Part III Reading Comprehension

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Part III Reading Comprehension Powered By Docstoc
					                                              Passage 1
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements,
numbered 36 through 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the center.
   There is a debate going on in American public schools over the best way to teach English to foreign
students. Many schools use bi-lingual education. This means that students study their core subject classes
such as science, mathematics and social studies in their native tongue. They also take a few hours of
English.
   Recently, many educators have begun to criticize bi-lingual education. Opponents claim that bi-lingual
education not only slows students’ development of language skills, but also their adjustment to American
life. They often remain separated from the mainstream student body.
   These critics have proposed the immersion method. This means that a student will take only English
classes until they can function effectively in regular subject classes. Proponents of immersion theory argue
that in order to prepare these foreign students for college or the job market, they must be able to
communicate in English.
   Despite this disagreement, nearly all educators agree that English is a necessary tool for improving the
quality of one's life in America.
1. In bi-lingual education programs, students _____.
A) study in their native country
B) study their core subject classes in their native language
C) study only English until they can function in regular classes.
D) mainly work on adjustment to American life.
2. A proponent is someone who __________.
A) supports a certain idea or policy
B) is against a certain idea or policy
C) uses the immersion method of teaching English
D) is a school administrator
3. According to the article, which of the following is NOT true.
A) Most educators agree that English is important for foreign students.
B) Students in bi-lingual programs are often segregated from American students.
C) Nearly all educators agree that bi-lingual education is best for teaching English to foreign students.
D) Students with good English language skills have a better chance for success in America.
4. Opponents think that bi-lingual education may __________.
A) slow students’ development of language skills
B) slow students’ adjustment to American life
C) prolong their study time
D) both A) and B)
5. The best title for the passage is _________________.
A) the Best Way to Teach English
B) the Immersion Theory
C) Bi-lingual Education
D) American English Education



                                                     1
                                                Passage 2
Directions: This task is the same as Task 1. The 5 questions or unfinished statements are numbered 41
through 45.
   Adam Smith, writing in the 1770s, was the first person to see the importance of the division of labor and
to explain part of its advantages. He gives us an example the process by which pins were made in England.
   “One man draws out the wire, another strengthens it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at
the top to prepare it to receive the head. To make the head requires two or three distinct operations. To put it
on is a separate operation, to polish the pins is another. And the important business of making pins is, in this
manner, divided into about eighteen distinct operations, which in some factories are all performed by
different people, though in others the same man will sometimes perform two or three of them”.
   Ten men, Smith said, in this way, turned out twelve pounds of pins a day or about 4,800 pins a piece. But
if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not
each of them have made twenty pins in a day and perhaps not even one.
   There can be no doubt that division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Fewer people can
make more pins. Adam Smith saw this but he also took it for granted that division of labor is in itself
responsible for economic growth and development and that it accounts for the difference between
expanding economics and those that stand still. But division of labor adds nothing new; it only enables
people to produce more of what they already have.
1. According to the passage, Adam Smith was the first person to ________________.
A) take advantage of the division of labor
B) introduce the division of labor into England
C) understand the effects of the division of labor
D) explain the causes of the division of labor
2. Adam Smith saw that the division of labor _________________________________.
A) enable each worker to make pins more quickly and more cheaply
B) increased the possible output per worker
C) increased the number of people employed in factories
D) improved the quality of pins produced
3. Adam Smith mentioned the number 4,800 in order to ________________.
A) show the advantages of the division of labor
B) show the advantage of the old craft system
C) emphasize how powerful the individual worker was
D) emphasize the importance of increased production
4. According to the writer, Adam Smith’s mistake was in believing that division of labor
_______________.
A) was an efficient way of organizing work
B) was an important development in methods of production
C) inevitably led to economic development
D) increased the production of existing goods
5. Which of the following could serve as an appropriate title for the passage?
A) Adam Smith, the English Economist
B) The Theory of Division of Labor
C) Division of Labor, an Efficient Way of Organizing Work
D) Adam Smith as the Discoverer of Division of Labor

                                                       2
                                                Passage 3
Directions: This following is a TV Advertisement. After reading it, you should complete the information by
filling the blanks marked 46 to 50 in not more than 3 words in the table below.
    Tomorrow’s TV from Sony has a wide screen to let you watch television the way you see the world. Its
cinema-like, 16:9 aspect radio picture closely approximates your natural field of vision for an experience so
intense you feel you’re part of it. The HD Trinitron tube delivers stunningly lifelike clarity, while a 100/120
Hz Double Scan system virtually eliminates flicker for the most comfortable viewing ever. And, with four
different Wide Screen Modes, you personally select the way you want to enjoy broadcasts, prerecorded
software or video games in the wider, brighter and more dramatic Sony way. Tomorrow’s TV is Kirara
Basso Wide. From Sony—Today.

                1. TV’s 16:9 aspect radio picture from Sony closely 46 your natural field of
                vision.
                2. The HD Trinitron tube delivers 47 clarity.
                3. In order to get the most comfortable viewing ever, 48 should be
                eliminated by suitable Double Scan system.
                4. TV provides four different 49 .
                5. If you want to see video games, you should select the way of 50 or video
                games in the wider.




                                                      3
                                             Passage 4
Directions: The following is a list of words in WTO. After reading it, you are required to find the items
equivalent (与…相同的) to those given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the
corresponding letters in the brackets on the Answer Sheet, numbered 51 through 55.
A—Multilateral Trade Organization              B—tackle trade dispute
C—trade barriers                              D—negotiation mechanism
E—WTO principle of nondiscrimination          F—quotas
G—antidumping laws                             H—Working Party Report
I—Uruguay Agreement                            J—tariff reductions
K—trade-liberalizing provisions                L—export subsidies
M—reciprocity and mutual benefit               N—China’s Protocol

                 1.()配额                                ()处理贸易争端
                 2.()世贸非歧视原则                           ()反倾销法
                 3.()中国协定书                             ()互利互惠
                 4.()贸易自由化条款                           ()贸易壁垒
                 5.()协商机制                              ()出口补贴




                                                   4
                                             Passage 5
Direction: There is a programme and agenda below here. After reading it you are required to complete the
answers that follow the questions (No. 56 through No. 60). You should write your answers in not more than
3 words on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.
Mr. Zhang Yu                                             Accommodations: Eola Hotel
People’s Republic of China
Escort: Mr. John Large
Arrival time in Natchez unknown. Dinner is left open. please review Dining Guide in packet for restaurant.
SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1988
10:30 a.m. Mr. Bob Lee Williams, Office Manager for Congressman Wayne Dowdy will pick you, Mr.
              Large and Ms. Robinson up at the Eola Hotel to go to his church. He will come into the hotel
              lobby and telephone your room when he arrives. He will return you back to the Eola after
              church services.
Enclosed please find complimentary tickets provided by Pilgrimage Tours to tour some of the antebellum
homes. I have placed a star beside the homes open for touring. Natchez also has a muscadine winery, Grand
Village of the Natchez Indians and Historic Jefferson College open at no admission charge to tour.
6:45 p.m. Please go to the Natchez Landing, Ltd. Restaurant located Under-the-Hill to meet Mrs. Carol
              Campbell, Convention Sales Director of the Natchez Convention Center for dinner. She has
              another visitor with her form the Nethelands, Mr. Hans Fortuin.
1. Who is Mr. Bob Lee Williams?
   He is ___________ for Congressman Wayne Dowdy.
2. How does Mr. Large connect with you if he arrives?
   He will come into the hotel hall and ________________.
3. What has been done for me in order to tour better?
   ___________ beside the homes open for touring has been placed.
4. Are the tour tickets provided by Pilgrimage Tours free?
   _____________.
5. Whom will Mrs. Carol Campbell meet with besides Mr. Zhang Yu?
   She will meet with _________________.




                                                    5
                                              Passage 6
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements,
numbered 36 through 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the center.
   The market is a concept. If you are growing tomatoes in your backyard for sale, you are producing for
the market. You might sell some to your neighbor and some to the manager of a local supermarket. But in
either case, you are producing for the market. Your efforts are being directed by the market. If people stop
buying your tomatoes, you will also stop producing them.
   If you take care of a sick person to earn money, you are producing for the market. If your father is a
steelworker or a truck driver or a grocer, he is producing goods or services for the market.
   When you spend your income, you are buying things from the market. You may spend money in stores,
supermarkets, gas stations, and restaurants. Still you are buying from the market. When the local grocer
hires you to drive the delivery truck, he is buying your labour in the labour market.
   The market may seem to be something abstract. But for each person or business which is making and
selling something, it is very “real”. If nobody buys your tomatoes, it will not be long before you get the
message. The market is telling you something. It is telling you that you are using energies and resources in
doing something the market doesn’t what you to do.
1. All of the following are producing for the market EXCEPT _____________________.
A) growing beans for sale
B) attending a night school
C) printing a book
D) working in a bank
2. You are buying from the market when you ___________________.
A) dine at a restaurant
B) borrow a book from a library
C) drive to the seaside for a holiday
D) look after your children
3. The word “real” (in Para. 4) may most probably mean _____________.
A) concrete B) important C) serious D) true
4. In what way is the market very real for each person or business who is making and selling something?
A) It helps you save money.
B) It provides you with everything you need.
C) It tells you how to grow tomatoes.
D) It tells you what to produce.
5. The best title for this passage is “ ___________________”.
A) What the Market Can Do for You?
B) Everything You Do Is Producing for the Market.
C) What Is Market?
D) Selling and Buying




                                                     6
                                               Passage 7
Directions: This task is the same as Task 1. The 5 questions or unfinished statements are numbered 41
through 45.
   Economically, the world can be divided into two parts. The difference between them is that one part is
poor and the other is wealthy. In the poor countries of the world, a lot of people never get enough to eat. In
wealthy countries, a lot of people eat too much. The tragedy is that there are more people in the poor
countries than there are in the wealthy countries. It is estimated that approximately 80% of the world’s
population cannot afford to have proper food, housing or medical care.
   The poorer countries are often referred to as the Third World. They have special problems. Often their
land is too poor to grow anything on. The land can be improved, but a lot of things have to be done first.
New farming methods have to be introduce, people have to be educated and reliable sources of water and
energy have to be found.
   Many of these problems are too complex for one country to solve alone. Outside help is needed, but it
has to be the right kind of help. Money is not enough. Newly developed countries need to be helped to be
able to help themselves.
1. According to the article, what is the tragedy?
A) There are more wealthy countries in the world
B) There are more poor countries in the world
C) There are more wealthy people in the wealthy country
D) There are more poor people in the poor country
2. What is estimated in the poor countries?
A) Many people have not enough money.
B) Many people have no place to live.
C) Many people have not enough money to see doctors
D) All of the above
3. All of the following suggestions are made in the second paragraph for the improvement of the land
conditions in poor countries except ___________________________.
A) new farming method to be introduced
B) people to be educated
C) reliable sources of water and energy to be supplied
D) a better living conditions are to be accommodated
4. What would the right kind of help be, in the author’s opinion?
A) The wealthy people should give them money.
B) The developed countries should teach them the ability needed for self-help.
C) The wealthy people should send over the technicians to help install the sophisticated machines.
D) The learned man should establish some shops over there.
5. The last word of this passage “themselves” means____________.
A) newly developed countries
B) rich countries
C) developing countries
D) developed countries




                                                      7
                                               Passage 8
Directions: This following is a letter of Recommendation for a Position. After reading it, you should
complete the information by filling the blanks marked 46 to 50 in not more than 3 words in the table below.
Dear Dr. Wang,
   It gives me great pleasure to recommend to you Mr. Andrew Stone of my university as a candidate for
the vacancy in your laboratory. Mr. Stone is a close associate of mine and has rendered me great service in
a number of research projects. The impression he has left on me is that of a young man of extraordinary
intellectual force and experimental flair.
   Should Mr. Stone be given the opportunity to work in your lab, I am sure he’ll receive great benefit from
your advice and instruction so as to become a still greater asset to my university after his return. If you
could give him that opportunity, all faculty members, as well as I would be very much pleased to
reciprocate.
   I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Sincerely yours,

                 1. I want to 46 Mr. Andrew Stone as a candidate for the vacancy in your
                 laboratory to you.
                 2. Mr. Stone has 47 me great service in a number of research projects.
                 3. The author thinks that Mr. Stone is 48 intellectual.
                 4. Mr. Stone will receive great benefit from your advice and instruction if
                 you give him an 49 to work in your lab.
                 5. If you can give Mr. Stone an opportunity, we all will 50 you.




                                                     8
                                              Passage 9
Directions: The following is a list of words in Business English. After reading it, you are required to find
the items equivalent (与…相同的) to those given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the
corresponding letters in the brackets on the Answer Sheet, numbered 1 through 5.
A—trademark                                B—head office
C—dumping profit margin                    D—cash sale
E—retail trade                             F—hire-purchase
G—stocks                                  H—wholesaler
I—manufacturer                            J—customs
K—importer                                L—international trade
M—external trade                           N—internal trade

              1.()国际贸易                                   ()海关
              2.()进口商                                    ()倾销差价
              3.()现货                                     ()总部
              4.()库存量                                    ()制造商
              5.()批发商                                    ()分期付款购买




                                                     9
                                             Passage 10
Direction: There is a business letter below here. After reading it you are required to complete the answers
that follow the questions (No. 56 through No. 60). You should write your answers briefly on the Answer
Sheet correspondingly.
Dear Sirs,
                   Claim on fifteen Cases of Medical Instruments
   The fifteen cases of medical instruments ordered by us have been received. But to our great
disappointment, all the cases without a single exception have been badly damaged.
   In accordance with thorough examination made by the Peking Commodity Inspection Bureau, the said
cases of instruments had been violently shocked and crashed before they were unloaded here.
   As this consignment proves entirely useless to us, we are compelled to place a claim with you for
returning us the invoice value and the inspection charges for the total amount of US $ 490,000.00. As soon
as the claim is settled, we will return the said consignment to you immediately.
   We enclose herewith the Survey Report No. (2001) 303 is sued by the Peking Commodity Inspection
Bureau and look forward to hearing that this matter be settled soon.
                                                       Yours faithfully,
Encl.: one Survey Report
1. How many cases have been seriously damaged?
   _______________.
2. How did the said cases damaged?
   They had been____________________________________.
3. What claim did we pose according to the letter?
   _________________________________________.
4. How much is the claim totally?
   _____________.
5. What is enclosed with the letter?
    _____________.




                                                    10
                                              Passage 11
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements,
numbered 36 through 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the center.
   Unlike many scientists who work with microscopes, telescopes or some kind of laboratory equipment to
perform experiments in order to solve problems they are working on, or find the answers they are looking
for, Albert Einstein was a different kind of scientist. He did not perform experiments to prove his theories.
He devoted his entire genius to conceiving(构想) and developing (推导)ideas, and then turning them
into written mathematical formulas.
   Some of Einstein’s theories were so far ahead of their time that they could not be tested until years later
when better scientific instruments and equipment had been invented. For instance, one theory pointed out
the existence of a certain star that nobody had ever seen. Another predicted that an atom, then considered
the smallest particle (粒子) in the universe, was actually composed of even smaller particles. Eventually,
both theories were proved to be true.
   Albert Einstein gave the world many new mathematical formulas that helped explain the laws of the
universe. No one in history has done so much as Einstein to help us understand such mysterious things as
light, motion, gravity, space and time.
1. Unlike many scientist, Albert Einstein made his discoveries ___________.
A) in his mind B) in his laboratory C) with microscopes D) with telescopes
2. Some of Einstein’s theories could not be tested because __________.
A) nobody was interested         B) there were no scientific instrument and equipments needed
C) Einstein did not have his own laboratory D) it was no use testing them
3. We owe our thanks to Einstein for three of the following except_____________.
A) light and energy B) electricity and atom C) motion and gravity D) space and time
4. According to the passage, Einstein devoted his entire genius to _______ideas, and then turning them into
written mathematical formulas.
A) observing and experimenting B) inventing and proving C) conceiving and developing D) considering
and predicting
5. Einstein helped us to understand the laws of __________.
A) nature B) everything C) the world D) the universe




                                                     11
                                              Passage 12
Directions: This task is the same as Task 1. The 5 questions or unfinished statements are numbered 41
through 45.
   Our environment is getting worse and worse with the increase of the world population, which affects the
environment in two ways. Firstly, the limited energy resources will be used up much faster. Secondly, the
increasing population creates more pollution, another severe problem that needs to be solved. Both
problems are long-term ones because actions taken now show their results slowly over many years. They
are also urgent because delays in action can lead to great suffering and social problems. The question seems
to be difficult to handle for most people. However, a person can be a protector of environment in everyday
life if he takes actions to save the environment right now. With the development of technology, cars make
transportation easier and quicker than before, but we can’t ignore the disadvantages brought to us by more
and more cars in use. For example, we are consuming gasoline (汽油), which is a non-renewable (无法更
新的)resource, and will soon be gone. Moreover, the exhausted gas from cars pollutes our air, and our
health is therefore threatened by air pollution, which has a big potential effect on our daily life. So we can
consider walking, taking buses, carpooling (合用汽车), instead of driving cars alone. This seems to be a
very slow process that can’t be so effective if it’s taken by a single person. But when more and more people
become aware of the importance and positively take it as their personal responsibilities, the condition of the
air will be improved to a great extent.
1. According to the writer, the main problem to our environment today is ______________.
   A) the increase of population      B) the limited energy resources
   C) the more serious air pollution D) the development of technology
2. From the passage, we can know that ______________.
   A) effective measures call be taken mainly by the government
   B) taking measures now can soon improve the environment
   C) immediate measures can cause great suffering and social problems
   D) every single person’s action has some effect on environment protection
3. The author’s main purpose in writing this passage is most probably to _______________.
   A) complain about people’s slow actions to protect the environment
   B) advise people to take actions to protect the environment
   C) show himself to be an active environment protector
   D) point out the bad effects of technologies on protecting environment
4. The author believes that carpooling ____________.
   A) can give help to those without cars
   B) can save people money and time
   C) can save energy resources and reduce air pollution
   D) can promote friendship among drivers
5. The passage is mainly about______________________.
   A) energy resources saving
   B) environment protection
   C) population control
   D) air pollution




                                                     12
                                              Passage 13
Directions: The following is a letter. After reading it, you are required to complete the outline below it (No.
1 through No. 5). You should write your answers briefly on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.
Dear Customer:
   Steadly rising prices over the past few years have been a matter of common experience and it will come
as no surprise to you that our own costs have continued to rise with this general trend.
   Increasing world demand has been an important factor in raising the prices of our imported raw materials.
A recent national wage award has added to our labour costs, which have been increased still further by
constantly increasing overheads (开销).
   Until now we have been able to absorb rising costs by economies in other areas. We now find that we can
no longer do so, and therefore increases in our prices are unavoidable. The new prices will take effect from
1 October, and revised price lists are now being prepared. These should be ready within the next 2 weeks
and copies will be sent to you.
   We are sorry that these increases have been made necessary, but can assure you that they will not amount
to an average of more than about 5%. As hope you will not feel that our own increases are unreasonable.
                                                                   Very truly yours,


         1. In recent years, our own costs have continued to rise because of 46 prices.
         2. One of the important reasons why the prices of imported raw materials are raising is
         that the world demand is 47 .
         3. We cannot 48 the increasing prices.
         4. The new prices are going to 49 on 1 October.
         5. The increases will not 50 an average of more than about 5%.




