Japanese Italians Germans
Detention/ Start Date: 12/7/41 16,849 processed by 3,278 processed 10,905 processed by the
Internment the I.N.S. (Had they by the I.N.S. (not I.N.S. (not necessarily
The FBI handled Internment not been interned, necessarily interned)
starting on December 7, they would have been interned) This number includes
1941 when previously relocated.) This number voluntary internees and
identified aliens who were This number includes includes voluntary German nationals sent
believed to pose a threat voluntary internees internees and from Latin America to
were taken into custody. and Japanese Italian nationals the U.S.
nationals sent from sent from Latin
The most famous Latin America to the America to the
internment camps for U.S. U.S.
Japanese, Italians, and
Germans were: Ft.
Missoula, Ft. Lincoln,
Crystal City, Ellis Island
Relocation Start Date: 2/15/1942 112,300 Japanese Unknown Unknown number of
aliens and Japanese- number of Italian German aliens were
Relocation orders for Americans. aliens were relocated.
“voluntary relocation” issued The most famous relocated. The original intent of the
2/15 and 2/ 24/42. This relocation camps The original government was to
was initially an include Manzanar and intent of the relocate German aliens
“exclusion” program for Tule Lake. government was as well as the Japanese.
all enemy aliens. There were two ways to relocate Italian As late as 5/20/42
out of Relocation aliens as well as General DeWitt was still
Executive Order 9066 camps. They were: the Japanese. announcing his intention
issued February 19, 1942 enlisting in the military As late as to relocate thousands of
gave the power to manage or getting sponsored 5/20/42 General German aliens from the
relocation to the army. to move and work in DeWitt was still West Coast.
the East. announcing his
March 1, 1942 US Army Most Japanese and intention to
decides to make relocation Japanese Americans relocate
mandatory for Japanese remained in camps thousands Italian
and Japanese-Americans. until released late in aliens from the
What to do with the Italians the war. West Coast.
and Germans still under
Exclusion Start Date: 2/15/1942 All West Coast Unknown Unknown number of
West Coast exclusion persons of Japanese number of individual German-
zones were: From the ancestry were individual Italian- American citizens and
Canadian border to Mexico, relocated. American some aliens were
as well as the border citizens and excluded.
counties of Arizona. The some aliens Exclusions continued
Canadian and Mexican were excluded. through 1944.
governments also Exclusions
established exclusion continued until
zones. October 12,
East Coast exclusion zones
included: All Eastern states.
Southern exclusion zones
included: All states
bordering Mexico and the
Gulf of Mexico.
In mid-May 1942, with the
Japanese headed for
exclusion became an
individual program for
Italians and Germans
FDR revokes the exclusion
order for Japanese and
Japanese Americans on
December 17, 1944.