koufogiannakis by U0Q6nW

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									    Making Better Decisions:
Incorporating Evidence into your
            Practice



            Denise Koufogiannakis
         University of Alberta Libraries
    OLA Superconference -- February 1, 2008
                  What is EBL?


“Evidence-Based Librarianship (EBL) is an approach to
 information science that promotes the collection,
 interpretation and integration of valid, important and
 applicable user-reported, librarian observed, and research-
 derived evidence. The best available evidence, moderated
 by user needs and preferences, is applied to improve the
 quality of professional judgements”.

                                                    A. Booth
The need for evidence
                         History
1995 – M. Haines –Evidence-based Purchasing – “evidence based
    information practice”
1997 - Article in Hypothesis, Research Section of MLA
2000- MLA/CHLA, Vancouver; ICML, London; LIANZA, New Zealand
2000 – conceptual framework devised – applied to health sciences
    librarianship
2001- First EBL Conference, Sheffield, UK
2002 - Collaborative articles begin to appear
2003 - 2nd EBL Conference, Edmonton, Canada
2004 - Evidence Based Practice for Information Professionals book
    (March)
2005 - 3rd conference, Australia
2005 – EBLIG group of CLA formed
2006 - Evidence Based Library and Information Practice journal
    founded
2007 – 4th conference, USA – now called EBLIP
    EB Process

   Assess          Ask




Apply                Acquire


        Appraise
              Ask

 Should I teach students in lecture
style or hands-on with small groups
              this fall?
   “To be able to ask a question
 clearly is two-thirds of the way to
getting it answered” (John Ruskin)
        The Well-Built Question
• Setting – in what context are you addressing the
  question
   – University
• Perspective – who are the users/potential users of the
  service
   – First year students
• Intervention – what is being done to them/for them
   – small group instruction in a computer lab
• Comparison – what are your alternatives
   – lecture style
• Evaluation – how will you measure whether the
  intervention succeeded
   – improved information literacy skills
            Your Question
Among first year university students, does
 small group instruction in a computer lab,
 versus lecture style instruction, result in
 improved information literacy skills?
                  Acquire
What type of question are you asking?
  – Domains – ie: Collections, Education,
    Reference, etc.


Search for an answer
                    Appraise
• 3 main aspects
  – Validity
  – Reliability
  – Applicability
• Critical appraisal tools
                  Apply

• Directly applicable
• Needs to be locally validated
• Improves understanding
                Assess

• Determine impact
• Evaluate the process
• What improved? What did you learn?
    EB Process

   Assess          Ask




Apply                Acquire


        Appraise
              Challenges
• Quality of the evidence - what is the knowledge
base?
• Dispersion of evidence sources (e.g. education,
  management, marketing, computer science,
other)
• Skills in conducting research
• Skills in disseminating research
• Skills in interpreting research
• Time
Putting theory into Practice
Model for Evidence Based Collection Management
Cycle

        Assessment
         of projects
                        CORE




                       Changing
        INNOVATIVE     collection
                        needs
Implementation
core Implementation
core Example
innovative Implementation
innovative Example: Patron’s Choice
   How can I make my practice
     more evidence-based?

• Remember – it’s not all or nothing –
  start small
• When you have a problem, consult the
  research literature
• When there is no solution found in pre-
  existing literature, do the research, and
  share it with others
   How can I make my practice
     more evidence-based?

• Start a discussion group to talk about
  issues and solutions / best practices
• Ask your colleagues what they are
  basing their decisions on – question
  current practices
• Managers: encourage research as part
  of everyday practice
  Wisdom means acting with
knowledge while doubting what
         you know.

    Jeffrey Pfeffer and Robert I. Sutton

								
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