                                                      13
                                              Passage 14
Directions: The following is a list of terms in telecommunications. After reading it, you are required to find
those items given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the corresponding letters in the
brackets on the Answer Sheet, numbered 51 through 55.
A—wide-area network                                       B—cable-television
C—American National Standards Institute (ANSI)            D—Internet Protocol (IP)
E—Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) F—Global System for Mobile Communication
G—Call Control (CC)                                 H—hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)
I—Internet Service Provider                         J—hypertext markup language (HTML)
K—Transmission control protocol (TCP)               L—Network Service Layer
M—Quality of Service                                 N—User Network Interface
O—Network File System                              P—Integrated Communications Provider


                  1.( )   广域网                    ()有线电视
                  2.( )   美国国家标准化组织              ()传输控制协议
                  3.( )   全球移动通信系统               ()超文本传输协议
                  4.( )   呼叫控制                   ()网络服务层
                  5.( )   用户网络接口                 ()综合通信提供商




                                                     14
                                              Passage 15
Direction: There is a letter below here. After reading it you should give brief answers to the 5 questions
(No. 1 through No. 5) that follow. The answers should be written after the corresponding numbers on the
Answer Sheet.
Dear Ms. Jane,
   I was very pleased to receive your enquiry of 15 April and enclose our illustrated catalogue and price list
giving the details requested.
   A full range of samples has also been forwarded by separate post. When you have had an opportunity to
examine them, I feel confident you will agree that the goods are both excellent in quality and very
reasonably priced.
   On regular purchases of quantities of not less than 800 individual items, we would allow a trade discount
of 36%. In addition, for payment within 10 days from receipt of invoice, a special discount of 5% of net
price would be allowed.
   Polyester cotton products are rapidly becoming popular because they are strong, warm and light. After
studying our prices you will not be surprised to learn that we are finding it difficult to meet the demand.
However, if you place your order not later than end of this month, we guarantee delivery within 14 days of
receipt.
   I am sure you will also be interested to see details of our other products which are shown in our
catalogue; if further details are required on any of these please contact me.
   I look forward to receiving your first order.
                                                                      Yours faithfully,
                                                                          Alister
1. What did Ms. Jane want to buy?
     She wants to buy _______________ products.
2. What did Alister do besides writing a letter to Jane?
     Alister __________________________________.
3. What made Alister very confident?
   ____________ and __________ made him very confident.
4. Why are polyester cotton products becoming very popular ?
   Because they are __________.
5. On what condition can we guarantee delivery within 14 days of receipt?
   If you place your order ___________end of this month, we guarantee delivery within 14 days of receipt.




                                                     15
                                              Passage 16
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements,
numbered 36 through 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the center.
   Unlike many scientists who work with microscopes, telescopes or some kind of laboratory equipment to
perform experiments in order to solve problems they are working on, or find the answers they are looking
for, Albert Einstein was a different kind of scientist. He did not perform experiments to prove his theories.
He devoted his entire genius to conceiving(构想) and developing (推导)ideas, and then turning them
into written mathematical formulas.
   Some of Einstein’s theories were so far ahead of their time that they could not be tested until years later
when better scientific instruments and equipment had been invented. For instance, one theory pointed out
the existence of a certain star that nobody had ever seen. Another predicted that an atom, then considered
the smallest particle (粒子) in the universe, was actually composed of even smaller particles. Eventually,
both theories were proved to be true.
   Albert Einstein gave the world many new mathematical formulas that helped explain the laws of the
universe. No one in history has done so much as Einstein to help us understand such mysterious things as
light, motion, gravity, space and time.
1. Unlike many scientist, Albert Einstein made his discoveries ___________.
A) in his mind B) in his laboratory C) with microscopes D) with telescopes
2. Some of Einstein’s theories could not be tested because __________.
A) nobody was interested         B) there were no scientific instrument and equipments needed
C) Einstein did not have his own laboratory D) it was no use testing them
3. We owe our thanks to Einstein for three of the following except_____________.
A) light and energy B) electricity and atom C) motion and gravity D) space and time
4. According to the passage, Einstein devoted his entire genius to _______ideas, and then turning them into
written mathematical formulas.
A) observing and experimenting B) inventing and proving C) conceiving and developing D) considering
and predicting
5. Einstein helped us to understand the laws of __________.
A) nature B) everything C) the world D) the universe




                                                     16
                                              Passage 17
Directions: This task is the same as Task 1. The 5 questions or unfinished statements are numbered 41
through 45.
   Our environment is getting worse and worse with the increase of the world population, which affects the
environment in two ways. Firstly, the limited energy resources will be used up much faster. Secondly, the
increasing population creates more pollution, another severe problem that needs to be solved. Both
problems are long-term ones because actions taken now show their results slowly over many years. They
are also urgent because delays in action can lead to great suffering and social problems. The question seems
to be difficult to handle for most people. However, a person can be a protector of environment in everyday
life if he takes actions to save the environment right now. With the development of technology, cars make
transportation easier and quicker than before, but we can’t ignore the disadvantages brought to us by more
and more cars in use. For example, we are consuming gasoline (汽油), which is a non-renewable (无法更
新的)resource, and will soon be gone. Moreover, the exhausted gas from cars pollutes our air, and our
health is therefore threatened by air pollution, which has a big potential effect on our daily life. So we can
consider walking, taking buses, carpooling (合用汽车), instead of driving cars alone. This seems to be a
very slow process that can’t be so effective if it’s taken by a single person. But when more and more people
become aware of the importance and positively take it as their personal responsibilities, the condition of the
air will be improved to a great extent.
1. According to the writer, the main problem to our environment today is ______________.
   A) the increase of population      B) the limited energy resources
   C) the more serious air pollution D) the development of technology
2. From the passage, we can know that ______________.
   A) effective measures call be taken mainly by the government
   B) taking measures now can soon improve the environment
   C) immediate measures can cause great suffering and social problems
   D) every single person’s action has some effect on environment protection
3. The author’s main purpose in writing this passage is most probably to _______________.
   A) complain about people’s slow actions to protect the environment
   B) advise people to take actions to protect the environment
   C) show himself to be an active environment protector
   D) point out the bad effects of technologies on protecting environment
4. The author believes that carpooling ____________.
   A) can give help to those without cars
   B) can save people money and time
   C) can save energy resources and reduce air pollution
   D) can promote friendship among drivers
5. The passage is mainly about______________________.
   A) energy resources saving
   B) environment protection
   C) population control
   D) air pollution




                                                     17
                                              Passage 18
Directions: The following is a letter. After reading it, you are required to complete the outline below it (No.
1 through No. 5). You should write your answers briefly on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.
Dear Customer:
   Steadly rising prices over the past few years have been a matter of common experience and it will come
as no surprise to you that our own costs have continued to rise with this general trend.
   Increasing world demand has been an important factor in raising the prices of our imported raw materials.
A recent national wage award has added to our labour costs, which have been increased still further by
constantly increasing overheads (开销).
   Until now we have been able to absorb rising costs by economies in other areas. We now find that we can
no longer do so, and therefore increases in our prices are unavoidable. The new prices will take effect from
1 October, and revised price lists are now being prepared. These should be ready within the next 2 weeks
and copies will be sent to you.
   We are sorry that these increases have been made necessary, but can assure you that they will not amount
to an average of more than about 5%. As hope you will not feel that our own increases are unreasonable.
                                                                   Very truly yours,


         1. In recent years, our own costs have continued to rise because of 46 prices.
         2. One of the important reasons why the prices of imported raw materials are raising is
         that the world demand is 47 .
         3. We cannot 48 the increasing prices.
         4. The new prices are going to 49 on 1 October.
         5. The increases will not 50 an average of more than about 5%.




                                                      18
                                              Passage 19
Directions: The following is a list of terms in telecommunications. After reading it, you are required to find
those items given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the corresponding letters in the
brackets on the Answer Sheet, numbered 51 through 55.
A—wide-area network                                       B—cable-television
C—American National Standards Institute (ANSI)            D—Internet Protocol (IP)
E—Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) F—Global System for Mobile Communication
G—Call Control (CC)                                 H—hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)
I—Internet Service Provider                         J—hypertext markup language (HTML)
K—Transmission control protocol (TCP)               L—Network Service Layer
M—Quality of Service                                 N—User Network Interface
O—Network File System                              P—Integrated Communications Provider


                  1.( )   广域网                    ()有线电视
                  2.( )   美国国家标准化组织              ()传输控制协议
                  3.( )   全球移动通信系统               ()超文本传输协议
                  4.( )   呼叫控制                   ()网络服务层
                  5.( )   用户网络接口                 ()综合通信提供商




                                                     19
                                              Passage 20
Direction: There is a letter below here. After reading it you should give brief answers to the 5 questions
(No. 1 through No. 5 that follow. The answers should be written after the corresponding numbers on the
Answer Sheet.
Dear Ms. Jane,
   I was very pleased to receive your enquiry of 15 April and enclose our illustrated catalogue and price list
giving the details requested.
   A full range of samples has also been forwarded by separate post. When you have had an opportunity to
examine them, I feel confident you will agree that the goods are both excellent in quality and very
reasonably priced.
   On regular purchases of quantities of not less than 800 individual items, we would allow a trade discount
of 36%. In addition, for payment within 10 days from receipt of invoice, a special discount of 5% of net
price would be allowed.
   Polyester cotton products are rapidly becoming popular because they are strong, warm and light. After
studying our prices you will not be surprised to learn that we are finding it difficult to meet the demand.
However, if you place your order not later than end of this month, we guarantee delivery within 14 days of
receipt.
   I am sure you will also be interested to see details of our other products which are shown in our
catalogue; if further details are required on any of these please contact me.
   I look forward to receiving your first order.
                                                                      Yours faithfully,
                                                                          Alister
1. What did Ms. Jane want to buy?
     She wants to buy _______________ products.
2. What did Alister do besides writing a letter to Jane?
     Alister __________________________________.
3. What made Alister very confident?
   ____________ and __________ made him very confident.
4. Why are polyester cotton products becoming very popular ?
   Because they are __________.
5. On what condition can we guarantee delivery within 14 days of receipt?
   If you place your order ___________end of this month, we guarantee delivery within 14 days of receipt.


                                              Passage 21
                      Pressure Cooker (压力锅) Safety
When you are cooking with a pressure cooker, you should learn a few common sense rules:
1. Never leave the cooker unwatched when it is in use.
2. Add sufficient liquid but never past the recommended fill point. Overfilling the cooker may block the
vent pipe (排气孔) and cause the cooker to explode.
3. Set the cooking time. Too much time may overcook the food or too much pressure may build up in the
cooker. Too little time will lead to undercooked food.
4. If you are new to pressure cooking, follow the cooking instructions carefully. Heat and time can either
result in a great meal or a ruined one.
5. Never try to force a pressure cooker cover open. Allow the cooker to cool or run it under cool water
                                                     20
before trying to open the cover.
6. Clean the cooker thoroughly after each use. Mild detergent (洗涤剂) and hot water work the best. Do not
use stove ash or sand for they may damage the cooker. The gasket (密封圈) is best cleaned in warm soapy
water and then dried. Store the gasket in the bottom of the pot.
1. According to the first rule, the user should ______.
   A. keep the cooker under close watch
   B. always keep the cooker half full
   C. never leave the cooker empty
   D. never turn off the stove
2. According to the second rule, too much liquid in the cooker may result in ______.
   A. a ruined meal
   B. undercooked food
   C. too little pressure
   D. a blocked vent pipe
3. According to the fifth rule, a pressure cooker cover should be opened ______.
   A. as soon as the cooking is finished
   B. while it is still on the stove
   C. with force when it is hot
   D. after it is cooled down
4. According to the instructions, which of the following is TRUE?
   A. The gasket should be cleaned thoroughly with cold water.
   B. Mild detergent and hot water can best clean the cooker.
   C. soapy water will often damage the cooker.
   D. Sand can be used to clean the cooker.
5. Which of the following operations may be dangerous?
   A. Overfilling the cooker with food and water.
   B. Cleaning the cooker with detergent.
   C. Cooling the cooker with cold water.
   D. Setting too little cooking time.


                                              Passage 22
It is often difficult for a man to be quite sure what tax he ought to pay to the government because it depends
on so many different things: whether the man is married; how many children he has; whether he supports
any relations; how much he earns; how much interest he receives; how much he has spent on his house
during the year; and so on and so forth. All this makes it difficult to decide exactly how much the tax is.
There was a certain artist who was always very careful to pay the proper amount.
One year, after posting his check as usual, he began to wonder if he had paid enough, and after a lot of
work, with a pencil and paper, decided that he had not. He believed that he owed the government
something.
He was just writing another check to send to the tax-collector when the postman dropped a letter into the
box at the front door. Opening it, the artist was surprised to find inside it a check for five pounds from the
tax-collector. The official explained that too much had been paid, and that therefore the difference was now
returned to the tax-payer.
6. According to the passage, to decide the exact amount of tax to be paid is ______.
    A. simply                                              B. easy
                                                     21
   C. difficult                                            D. interesting
7. It is mentioned in the passage that one has to pay tax according to ______.
   A. how much education one has received
   B. whether one is single or married
   C. how old one’s children are
   D. where one lives
8. The word “proper” in the second paragraph means ______.
   A. small                                                B. big
   C. right                                                D. wrong
9. After a lot of work, the artist thought that he had paid the government ______.
   A. less tax than he should have
   B. more tax than he should have
   C. as much tax as usual
   D. just enough tax
10. Why did the tax-collector send a letter to the artist?
   A. To send him a new tax form.
   B. To return the money over-paid.
   C. To remind him of paying the tax.
   D. To explain the rules of tax-paying.


