Modern China Ch 1 2 and 3

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Modern China Ch 1 2 and 3 Powered By Docstoc
					Hello HL Students:

The following guided reading questions are designed to provide you with a background to China’s
turbulent history of the 20th century and should be sufficient to initiate our study more deeply on the
Civil Wars that engulfed China from 1927 intermittently until the triumph of Mao Zedong and the CCP in
1949. The Causes, practices and effects of war topic in Paper 2 will ask a civil war question and I want to
train you in understanding China’s civil war in preparation for this type of question. (We will also study
the Spanish Civil War for perspectives on two in the 20th century.)

Below are the first three chapters which give a brief overview of China’s history up to the Tian’anmen
Square uprising of 1989. This section will be worth 50 points towards your first grade of the first quarter.

Chapters 4, 5, and 6 are dedicated to a more detailed discussion of the China of today with emphasis on
society, the extent to which China is truly modern, and a variety of other aspects of Modern China. I will
post those guided reading questions after I return from my summer vacation sometime in the middle of
July. This section will be worth 30 points towards your second grade of the first quarter.

Remember, this reading is not to be skimmed. You guys know enough of Euro history and US history and
have developed a good working knowledge of the ideological isms of the late 19th and 20th century world
to understand what the book is talking about. Your ability to read, comprehend, and contrast the history
you’re reading with what you have studied should be fairly sophisticated by now. So read this little book
with care and thoughtful analysis. We will be discussing this book lots in class and I will give quizzes in
the first several weeks from this little book.

Just so you know, in Paper 1, the areas on which source-based questions will focus on that relate to
China are

       The struggle for power following the death of Mao Zedong, Hua Guofeng, the re-emergence of
        Deng Xiaoping and the defeat of the Gang of Four
       China under Deng Xiaoping: economic policies and the Four Modernizations
       China under Deng Xiaoping: political changes, and their limits, culminating in Tiananmen Square,
Modern China: A Very Short Introduction

Chapter 1: What is Modern China?                    14. Sun Yatsen and the Guomindang win
                                                        elections in 1912 but short-lived. Why?
   1. Three main viewpoints s this book             15. Consequences of the failure of
      hopes to give about China.                        parliamentary representation
   2. Explain the nature of Confucianism            16. City of Shanghai as representative of
      including concepts of sheng and junzi.            the contradictions of Chinese
   3. What Xunzi and Han Feizi believed                 modernity.
      about humans as opposed to Confucius.         17. Warlords and how some of them ruled
   4. two overly broad explanations about           18. China’ s contribution to WWI
      what Modern China is                          19. What set off the May 4th Movement
   5. Europe’s assumptions and mindsets
                                                    20. The May 4th Movement’s ideology and
      about what modernity is                           its symbolism in the Chinese mindset
   6. China’s assumptions and mindset about         21. Origins of the CCP, Chinese Communist
      what modernity is                                 Party
Chapter 2: The Old order and the New                22. How the Nationalist Party and the CCP
                                                        came together
   1. Confucian ideas about the makeup of           23. The Northern Expedition and its mission
       the state.                                   24. Chiang Kaishek & what he did to the
   2. How a good ruler in the Confucian                 Communists in Shanghai
       world expected to govern
   3. Crises that confronted the Qing dynasty    Chapter 3: Making China Modern
       in the 19th century                          1. How the Nationalists and the CCP
   4. ‘Extraterritoriality’ and ‘treaty ports’          cooperation evolved into a deadly
   5. Taiping War of 1851–64 & its aftermath            rivalry
   6. Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 and its          2. Brief description of Chiang Kaishek’s
       aftermath                                        Nationalist government: Pros and Cons
   7. Marxist Chinese historians’
                                                    3. Why Chiang Kaishek’s government also
       interpretation of the late Qing period           failed
   8. Meiji Restoration of Japan and its            4. The CCP’s Long March of 1934-35
       results                                      5. The United Front of 1937 and how this
   9. Reforms of 1898 led by Kang Youwei                helped the CCP
   10. How the Dowager Empress Cixi made a          6. Mao’s reform s in his areas of control
       decision that helped to seal the Qing’s      7. Section on bold: Why did the CCP
       fate.                                            triumph over the Nationalist Party in
   11. Despite reforms attempted after the              1949?
       Boxer Revolt, why did the Qing dynasty       8. Why were Chinese ready for “violent
       collapse? (3 major reasons)                      change” under Mao?
   12. Sun Yatsen and his contribution or not       9. Land redistribution under Mao
       to the fall of the dynasty                   10. The Great Leap Forward of 1957
   13. Wuhan Revolt and the 1911 Revolution
11. Cultural Revolution of 1966–76 and why
    Mao launched it
12. Reasons for the rapprochement
    between the United States and China
13. Deng Xiaoping and the Four
14. Fifth Modernization?
15. China-U.S. relations in the 80s
16. ‘If you open the window, some flies will
    get in’ vs. those in the Party who
    thought differently about the new
    economic policies
17. Why the New May 4th Movement began
18. Tian’anmen Square in Beijing in 1989
    and its aftermath
19. CCP Policies after Tian’anmen Square
20. Chinese students abroad
21. China’s recent role in international
    affairs in the post 9-11 world
22. What is the political form of China
    today? Chiang Kaishek’s or Mao’s

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