Master Gardener Examination by HC12091423144

VIEWS: 23 PAGES: 11

									                   Master Gardener™ Examination 2012
Name:

1. Tree limbs should be pruned:
         a. flush with the trunk                           c. flush with the collar
         b. to a short stub                                d. and painted with a wound dressing.

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2.   T       F Producers of certified organic foods are not allowed to use pesticides if they wish
               to have their food products classified as “certified organically grown”

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3. A pesticide controls:
         a. insects                               c. weeds
         b. diseases                              d. all of the above

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4. Sweet, sticky material on the leaves of a rose bush might indicate which three of the
   following?
         a. leafhopper                    d. leafrollers                   g. weevil
         b. scales                        e. aphids
         c. sooty mold                    f. thrips

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5. When diagnosing plant problems, first:
         a. learn the name of the plant                    c. find out where the person lives
         b. look for insect damage                         d. call a nurseryman

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6.   T         F         Adding a 2 inch layer of silt loam over a base of sand is recommended to
                         improve the soil moisture holding capacity and drainage for new lawns.

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7. Where would you expect to find evidence of nitrogen deficiency symptoms on your favorite
   Rhododendron, which is growing along side your house foundation?
        a. emphasized in older foliage.
        b. on plant stems.
        c. scattered evenly throughout the plant.
        d. emphasized on newer foliage.

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8. Which best describes Integrated Pest Management?
        a. Spraying when the first pest is seen.
        b. Using a combination of pesticides, predators and cultural practices.
        c. Leaving pest control to Mother Nature.
        d. Trapping moles and gophers, fencing for deer.
        e. Using only organic methods of pest control.

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9. When pruning grapes, how much of the previous season’s growth should be removed?
        20%
        33%
        50%
        90%

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10. Master Gardeners shall only make chemical recommendations that are listed in the three
    following sources:

   a.
   b.
   c.

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11. Damage on a plant that occurs in a non-uniform or random pattern is usually caused by:


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12. The only sure way to determine if lime is necessary is with a:


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13.        T      F       Adding lime to the soil raises pH while adding sulfur lowers the pH.


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14. Name four conditions that allow moss to grow in a lawn.

      1.

      2.

      3.

      4.

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15. Can Casoron be used where bulbs are planted?               Yes                    No

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16. List two (2) ways to control English ivy.

      1.                                               2.

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17. Black shrunken areas on the blossom end of tomatoes are caused by:


           It can be avoided by:




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18. Large brown, irregular blotches or wedge-shaped blotches on the edges of dogwood leaves
    are a symptom of:


           They can be controlled by:

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19. My squash flowers but does not produce fruit. Why?


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20. Two major reasons for tilling organic matter into soil would be :
        a. it tends to lower pH.
        b. it improves drainage in heavy soils.
        c. it improves water-holding capacity of sandy soils.
        d. it is a source of exercise.

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21. Rotenone is an example of what kind of insecticide?
        a. Chlorinated hydrocarbon
        b. Organophosphate
        c. Carbamate
        d. Oil
        e. Botanical

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22. It may be necessary to re-apply a foliar fungicide several times during the growth period
because:


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23. The best way to control box elder bugs or ladybird beetles in the home is to:
   a.

   b.

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24. Cone shaped mounds of dirt in the yard are caused by:


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25. Which of the following plants need to receive pollen from another variety in order to produce
    fruit?

        Seedless grape                         Comice Pear
        Royal Anne cherry                      Veteran peach
        Gravenstein apple                      Colossal Chestnuts
        Newtown apple                          Barcelona filberts

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26. In the Corvallis area, when is the last chance of a killing frost (10%) in the spring and first
    chance of a killing frost (10%) in the fall?



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27. What USDA zone do we garden in?

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28. The best weed control to use in a vegetable garden is:
   a.
   b.
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29. Give two examples of systemic herbicides:
   a.


   b.