                                              Passage 23
                                          Telecommuting (远程办公)
It’s 8:30, time for John to start work. So he turns on his radio. Then he eats breakfast. As he eats, he reads
his e-mail and reviews his to-do list. Then he sits on the sofa and thinks about an article he needs to
write … Wait a minute! Radio? Breakfast? Sofa? What kind of workplace is this?
Well, actually it is John’s house, and he is a telecommuter—he works at home, communicating with
the workplace through the Internet.
Like John, millions of people—and their employers—are finding that telecommuting is a great way to work.
Telecommuters can follow their own schedules. They work in the comfort of their homes, where they can
also look after young children or elderly parents. They save time and money by not traveling to work. Their
employers save, too, because they need less office space and furniture. Studies show that telecommuters
change jobs less often. This saves employers even more money. Telecommuting helps society, too, by
reducing pollution and traffic problems.
Jobs that are suited to telecommuting include writing, design work, computer programming and accounting
(会计). If a job involves working with information, a telecommuter can probably do it.
11. From the passage we know that John does his job ______.
   A. by telephone                                   B. in his office
   C. away from home                                 D. through the Internet
12. Which of the following is mentioned as one of the advantages of telecommuting?
   A. One can get along well with co-workers.
   B. One can work on one’s own schedule.
   C. One can work for several employers.
   D. One can enjoy a lot of traveling.
13. The passage tells us that telecommuters change jobs less often and so ______.
   A. they can get more work experience
                                                     22
  B. they will have a longer paid holiday
  C. their employers can save more money
  D. their employers will give them a higher pay
14. The phrase “suited to” (Line1, Para. 3) means ______.
  A. acceptable for                               B. difficult for
  C. fit for                                      D. bad for
15. The passage is mainly about ______.
  A. a new way to work                            B. John’s working day
  C. various workplaces                           D. the Internet


                                             Passage 24
People travel a lot with Heaven Air because they know they will get what they want.
They want to go quickly and safely across the land, across the sea or right across the world, and they know
Heaven Air will take them where they want to go whenever they want to go. Heaven Air flies all the newest
and fastest planes to more towns and cities of the world than any other airlines.
Do you want to go to Paris, Washington, Tokyo? Heaven Air will take you there, all the times of the day or
night, right through the week. But Heaven Air flies not only to the biggest cities, we also fly two or three
times a week to towns and cities in the very center of Asia, Africa, and South America.
People fly with Heaven Air because they know they will leave on time and arrive on time. They know that
they will receive the best food and watch the best films.
Heaven Air is second to none.
16. Heaven Air is the name of ______.
   A. a plane                                      B. an airline
   C. a travel service                             D. an advertising program
17. Traveling with Heaven Air is ______.
   A. comfortable but expensive                    B. cheap and pleasant
   C. exciting but rare                            D. quick and safe
18. Heaven Air can take you to Paris ______.
   A. on weekends only                             B. just on weekdays
   C. any time in a week                           D. 2 or 3 times a week
19. Most flights of Heaven Air go to ______.
   A. big cities                                   B. small towns
   C. both big and small cities                    D. the very center of Asia
20. According to the advertisement, Heaven Air believes it is ______.
   A. the second biggest in the world
   B. the second best in the world
   C. the biggest in the world
   D. the best in the world


                                             Passage 25
People today are still talking about the generation gap (代沟). Some parents complain that their children do
not show them proper respect, while children complain that their parents do not understand them at all.
What has gone wrong? Why has the generation gap appeared?
One important cause is that young people want to choose their won life style. In more traditional societies,
                                                    23
when children grow up, they are expected to live in the same area as their parents, to many people that their
parents like, and often to continue the family occupation.
Parents often expect their children to do better than they do, to find better job, to make more money, and to
do all the things that they were unable to do. Often, however, the high wishes that parents place on their
children are another cause of the generation gap.
Finally, the high speed of social changes deepens the gap. In a traditional culture, people are valued for
their wisdom, but in our society today the knowledge of lifetime may be out of use overnight (隔夜).
21. According to the passage, children today expect their parents to ______.
   A. give them more independence
   B. choose a good job for them
   C. live together with them
   D. make more money
22. Parents often hope that their children will ______.
   A. make as much money as they do
   B. be more successful than they are
   C. choose jobs according to their own will
   D. avoid doing what their parents can’t do
23. The generation gap has become wider than before because of ______.
   A. the increasing dependence of children on parents
   B. the influence of traditional culture on children
   C. the rapid changes of modern society
   D. the missing of lifelong occupation
24. In today’s society, the knowledge of a lifetime ______.
   A. is still very much valued
   B. becomes out of date quickly
   C. is essential for continuing family occupations
   D. helps the young generation to find a better job
25. A proper title for this passage would be ______.
   A. Parent’s Viewpoints on Generation Gap
   B. Relationship between Family Members
   C. Generation Gap between the Young and the Old
   D. Difference between Traditional Culture and Modern Knowledge


                                              Passage 26
For some employers, the policy of lifelong employment is particularly important because it means that they
can put money and effort into their staff (职员) training and make them loyal to the company. What they do
is to select young people who have potential (潜能) and who can be trained.
They then give the young people the kinds of skills that will make them suitable employees for the
company. In other words, they adjust their training to their particular needs.
One recently employed graduate say that she is receiving a great deal of valuable training from the
company. “This means that I will be a loyal employee,” she says, “And it also means that the company will
want to keep me. I am an important investment for them. So the policy is a good one because it benefits
both the employer and the employee.”
Recently, however, attitudes towards lifelong employment are beginning to change. Employees are slowly
beginning to accept the idea that lifelong employment is not always in their best interest and that changing
                                                     24
firms can have career advantages.
26. The purpose of lifelong employment is to ______.
   A. adjust the needs of the company to its employees
   B. make employees loyal to their company
   C. select the best skilled young employees
   D. keep the skilled staff satisfied.
27. By training its employees, a company can make them ______.
   A. do their work more easily
   B. more interested in their work
   C. willing to invest money into the company
   D. possess the necessary qualities for the job
28. Talking about the training she has received, a recently employed graduate has the view that ___.
   A. it is still well-received by all the staff members today
   B. it is valuable to the employer and the employees
   C. it is helpful for attracting young employees
   D. it is both useful and interesting
29. Attitudes towards lifelong employment are changing because ______.
   A. job changes have career advantages
   B. it’s boring to work in only one company
   C. only the employer benefits from such employment
   D. stable employment seldom offers better opportunities
30. The passage is mainly about ______.
   A. lifelong training of employees
   B. policies of lifelong employment
   C. attitudes towards lifelong employment
   D. employers’ interest in lifelong employment


                                             Passage 27
An ebook, also known as an electronic (电子的) book, is an electronic version (版本) of a print of
book that you can download (下载) and read. What you need in order to read an ebook is an Ebook
Reader, which is a kind of free software used by your computer. Make sure you have the proper Reader
before you download your ebook from the Internet. The software allows you to turn the words on the
screen into your proper size you like. It also helps you turn pages and changes your choice of viewing.
Ebooks are a fun alternative or regular books. You can download them to any computer, including your
portable (便携式) computer so you can take them with you when you travel, and create your own library of
hundreds of titles. Best of all, when you order an ebook, there is no waiting and no shipping or handling
charges. The amount of time it takes to download your ebooks depends on the speed of your connection and
the size of your ebook.
31. From this passage, we know that an ebook ______.
   A. can be read by any reader who has a computer
   B. should be read with the help of a special kind of software
   C. is a print form of a book often found in libraries
   D. can be downloaded by turning on the computer
32. The Ebook Reader is useful for ______.
   A. turning a printed book into an electronic version
                                                     25
  B. developing an ebook in a portable computer
  C. downloading an ebook from the Internet
  D. finding fun alternative to an ebook
33 From the passage, we can learn that ______.
  A. reading an ebook involves a lot of trouble
  B. the ordered ebooks have to be shipped to you
  C. you can order an ebook from the Ebook Reader
  D. travelers can create an ebook on a portable computer
34. Which of the following statements is true?
  A. An ebook can be obtained through the Internet.
  B. The size of the words in an ebook cannot be changed.
  C. An ebook is ordered in the same way as a print book.
  D. One has to pay some money to get an Ebook Reader.
35. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?
  A. Choices of Ebooks.                           B. Advantages of Ebooks.
  C. Introduction to Ebooks.                      D. Importance of Ebooks.


                                               Passage 28
Tokyo is one of the most confusing cities in the world. Over 20 million people live and work in the Tokyo
area, and many famous companies have their offices there. But most streets don’t have names. So how can
you find your way in Tokyo?
Most people in Tokyo are very good at giving directions. They can usually explain how to get to their home
or their office from the nearest train station. People in Tokyo often use maps when they give directions.
Advertisements in newspapers or magazines, for example, usually have a small map to help you find the
company. If you are going to visit someone’s house, it is a good idea to ask the person to draw, or fax you, a
map of the local area. If you get lost, the best idea is to go to a police station. In Japan, each neighborhood,
has a small police station, and the police officers there have a map of all the buildings in the area. Giving
directions is an important part of their job.
36. Tokyo is a confusing city mainly because ______.
   A. it has a very large population
   B. most streets don’t have names
   C. people in Tokyo are bad at giving directions
   D. too many famous companies have their offices there
37. What can one do if one is going to visit a Japanese in Tokyo?
   A. one can wait for him at the nearest railway station.
   B. one can put on an advertisement to inform him.
   C. one can look at the newspaper for his address.
   D. one can ask him to draw or send a map.
38. In Tokyo, the best way for you to find out directions is to ______.
   A. ask a police officer for help
   B. buy a map in a bookstore
   C. go into someone’s house and ask
   D. get someone to draw a map for you
39. Why can the police help you to find out directions within a neighborhood?
   A. They can fax you a map of the neighborhood.
                                                      26
  B. They often visit each house in the neighborhood.
  C. They know the name of each street in the neighborhood.
  D. They have a map of all the buildings in the neighborhood.
40. What is the best title for this passage?
  A. Traveling in Japan.                     B. How to Draw a Map.
  C. Finding Your Way in Tokyo.              D. The Largest City in the World.


                                               Passage 29
The London Underground (usually called “the tube”) is the biggest subway system in the world. It is also
the fastest way to travel in the city. The network consists of nine major routes (路线),called “line”.
You can buy tickets at any underground station, at a ticket office, or from a ticket machine. Some of the
ticket machines require exact money. All of the machines display “Charge given” or “Exact money only”
signs. The price of the ticket depends on the length of the trip. The longer the trip, the higher the cost of the
ticket.
Trains stop at all stations. On some trains, passengers need to press a button to open doors. Every
underground train car has maps that show all the stations on the line you are traveling on. There is a map of
the whole underground system in every station.
Smoking is not allowed on underground trains or in stations.
41. According to the passage, the other name of the subway in London is “______”.
   A. the subway system                         B. the underground
   C. the lines                                 D. the tube
42. The phrase “Exact money only” (Para.2) means ______.
   A. change is offered                         B. no change is given
   C. no coins are accepted                     D. only coins are accepted
43 On some trains, if a passenger wants to get off, he has to ______.
   A. inform the driver                        B. show his ticket
   C. press a button                           D. read a map
44. A map of the whole underground system can be found in ______.
   A. every train                              B. every station
   C. some train cars                          D. some ticket offices
45. This passage mainly tells reader how ______.
   A. the London Underground works
   B. the London Underground develops
   C. a passenger buys subway ticket
   D. a passenger travels on a subway train


                                               Passage 30
An application letter—the letter you write to apply for a job—will probably be the most important kind of
letter you will ever write. Very likely, it is a letter that you will write several times, as most people change
employers several times during their business careers. Your first job, as well as each of those that follow, is
almost certain to involve some writing—and most employers look upon an application letter as an excellent
indicator (标志) of an applicant’s (应聘者) writing and other communication skills.
The purpose of your application letter, which should go together with your resume, is to get you an
in-person interview with the employer. If the letter is a good one, it most likely will achieve its objective.
                                                       27
The general plan of an application letter closely matches that of a sales letter. For an application letter, the
“product” you are selling consists of your knowledge, your skills, your personality—everything about you
that will enable you to perform the job to the satisfaction of employer. As a result, you must understand the
employer’s needs, know the specific requirements of the job you are seeking, and know what you have to
“sell”.
46 The word “those” (Line 4, Para. 1) refers to ______.
   A. the jobs                                       B. the letters
   C. the times                                      D. the employers
47. Obviously, after you have presented your application letter, you will ______.
   A. hand in a copy of your resume
   B. expect an in-person interview
   C. achieve your objective
   D. work for the employer
48. According to the passage, your application letter is important because ______.
   A. it means how experienced you are
   B. it indicates how hard you can work
   C. it shows how well you can communicate
   D. it tells how successful the interview will be
49. The writer of this passage compares an application letter to ______.
   A. a strong personality                      B. a satisfactory skill
   C. a new product                             D. a sales letters
50. To ensure that the letter can satisfy the employer, you must ______.
   A. know his needs
   B. tell your requirements
   C. show your knowledge
   D. get familiar with his product.


                                               Passage 31
Advice given by human resources officers in large foreign companies can help you find a satisfying job.
Here are some useful suggestions.
(1) Don’t start writing your resume before your graduation. From the first day you enter the university, you
have begun writing it. Plan to put your four years to full use so that at graduation your resume will be full
of valuable experiences and remarkable academic (学术的) results. (2) Never apply to a company or for a
job blindly. Find out where your interests lie and what your advantages are. Decide first what road you
want to take for the rest of your life. Choose a company and a job that fits you well.
(3) Don’t feel inferior (低下的) to boys if you are a girl job-hunter. Except for some physical work, girls
are as capable as boys. Girls even have lots of advantages over boys. For example, girls are stronger in
social communication. They are innately (天生的) skilled to express themselves effectively and to show
understanding to others. They tend to be more patient, easier to get along with, and usually have better
command of foreign languages.
51. Who may be most interested in the advice given in this passage?
   A. Bosses of big companies.
   B. Officers who take in employees.
   C. Students who will soon graduate.
   D. People with much work experience.
                                                      28
52. The first suggestion given in the passage is that you should ______.
  A. learn to write a resume soon after you enter the university
  B. try your best to achieve excellent results at university
  C. write your resume during all the years at university
  D. fully enjoy the four years of your university life
53. Before applying for a job, you should make sure of ______.
  A. your interests and strong points
  B. your life experiences and skills
  C. the job or jobs that are easier for you to find
  D. the company that can offer you a good job
54. In the opinion of human resources officers, girls ______.
  A. tend to be difficult to appear friendly
  B. should have confidence in themselves
  C. demand more understanding from others
  D. like to express their ideas freely
55. The best title for the passage might be ______.
  A. How to Succeed in Job Hunting
  B. What to Write in a Resume
  C. Advantages of Girl Job Hunters
  D. Secrets of Getting a Well-Paid Job


                                             Passage 32
Walking is the easiest and simplest form of exercise. By putting one foot in front of the other, you can start
to walk your ways towards a healthier lifestyle. Walking is an easy way to challenge the cardiovascular
system (心血管系统), while at the same time building muscles. But to achieve these goals, a little more
than a gentle walk around the block is required.
Walking actually burns as many calories (卡路里) as running the same distance—if done in the
correct manner at a reasonable pace (步伐).
Start with a basic program that you can complete three or four times a week. This should include five main
steps:
●A beginning warm-up for about five minutes.
●A little bit faster period of five minutes at medium level (中等速度).
●A ten-minute “burning” at a high level.
●A five-minute slow down period at a medium level.
●A five-minute cool down period at a low level again.
●A suitable walking pace of around 5 kilometers per hour will burn around 80 calories in 30 minutes.
56. According to the passage, walking is a simple way to ______.
   A. lose weight                                       B. avoid heart attacks
   C. cure blood diseases                               D. strengthen heart functions
57. In order to benefit from walking, we should ______.
   A. take it as a planned exercise                     B. move as gently as possible
   C. do it in a quiet place                            D. go as fast as possible
58. In the first 5 minutes of walk, you should walk ______.
   A. quickly                                           B. slowly
   C. at top speed                                      D. at medium space
                                                     29
59. Compared with running the same distance, walking in the recommended ways burns ______.
  A. fewer calories                                     B. more calories
  C. a fixed number of calories                         D. the same number of calories
60. Which of the following is TRUE about the suggested walking program?
  A. Effective walking lies in the gradual increase of speed.
  B. The same pace should be kept throughout the walking.
  C. One should not stop suddenly while walking fast.
  D. One should change one’s walking pattern every five minutes.


                                            Passage 33
The brand (商标) name puts a face on every company. Names like McDonald’s, GM, Apple, Intel, and a
large number of others have long become very popular. They’ve also given customers a point of reference
when thinking about a company. Good brand might help companies avoid costs and bring them greater
profits.
Usually companies create names that are easy to learn and remember. Firstly, the name should create
interest. Rhymes (押韵) and humor are some ways to gain interest, but there are others as well. Think about
your customers and what would interest them. Secondly, the name should present a picture of image.
People remember them most because the name is sorted in pictures and words. Thirdly, the name should be
meaningful. It can be done with lots of advertising, but names that are themselves more meaningful to
customers are more easily stored in memory. More important, the name should have meaningful
associations that show the benefits customers want. Then the name should have some emotion. Emotional
associations are easier to learn and remember. The Love Boat, for instance, is very easy to remember.
Finally, the name should be simple so that it is easier to learn and remember.
61. Why does the passage mention the brand names such as McDonald’s and GM in the first Paragraph?
   A. To show that a good brand name is significant for a company.
   B. To tell readers that they are important and popular terms.
   C. To introduce some well-known brand names to readers.
   D. To explain why those companies are successful.
62. According to the passage, a good brand name ______.
   A. must be shown in pictures                     B. must be advertised a lot
   C. is attractive to customers                    D. is always full of humour
63. Which of the following is most important in making a brand name popular?
   A. Being easy to remember.
   B. Having lots of advertisements.
   C. Gaining support from associations
   D. Showing the benefits customers can have.
64. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
   A. People prefer strange brand names to ordinary ones.
   B. Customers are interested in emotional brand names.
   C. Brand names advertised in pictures are easy to make.
   D. A brad name has little to do with a company’s profits.
65. What is the main purpose of this passage?
   A. To tell how difficult it is to make a good brand name.
   B. To compare different ways of choosing brand names.
   C. To recommend some popular brand names.
                                                   30
  D. To introduce what a good brand name is.


