Racism Lecture Overheads
Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.
Are you a racist?
Overcoming our Racism by Derald Sue
The unintentional racist
Statistics … White Euro-American males
33% of the population
Occupy most of the upper level jobs
What is racism?
Social psychology helps us answer this
Prejudice (Gordon Allport) – a bias expressed
through negative or positive opinions, beliefs,
or feelings towards individuals who belong to
a certain group or fit into a certain category.
The three components of racism
Negative in nature
Based on faulty data
Belief that all members possess the same
How do stereotypes work?
Why do you have stereotypes?
History: Even the Rat was White
Belief: All human beings were originally
Blackness of Africans = degeneration of mankind
Philosophical and scientific views
The Noble Savage View
The History of Racism
John Duckitt (1992)
Prior to the 1920s – the inferiority of
minorities and the superiority of Whites.
1920s and 1930s – empirical data.
1930s and 1940s – Psychodynamic
1950s – The prejudiced personality.
History of Racism
1960s and 1970s – sociocultural perspective
Consensus model of race relations
The idea of racial integration
Ignorance of the role of conflict, power, and
History of Racism
1980s – Ingroup versus outgroup
The role of psychology
The role of psychology in perpetuating racism
1925 Howard University professors Locke, Just,
The beliefs of psychologists
The role of measurement.
Conclusions? Racial superiority and inferiority
19th Century = the golden age of racism
The role of psychology
1973 Henry Garrett, past APA president
Argued against racial integration
Argument: “black man’s brain on the average is
smaller … less fissured and less complex than the
The issue of IQ
What is IQ?
William Stern wrote, “The IQ may be
regarded only as a first approximation; it takes
on significant value only when the bare
quantitative statement is completed by a
qualitative diagnosis. To base any
pedagogical estimate upon the IQ alone for
practical purposes (e.g. assignment to
opportunity classes) is indefensible.”
Terman, a highly respected IQ researcher,
contributed to the tone of the day in his
writing: “Mental retardation represents the
level of intelligence which is very, very
common among Spanish-Indians and Mexican
families of the southwest and also among
Issues with Terman
Terman’s revised scales – English
The Sample used was problematic.
Derald Sue: Are you a racist?
Historically – racism was overt.
Now … racism has gone underground
Is racism alive and well?
Are minorities just oversensitive?
Why should we adopt a multicultural point of
Should we talk about race issues openly?
Hey….this ain’t very pleasant!
Awareness .. The first step
Most people are just not aware.
Deny prejudiced attitudes yet…..
Who is in charge of our government? Our
schools? Our companies?
Between 2030 and 2050 racial/ethnic
minorities will become the numerical
What is Racism?
A bias expressed through negative or positive
opinions, beliefs, or feelings towards individuals
who belong to a certain group or fit a certain
Racial prejudice has 3 major components: it is
negative in nature; based on faulty or
unsubstantiated data; and is rooted in an
What are stereotypes?
Rigid and inaccurate preconceived notions
that you hold about all the people who are
members of a particular group.
The goal of stereotypes
Makes us feel good about ourselves
Why so harmful? Cultural genocide
Shouldn’t they just “act more like us”?
The truth of the matter … acculturation not a
Study … multiracial persons have a tendency to
self-identify with only one race.
Do you oppress?
Modern or contemporary racism
Unconscious – unintentional racist versus the
Examples of unconscious-unintentional racists
Even if you try really hard not to be a racist, why
are you still one?
The role of social conditioning
Sue: it is impossible for any of us not to have
negative associations towards people of color
because they are so deeply ingrained in us that
they are outside our conscious awareness and
occur almost automatically.
Can unintentional bias really harm?
Surely if I don’t mean to be prejudice, what
harm can I cause?
The candid camera study
Another Dovidio study
Additional principles of modern racism
Modern racism is more likely to be revealed
through your failure to help rather than a
conscious desire to hurt.
You can justify biased behaviors to maintain
the illusion that you are unbiased.
Unintentional bias can still result in
The myth of the melting pot
Oppression: the persecution or subjugation of
individuals or groups by unjust use of force or
Identity development – minorities come to
believe the stereotypes.
The Stereotype threat (Steele)
What do the studies have to say?
Hanna, Talley & Guindon study – our role in
oppression – all of us engage in secondary
Blaming the victim
Thomas Parham: An analysis of the
oppressed or the victim analysis
Whites look very little at the factors that
What is ethnocentric monoculturalism?
Racism is caused by:
Belief in superiority
Belief in inferiority of others
Power to impose standards
Manifestations in institutions in our society –
Psychologist James Jones
The invisible veil
How does one change?
Can you develop a nonracist white identity?
The phases on the path to being a nonracist
Resistance and immersion
Commitment to antiracist action