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30. The term “Malling 26” refers to:
        a. an English sports car
        b. the prerequisite for Malling 27
        c. an apple rootstock
        d. a popular make of tractor

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31. Match the symptoms with the suspected pest.
          a. frothy mass                      1. filbert worm
          b. hole in filbert shell            2. root weevil
          c. notching of leaf edges           3. Spittlebug
          d. black soot                       4. slugs
          e. sticky, syrupy leaves            5. Camellia scale
          f. apple core                       6. mites
          g. trail of slime                   7. aphids
          h. stippling                        8. coddling moth
          i. apple flesh                      9. juniper webworms
          j. webbed twigs                     10. apple maggot

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32. What should you add to a compost pile that is not heating?
          a. nitrogen
          b. straw
          c. orange peel
          d. animal scraps
          e. electric heat coil

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33.   T       F Crimson Clover and Annual Rye are legume cover crops that add nitrogen to the
                soil.

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34.   T       F Fertilizers are plant food.

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35. A caller is planning on seeding a lawn, which will be shaded. Which grass is recommended?
          a. Bentgrass                        d. Kentucky Bluegrass
          b. Fine Fescue                      e. Quackgrass
          c. Annual Rye
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36. The most common lawn disease in western Oregon in winter is:
        a. Red Thread                           d. Powdery Mildew
        b. Snow Mold                            e. Rust
        c. Fairy Ring

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37. Reasons for pruning a plant are:
        a. to train the plant
        b. to maintain plant health
        c. to improve the quality of flowers, fruit, foliage
        d. to restrict growth
        e. all of the above
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38. Which of the following plants can (or should) be pruned during late winter (February or early
    March).
        roses                             grapes                      lilacs
        apple trees                       rhododendrons               blueberries

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39. Which of the trees below often fails to set fruit in the Willamette valley because they bloom
    too early?
        a. cherry               c. pear                               e. apricot
        b. apple                d. filberts

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40. List two advantages of using raised beds for vegetable gardens:
    a.

   b.

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41. Which of the following plants can be planted outdoors successfully before the frost-free date
    on the Oregon Coast or Willamette Valley?
       a. snap beans                   e. squash                     i. onions
       b. beets                        f. parsnips                   j. lettuce
       c. garlic                       g. cucumbers                  k. broccoli
       d. sweet corn                   h. eggplant                   l. tomatoes

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42. What is the most important limiting factor in growing red raspberries
       a. They require acidic soil.
       b. They will not take heavy, poorly drained soil.
       c. They require large amounts of water
       d. They only live three years
       e. They require very hot days to ripen.
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43. When should a Master Gardener give advice to a commercial grower?
       a. When the office staff transfers the call to the MG desk.
       b. When the County Extension Agent is out of the office.
       c. If you find the answer in the PNW handbooks.
       d. Anytime, just identify yourself as a Master Gardener.
       e. Never.

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44. Mechanical (non-pesticide) ways of controlling insects would include:
       a. hand picking worms from the plants
       b. placing row covers over the row of beets
       c. trapping slugs in pans of beer
       d. using light traps to catch moths
       e. all of the above

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45. Acephate is an insecticide. A common homeowner product containing acephate is Orthene™.
    Acephate has an oral LD50 value of 866-945 mg/kg for rats. Explain what this means.

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46. With an oral LD50 value of 302-311 for rats, is carbaryl (Sevin) more or less toxic than
    acephate?



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47. An aphid is a chewing or sucking or mining insect (circle one).

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48. When do you wear your Master Gardener badge?
       a. Whenever you want
       b. When working at a horticultural business
       c. At Master Gardener™ activities
       d. Only in the Extension office

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49. The Extension Service, of which you are a part of the volunteer staff, is a part of which of the
    following?
       a. University of Oregon
       b. Oregon State University
       c. Oregon Department of Agriculture
       d. Benton or Linn County

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50. In which county office will you be serving?


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51. How often do you report your volunteer hours?


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52. To whom will you give this information?


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53. It is important to report your volunteer hours. Why?


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54. What is your advantage to keeping track of annual miles driven as a volunteer?

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Congratulations! You have just completed the first part of your learning experience with the
Master Gardener Program. As you work as a Master Gardener this year, you will learn much
more than we have taught in this eleven-week series. I hope your experiences will be happy ones
that broaden and enrich your gardening skills.
Suggestions for next year’s Master Gardener program:




Suggested Sources of Information

Sustainable Gardening Handbook
Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Handbook     http://plant-disease.ippc.orst.edu/
Pacific Northwest Weed Control Handbook            http://uspest.org/pnw/weeds
Pacific Northwest Insect Control Handbook          http://insects.ippc.orst.edu/pnw/insects
osumg.org website

								
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