                                              Passage 34
The first step in wise car care and service is to buy a car that is in perfect condition. Look at the car over
carefully to make sure that it doesn’t have any built in flaws (内存的瑕疵) or service headaches. Be sure
you know how to operate your car. Sit in the driver’s seat and have the salesman explain how to start the car.
Make sure you learn the location of all the controls.
Check the outside of the car. Open and close the car doors two or three times. Do the doors fit the frames?
Do they close completely? Roll the windows up and down. Do they work smoothly and close all the way?
Have the salesman try all the lights and signals while you stand outside the car to make sure they work.
Start the engine and listen for any noise. The car should run smoothly after it has warmed up. All these
simple things should be checked before you leave the shop.
Next, road-test the car. It should speed up without jerking (颠簸),and the brake (刹车) should work evenly
and quickly.
If the car fails to perform on any of these points, do not take it. Insist that the faults be fixed before you
accept it.
66. When you want to buy a car, you’d better first ______.
   A. learn how to operate the car
   B. check the condition of the car
   C. try to ask about its service headaches
   D. tell the salesman to start and stop it
67. While the salesman is testing the lights and signals, you should ______.
   A. sit in the driver’s seat                B. roll the windows up
   C. watch from outside                      D. open the car windows
68. The engine of a good car is expected to run ______.
   A. easily                                  B. quickly
   C. quietly                                 D. smoothly
69. After you have carefully examined the car’s performance at the shop, you have to ______.
   A. buy it immediately                      B. test it on the road
   C. check it up again                       D. fix the faults
70. What is the passage talking about?
   A. Selecting a good car
   B. Repairing an old car
   C. Operating a new car
   D. Learning to drive a car


                                              Passage 35
It’s a man’s world, and many women don’t like it. The women say they are treated (对待) like
second-class citizens (公民) and therefore feel that their anger is justified. Women everywhere, they say,
earn less money than men for the same kind of work. Women have less power in their communities than
men, and in most cities and towns the political decisions are made by males. There are few women city
officials. The same thing is true in labor unions (工会), businesses, and religious groups. Even in the unions
where the members are almost all women the heads of the unions are men. The presidents of almost all the
big companies in the country are men.
                                                     31
Many women have been aware of these inequalities for a long time. Only recently, however, has a drive for
women’s rights made many more females, and males too, interested in fair treatment for women. Groups
have formed to demand equal pay for equal work, and round-the-clock day-care centers for children.
Women have even started their own newspapers to fight for their cause. They have written books fighting
against their second-class place in society.
71. The first part of the first sentence “It’s a man’s world.” means “______”.
  A. there are more men than women in the world
  B. men can do things that women cannot do
  C. few men care for the benefits of women
  D. everywhere women are not equal to men
72. Women feel angry because ______.
  A. they are not allowed to enter businesses
  B. they are not fairly treated in society
  C. they can’t become city officials
  D. they can’t enjoy labor unions
73. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
  A. Women are still unaware of the inequalities
  B. Men are not interested in fair treatment for women.
  C. Women have formed groups to fight for equal treatment.
  D. The newspapers and books were published for women’s rights.
74. The word “drive” (Line 2, Para. 2) most probably means “______”.
  A. road                                             B. treatment
  C. movement                                         D. power
75. The main idea of the passage is that ______.


                                               Passage 36
This book will help you become a better reader. It will give you practice of reading material in the areas of
social studies, science, and literature. These three areas cover most of the daily reading adults do.
There are three parts in this book. The first part is about reading in social studies, the second is about
science, and the third is about literature. Each part is divided into four sections (部分) with five short pieces
of writing, called “Passages”, in each section. The passages become more difficult as you move from the
first to the fourth section.
In each section you will learn new vocabulary and be asked questions that will help you better understand
your reading. The questions test your understanding only of what you have just read. They follow each
passage and are answered and explained in a section called “Check Your Answers”. This section comes
right after the questions because you learn best when you check your work soon after you’ve finished it.
76. This book provides materials for ______.
   A. reading practice                               B. everyday reading
   C. science study                                  D. literature study
77. The total number of passages in each part is ______.
   A. five                                           B. twelve
   C. fifteen                                        D. twenty
78. Questions are asked in each section to help you ______.
   A. find your own answers
   B. learn how to ask questions
                                                      32
  C. understand the reading materials better
  D. find the answers to the questions only
79. Paragraph 2 makes it clear that ______.
  A. passages in Section 4 are not the most difficult in this book
  B. adults like readings in science more than anything else
  C. there are no new words in each section
  D. you should read the book from Section 1 to Section 4
80. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
  A. You’d better look at the explanation before you answer the questions.
  B. You must answer every question correctly to understand the passage better.
  C. You should not check the answers immediately after reading the passage.
  D. The section “Check Your Answers” provides both answers and explanation.


                                             Passage 37
Doctors believe that the second-hand smoke may cause lung cancer in people who do not smoke.
Nonsmokers often breathe in the smoke from other People’s cigarettes. This is secondhand smoke. The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (美国环保局) reports that about fifty-three thousand people die in the
United States each year as a result of exposure to second-hand smoke. It is harder for children to avoid
second-hand smoke. In the United States, nine million children under the age of five live in homes with at
least one smoker. Research shows that these children are sick more often than children who living in homes
where no one smokes. The damaging effects of second-hand smoke on children also continue as they grow
up. The children of smokers are more than twice as likely to develop lung cancer when they are adults as
children of nonsmokers. The risk is even higher for children who live in home where both parents smoke.
People are becoming very aware of the danger of second-hand smoke. As a result, they have passed laws
that prohibit people smoking in many public places. Currently, 45 states in the United States have laws that
restrict, or limit smoking. The most well-known law doesn’t allow people to smoke on short native airline
flights, i.e. flights within the country.
81. Compared with nonsmoker’s children, the children whose parents both smoke are likely to ____.
   A. develop lung cancer more often
   B. become smokers more easily
   C. grow up more slowly
   D. be sick under the age of five
82. Why are there laws made against smoking in public places in the U.S.?
   A. Because parents don’t want their children to become smokers.
   B. Because the government wants to limit the production of cigarettes.
   C. Because people have realized the danger of second-hand smoke.
   D. Because more and more people don’t like smoking now.
83. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
   A. Adults who smoked when they were children get cancer more frequently.
   B. Second-hand smoke is not as dangerous as first-hand smoke.
   C. The number of smokers’ children is twice greater than that of nonsmoker’s children.
   D. People are now not allowed to smoke on airline flights in the U.S.
84. From the passage , we can conclude that ______.
   A. public places are dangerous for people to stay
   B. children suffer most from second-hand smoke
                                                    33
  C. the main cause of lung cancer is second-hand smoke
  D. most people know nothing about the danger of second-hand smoke
85. This passage is mainly about ______.
  A. what should be done with smoking in public
  B. whether second-hand smokers can get cancer
  C. how people get cancer
  D. Who can get cancer easily


                                              Passage 38
As working women continue to receive better and better wages, housewives still work at home without
receiving paychecks. Should a woman who works at home, doing the housework and caring for children, be
paid for her services? In a 1986 study at Cornell University, it was found that the value of the services of a
housewife averaged $11,600 a year. This rate was based on a family composed of a husband, wife, and
three young children. The $11,600 is what the husband would have to pay if he hired others to take over his
wife’s household work. The researchers concluded that it would be fair for husbands to pay wives
according to government guideline (方针) for least amounts of wages.
Another plan for rewarding women who work at home has been suggested by Dr. Johnson, a former
Secretary of Health and Human Services. He says that fulltime housewives should be allowed to pay social
security taxes (社会保障金), with their employers (that is, their husbands) offering part of the payment. He
feels that the present system is unfair. He said, “If you work in a store you can qualify for Social Security,
but if you stay at home and raise a family, you can’t qualify for it.”
86. Now in the U.S. the women working outside home can get ______.
   A. average payment of $11,600 a year
   B. more and more money
   C. the same pay as those doing housework
   D. as much as their husbands
87. The researchers at Cornell University suggest that ______.
   A. policies be worked out on women’s wages
   B. women go out to work instead of working at home
   C. husbands hire others to do their housework
   D. husbands pay their wives for their work at home
88. The expression “full-time housewives” in paragraph 2 means ______.
   A. wives staying at home doing housework
   B. wives working outside home sometimes
   C. wives who can’t do any housework
   D. wives who don’t like to stay at home
89. Why do some people feel that husbands should pay their wives for their housework?
   A. Because wives work at home has its value.
   B. Because wives can’t qualify for Social Security.
   C. Because husbands are employers.
   D. Because raising a family needs money.
90. Why does Dr. Johnson think that the present system is unfair?
   A. Bosses refuse to pay part of the taxes for female employees.
   B. Full-time housewives are required to pay social security taxes.
   C. Husbands are paying the social security taxes for their wives.
                                                     34
  D. Women working at home can’t get social security.


                                              Passage 39
Many visitors to the United States find that the fast pace at which people move is very troubling. One’s first
impression is likely to be that everyone is in a rush. City people always seem to be hurrying to get where
they are going. And they are very impatient if they are delayed even for a brief moment. At first this may
seem unfriendly to you. But drivers will rush you; storekeepers will be in a hurry as they serve you; people
will push past you as they walk along the street. You will miss smiles and brief conversations with people
when you shop or dine in a restaurant. Do not think it is because Americans are in such a hurry that they are
unfriendly. Life is often much slower outside the big cities, which is true in other countries as well.
Americans who live in cities such as New York, Chicago, or Los Angles, often think that everyone is
equally in a hurry to get thins done. But when they discover that you are a stranger, most Americans
become quite kindly and will take great care to help you.
91. Visitors to the United States possibly feel that city people of the country are very ______.
   A. busy                                      B. kind
   C. troubling                                 D. patient
92. In American big cities, people rarely ______.
   A. smile to each other
   B. move at a fast pace
   C. chat with each other in a shop
   D. dine away from home
93. According to the writer, American people are ______.
   A. unfriendly only when they are shopping
   B. actually friendly to foreign visitors
   C. indeed cold to foreign visitors
   D. in no hurry when walking in the street
94. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
   A. Life pace is different inside and outside big cities.
   B. Life pace is quite slow in other parts of the world.
   C. Life pace is the same in different parts of the world.
   D. Life pace is similar in American cities, big or small.
95. It seems that Americans are cold to you because they think ______.
   A. you are a foreigner
   B. you know their way of life
   C. you are as busy as they are
   D. you are a stranger there


                                              Passage 40
Most visitors to the United States will need a visa (签证) as well as a passport and a health record. There
are various kinds of visas depending on the estimated length of stay, even more important, on the purpose
of your visit. For example, among the types of visas available are: B1-Normal short visits for business,
B2-Normal visits for pleasure, F1-student, and F2-Family of student.
A small white form, 1-94, will be attached to your passport showing your classification (类别), arrival date,
purpose of visit, and departure date. If you want to stay longer than the date on this form, you must apply to
                                                     35
the United States Immigration Service (移民局) for an “Extension of Stay” at least one month before the
date indicated. Be sure not to stay beyond the date on which you should leave without an approved
extension.
96. The first paragraph tells us about ______.
   A. the type of visa a visitor to the USA should get
   B. the kind of visitor one can be
   C. the certificates a visitor to the USA should prepare
   D. the length of time a visitor to the USA can stay
97. A tourist who visits the USA will most probably get a visa of ______,
   A. F1                                            B. F2
   C. B1                                            D. B2
98. The kind of visa you apply for mainly depends on ______.
   A. what you do to make a living
   B. how rich you are as a visitor
   C. why you visit the country
   D. how long you will stay in the country
99. The “departure date” on the small white form give the date ______.
A. to which you can extend your stay
B. on which you apply for a longer stay
C. on which you arrive in the country
D. by which you must leave the country
100. How can you know the date before which you must apply for an “extension”?
   A. You can count it from your arrive date.
   B. You can find it on the small white form.
   C. You must ask the Immigration Service about it.
   D. You will be informed by the Immigration Service.


                                            Passage 41
Anthropology (人类学) is the study of how people live. It includes their family life, religion, art, laws and
language. The term anthropology comes from two Greek words “anthropo” means “human being” and
“logy” means “the science of ”.
Anthropology can be divided into two areas. These two main divisions are cultural anthropology and
physical anthropology. Culture includes many things, such as art, religion, laws, and even furniture and
movies.
Anthropologists define human progress in three main steps. Step one begins with the first human being and
continues until the last of the people who hunted animals just to survive. Step two includes people who
grew food. In this step, there was progress in invention and religion. The third step deals with the first
civilization (文明), such as those in Egypt, and parts of Asia.
Anthropologists always seek new information about people. For instance, recent evidence found in Ethiopia
and Kenya shows humans earlier in history than it was previously believed.
101. According to the passage, anthropology mainly deals with ______.
   A. the study of ancient people
   B. difference between human races
   C. family life, religion and art
   D. the study of different cultures
                                                   36
102. Which of the following belongs to the second steps of human progress?
  A. The early civilizations came into being.
  B. People hunted animals just to survive.
  C. Many religions and inventions were made.
  D. People started to learn science and art.
103. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
  A. Furniture and movies belong to physical anthropology.
  B. The first civilizations appeared only in Egypt and parts of Asia.
  C. The study of human beings began in Greek times.
  D. Anthropologists are still trying to get new findings about people.
104. What have anthropologists recently found?
  A. There are cultural anthropology and physical anthropology.
  B. There is a longer history of human beings than it was thought before.
  C. There were more civilizations in Egypt than in parts of Asia.
  D. There are three steps in the progress of human beings.
105. What could be the best title for the passage?
  A. The First Civilizations
  B. The Progress of Human Beings
  C. What is Anthropology
  D. The Work of Anthropologists


                                               Passage 42
In Spain in summer there are many villages with a lot of tourists. The tourists go to the villages with their
families, where there are festivals. People living around the villages also go to these festivals, to begin the
festivals they throw big fireworks and the mayor (市长) makes the speech. When he finishes, people
applaud and parties begin. In the morning of the first day people organize chocolate parties and clowns (小
丑) for the children. In the afternoon there is a festival for the grandparents with music, drinks and food.
And at night a big party is held for everybody. At the party, people dance and sing. They feel very happy in
the festivals and go to bed very late. Next morning they get up much later than usual; then they go to a
place where there are poetry (诗) competitions, squares (纵横字谜), etc. Later the people go to a ceremony
in the church to visit their dead family members. In the afternoon, there is a fair and everybody goes to it to
buy things or to go for a walk. At night a famous pop music group goes to the village and holds a concert
and at 12 or 1’clock the group plays traditional songs. The third day is the last day, people are still very
happy. To end the festivals, they throw a lot of artificial fire. People will have to wait till the next year for
such festivals.
106. How long do the village festivals usually last?
   A. Two days.                                     B. The whole summer.
   C. Four days.                                    D. Three Days.
107. The festival begins with ______.
   A. a concert and dance
   B. a display of fireworks
   C. a speech by the organizer
   D. children’s parties
108. During the first day of the festival, the people ______.
   A. have parties, dance and sing
                                                       37
  B. have a concert and competitions
  C. go to a fair and visit the church
  D. visit the dead and throw artificial fires
109. According to the passage, who take part in the festival?
  A. The mayor and the villagers.
  B. Tourists, and their families.
  C. Tourists as well as the people around the village.
  D. The grandparents and their children.
110. Which of the following is TRUE about the festivals?
  A. More tourists visit the villages than the cities in Spain.
  B. The festivals last till very late in the night.
  C. The last day of the festival is the happiest.
  D. Tourists usually watch the performances instead of taking part in them.


                                              Passage 43
The sense of sound is one of our most important means of knowing what is going on around us. Sound has
a wasted product, too, in the form of noise. Noise has been called unwanted sound. Noise is growing and it
may get much worse before it gets any better.
Scientists, for several years, have been studying how noise affects people and animals. They are surprised
by what they have learned. Peace and quiet are becoming harder to find. Noise pollution is a threat that
should be looked at carefully.
There is a saying about it being so noisy that you can’t bear yourself think. Doctors who study noise believe
that we must sometimes hear ourselves think. If we don’t we may have headaches, other aches and pains, or
even worse mental problems.
Noise adds more tension (紧张) to a society that already faces enough stress.
But noise is not a new problem. In ancient Rome, people complained so much about noise that the
government stopped chariots (四轮马车) from moving through the streets at night!
Ways of making less noise are now being tested. There are even laws controlling noise. We cannot return to
the “good old days” of peace and quiet. But we can reduce noise—if we shout loudly enough about it.
111. Why are scientists surprised by the findings in their noise study?
   A. Because people knew little about the danger of noise before.
   B. Because the world is becoming more and more noisy.
   C. Because noise is an unwanted waste for human beings.
   D. Because they have learned that noise is also a kind of pollution.
112. What may be the result if we cannot hear ourselves think?
   A. Our thoughts may be interfered.
   B. Our mind may be harmed.
   C. We may forget what we have thought about.
   D. We may have difficulty using the right words.
113. When the writer says we cannot return to the good old days, he means that ______.
   A. it is impossible for us to deal with noise as we did before
   B. our society is becoming much worse than before
   C. the old days were much happier than the present time
   D. in our modern society it is hard to lead a quiet life
114. From the last sentence of the passage we can learn that ______.
                                                     38
  A. we can put noise under control if our measures are effective
  B. shouting is a chief cause of noise pollution
  C. sometimes we have to shout loudly so that others can hear us
  D. it is important to warn people of the danger of noise pollution
115. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
  A. The writer thinks that it is almost impossible for people to avoid noise.
  B. People are now trying to find ways to make noise as low as possible.
  C. Noise pollution is the worst kind pollution problem.
  D. Only recently did people realize the harmfulness of noise.


