Are You suprised ? by 65AKdK

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                                                   Reading Strategies for
                                                      Social Studies
In reading class, you read stories that have a beginning, middle and an end. This
pattern of organization is not followed in informational texts such as your social
studies book. Instead of reading to find out what happens, you have to actually read
to learn new information. There are several ways to improve your reading in social
studies and other content area classes. We will be learning these different strategies
throughout the year.


1. Improve your Vocabulary
         Using context clues
         Learn about Prefixes & Suffixes
         Changing Word Forms/ How to Look up words you don’t know


2. Prereading
         Previewing the chapter
         Predicting/Prior Knowledge/Purpose
         Knowing what to look for ( Road Map)


3. Learn about Features of Social Studies Books
         Maps
         Graphs
         Charts

4. Reading Strategies
         KWL
         SQ3R
         Webbing
         Outlines
         Structured Notes


5. Post Reading
         Summarizing and Paraphrasing what you have read
When you read, you will have better comprehension if you can understand what you are
reading, along with comprehending the meaning of what you are reading.

                 Building Vocabulary
                      Using Context Clues
Context clues are parts of a reading near a word or
phrase that you don’t know that help you figure out
its meaning.

Some examples of context clues:
1. A definition before or after the unknown word or
phrase
    “Civilizations are groups of people who have a
    complex organized
       society within a culture.” (p. 35 World)
              *definition follows the word
         civilizations

2. A synonym or antonym near the unknown word
    “Because of the region’s fertile, or rich soil
    and its curved shape, we
      call it the Fertile Crescent.” (p. 35 World)
             * synonym for fertile (rich) follows
         the word

    “Since Catholics suffered from discrimination
in England, Lord
      Baltimore hoped they could find tolerance and
safety in his
      colony.”(p.3 Content-Area Reading Strategies)
             * tolerance and safety are antonyms
for discrimination

3. Examples in the text that show the meaning of
the unknown
    word or phrase.
    “Farmers in this region use a cultivation
    system called double cropping
      in which two crops are grown on the same land
    in the same year.
      They can double-crop rice and a vegetable or
    rice and sugar cane.”
      (p. 102 World)
             *example follows in the second
        sentence

4. A restatement of the basic meaning of the
unknown word or
    phrase.
    “He was a member of an aristocratic family. His
    noble birth and his
      honesty won the favor of King Charles I…”
    (p.2 Content-Area Reading
      Strategies)
             *the sentence after aristocratic
         restates the meaning with
               the words noble birth
             PREFIXES & SUFFIXES
Using context clues is a good way to work out he
meaning of unfamiliar words. If you still can’t
figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word, try
to break the word into its parts.

A good approach is to look for a prefix or suffix
that can help you figure out a word’s meaning.
Prefixes and suffixes are attached to the “core” or
“root” words of a longer word.

*Prefixes – are word parts found at the beginning
of words.

*Suffixes- are word parts hat are found at the end
of words.

We will keep a list of root words, prefixes and
suffixes and their meanings in our notebooks for
the year. This sheet is titled “Building Your
            Vocabulary“ and should be kept in the vocabulary
            section of your notebook.

            Once you know the meanings of word parts, you can
            figure out the meanings of words that are
            unfamiliar to you.

             Word                     Term     Meaning
            part

            Root                      theism   having to do with gods or
                                               religion
            Prefix                    mono-    one
            Prefix                    poly-    many
            Suffix                    -ology   the study of
            Suffix                    -cracy   government

             Now put the terms together and determine the
            meaning of the word you formed:
                     Monotheism – having to do with ONE god
                     Theology- the study of gods or religions
                     Polytheism- having to do with MANY gods
                     Theocracy- a government based on
                religion/gods


         QuickTime™ and a
TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor


                                      Looking up Words
   are neede d to see this picture.




                                                    TIFF of a new
            If you still can’t figure out the meaning (Uncompressed) decompress or
                                                              QuickTime™ and a
                                                       are needed to see this picture.
            word,
            You will need to look up the word in your glossary
            or a
            dictionary.

            Some things to remember when looking up words:
            -Words are arranged in alphabetical order
- Not all forms of a word will be found in a
glossary or dictionary, so
   sometimes you will need to figure out the “core”
word

*If you can’t find a word you are trying to look
up, see if any of the
 following apply:

   take off plural endings : s, es, ies
   take off past tense endings or irregular
    spellings: ed, ied, etc…
   take off suffixes: ly, tion, ous, etc…
   take off prefixes: en, in, pre, etc…


EXAMPLE
After the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, the
pharaoh wore a double crown. (p. 85 World)

    The word unification is not in your glossary,
    but you can find the word unify. See if the
    definition of unify seems to fit how your word
    is being used.
             Definition: Unify- to unite

****So you can figure out that a double crown was
worn after Upper
 and Lower Egypt united.

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                                                   PreReading
The prefix pre means before, therefore prereading
means what you do before you read.

Previews at theatres are designed to spark your
interest in new movies. A preview gives you clues
as to what a movie will be about, characters, key
plot events and maybe even a problem that needs
solving.

 In the same way when you preview a social studies
chapter, you will gain clues about what you will
be learning about. Previewing helps you get the
most important information from your chapter.

To preview a chapter in your history book, what do
you do first?                                                                                                    Q uic kT im e™ an d a
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      1. List the title: Write the chapter name and the
         pages of the chapter.   The title usually tells
         you the main idea of the entire chapter .
      2. Scan the chapter : List the headings and
         subheadings. Look for highlighted text that is
         meant to stand out. Also be alert for words
         that are in boldface or italics. Pay attention
         to bulleted or numbered lists and what they
         seem to be about. I list all the important
         terms you should know for the chapter on the
         front of your chapter preview sheet.
      3. Look at the graphics , list what the pictures
         in the chapter are about.
      4. Also list and describe diagrams, maps and
         graphs.
After you finish filling out your chapter preview
you should also skim the chapter. Skimming is not
reading the chapter word for word but looking for
key words and ideas, You should read the first and
last paragraphs in each section when you are
skimming.

								
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