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									                            AP Human Geography - Reading Guide Chapter 7: Key Issue 1
                                  Where are Ethnicities Distributed? Pp.208-217

Name: __________________________________________ Class Period: _________ Due Date: _______________

Define the following terms on your note cards. Complete these as you read. Use the Frayer diagram format. Include your
first name and last name in blue or black ink on every note card or they will not be accepted.
         a. Ethnicity                                   e. Sharecropper                        j. Brown v. Board of
         b. Race                                        f. Racism                                 Education
         c. Slavery                                     g. Racist                              k. Blockbusting
         d. Triangular slave trade                      h. Plessy v. Ferguson                  l. Apartheid
                                                        i. Jim Crow laws
     Comparing ethnicity and race reveals ethnicity is part of a person's cultural identity but race is not.

DISTRIBUTION OF ETHNICITIES IN THE UNITED STATES:
Clustering of Ethnicities
   1. Fill in the chart for the four major ethnic groups in the United States (other than Caucasians):
  Ethnicity                                  Percentage                          Location Clustered in the
                                                                                 United States
  Hispanic/Latino

   African Americans

   Asian Americans

   American Indians and Alaska Natives

   2. Provide an example to explain that African-Americans or Hispanics in the US are more urbanized
      (likely to live in cities) than whites. (p.210)




African American Migration Patterns
   3. Complete the table below. Under each heading, summarize the historic migration patterns of African-
       Americans to and within the United States.
Forced Migration From Africa        Immigration to the North           Expansion of the Ghetto




DIFFERENTIATING ETHNICITY AND RACE:
   4. In terms of the concepts of race and ethnicity, what is the “problem” with the way the US Census
      Bureau defines “Asian”?
                          AP Human Geography - Reading Guide Chapter 7: Key Issue 1
                                Where are Ethnicities Distributed? Pp.208-217

Name: __________________________________________ Class Period: _________ Due Date: _______________

   5. According to our book, what is the difference between “African-American” and “black”?



   6. How does the US Census Bureau consider Hispanics/Latinos?


Race in the United States
   7. How many choices for race are included on the US Census?

   8. How is President Obama an example of an American of more than one race?

   9. What are three examples of Jim Crow laws that were established after the Supreme Court permitted
      “separate but equal” separation of the races in 1896?



   10. What are three groups in the US that have been excluded from living in certain areas because of
       restrictive housing covenants?

   11. What is “white flight” and what city is a good example?



Division by Race in South Africa
   12. Under apartheid, what were the four classifications for newborns?

   13. Under the apartheid system, how were blacks treated?



   14. Complete the timeline for South Africa as it relates to the apartheid system.
         a. 1652


           b. 1795


           c. 1948 (What was created?)




           d. 1991


           e. 1994 (Who became President and why was this important?)

								
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