                                              Passage 44
A budget (预算) is a spending plan. It can help you spend money wisely. It can do this by cutting out
wasteful spending. Of course, preparing a budget takes planning, and following a budget takes willpower
(自制力). Your budget should tell your family’s needs and income.
The first step in creating a budget is to set your goals. What does your family need and want?
You must know this to work out the details of the budget. Keep goals realistic, in terms of income available.
Then decide which goals are the most important.
The next step is estimating family income. Before you can plan wisely, you need to know how much money
you have to spend! Write down all the money you expect to receive (wages, savings, interest, etc) during
the planned budget period.
After you have calculated how much money will be available, it is time to estimate expenses (消费). List
all of your family expenses.
If you are not satisfied with what you got for your money. Look carefully at your spending. Studying your
records will show where overspending has occurred. It will also point out poor buying habits.
It is also a good idea to set aside a small amount of money for emergencies. Every family has small
emergencies; a blown tire, a broken device, or the need for minor medical care.
116. According to the passage, what is the advantage of a budget?
   A. It can help you save a lot of money.
   B. It can help you spend money in a reasonable way.
   C. It can help you set your goals clearly.
   D. it can help you get rid of poor buying habits.
117. In carrying out your budget, you need ______.
   A. to ask your family members for advice
   B. to take care not to buy expensive things
   C. to have the ability to control yourself
   D. to cut it down as much as possible
118. One advantage of keeping a record of your spending is that ______.
   A. you will know if you have spent more money than you planned.
   B. you will learn how to make a better budget next time.
   C. you will remember how much you have already spent.
   D. you will be able to tell your family what should not be bought.
119. The writer suggests that it is a good idea to set aside some money because ______.
   A. people usually spend more than they plan to do.
   B. others may want to borrow some money from you.
   C. you probably will not be able to follow your budget.
                                                      39
  D. things can happen unexpectedly.
120. This passage is mainly about ______.
  A. the relation between budget and income
  B. the importance of making a budget
  C. the meaning of a budget
  D. the way a budget is made


                                              Passage 45
      Each child has his individual(个人的)pattern of social, as well as physical, development. Some of it
depends on his home life and his relationships with the people who love him. Children in large families
learn how to get along with others through normal brother- sister play and tussles (打斗). An only child,
on the other hand , may have to learn his lessons in social living through hard experiences on the
playground or in the classroom. Twins who always have one another to lean on may be slow in responding
to others because they do not need anyone else.
      A child who is constantly scolded and made to feel he does everything wrong may have a difficult
time developing socially. He may be so afraid of displeasing the adults around him that he keeps to himself
(where he can’t get into trouble) he may take the opposite route and go out of his way to create trouble.
                                    or
Like the deserted child, he too may return to infantile (幼稚的)pleasures, developing habits that will
satisfy him, but create barriers(障碍)toward social contact.
      1.Which of the following may have effect on children’s paten of social development?
      A. Age.                                  B. Education
      C. Home life.                            D. Gender(性别)
      2.The passage implies that which of the following may have the earliest time learning to get along
with others?
      A. An only child                         B. A child from a large family
      C. Twins                                 D. Children who are continually scolded
      3.Which of the following is implied by the passage?
      A. Too much scolding of children may make their social development difficult.
      B. All children developed in the same ways.
      C. Children who are constantly scolded may learn to get along with others quickly.
      D. Deserted children often exhibit quicker social development.
      4.We can inferred from the passage that________.
      A. continual scolding is not harmful to the child.
      B. continual scolding holds back healthy social development.
      C. continual scolding has no effect on obeying orders.
      D. continual scolding has no effect on physical development
      5.Where does the passage say the only child learns his social lessons?
      A. School and home                       B. Home and playground
      C. Classroom and playground              D. All of the above
KEY:CBABC




                                              Passage 46
 “Most experiences of absent - mindedness—forgetting where you left something or wondering why you
                                                    40
just entered a room—are caused by a simple lack of attention, ” says Schacter. “You’re supposed to
remember something, but you haven’t encoded(编码) it deeply.”
      Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major
impression on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create troublesome situations. If you put
your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re
involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your
cupboard.“ Your memory itself isn’t failing you, ” says Schacter, “Rather, you didn’t give your memory
system the information it needed.”
      Lack of interest can also lead to absent -mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30
years ago, ” says Zelinski, “ may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.”Women have slightly better
memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on
just that.
      “Visual cues 视觉提示 ) help prevent absent- mindedness, ”says Schacter, “But be sure the cue
                    (                can
is clear and available. ”If you want to remember to take a medicine with lunch, put the pill bottle on the
kitchen table—don’t leave it in the medicine box and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.
      Another common experience of absent - mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re
there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time, ”says
Zelinski. “The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely
remember.”
      1.The writer of the passage thinks that encoding properly is very important because ________.
      A. it enables us to recall something from our memory
      B. it slows down the process of losing our memory
      C. it helps us understand our memory system better
      D. it helps us to get back to where we were
      2.One possible reason why women have a little better memories than men is that________.
      A. they rely more on the environment
      B. they have a wider range of interests
      C. they have an unusual power of focusing their attention
      D. they are more interested in what’s happening around them
      3.Why can a note in the pocket hardly serve as a reminder? ________.
      A. It will easily get lost
      B. It is out of your sight
      C. It’s not clear enough for you to read
      D. It might get mixed up with other things
      4.From the last paragraph we can learn that________.
      A. repetition might help improve our memory
      B. memory depends to a certain extent on the environment
      C. we’d better return to where we were if we forget things
      D. we should think about something else while doing one thing
      5.The passage is mainly about ________.
      A. the memory system of persons
      B. a way of encoding and recalling
      C. the causes of absent - mindedness
      D. the impression of the environment on memory
Key :ADBBC

                                                    41
                                               Passage 47

      When John Milton, writer of“Paradise Lost”, entered Cambridge University, in 1625, he was already
skilled in Latin after seven years of studying it as his second language at St. Paul’s School, London. Like
all English boys who prepared for college in grammar schools, he had learned not only to read Latin but
also to speak and write it smoothly and correctly. His pronunciation of Latin was English, however, and
seemed to have sounded strange to his friends when he later visited Italy.
      Schoolboys gained their skill in Latin in a bitter way. They kept in mind the rules to make learning by
heart easier. They first made a word -for -word translation and then an idiomatic translation into English.
As they increased their skill, they translated their English back into Latin without referring to the book and
then compared their translation with the original. The schoolmaster was always at hand to encourage them.
All schoolmasters believed Latin should be beaten in.
      After several years of study, the boys began to write compositions in imitation of the Latin writers
they read. And as they began to read Latin poems, they began to write poems in Latin. Because Milton was
already a poet at ten, his poems were much better than those painfully put together by the other boys.
During the seven years Milton spent at university, he made regular use of his command of Latin. He wrote
some excellent Latin poems, which he published among his works in 1645.
      1.What does the passage mainly tell about?
      A. How John Milton wrote“ Paradise Lost”.
      B. How John Milton studied Latin.
      C. How John Milton became famous.
      D. How John Milton became a poet.
      2.Which of the following is true of John Milton’s pronunciation of Latin?
      A. It has a strong Italian accent.
      B. It has an uncommon accent.
      C. It was natural and easy to understand.
      D. It was bad and difficult to understand.
      3.It can be inferred from the passage that________.
      A. Milton’s training in Latin was similar to that of the other boys
      B. Milton hadn’t learned any foreign language except Latin before going to college
      C. Milton’s Italian friends helped him with Latin when talking
      D. Milton's classmates learned Latin harder but worse than Milton
      4.Which of the following is suggested in the passage?
      A. The schoolmaster mainly helped those who were bad at Latin.
      B. The schoolmaster usually stood beside the schoolboys with a stick in his hand.
      C. The schoolboys could repeat Latin grammar rules from memory.
      D. Some of the schoolboys were quick at writing compositions in Latin.
      5.What is the meaning of the underlined part“ Latin should be beaten in”that the writer wishes you to
understand?
      A. Schoolboys should be punished if they were lazy to learn Latin.
      B. Schoolboys should be encouraged if they had difficulty in learning Latin.
      C. Schoolboys were expected to master Latin in a short time.
      D. Schoolboys had to study Latin in a hard way.
Key: BBACD
                                                     42
                                              Passage 48
   Dr Wiseman started “the laugh lab” project in September 2001. It is the largest study of humour.
Participants(参加者)are invited to log on to the laugh lab website, give a few personal details, tell their
favourite jokes and judge the jokes told by other people.
      The project will last for a year, and the organizers hope to finally discover the world’s funniest joke.
But there is also a serious purpose. The researches want to know what people from different nations and
cultures find funny. And they want to find out the differences between the male and female sense of humour.
The idea is that if we want to understand each other, we have to find out what makes us laugh.
      This is a subject that has long interested psychologists(心理学家) philosophers
                                                                              and           (哲学家) Most   .
of the time, people are not completely honest. We do things that society expects us to and say things that
help us get what we want. But laughing cannot be controlled. When we laugh, we tell the truth about
ourselves.
      By December 2001 over 10, 000 jokes had been submitted. This gave the scientists enough evidence
(证据)to make early conclusions. It seems that men and women do have different senses of humour, for
instance.
      “Our findings show the major differences in the ways in which males and females use humour, ”
said Dr. Wiseman. “Males use humour to appear superior 优越) others, while women are more skilled
                                                             (           to
in languages and prefer word play. ”
      Researchers also found that there really is such a thing as a national sense of humour. the British enjoy
what is usually called “toilet humour”. But the French like their jokes short and sharp: “You’re a high
priced lawyer. Will you answer two questions for 500?” “Yes. What’s the second question?”
      The Germans are famous for not having a sense of humour. But the survey found that German
participants were more likely to find submitted jokes funny than any other nationality. Perhaps that proves
the point. Is this joke funny? I don’t know, but let’s say yes, just to be safe.
      Dr Wiseman and his workmates also submitted jokes created by computer. But none of those who took
part in the survey found any of them amusing. Perhaps this is relief. Computers already seem like they can
do everything. At least they should leave the funny stuff to us.
      1.Scientist started“ the laugh lab” project________
      A. to find the funniest joke in European countries
      B. to know what funny people are from different nations and cultures
      C. to find out the differences between the male and female sense of humour
      D. to get more personal details about participants
      2.We can infer from the passage that________.
      A. most of the people all over he world are completely honest
      B. psychologists and philosophers take interest in the “laugh lab” project
      C. ordinary people are not interested in “the laugh lab” project at all
      D. people tell the ruth about themselves only when they laugh
      3.What is the main idea of the 4th and 5th paragraph?
      A. Man and woman have different senses of humour.
      B. male and female have similar senses of humour.
      C. About 10, 000 jokes have been submitted from September 2001 to December 2001.
      D. Scientists have collected enough evidence to make conclusions.
    4.The writer gave the examples of the British, the French and the Germans________.
                                                      43
    A. to show thane French people have a better sense of humour
    B. to prove the British people have a sense of “toilet humour”
    C. to show people from different nations have different senses of humour
    D. to prove that the Germans have no sense of humour
    5.Which statement is true according to the passage?
    A. The jokes by computer are less funny than those by humans.
    B. The Germans cannot find the submitted jokes amusing.
    C. Males are better at word play compared with women.
    D. Females like to use humour to show that they are superior.
Key: CBA CA




                                               Passage 49
      Rome -Doctors and medical groups around the world last weekend reacted with strong opposition to
the news that an Italian specialist is on the brink of cloning the first human baby.
      Dr. Severino Antinori, who is the head of a hospital in Rome, has been referred to in an Arab
newspaper as claiming that one of his patients is eight weeks pregnant(怀孕)with a cloned baby.
      Antinori refused to comment on the reports, but in March 2001 he said he hoped to produce a cloned
embryo (卵)for implantation within two years. So far seven different kinds of mammals have already
successfully cloned, including sheep, cats and most recently rabbits.
      Doctors showed their doubt and were strongly opposed although they admit that human cloning would
finally come true unless there was a world wide ban on the practice.
      Professor Rudolf Jaenisch of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology: “I find it astonishing that people do this where the result can be foretold that it will
not be a normal baby. It is using humans as guinea pigs. It makes people feel sick. ”But Ronald Green,
director of the Ethics institute at Darmouth College in the US, said it is unlikely that an eight - week - old
pregnancy would lead to a birth.
      So far all cloned animals have suffered from some different serious disorders, many of them dying
soon after their births .
      Doctors are opposed to human cloning because they are worried about the welfare of the cloned child
if there is one.
      “There are no benefits of cloned human beings, just harm, ”said Dr. Michael Wilks of the UK.
      1.What do the underlined words “on the brink of” in the first paragraph mean most probably?
      A. on the side of
      B. on the point of
      C. in search of
      D. in favour of
      2.What is the doctors’ general attitude to cloning of humans according to the passage?
      A. They are against it.
      B. They support it.
      C. They welcome it.
      D. They pay no attention to it.
      3.What does the underlined word “ban ”in the third paragraph mean most probably?
      A. order that forbids cloning
      B. suggestion to carrying on cloning
                                                       44
    C. anger at cloning
    D. cheer for cloning
    4.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
    A. Dcotor Severino Antinori is strongly oppsed to cloning human beings.
    B. Up to now, seven kinds of animals have been cloned, including sheep, cats, humans and rabbits.
    C. Professor Rudolf Jaenisch is carrying on an experiment on cloning an eight- week -old embryo.
    D. Ronald Green doubts about the future successful birth of the so -called cloned embryo.
    5.Which is the best title for the passage?
    A. The Success of Cloning Humans
    B. The Anger at Cloning Humans
    C. Failure of Cloning Humans
    D. First Cloned Human?
Key: BAA DD




                                               Passage 50
   The law is a great mass of rules, showing when and how far a man is possible to be punished, or to be
made to hand over money or property to his neighbors, and so on. These rules are contained in books. A
lawyer learns them mainly by reading books.
      He begins by doing little else than read, and after he has prepared himself by. say. three years’study
practice, still, all his life long and almost every day, he will be looking into books to read a little more than
he already knows about some new questions which he has to answer.
      The power to use books, then. is a special skill which the would - be lawyer ought to possess. He
ought to have enough flexibility(灵活性)to make it easy for him to collect ideas from printed words. He
ought to have some readiness in finding what a book contains, and something of an instinct (直觉)for
where to look for what he wants.
      But although this is the power of which he will first feel the need, it is not the most important. A
lawyer does not study law to recite it; he studies it to use it and act upon the rules which he has learned in
real life. His business is to try eases in court and to advise men what to do in order to keep out or get out of
trouble.
      1.The first thing a law student has to do is to________.
      A. read books
      B. hand over money
      C. practice law
      D. answer questions
      2.After three years of reading________.
      A. he can study law
      B. he can stop reading
      C. he still has to continue reading
      D. he is able to give clever answers
      3.The major business of a lawyer is________.
      A. to discuss the material he has read
      B. to advise people who have law problems
      C. to learn about real life
      D. to study the law
                                                       45
    4.According to the passage, a good lawyer should know how to________.
    A. understand and use what he reads
    B. be convenient in everything
    C. collect ideas from different sources
    D. use power in the court
    5.Which is the most important to a would - be lawyer?
    A. To possess a lot of books.
    B. to have enough flexibility when collecting ideas from printed words.
    C. To be ready to find out what a book contains.
    D. To be able to use his book knowledge in the right way in his future business.
Key: ACBAD




                                               Passage 51
Youth volunteers from Beijing University visited Song tang Hospital, a care clinic for the aged and dying
patients, during the second Global Youth Service Day on April 21.
     Thirty student volunteers from the university’s School of International Studies sat at the beds of the
patients in their specially
     - decorated“ care huts”. They talked with them and gave massages (按摩)to patients kept in their
beds.
     I felt sorry that I could not offer more to these people than talking with them and trying to cheer them
up. said Deng Yetao, 20, a third - year student. “But it occurred to me that they need more care and love
than babies. They are afraid of the coming death. Their loneliness is worse than physical pains.”
     “Even though they are suffering a lot, the majority of the elderly people want to talk to us. Each of
them has a lot of life experiences and philosophies to share. Instead of doing them a favor, I felt I was
gaining a valuable lesson. Said Mao Xiaohua, another third - year student.
     Mao talked with two elderly patients for a whole afternoon. The fact that most of the patients in the 80
- room clinic are aged people with diseases which will lead to death soon made the volunteers’ hearts
heavy.
     Ninety - one percent of the patients will spend the last days of their lives in the clinic, according to a
survey by the hospital.
     Daily visits and services by social workers and youth volunteers are a very important part of their
programmer. A total of 330, 000 Beijing students from 119 universities and colleges have visited the
hospital. Many continue to offer services in their spare time. Some of them volunteer to hold the hands of
dying patients during the last minutes of their lives.
     Yin Hang, a student from Beijing Medical College, said he felt“ the glory of life” as he saw the fading
smile on the face of the old man who passed into a deep unconsciousness(昏迷)while he was holding his
hands.
     1.Youth volunteers from Beijing University went to Songtang Hospital to________.
     A. pay a visit to the aged
     B. talk to the aged
     C. show their love for the aged
     D. help the aged out
     2.What the aged are most worried about is________.
                                                      46
    A. loneliness
    B. death
    C. physical pains
    D. wealth
    3.The underlined sentence probably means________.
    A. I taught myself a lesson by talking to them
    B. I learned something important instead of only helping them
    C. I only wanted to get something rather than do them a favor
    D. I was glad to have given them a favor
    4.When volunteers know most of the aged people are dying patients, they feel________ .
    A. sad                                   B. disappointed
    C. satisfied                             D. worthless
    5.After reading the passage, we know________.
    A. the youth are fond of doing popular things
    B. they Second Youth Service Day is started by the Chinese government
    C. 91% of the aged in China are facing death
    D. the volunteers are taking an active part in the activity
Key: CABAD




