’s stomach
area as he struggles to maintain his grip.

        (4) When your weapon is pointed at him, fire it.




                                          42
        NOTE: OPFOR must wear protective headgear

        5. Front Kick.

                (1) (Lead-in) Sometimes you may want to disengage from an enemy who
        has grasped your weapon without shooting them. In this case a front kick can
        sometimes break their grip on your weapon and allow you to disengage.

        When there is sufficient space to do so, use your rear foot to forcefully kick the enemy
        off the end of your weapon.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Engage Enemy with Rifle in Hand-to-hand Combat Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Hands-on)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   1 hr
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.

Z.      ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Engage With Bayonet / Combat Knife or Side Arm
         CONDITIONS:       During Daylight, in a suitable training area, given an M16-Series
                           rifle and Training Knife/ Bayonet in sheath or sidearm in Holster.

         STANDARDS:        Soldier gains control of his weapon and is able to shoot the enemy.



1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Engage With Bayonet / Combat Knife or Side Arm
                Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   45 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction


               (1) (Lead-in) When attacking an enemy with a Bayonet or Combat Knife it is
        important to understand where attacks can have the most effect.

                 (2) Stabbing attacks are the most likely to be fatal, although they require
        more commitment to the attack than other types of attacks. Stabbing attacks are most
        effective when targeted around the body’s natural body armor, such as under the rib
        cage or the front of the neck.

                (3) Slashing attacks, where there is an attempt to cut the enemy with the
        blade of the weapon, are seldom fatal but can be useful tactically to create an



                                                   43
opening for more decisive attacks. They can also help to disengage. It is important to
remember that against even a very sharp blade, heavy clothing can act as an
effective armor to slashing attacks.

         (4) In a life and death struggle, people are capable of continuing to fight even
after sustaining fatal wounds so it is important to continue to attack until the enemy
succumbs and to keep your head in the fight even after it seems to be over.


2. Control an enemy at Post Range.

         (1) (Lead-in) When confronted by a potential enemy, you may not know
whether or not they are a direct threat. In that case, it is best to control them at arm’s
length. This distance gives you the best opportunity to bring your weapons to bear
should he attack you. It will also prevent the enemy from accessing your weapon
(firearm, knife, etc.).

        (2) To control someone at post distance, extend your non-firing arm, locking
the elbow and turn your thumb downward. This will keep your elbow up and give you
the best chance of blocking a punch to the head.

         (3) While at post distance, you can lessen the enemy’s chances of gaining
control of your primary weapon by bringing it out of your shoulder and allowing the
butt stock to go over your elbow.

        (4) At this range, you can engage with your primary weapon or, in the event
that your primary weapon malfunctions, you can access a secondary weapon.

        (5) While the enemy is at post distance, you may access your Bayonet/Knife
or Sidearm with your firing hand.


3. Control an enemy at Frame Range.

        (1) (Lead-in) An enemy may attack suddenly before you have a chance to
post or may attack from your post range. At this time you have the option to control
him by forming a frame.

       (2) The first method of forming the frame is to catch him with your forearm,
arm extended beyond 90o. Your fingers should be extended in order to engage your
extender muscles.

        (3) If the enemy crushes your arm past 90o, you can back up your frame by
grasping the wrist of the frame arm with your other hand. You can then extend your
arm out past 90o using the strength of both arms and the natural strength of your
bone structure.

         (4) If the enemy attacks on your weapon side, you will need to switch sides
to clear your firing hand. To change sides after making a frame with your weapons-
side arm, face toward your opponent and make a second frame with your non-firing
arm on top of the first. Once this second frame is formed, switch your feet and
withdraw your firing hand.

       (5) While your enemy is held at frame range with your non-firing hand, you
may access your Bayonet/Knife or Sidearm with your firing hand.




                                            44
        4. Control an enemy with a hook and head control.

              (1) (Lead-in) If an enemy begins to get past your frame, you will need to
        pummel to an under hook in order to maintain control.

                (2) After you have achieved an under hook, you must gain head control by
        placing your forehead against your opponent’s chin.

                (3) Your head must be between your enemy and your weapon in order to
        have the leverage to employ your weapon.




2.      Learning Step / Activity 2. Engage With Bayonet / Combat Knife or Side Arm Practical Exercise
                Method of Instruction:   Practical Exercise (Performance)
          Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                  Time of Instruction:   1 hr 10 mins
                               Media:    Large Group Instruction

        Students will break into pairs and practice the technique, as the instructors move
        between them making corrections and answering their questions.




CHECK ON LEARNING: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the ELO.



AA.     ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:           Basic Combative Test
         CONDITIONS:       As a member of a buddy team, in an approved
                           Combatives
                           training environment, while wearing ACU's and
                           appropriate footgear.

         STANDARDS:        Demonstrate combative techniques IAW FM 3-25.150.


1.      Learning Step / Activity 1. Basic Combative Test
        Method of Instruction: Test
        Instructor to Student Ratio: 1:12
        Time of Instruction: 1 hr
        Media: Large Group Instruction


        Evaluation Preparation: Evaluation should be performed in an area free of
        sharp or hard objects or on suitable matted surface if available.




                                                   45
       Setup: Provide the Soldier with combat equipment and rifle and a person
       to act as an enemy. Person acting as enemy should be previously evaluated
       on basic Combatives and wearing appropriate padding

       Brief OPFOR: For Contact Front, the OPFOR should at first feign surrender
       until some point after the Soldier lays hands on him before beginning to
       resist. For contact rear the OPFOR should attempt to tackle the Soldier
       being tested from behind. The OPFOR should present a threat and then give
       token resistance so that the Soldier being evaluated can demonstrate
       proficiency.

       Brief Soldier: On command, the Soldier will move through a door, taking
       the
       path of least resistance and then react when the enemy initiates action.

       Performance Measures:
       1. Immediately close with the enemy and fight for a dominant clinch
       position.
       2. Gain a controlling Clinch Position and then employs his
       Bayonet/Combat Knife.
       3. If the Soldier cannot gain enough control standing to employ his
       Bayonet/Combat Knife he will bring the enemy to the ground, gain a
       dominant
       position, and finish the fight using an appropriate technique from their
       position of dominance.




BB.    ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE
         ACTION:          Knees from side control
         CONDITIONS:      Given a Combatives training facility, as a member
                          of a buddy team, in an approved Combatives training
                          environment, while wearing ACU's and appropriate
                          footgear.

         STANDARDS:       The Soldier will control his opponent in side
                          control while applying knee strikes to his side

1.     Learning Step / Activity 1. Knees from side control
               Method of Instruction:   Conference/Demonstration
         Instructor to Student Ratio:   1:12
                 Time of Instruction:   15 mins
                              Media:    Large Group Instruction


      (1) Keeping your head low so that the opponent will not be able to knee you in the head, move
          the hand that is closest to your opponent's legs into his armpit.




                                                 46
(2) Move your other arm around your opponent's head, and clasp your hands together. Lean
    your shoulder into his chin to keep it pointed away from you. This will make it more difficult for
    him to turn his body toward you to regain the Guard.

(3) Trace your opponent's body with your knee to raise his arm until the arm is pinched between
    his head and your knee. This clears the way for knee strikes.

(4) Point the toes of your other foot skyward, drive your knee into your opponent's ribs.




                                            D-47

				
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