                                             Passage 52
     They are among the 250, 000 people under the age of 25 who are out of work in the Netherlands, a
group that explains the cause of 40 percent of the nation’s unemployed. A storm of anger boils up at the
government -sponsored(政府资助的)youth center, event among those who are continuing their studies.
     “We study for jobs that don’t exist, ” Nicollets Steggerda, 23, said.
      After thirty years of prosperity, unemployment among 10 member nations of the European
Community has reached as much as 11 percent, affecting a total of 12.3 million people, and the number is
climbing.
     The bitter disappointment long expressed by British youths is spreading across the Continent. The title
of a rock song“ No Future” can now be seen written on the brick walls of closed factories in Belgium and
France.
     Recent surveys have found that the increasing argument in the last few years over the deployment(部
署)in Europe of North Atlantic Treaty Organization missiles and the possibility of nuclear war have
clouded European youths' confidence(信心)in the future.
     One form of protest (an action that shows disagreement )tends to put the responsibility for a
country’s economic troubles on the large numbers of “guest workers” from Third World nations, people
welcomed in Western Europe in the years of prosperity.
     Young Europeans, brought up in an extended period of economic success and general stability, seem to
be similar to Americans more than they do their own parents. Material enjoyment has given them a sense of
expectation , even the right, to a standard of living that they see around them.
     “And so we pass the days at the discos, or meet people at the cafe, and sit and stare, ” said Isabella
Cault. “There is usually not much conversation. You look for happiness. Sometimes you even find it.”
     1.Unemployment in the Netherlands has affected________.
     A. about 0.6 million people
     B. 250, 000 people
                                                    47
    C. less than half of the population
    D. one million people
    2.What Nicollete Steggerda said (Para. 2)means that________.
    A. what the students learn is more than necessary
    B. the students cannot get work after graduation
    C. the students’aim in study is not clear
    D. school education is not sufficient(enough)
    3.What does the underlined word“prosperity” most probably mean?
    A. advance in politics
    B. economic troubles
    C. political crisis(危机)
    D. achievements in economy
    4.British youths________.
    A. have pity on the unemployed on the Continent
    B. have been the first to show their disappointment over joblessness
    C. care about unemployment in France and Belgium
    D. are trying to find work on the Continent
    5.It seems that young Europeans________.
    A. are more like Americans than their elders in their way of thinking
    B. look more like Americans than their elders do
    C. expect more from Americans than from their elders
    D. look upon life as their elders do
Key: ABDBA




                                               Passage 53
     Unless action is taken immediately, there is a good chance that all the oceans of the world will be dead



     We have already seen that people allow all sorts of waste products to flow into the sea. It is almost

impossible to measure how much waste water and industrial waste end up in our oceans, but we can find

out how much oil is poured into them legally and illegally. It is illegal to pour oil into the sea close to the

shore, but when a ship is many miles out to sea there are no such rules. Scientists have different ideas as to

the amount of oil put into the sea, but the lowest figure for oil poured in European waters alone is nearly

200 000 tons every year. S

     It is not only our coasts that suffer from oil pollution. Among other things, many shell fish (creatures

which live in water), and have a hard shell — oysters and mussels, for example — now have high amounts

of poisonous substances. Next time you have shell fish to eat, how can you be sure that they are free from




                                                      48
1. This passage is mainly about_________________

A. pollution in the oceans



C. the amounts of poison in shell fish




A. Oil ships which meet and strike e




3. Which of the following is illegal?

A. Pouring oil into the sea from land, especially when there is no other choice.




4. What does the underlined word European waters' mean?

A. The seas around Europe and Africa.



C. The Arctic Ocean.




B. The wate

C. It's possible that all the creatures in the sea will die out if no action is taken.



Key: DDCDA




                                                  Passage 54
                               A Plan For Exploring Mars (火星探索计划)

                                                         49
     NASA is moving ahead with plans to put a long-armed lander on Mars’ icy north pole to search for

clues for water and possible signs of life.

     The $386 million Phoenix Mars is planned to touch down in the Martian arctic in 2008. The stationary

probe will use its robotic arm to dig into the icy land and pick up soil samples to analyze. In 2002, the Mars

Odyssey orbiter spotted evidence of ice-rich soil near the arctic surface.

     Scientists hope the Phoenix mission will find clues to the geologic history of water on the Red Planet

and determine whether microbes (微生物)existed in the ice.

     Phoenix will be the first mission of the Mars Scout program, a renewed, low-cost effort to study the

Red Planet. “The Phoenix mission explores new territory in the northern plains of Mars analogous to the

permafrost regions on Earth,” Peter Smith said.

     True to its name, Phoenix rose from the ashes of previous missions. The lander for Phoenix was built

to fly as part of the 2001 Mars Surveyor program. But the program broke down after the well-known

disappearance of the Mars Polar Lander in 1999. The Polar Lander lost contact during a landing attempt

near the planet’s south pole after its rocket engine shut off prematurely, causing the spacecraft to fall about

130 feet to almost certain destruction.

     The Phoenix probe had been in storage at a Lockheed Martin clean room in Denver before it was

reused for its present mission. It will carry science instruments that were designed for the Mars Surveyor

program including an improved panoramic camera and a trench-digging robotic arm. Phoenix will lift off

from the Kennedy Space Center in August 2007 and land on the planet nine months later.

1. The passage mainly tells readers that _________.

          A. clues of water will be found in Phoenix

          B. Phoenix will be sent to find clues of water on Mars

          C. August 2007 will see Phoenix lift off

          D. the Mars Scout program will be carried out

2. The underlined word “prematurely” (Paragraph 5) means _________.

          A. on time        B. behind the time         C. out of work         D. ahead of time

3. According to the passage, we know Phoenix will land on Mars _________.

         A. in May 2008

         B. in August 2007

         C. in August 2008


                                                       50
         D. in September 2008

4. According to the passage, the name “Phoenix” is after the meaning of _________.

          A. rebirth            B. death           C. energy          D. hope

5. After Phoenix lands on Mars, we can infer it will firstly _________.

          A. find soil samples and send them to the earth

          B. look for the icy land to dig for the soil samples

          C. take photos and send them to the earth

          D. find the remains of the Mars Polar Lander

Key: BDAAB




                                               Passage 55
                                   Protecting Copyright (版权保护)

     Having finished her homework, Ma Li wants some music for relaxation. As usual, she starts her

computer and goes to Baidu.com to download music files. But this time she is surprised when an

announcement about protecting songs’ copyright bursts onto the screen. The age of free music and movie

downloads may have come to an end as Web companies like Baidu are accused of pirating copyright.

Lawsuits (诉讼)have been filed against four websites offering free downloads. In September 2005, a

Beijing court ordered Baidu to pay recording company Shanghai Push compensation for their losses. Baidu

was also told to block the links to the pirated music on the website. This caused a heated discussion on

Interact file sharing.

     “Baidu’s defeat in the lawsuit shows it is not right to get copyrighted songs without paying.

Downloaders may face lawsuits or fines,” said an official.

     Like many teens, Huang Ruoru, an 18-year-old girl from Puning in Guangdong Province, doesn’t

think that getting music from websites is wrong. She always shares her favourite songs downloaded from

Baidu with her friends. When told about the lawsuit, she began to feel a little guilty about obtaining others’

work without paying.

     However, other teenagers have different ideas. Wang Yafei, a Senior 2 girl from Jinan, Shandong

Province pointed out that file sharing is a good way to promote pop singers. “If I download a song and

really like it, I will buy the CD,” she said. “So what the recording companies really should concentrate on

                                                      51
is improving their music, rather than pursuing (追赶)file-sharers.”

1. Which of the following best describes the passage?

       A. Music on the Internet is of better quality.

       B. Downloading material can be illegal.

       C. It’s good to get free music on the Internet.

       D. Baidu is a popular web company.

2. The four web companies were put to court because _________.

       A. they got copyrighted songs without paying

       B. they downloaded copyrighted music for people

       C. they make copyrighted files for free downloads

       D. they offer free music on line

3. How do some of the teenagers feel while downloading free music after the lawsuit?

       A. A bit guilty.        B. A little sad.           C. Extremely angry.   D. Awfully sorry.

4. What’s the advantage of tile sharing for recording companies?

       A. Getting more money from web companies.

       B. Enabling people to download favorite songs.

       C. Helping to improve the music.

       D. Making pop singers more popular.

5. It can be inferred from the text that _________.

       A. Web companies are still ignoring the copyright laws.

       B. Teenagers haven’t got money to buy CDs.

       C. Teenagers are probably still downloading free music.

       D. Teenagers prefer CDs with copyright to pirated music.

Key: BCADC




                                                  Passage 56
     Very few people were coming to eat at the White Rose Restaurant, and its owner did not know what to

do. The price was reasonable and the food was of good quality, but nobody seemed to want to eat there.

     Then he did something that changed all that, and in a few weeks his restaurant is always full of men

with their lady friends. Whenever a gentleman came in with a lady, a smiling waiter gave each of them a
                                                         52
menu(菜单), The menu looked exactly the same on the outside, but there was an important difference

inside. The menu that the waiter gave to the man supplied the correct price for each dish and each bottle of

wine. while the menu that he gave to the lady supplied a much higher price! So when the man calmly

ordered dish after dish and wine after wine, the lady thought he was much more generous(慷慨) than he

really was.

1. Why didn’t people come to the White Rose Restaurant to eat at first?

     A. Because the price was high.

     B. Because the food was too cheap.

     C. Because the food was not good.

     D. The passage didn’t mention.

2. According to the passage we can conclude that the people who eat at this restaurant are mostly

   _______________.

   A. poor old people                         B. rich young people

   C. men with their girl friends              D. parents with their children

3. The difference between the two kinds of menu lie in ______________.

     A. the color                                      B. the shape

     C. the price                                          D. the food

4. According to the passage we can infer that when men with their girl friends eat at this restaurant, the

   food was paid ___________________.

     A. always by the ladies only

     B. always by the men only

     C. sometimes by the ladies

     D. either by the men or by the ladies

5. According to the passage we can know that, generally speaking, ____________.

     A. men are more generous than women

     B. women are more generous than men

     C. men like their lady friends to be generous.

     D. women like their men friends to be generous

Key: DCCBD




                                                      53
                                              Passage 57
     Everyday we go to school and listen to the teacher, and the teacher will ask us some questions.

Sometimes, the classmates will ask your opinions of the work of the class. When you are telling others in

the class what you have found out about these topics, remember that they must be able to hear what you are

saying. You are not taking part in a family conversation or having a chat 闲谈)
                                                                        (    with friends — you are in a

slightly unnatural situation where a large group of people will remain silent, waiting to hear what you have

to say. You must speak so that they can hear you — loudly enough and clearly enough but without trying to

shout of appearing to force yourself.

     Remember, too, that it is the same if you are called to an interview whether it is with a professor of

your school or a government official who might meet you. The person you are seeing will try to put you at

your ease(轻松)but the situation is somewhat(一点儿)different from that of an ordinary conversation.

You must take special care that you can be heard.

1.When you speak to the class, you should speak _______________.

A.as loudly as possible                  B.in a low voice

C.loudly                                  D.forcefully

2.Usually, when you speak to the class, the class is _________________.

A. noisy             B.quiet               C.having a rest                  D.serious

3.The situation in the class is _______________ that in your house.

A.not very different from                 B.sometimes the same as

C..sometimes not the same as               D.not the same as

4. If you are having a conversation with an official, the most important thing for you is _______.

A.to show your ability                      B.to be very gentle

C. to make sure that you can be heard       D.to put the official at ease

5.The main idea of this passage is _______________.

A.that we must use different ways at different situations      B.that we must speak loudly

C.that we must keep silent at any time                    D.that we must talk with the class

Key DCCBD



                                              Passage 58
     The Internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card(信用卡) fraud. Your card information could even
                                                     54
be for sale in an illegal Web site(网站).Web sites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded

with care. On-line shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they

bought. The thieves then go shopping with your card number —

     Computers hackers(黑客) have broken down security(安全) systems, raising questions about the

safety of cardholder information. Several months ago,25 000 customers of CD Universe, an on-line music

retailer(批发商),were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Web site



     Credit-card firms are now fighting against on-line fraud. MasterCard is working on plans for

Web-only credit card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping on-line.



     Ask about your           credit-card   firm's   on-line   rules:     Under British   law,   cardholders are

               对……负有责任的

     And shop only at secure sites: Send your credit-card information only if the Web site offers-advanced



     If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Web

site address may also start with https:// — the extra “s” stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card



     Keep your password safe: Most online sites require a user name and password before placing an order.



1. Wha

A. A lot of stolen credit-




D. Many illegal Web sites are on the Internet.

2. What is the mea

A. cheating                  B. sale        C. payment                  D. safety

3. How can the thieves get the information of the credit-




C. The cus


                                                         55
D. Both A and B.



A. Four.           B. Three.         C. Five.              D. Six.

5. You are shopping on the site: http://www.shopping.com,and you want to buy a TV set, what does this

article suggest doing?




C. E-mail the site your credit-

D. Tell the site your password and buy the TV set for you.

Key: BABAB




                                                Passage 59

     Ruben lived in a small village. There was no school there and he had to study in a school in the town.

It was nearly five kilometres away from his village. His father couldn't buy a bike for him and he had to go

to school on foot. He got up early in the morning. Usually he had to run there in order not to miss the first

class. He kept running every day and it was helpful to him. He’s strong and tall now and he ran faster than

any other man in his village. He took part in several sports meetings and won some medals. The young man

is proud of and always wants to have a race with others.


     One day his mother was ill and his father told him to buy some medicine for headache in the town.

The young man got there soon. There were many people in the chemist's shop while he was waiting there.

And when his turn came, he couldn’t find his money. An old woman hinted(暗示) young man had stolen
                                                                           a

it. He saw the thief had already left the shop. He ran towards him quickly. The thief found it and began to

run. He was happy and tried to catch up with him.


     “Let’s have a race and see who will run faster, ”Ruben called out behind.

     Soon after that he caught up with the thief. But he didn't stop and went on running. At a crossing one

of his friends asked, “What are you running for, Ruben? ”

     “I’m running after(追)a thief. ”

     “Where’s the thief, then? ”

                                                     56
     “He wants to show that he’ll run faster than me, but he’s fallen behind!”

1. Ruben had to run to school because ______________.

A. he had no bike

B. he hoped to win some medals

C. his village was a little far from the school

D. he was afraid to be late for class

2.______________ , so he won some medals.

A. Ruben is good at running

B. Ruben went to school on time

C. Ruben often took part in the sports meetings.

D. Ruben likes to have a race with others

3. The phrase “a chemist’s shop” in the story means ______________.

A. 化工商店               B. 药店             C. 化工厂             D. 制药厂

4. Ruben’s money was stolen ______________.

A. on his way to the town

B. before he went in the shop

C. when he was waiting in the shop

D. after he had left the shop

5. Ruben was happy because ______________.

A. he could easily catch the thief

B. he had a chance(机会)to have a race

C. he knew who had stolen his money

D. he would win another medal that day

Key: DABCB




                                                  Passage 60
      1970 was “World Conservation Year”. The United Nations wanted everyone to know that the world

was in danger. They hoped that the governments would act quickly in order to conserve nature. Here is one

                                                      57
example of the problem. At one time there were 1300 different plants, trees and flowers in Holland, but

now only 860 remain. The others have been destroyed by modern man and his technology. We are changing

the earth, the air and the water, and everything that grows and lives. We can’t live without these things. If

we continue like this, we shall destroy ourselves.

      What will happen in the future? Perhaps it is more important to ask “What must we do now?” The

people who will be living in the world of tomorrow are the young of today. A lot of them know that

conservation is necessary. Many are hoping to save our world. They plant trees, build bridges across rivers

in forests and so on. In a small town in the United States a large group of girls cleaned the banks of eleven

kilometres of their river. Young people may hear about conservation through a record called “No, One’s

Going to Change our World. ” It was made by Scatles, Cliff Richard and other singers. The money from it

will help to conserve wild animals.

1. There are few plants, trees and flowers in Holland now because _______.




D. som

2. We shall destroy ourselves if we don't _______.




D. change t

3. “No, One’s Going to Change our World. ” was _______.




4. What is the most important thing for us to do to save our world?




                                                     58
5. What’s the ma




D. It is the young people who are helping to save our world .

Key: CCBCC




                                               Passage 61
     Artificial(假的) flowers are used for scientific as well as for decorative purposes. They are made from

a variety of materials, such as wax and glass, so skillfully that they can scarcely be distinguished from

natural flowers. In making such models, painstaking and artistry are called for, as well as thorough

knowledge of plant structure. The collection of glass flowers in the Botanical Museum of Harvard

University is the most famous in North America and is widely known throughout the scientific world. In all,

there are several thousand models in colored glass, the work of two artist-naturalists, Leopold Blaschka and



     The intention was to have the collection represent at least one member of each flower family native to

the United States. Although it was never completed. It contains more than seven hundred species

representing 164 families of flowering plants, a group of fruits showing the effect of fungus diseases, and

thousands of flower parts and magnified details. Every detail of these is accurately reproduced in color and




B. The




2. It can be inferred from the passage that the goal of Leopold and Rudolph was to ______________

A. create a botanical garden where only exot

                                                     59
3.The underlined word “it” refers to ______________

A. the intention   B. the collection      C. one member

4. Which of the following is NOT included in the display at the Botanical Museum of Harvard




C. Several



5. Which of the following statements is true of the flowers at Harvard University?




C. They are loaned to schools for class

D. They use authentic representations.

Key: ACBCD




                                              Passage 62
     Without proper planning, tourism can cause problems. For example, too many tourists can crowd

public places that are also enjoyed by the inhabitants of a country. If tourists create too much traffic, the

inhabitants become annoyed and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists and to treat them impolitely. They

forget how much tourism can help the country’s economy. It is important to think about the people of a

destination country and how tourism affects them. Tourism should help a country, keep the customs and

beauty that attract tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and happiness of local inhabitants.

     Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism grows too quickly, people must leave other jobs to

work in the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country’s economy can suffer.

     On the other hand, if there is not enough tourism, people can lose jobs. Businesses can also lose

money. It costs a great deal of money to build large hotels, airports, air terminals, first- class roads, and

                                                     60
other support facilities(配套设施)needed by tourist attractions. For example, a major international class

tourism hotel can cost as much as 50 thousand dollars per room to build. If this room is not used most of

the time, the owners of the hotel lose money.

     Building a hotel is just a beginning. There must be many support facilities as well, including roads to

get to the hotel, electricity, sewers to handle waste, and water. All of these support facilities cost money. If

they are not used because there are not enough tourists, jobs and money are lost.

     1.Which of the following do you think has been discussed in the part before this selection?

     A. It is extremely important to develop tourism.          B. Building roads and hotels is essential.

     C. Support facilities are highly necessary.        D. Planning is of great importance to tourism.

     2.The underlined word“ inhabitants” (in Paragraph 1 ) probably means____________.

     A. tourists                                     B. passengers

     C. population                                   D. citizens

     3.Too much tourism can cause all these problems EXCEPT ____________ .

     A. a bad effect on other industries

     B. a change of tourists’ customs

     C. over-crowdedness of places of interest

     D. pressure on traffic

     4.It can be inferred from the text that _____________ .

     A. the author doesn’t like tourism developing so fast

     B. local people will benefit from tourist attraction

     C. other parts of a country’s economy won’t benefit from tourism much

     D. we can't build too many support facilities

     5.The author thinks it is good for local people to know that tourism will ____________ .

     A. waste a lot of money                                 B. weaken their economy

     C. help establish their customs                         D. help improve their life

Key: DDBBD




                                                Passage 63
     Everyone has got two personalities — the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret

                                                        61
and real.You don’t show your secret personality when you're awake because you can control your

behaviour,but when you're asleep, your sleeping position shows the real you.In a normal night,of

course,people frequently change their position.The important position is the one that you go to sleep in.

    If you go to sleep on your back,you’re a very open person.You normally trust people and you are

easily influenced by fashion or new ideas.You don’t like to upset people,so you never express your real

feelings.You’re quite shy and you aren't very confident.

                                                       (
    If you sleep on your stomach, are a rather secretive 不坦率的)
                                 you                                 You
                                                              person. worry a lot and you're

always easily upset.You’re very stubborn(顽固的),but you aren't very ambitious.You usually live for

today not for tomorrow.This means that you enjoy having a good time.

    If you sleep curled up(卷曲),you are probably a very nervous person.You have a low opinion of

yourself and so you’re often defensive.You're shy and you don't normally like meeting people.You prefer

to be on your own.You're easily hurt.

    If you sleep on your side,you have usually got a well-balanced personality.You know your strengths

and weaknesses.You’re usually careful. You have a confident personality.You sometimes feel anxious,

but you don't often get depressed.You always say what you think even if it annoys people.

1.According to the writer,you naturally show your secret and real personality __________.

  A.only in a normal night

  B.only when you go to sleep

  C.only when you refuse to show yourself to the world

  D.only when you change sleeping position

2.Which is NOT mentioned in the second paragraph about a person's personality?

  A.He or she is always open with others.

  B.He or she always likes new ideas earlier than others.

  C.He or she is always easily upset.

  D.He or she tends to believe in others.

3.Point out which sentence is used to show the personality of a person who is used to sleeping

   on his or her stomach?

  A.He or she is careful not to offend others.

  B.He or she doesn’t want to stick to his or her opinion.

  C.He or she can't be successful in any business.


                                                   62
  D.He or she likes to bring others happiness.

4.Maybe you don’t want to make friends with a person who sleeps curled up.Why?

  A.He or she would rather be alone than communicate with you.

  B.He or she is rarely ready to help you.

  C.He or she prefers staying at home to going out.

  D.He or she wouldn’t like to get help from you.

5.It appears that the writer tends to think highly of the person who sleeps on one side because

   ________________.

  A.he or she always shows sympathy for people

  B.he or she is confident,but not stubborn

  C.he or she has more strengths than weaknesses

  D. he or she often considers annoying people

  Key : BCCAB




                                               Passage 64
      How to eat healthfully can be especially complex for working women who often have neither the

desire nor the time to cook for themselves (or for anyone else). Registered dietitian(营养专家)Barhara

Morrissey suggests that a few simple rules can help.

     “Go for nutrient dense foods,” she suggests, “foods that contain a multiple of nutrients. For example,

select whole wheat bread as a breakfast food, rather than coffee cake. Or drink orange juice rather than

orange drink, which contains only a small percentage of real juice-the rest is largely colored sugar water.

You just can’t compare the value of these foods, the nutrient dense ones are so superior,” she emphasizes.

     Morrissey believes that variety is not only the spice of life — it’s the foundation of a healthful diet.

Diets which are based on one or two foods are not only virtually impossible to keep up the strength, they

can be very harmful, she says, because nutrients aren’t supplied in sufficient amounts or balance.

     According to Morrissey, trying to find a diet that can cure your illnesses, or make you superwoman is

a fruitless search. As women, many of us are too concerned with staying thin, she says, and we believe that

vitamins are some kind of magic cure to replace food.

     “We need carbohydrates, protein and fat — they are like the wood in the fireplace. The vitamins and

minerals are like the match, the spark, for the fuel,” she explains. “We need them all, but in a very different
                                                       63
proportions. And if the fuel isn’t there, the spark is useless.”

1. From the paragraph we know that working women                              .

  A. think cooking is especially complicated

  B. do not share the same views with registered dietitians

  C. are busy and not interested in cooking

  D. are likely to eat healthfully

2. Orange juice is different from orange drink in that                    .

  A. it contains only a small percentage of real juice

  B. it is natural, nutritious and prepared from real oranges

  C. it is largely orange-colored sugar water

  D. it produces nothing but calories

3. In Paragraph 4, “a fruitless search” means                   .

  A. an effort with no results

  B. a search for a diet without fruits

  C. a research on fruitless diet

  D. a diet serving as medicine

4. Many women take it for granted, according to passage that                      .

  A. a balanced diet can result in being fat

  B. staying thin and healthy are both possible

  C. lack of variety in diets leads to staying thin

  D. vitamins are some kind of substitutions (替代品) for food

5. By “if the fuel isn’t there, the spark is useless”, the author means               .

  A. carbohydrates, protein and fat are enough to support a human life

  B. vitamins and minerals are virtually of no value

  C. carbohydrates, protein and fat are as important as vitamins and minerals

  D. without carbohydrates, protein and fat, vitamins and minerals are of no use

Key : CBADD




                                                Passage 65
     In the past ten years, America’s National Basketball Association (NBA) has grown increasingly
                                                         64
dependent on the rest of the world to supply players.

     When Michael Jordan and Larry Bird won gold in Barcelona in 1992, the Americans were praised for

                                                                                         (
teaching the world how to play basketball. This season, however, 20 percent of NBA rosters 花名册) will

be filled by non-Americans. NBA commissioner David Stem happily embraces the trend. On a visit to Paris

in October, Stern outlined his vision for the future, which is likely to see Europe hosting NBA games by

2010.

     The NBA is now planning to take China by storm.

     “Our experience in China has been that it is going to be explosive in its growth,” said Stern. The

strategy(战略,策略) in China is television. “We’ve made 14 deals in China with local and national

networks on cable and satellite.” The success of Chinese centre Yao Ming has paved the way for the NBA

marketing blitz in China. The NBA, which is broadcasted in more than 200 countries in 42 languages, will

put that to the test in October 2004 when the Houston Rockets play two pre-season games against the

Sacramento Kings in Beijing and Shanghai. The NBA knows that it needs a global market to compensate

for tough times on home soil.

     “It doesn’t matter where the players come from, all the NBA teams now know that they have to scout

(寻找,觅得) internationally,” said Terry Lyons, the NBA’s vice-president of international public

relations. “It has increased the level of competition here.” As Frenchman Tony Parker and Argentine

Emanuel Ginobili showed in winning championship rings with the San Antonio Spurs last season, many

people can earn the respect of their American peers. Others, such as the Houston Rockets’ Chinese centre

Yao Ming — number one draft pick in 2002 — and the Detroit Pistons’ 18-year-old Serb Darko Milicic —

                                                  (
number two overall in this year’s draft — are icons 偶像)                              (
                                                       in-waiting. It is the ultimate 最后的,根本的)

revolution — the rest of the world teaching the US how to play basketball.

1. According to the report,                     .

        A. Michael Jordan is still playing a very important role in NBA

        B. the part played by the foreign players in NBA will be great

        C. Yao Ming is to play two pre-season games in NBA

        D. European countries will host the 2004 NBA games

2. The underlined phrase “take China by storm” has the meaning of            _______ ___.

        A. NBA intends to make China its “marketing center”

        B. NBA is planning to set up some training centers in China


                                                        65
       C. there’ll be a big storm when NBA comes to China to play against the Sacramento Kings

       D. the NBA’s live basket games will be broadcasted on all the TVs in China

3. What seems to be the biggest change that is happening to NBA?

       A. NBA is expecting more foreign players to join the league.

       B. China’s rapid development in sports affects NBA.

       C. Yao Ming has taken the place of Michael Jordan.

       D. The NBA will stop teaching the world how to play basketball.

4. When the writer talked of “home soil”, he was referring to              _         _.

       A. farms in the States

       B. native Americans

       C. the NBA training center

       D. the USA

5. Which of the following can be used as the best title for the passage?

       A. The Non-American Basketball Players

       B. NBA Is Coming to China

       C. The Foreign Ties That Bind the NBA

       D. NBA Is Making Big Progress

Key: BAADC




                                               Passage 66
     In bringing up children, every parent watches eagerly the child's acquisition (学会) of each new skill

m the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often

tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure

and states of worry in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too

early, a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he

reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he

loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.

     Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict

in money matters. Others are severe (严格的) over time of coming home at night or punctuality for meals.

                                                      66
In general, the controls represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the

child's own happiness.

    As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in

parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality (道德).

Also, parents should realize that "example is better than precept". If they are not sincere and do not

practice what they preach (说教), their children may grow confused when they grow old enough to think

for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent fooled.

    A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents' principles and their morals can be a

dangerous disappointment.

1. Eagerly watching the child’s acquisition of new skills, _________________.

  A. should be avoided

  B. is universal among parents

  C. sets up dangerous states of worry in the child

  D. will make the child lose interest in learning new things

2. In the process of children’s learning new skills, parents _________________.

  A. should encourage them to read before they know the meaning of the words they read

  B. should expect a lot of the children

  C. should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own

  D. should create as many learning opportunities as possible

3. The second paragraph mainly tells us that _________________.

  A. parents should be strict with their children

  B. parental controls reflect only the values of the community

  C. parental restrictions vary, and are not always for the benefit of the children alone

  D. it’s parents’ and society’s duty to control the children

4. The word “precept” in Paragraph 3 probably means “_________________”.

  A. opinion              B. punishment             C. behavior               D. instruction

5. In terms of moral matters, parents should _____________________.

  A. follow the rules themselves

  B. be aware of the huge difference between adults and children

  C. forbid their children to follow hook teachings


                                                       67
  D. always ensure the security of their children

Key: BCCCD




                                                Passage 67
     In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful

events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Bad events like "serious

illness of a family member" were high on the list, but so were some helpful life-changing events like

marriage.

     When you take the Holmes-Rahe test you must remember that the score does not show how you deal

with stress ---it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you deal with

these events dramatically (戏剧性的) affects your chances of staying healthy. By the early 1970s, hundreds

of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under

stress worried over the reports. Somehow the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women's

magazines ran titles like "Stress causes illness".

   If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy the articles said avoid stressful events. But such

simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous , many — like the death of

a loved one — are impossible to avoid. Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription

(处方) for staying away from chances as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who

wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move. The idea

that all stress makes you sick also takes no notice of a lot of what we know about people. It supposes we' re

all vulnerable and not active in the face of the difficult situation. But what about human ability and

creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental strength than they had

before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom and physical and

mental pressure.

1. The result of Holmes-Rahe’s medical research tells us _________________.

      A. the way you deal with major events may cause stress

      B. what should be done to avoid stress

      C. what kind of event would cause stress

      D. how to deal with sudden changes in life

                                                     68
2. The studies on stress in the early 1970s led to ___________________.

      A. popular avoidance of stressful jobs

      B. great fear over the mental disorder

      C. a careful research into stress-related illnesses

      D. widespread worry about its harmful effects

3. The score of the Holmes-Rahe test shows ________________.

      A. how you can deal with life-changing events

      B. how helpful events can change your life

      C. how stressful a major event can be

      D. how much pressure you are under

4. Why is “such simplistic advice” (Line 1, Paragraph 3) impossible to follow?

      A. No one can stay on the same job for long.

      B. No prescription is effective in reducing stress.

      C. People have to get married someday.

      D. You could be missing chances as well.

5. According to the passage people who have experienced ups and downs may become _______.

     A. nervous when faced with difficulties

     B. physically and mentally tired

     C. more able to deal with difficulties

     D. cold toward what happens to them

Key : ADDBC




                                               Passage 68
     The British National Health Service (NHS) was set up in 1948 and was designed to provide equal

basic health care, free of charge, for everybody in the country. Before this time health care had to be paid

for by individuals.

     Nowadays central government is directly responsible for the NHS although it is administered by local

health authorities. About 83 percent of the cost of the health service is paid for by general taxation and the

rest is met from the National Insurance contributions paid by those in work. There are charges for

                                                       69
prescription and dental care but many people, such as children, pregnant women, pensioners, and those on

Income Support, are exempt from payment.

     Most people are registered with a local doctor (a GP, or General Practitioner) who is increasingly

likely to be part of a health centre which serves the community.

     As the population of Britain gets older, the hospital service now treats more patients than before,

although patients spend less time in hospital. NHS hospitals—many of which were built in the nineteenth

century — provide nearly half a million beds and have over 480, 000 medical staff. The NHS is the biggest

employer in Europe although Britain actually spends less per person on health care than most of her

European neighbours.

     During the 1980s there was considerable restructuring of the Health Service with an increased

emphasis on managerial efficiency and the privatization of some services (for example, cleaning). At the

end of the 1980s the government introduced proposals for further reform of the NHS, including allowing

some hospitals to be self-governing, and encouraging GPs to compete for patients. Patients would be able

to choose and change their family doctor more easily and GPs would have more financial responsibility.

The political questions continue of how much money should be provided to support the NHS and where it

should come from.

1. We can know from the first paragraph that ______________.

     A. the original aim of the NHS was to provide equal basic health care for everybody

     B. people didn’t have to pay for health care since the NHS was set up

     C. patients were charged for receiving health care before 1948

     D. the NHS was an organization which gave free advice to villagers

2. What do we know about the NHS?

     A. It’s managed by the central government.

     B. Its cost is mainly paid for by the National Insurance contributions.

     C. It hires more people than any other unit in Europe.

     D. Fewer patients go to its hospitals than before because they spend less on health care.

3. All the following statements about GPs are true except that they ____________.

     A. take care of the local people’s health

     B. often take part in competitions to see who is the best

     C. work under high pressure nowadays


                                                      70
     D. have more responsibilities than before

4. What does the underlined word “exempt” probably mean?

     A. suffering             B. different               C. prevented            D. free

5. The biggest problem for the NHS is ______________.

     A. many hospitals are too old to be used

     B. some services are in the charge of individuals

     C. more and more patients go to GPs for treatment

     D. there is not enough money for further reform

     Key: CCBDD




                                                Passage 69
     So long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning, they will continue to undertake

to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to read is not passing

reading on to them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists

that“ reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible”.

     Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The

function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to

devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also public activity. It can be

seen and observed.

     Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language.

Almost all of it is private, for learning is an occupation of the mind, and that process is not open to public

scrutiny.

     If teacher and learner roles are not interchangeable ,what then can be done through teaching that will

aid the child in the quest(探索)for knowledge? Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions.

“Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience

for children. ”

     When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teacher and learner

fulfill them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is eliminated. Learning

to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to

                                                     71
solve the problem of leaning to read by reading.

     1.The problem with the reading course as mentioned in the first paragraph is that _______________.

     A. it is one of the most difficult school courses

     B. students spend endless hours in reading

     C. reading tasks are assigned with little guidance

     D. too much time is spent in teaching about reading

     2.The teaching of reading will be successful if _______________.

     A. teachers can improve conditions at school for the students

     B. teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading

     C. teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading

     D. teachers can make their teaching activities observable

     3.The underlined word“ scrutiny” most probably means“______________”.

     A. inquiry                              B. observation

     C. control                              D. suspicion

     4.According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when ______________.

     A. children become highly motivated

     B. teacher and learner roles are interchangeable

     C. teaching helps children in the search for knowledge

     D. reading enriches children’s experience

     5.The main idea of the passage is that ______________.

     A. teachers should do as little as possible in helping students learn to read

     B. teachers should encourage students to read as widely as possible

     C. reading ability is something acquired rather than taught

     D. reading is more complicated that generally believed

Key: DBBAC




                                               Passage 70
     TAIBEI-Increasing numbers of Taiwanese students are joining the island’s “China rush”, seeking

education on the Chinese mainland.

                                                         72
     According to official Chinese figures, the number of Taiwanese students admitted into college and

postgraduate(研究生)programs on the mainland totaled 461 in 1996, 928 in 1997 and 839 in

1998.Although no latest official numbers were available,” Netbig. Com Said this number had risen

between 30 to 50 percent annually in the past two years with well over 1000 entering mainland campuses

last year.

     The Internet site, based in the Chinese city of Shenzhen, provides education service and information

on Chinese mainland college and universities. “Many Taiwanese believe a Chinese education giving more

knowledge about the people and culture in the mainland will increase their chances in the Chinese job

market, Net. Com vice-president Ingrid Huang said.“I believe it will give me hands-on experience in the

business field in the Chinese mainland and a better understanding of the Chinese mainland people,” said

Lydia Chang, a 19-year-old majoring in journalism at Shih Shin University. Chang plans to go on to get a

master’s degree in business administration in Shanghai, which she says offers the best environment for such

studies.

     A journalism graduate student, surnamed Lin, at the National Taiwan University said he would like to

study law on the Chinese mainland since “there will be better career prospects now that more Taiwanese

companies are going there”. “They hope the children could build up connections which could later become

useful in their business operations,” said Yang Ching-yao, professor of the Chinese mainland studies. A

Netbig. Com survey showed the campuses favored by Taiwan students included Beijing, Qinghua and

Renmin universities in Beijing, and Jinan and Zhongshan universities in Guangzhou. The most popular

studies were law, business and Chinese medicine.

     At present, Chinese Taibei doesn’t recognize diplomas earned in the Chinese mainland nor help with

any inquiries about studying there. But recognizing the trend, education authorities are giving a final form

to a policy accepting certificates(证书)from selected universities.

1.More Taiwanese students study on the Chinese mainland because ___________.

     A.Taiwan will reunite with the mainland sooner or later

     B.the fees asked for are lower than those of Taiwan

     C.what they have learned on the mainland will bring them a bright future

     D.there are many famous universities for them to choose

2.Some business executives were sending their children to study in the Chinese mainland so that their

     children ___________.


                                                    73
     A.could receive better education

     B.could learn more about the policy there

     C.could do well in the business operations

     D.could make more friends there

3.The underlined word “it” in the third paragraph refers to __________.

     A.Netbig. Com                                B.a Chinese education on the mainland

     C.the Chinese job market                     D.the university

4.The author wrote the article to tell us ______________.

     A.more Taiwanese students are studying on the mainland

     B.the number of Taiwanese students going to universities on the mainland had been increasing year

     after year

     C.education on the mainland is more attractive compared with that of Taiwan

     D.Taiwan and the mainland should cooperate with each other in every field.

5.Which is true according to the passage?

     A.Chinese Taibei recognizes diplomas earned on the Chinese mainland

     B.The number of Taiwanese students going to study on the mainland will surely be increasing in the

          next few years.

     C.Chinese Taibei doesn’t help with any inquiries about Taiwanese studying in the mainland

     D.Education of Taiwan is far behind the mainland.

Key : CCBAC




                                             Passage 71
  Microwaves may be great at warming up food, but what about warming people?

     Using microwaves to directly heat owners of a room would save much of the energy wasted by

heating walls and furniture. And despite popular ideas about microwaves, this technique would be safe,

according to Charles R. Burlier of the Microwave Research Center in Marlborough, New Hampshire.

Low-power microwaves only penetrate (贯穿) the skin (low-power microwave penetration in a ham is

about 0.2 inches, for example) and with no negative effects.

     To test this idea, Buffler subjected himself to microwaves in a special room using a standard 500-watt,

                                                     74
2459 MHz magnetron (磁控管). He found that a person will start to feel warmth at about 20 milliwatts per

square centimeter (mw. / sq. cm. ) ; a satisfactory feeling of warmth occurs between 35 and 50mw. / sq. cm.

By comparison, a person standing in noonday summer sun feels the amount of 85 mw. / sq. cm. And a

frozen meat pie in your microwave oven receives about 1000 mw. / sq. cm.

     In houses of the future, each room could be provided with its own magnetron, says Buffler. When you

stepped into the living room, for example, a motion detector (运动感应器)would turn on the magnetron,

filling the room with low-power microwaves. In the same way that a microwave oven heats up a hamburger,

but not the plate it’s on, you would feel warmth from the microwaves without changing the temperature of

your coffee table. (You could, however, make your favorite easy chair even more comfortable by treating it

with a radiation-absorbing chemical.)

     While it might be some time before homeowners are comfortable enough with the idea to set up

whole-body microwave heaters in houses, Buffler says microwaves may attract livestock(家畜) farmers.

Lambs that are born outdoors in winter, for example, are frequently lost to cold. Microwaves could warm

the lambs safely and quickly.

1. Which of the following can tell the main idea of the passage?

     A. A new heating system.

     B. A new microwave oven.

     C. A popular technique.

     D. The magnetron.

2. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following does not describe the characteristics of a microwave

heater?

     A. It directly heats people in a room.

     B. It heats walls and furniture in a room.

     C. It is safe.

     D. It saves energy.

3. The test conducted by Buffler shows that when a person feels comfortable warmth, he receives about

     ________________.

     A. 20 mw. / sq. cm.

     B. 40 mw. / sq. cm.

     C. 60 mw. / sq. cm.


                                                     75
      D. 85 mw. / sq. cm.

4. According to Paragraph 4, which of the following fills the room with low-power microwaves?

      A. The magnetron.

      B. The motion detector.

      C. The microwave oven.

      D. The radiation-absorbing chemical.

5. Which of the following statements about microwave heaters would Buffler most probably agree with?

      A. Microwave heaters will soon be widely used by homeowners.

      B. Microwave heaters sometimes make people feel uncomfortable.

      C. Perhaps microwave heaters will be first used by livestock farmers, who wish to protect their lambs

        in winter.

      D. Microwave heaters cannot be accepted by the public because they are somewhat unsafe.

Key: ABBAC




                                               Passage 72
      In Europe, people hold the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right throughout the meal, a

system that is generally agreed to be more efficient than the American zigzag(曲折的)method. Americans

hold both the fork and the knife in their right hands throughout the meal, so they continually change their

forks to the left hand when they have to cut their meat. It seems to be funny for the Europeans to see

Americans busy changing their dinner sets, making a lot of noises.



     (1) Americans are practical and efficient. Since most of us are right-handed, it is reasonable to keep our

wo

     (2) Americans, the master of the New World are rebels(叛逆者).They use the zigzag method to break

the rules in the Old World and in this way they are thumbing their nose at Mother England. Americans are a

restless kind. They do not like to sit in one spot for very long when dining.



      Whatever the reason for the practice, it is now certainly as American as apple pie. Europeans

                                                      76
recognize this and are quick to attack it as evidence of American innocence(无知)of form. Arguments

against the zigzag method rest not only on grounds of efficiency but also on those of tradition. In Old

World dining, the knife is held in the right hand continually because it can serve as an instant defense

                              (
against the uninvited intruders 入侵者)                       (
                                    .However, such alertness 警觉) is out of place in the New World,

as every American believes that this is the home of the brave. Americans juggle their silverware, perhaps,

to show that they are not afraid and that one of them holding a fork is worth any number of them holding

blades(刀)

1 Americans use _______

A. the right hand



C. both hands



2. As the masters of the New World, Americans use a different cutting method from that in the Old World to

_________________



B. show their disrespect to




3.In the sentence, the word “juggle” probably means ____________

A. hold

B. play with

C. pick up



4.Also in the last sentence, the two “them” refer to ____________

A. Americans



C. Americans and Europeans separately



5. Wh

A. European people hold the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right hand.


                                                     77
C. The zigzag eating method has become an American feature

D. European people will use the American method because of its efficiency.

Key: ABBCD




                                             Passage 73
      The name “cowboy” conjures up many different images from movies, songs and TV. These imagined

cowboys range from white-hat-wearing heroes to gun-shooting hooligans(流氓).But, cowboys are actually



      When the US Civil War ended, many soldiers had no place to call home. So, they began to drift to the

country’s rural West. Ranchers(农场主) hired these men to take care of the cattle and work around the

ranch. When the ranch owner wanted to sell the cattle, the cowboys would round up the herd from the open

prairie(牧场

      With the invention of barbed wire(铁丝网),the cowboy era(1865-1890) began to come to an end. But

people in the East had always been curious about their lifestyle. Many country/western songs during this

time tried to capture the true cowboy spirit. Newspapers published cowboy tales in serial form and

adventure novels followed. The bigger the fiction, the better the sales. These novels often portrayed

cowboys as cruel and violent men. Cowboys carried the bad reputation for many years afterwards.

      When movies began to be popular in the 1920s, the cowboy image changed again. Now, a cowboy

became the great white knight(骑士) that loved his horse more than the beautiful ladies he rescued. As the

cowboy of the “Old West” spent more time with his horse than the ladies, this era's image was not entirely

false.

      Then, in the 50s,Hollywood began producing so-called “spaghetti westerns(意大利西部片)”.They

earned the nickname because Italian companies financed the films and TV shows. This started the decade’s

“Cowboy Craze”. While this didn’t last long, it made modern country / western music, fashion and dance

ext

      In recent years, with the help of musicians, radio stations and bars, cowboy nostalgia(怀旧情绪) has

returned. Even though his image is still changing — somewhere between ballad singing country boy and

bar room fighter — there’s one thing for sure, you can’t keep the cowboy down..

                                                    78
1. The purpose of this story is to _____________.




C. show the cowboy's everlasting charm

D. inform us about the cowboy

2. Before they became cowboys, they ______________.

A. served in the army

B. worked as bar-

C. owned ranches



3. During “the cowboy era” mentioned in the story, ______________




D. country music started the cowboy craze which swept the whole country

4. By saying “you can’t keep the cowboy down”, the writer means that ______________.

A. cowboys are real people in history



C. you can't make cowboys unhappy

D. you can’t grasp the cowboy spi

5. Which of the following statements would the writer agree to?



B. Cowboys are gun-



D. Cowboys enjoy Italian foods, for example, spaghetti.

Key: DABBA




                                             Passage 74
   People started to learn language when they were born and are used to speaking their native language, so
immigrants are having many problems between the first generation and the second generation. Also, the
second generation is losing their identity. In America, many immigrants suffer in lots of areas such as
                                                    79
getting a job, so they want their children to speak English in order to be more successful. Because of this,
their children are losing their ethnic(种族的) identity and, even more, they are ignoring their parents whos
English is not very good.
     My aunt has three children, all born in the States. The eighteen-year-old daughter speaks English as a
native language and she speaks Korean very well too. She has no problems talking with her parents, but she
still doesn’t understand Korean jokes, and there are sometimes misunderstandings. The second daughter
doesn’t want to speak Korean. My aunt often gets upset with her because she is Americanized and they
cannot understand each other. Even when my aunt punishes her, this daughter does not understand what my
aunt is talking about. The third child is a twelve-year-old son. He speaks English to his parents and my aunt
speaks Korean to him. He also has a problem communicating with his parents. My aunt is trying to teach
him to speak both languages very well, but it is very hard for him because he speaks English all day and
does not understand why he should learn to speak Korean.
     I think most immigrants are trying to preserve their native language in their new country, but this
doesn’t help very much in getting a good job. My aunt didn’t teach Korean to her children in order to help
them succeed in the U.S. Though the second generation is born in the new country, they often get coufused
about their identity because they look different from others, and also, if they visit their parent’s country,
they will probably feel different from other people there too. My cousins told me that when they visited
Korea a few years ago, they felt different from other Koreans. They could even feel it just strolling around
the street because they wore different clothes and walked differently.
1. We can infer from paragraph 1 that a native language is ____________.
   A. the language used at school
   B. the language spoken by one’s parents
   C. the language taught by one’s parents
   D. the first language one learns to speak
2. The author seems to say that ___________.
   A. it is impossible for parents to learn English well
   B. a good command of English ensures one a job in the US
   C. language is an important indicator of one’s ethnic identity
   D. the second generation immigrants never speaks their parents’ language
3. The purpose of paragraph 2 is used to ___________.
   A. introduce another vies
   B. illustrate the view presented earlier
   C. contradict the view presented earlier
   D. summarize the view presented ealier
4. Which of the following is NOT true about the second generation immigrants?
   A. They look different in the new country.
   B. They feel different in their parents’ country.
   C. They usually speak better English than their parents.
   D. The speak worse English than the native Americans.
5. The purpose of the whole passage is to show ________________.
   A. why immigrants are losing identity
   B. how Korean immigrants live in the US
   C. how important language is in communication
   D. what an immigrant’s family looks like in the US
Key DCBDA

                                                     80
                                               Passage 75
    How many things can you see in the night sky? A lot! On a clear night you might see the moon, some
planets, and thousands of sparkling stars.
    You can see even more with a telescope. But scientists believe there are some things in the sky that we
will never see. We won’t see them with the biggest telescope in the world, on the clearest night of the year.
    That’s because they’re invisible. They’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes.
    You might find it hard to imagine that stars die. After all, our Sun is a star. Year after year we see it up
in the sky, burning brightly, giving us heat and light. The Sun certainly doesn’t seem to be getting old or
weak. But stars do burn out and die after billions of years.
    As a star’s gases burn, they give off light and heat. But when the gas runs out, the star stops burning and
begins to die.
    As the star cools, the outer layer of the star pull in toward the center. The star squashes into a smaller
and smaller ball. If the star is very small, the star ends up as a cold, dark ball called a black dwarf. If the
star is very big, it keeps squashing inward until it’s packed togher tighter than anything in the universe.
    Imagine if the earth were crushed until it was the size of a tiny marble. That’s how tightly this dead star,
a black hole, is packed. What pulls the star in toward its center with such power? It’s the same force that
pulls you down when you jump --- the force called gravity. A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity
sucks in everything --- even light. The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes. That’s
why you see nothing but blackness.
    So next time you star up at the night sky, remember: there’s more in the sky than meets the eye!
Scattered in the silent darkness are black holes --- the great mystery of space.
1. What causes a star to die?
   A. It collides with other stars.
   B. As its gases run out, it cools down.
   C. As it gets hotter and hotter, it explodes.
   D. It can only live for about a million years.
2. What happens after a star dies?
   A. It falls to the earth.                               B. It becomes invisible.
   C. It burns up all of its gases.                       D. It becomes brighter and easier to see.
3. We cannot see light when looking at a black hole because ____________.
   A. most black holes are so far away
   B. as a star cools, its outer layers pull in toward its center
   C. as the star’s gases burn, it stops giving off heat and light
   D. the gravity of a black hole is so strong that it sucks the light inward
4. Which of the following statement is NOT true?
   A. Black holes are dead stars.                    B. Black holes have gravity.
   C. Black holes are invisible.                    D. There is nothing as mysterious as a black hole.
5. What might happens to the sun billions of years from now?
   A. It might get invisible.                        B. It might get stronger.
   C. It might give off more heat.                  D. It might burn more brightly.
Key BBDDA



                                                      81
                                               Passage 76
   University College London enjoys reputation for its excellence in research. It produces well over 200
doctoral graduates each year, many of whom will be applying for jobs in commerce and industry.
    You may be interested in recruiting such highly qualified staff, either because their research is relevant
to your business, or because you require staff with the highly developed analytic skills acquired through
doctoral study.
    Recent UK government and EU reports, while noting that doctoral graduates are our most important
source of intellectual capital, have identified barriers between employers and these talented individuals,
particularly in relation to skills developed during their studies. The University is currently engaged in
improving the training of doctoral students in these skills and we want to ensure that this training is
integrated closely with the needs of employers.
    We are starting this process by doing a survey that explores employer practice in the employment of
doctoral graduates. We would very much appreciate your help in completing this survey. Your responses
will help to guide our training appropriately. We also hope that another outcome of the survey will be the
formation of a small group of employers who wish to have an active input into the training programs that
we currently offer as part of our research degrees, and hence enter into an ongoing partnership with the
University.
    In relation to this survey, I attach a questionnaire and would be grateful if you could take a littletime to
completeit; it should take only a few minutes. We should appreciate the questionnaire being returned by
Friday August 3rd.
    Our project manager is Emma Borg, and we would request all surveys be directed to her via email
e.1.sowden@reading.ac.uk or fax on 0118 378 8355. Please get in touch with Emma directly on 0118 378
8354 if you would like to discuss the survey in more detail.
    Thank you for your time.
    Professor Diane Berry
    Pre-Vice Chancellor
1.The University is excellent for its _____________.
     A. teaching       B. research       C. industry    D. commerce
2.The underlined word in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ____________.
     A. training      B. teaching       C. employing      D. interviewing
3.According to paragraph 3, universities in the UK ___________.
     A. know what skills are needed by employers
     B. have realized the importance of the needs of employers
     C. train PhD students according to the needs of employers
     D. have not realized the importance of the needs of employers
4.The project manager can be contacted via the following means EXCEPT __________.
     A. faxing      B. calling       C. emailing     D. messaging
5.This letter is probably written to ___________.
     E. students who are doing PhD programs
     F. employees who have got PhD degrees
     G. professors who are training PhD students
     H. employers who may employ PhD graduates
Key: BCBDD

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